Deh Siva Var Mohe

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Deh Shiva bar Mohe is a 17th-century hymn (shabad) written by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, in the Dasam Granth in which he praises the human body and equates it to superpowers possessed by mythological beings found in ancient Indian fiction.

The language used is Braj Bhasha.

The hymn is a part of Chandi Charitar which describes the glory of Shakti (power), a section of the Dasam Granth.

Lyrics[edit]

ਦੇਹ ਸਿਵਾ ਬਰੁ ਮੋਹਿ ਇਹੈ ਸੁਭ ਕਰਮਨ ਤੇ ਕਬਹੂੰ ਨ ਟਰੋਂ ॥
ਨ ਡਰੋਂ ਅਰਿ ਸੋ ਜਬ ਜਾਇ ਲਰੋਂ ਨਿਸਚੈ ਕਰਿ ਅਪੁਨੀ ਜੀਤ ਕਰੋਂ ॥
ਅਰੁ ਸਿਖ ਹੋਂ ਆਪਨੇ ਹੀ ਮਨ ਕੌ ਇਹ ਲਾਲਚ ਹਉ ਗੁਨ ਤਉ ਉਚਰੋਂ ॥
ਜਬ ਆਵ ਕੀ ਅਉਧ ਨਿਦਾਨ ਬਨੈ ਅਤਿ ਹੀ ਰਨ ਮੈ ਤਬ ਜੂਝ ਮਰੋਂ ॥੨੩੧॥
[1]

Deh siva bar mohe eh-hey subh karman te kabhu na taro.
Na daro arr seo jab jaye laro nischey kar apni jeet karo.
Arr Sikh ho apne he mann ko, eh laalach hou gun tau ucharo.
Jab aav ki audh nidan bane att he rann me tabh joojh maro.

देह शिवा बर मोहे ईहे, शुभ कर्मन ते कभुं न टरूं
न डरौं अरि सौं जब जाय लड़ौं, निश्चय कर अपनी जीत करौं,
अरु सिख हों आपने ही मन कौ इह लालच हउ गुन तउ उचरों,
जब आव की अउध निदान बनै अति ही रन मै तब जूझ मरों ॥२३१॥

Translation: The first two lines are contentious; the direct translation is as follows:

O Shiva, grant me the boon of spiritual and physical strength that I may ovecome fear and conduct myself to commit myself to justice and good deeds

Here the word "Shiva" may be taken to mean Lord Shiva by some Hindus and Sikhs but many orthodox Sikhs consider this to be incorrect. Orthodox Sikh tradition and the Advaitic Hindu schools of thought use the terms Shiva, Hari, Rama etc. to mean a nirguna, formless sense of meaning of the one Lord Almighty.

The physical body (deh) is analogous to Siva's (Akal Purakh )superpowers, therefore I should not fear when committing myself to good deeds.
That I shall not fear when I go into combat. And with determination I will be victorious.
That I may teach myself this creed alone, to speak only of Thy (allmighty lord Waheguru) praises.
And when the last days of my life come, I may die in the might of the battlefield.||231||
-- Guru Gobind Singh

Context[edit]

The entire 'Chandi di vaar' is a graphic violent battlefield scene written with the primary intent of desensitizing the docile Sikh population to horrific scenes they would experience in forthcoming battles to defend their human rights. This poem is a commentary found within 'Chandi di vaar' written by Guru Gobind Singh, which, according to fundamentalist 20th century interpretation, allegedly criticizes the Hindu logic that only a so called mythical diety such as Siva could help the downtrodden as they possessed superpowers beyond the reach of the common man or woman. However, being an astute General and more importantly a man steeped in the philospohy of ancient Inida and a guru, he realized that spiritual power is essential for the life's real battles. By equating the human body and the spiritual superpowers he invoked the humankind to seek protection by means of the self, equating every Sikh, to Akal Purakh the diety of strength.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sri Dasam Granth Sahib". p. 240. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 

sikhiwiki.org

External links[edit]