Florida Democratic Party
|Florida Democratic Party|
|National affiliation||Democratic Party|
|Seats in the Upper House|
|Seats in the Lower House|
|Politics of the United States
The Florida Democratic Party has historically dominated Florida's state and local politics. Florida's Governor's Mansion was closed to Republicans from 1877 until 1967, when Claude R. Kirk, a Republican from Jacksonville, was sworn-in as Governor of Florida.
Florida politics was largely dominated by the Democrats until Nixon's Southern Strategy, which took advantage of white objections to the advances of the American Civil Rights Movement resulted in a regional political realignment for the south. After Nixon's victory in 1968, the state only voted Democratic in four Presidential elections: 1976 (Jimmy Carter), 1996 (Bill Clinton), 2008, and 2012 (Barack Obama). The presidential election in 2000 was decided by a margin of 537 votes out of approximately 6 million cast, earning George W. Bush the presidency over Al Gore.
The Florida Senate was dominated by Democrats until 1992, when a majority of Republicans was elected. The Florida House of Representatives turned Republican after the November 1996 election. Since then, the number of Democrats in both chambers have continued to drop. The Florida Legislature became the first legislature in any of the states of the former confederacy to come under complete Republican control when the Republicans gained control of the House and Senate in the 1996 election. However, in the 2006 election the Democrats actually gained seats in the State House, the first instance of this occurring since the early 1980s.
The most Democratic region of the state is South Florida, which contains the large cities of Miami, Ft. Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach. The Tampa Bay region is also relatively Democratic, although it has become much more competitive in recent electoral cycles. Leon County, which contains the state capitol of Tallahassee, and Alachua County, home to the city of Gainesville and the University of Florida, are also strong Democratic areas. North Florida and the panhandle are also very Democratic on the local level, although those two regions are solid Republican strongholds in presidential elections.
Florida Democrats demanded, on March 13, 2008, a new primary vote, and state party officials have a proposal for recouping the 210 delegates the Sunshine State lost when it moved its primary ahead of the approved time frame. After weeks of negotiations, the Florida Democratic Party said March 17, 2008 it would not hold a second primary in the state.
Current Federal Democratic Officeholders
United States Senate
|Bill Nelson, Senior Member of the United States Senate from the state of Florida.|
United States House of Representatives
|Corrine Brown, 5th District- Gainesville, Jacksonville, Orlando.|
|Alan Grayson, 9th District- Orlando, Kissimmee, St. Cloud.|
|Kathy Castor, 14th District- Tampa, St. Petersburg.|
|Patrick Murphy, 18th District- Ft. Pierce, Palm Beach.|
|Alcee Hastings, 20th District- West Palm Beach, Pompano Beach, Delray Beach.|
|Ted Deutch, 21st District- Greenacres, Coral Springs.|
|Lois Frankel, 22nd District- Ft. Lauderdale, West Palm Beach, Boca Raton.|
|Debbie Wasserman Schultz, 23rd District- Miami, Pompano Beach, Weston.|
|Frederica Wilson, 24th District- North Miami, Miramar.|
|Joe Garcia, 26th District- Key West, Marathon.|
Former Florida Governors and U.S. Senators
United States Senators