North Wiltshire (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of North Wiltshire in Wiltshire for the 2010 general election.
Location of Wiltshire within England.
|Electorate||67,154 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Calne, Royal Wootton Bassett, Cricklade and Malmesbury|
|Member of Parliament||James Gray (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
North Wiltshire is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by James Gray, a Conservative.[n 2] In the period 1832-1983, this was an alternative name for Chippenham or the Northern Division of Wiltshire and as Chippenham dates to the original countrywide Parliament, the Model Parliament, this period is covered in more detail in that article.
North Wiltshire constituency was formed by a renaming for the 1983 general election, with boundaries identical to the former Chippenham constituency (1885–1983). The constituency sits between the Cotswolds and Swindon. Its main towns are Calne, Wootton Bassett, Cricklade and Malmesbury, and it also contains a number of villages, both small and large, spread over a large area of farming countryside, including the well-known (often-painted and photographed) village of Box.
From the 2010 general election the North Wiltshire constituency changed radically as a result of boundary change recommendations. Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies which slightly altered this constituency for General Election 2010 since which it has electoral wards:
- Ashton Keynes and Minety; Box; Bremhill; Brinkworth and The Somerfords; Calne: Abberd; Chilvester; Lickhill; Priestley; Quemerford; Without; Colerne; Cricklade; Hilmarton; Kington Langley; Kington St Michael; Lyneham; Malmesbury; Nettleton; Purton; St Paul's Malmesbury Without and Sherston; The Lydiards and Broad Town; Wootton Bassett North; Wootton Bassett Southin Wiltshire[n 3]
The constituency from 2010 as such narrows in on a northern swathe of the previous version retaining the towns of Malmesbury, Cricklade, Royal Wootton Bassett and Calne[n 4] while the largest southern town of Chippenham in 2010 was given its own seat (which was previously abolished in 1983) that brought in the nearby market towns of Bradford on Avon and Melksham including parts of other seats.
While North Wiltshire has a long history of returning Conservative candidates, its district council (created in 1973 and abolished in 2009) was closely contested between the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats with many electoral wards being marginal.
Members of Parliament
MPs 1832–1885 - Summary, See Chippenham instead
|Election||1st Member||1st Party||2nd Member||2nd Party|
|1832||Paul Methuen||Sir John Astley, Bt|
|1837||Sir Francis Burdett, Bt|
|Feb 1844||Thomas Sotheron-Estcourt||Conservative|
|Mar. 1865||Lord Charles Bruce|
|1865||Richard Penruddocke Long|
|1868||Sir George Jenkinson, Bt|
|1885||Redistribution of Seats Act: constituency abolished|
MPs since 1983
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: North Wiltshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Mike Evemy||17,631||36.2||+1.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: North Wiltshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Fox||20,979||37.4||−0.8|
|Independent (politician)||Philip Allnatt||578||1.0||N/A|
|General Election 2001: North Wiltshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Hugh Pym||20,212||38.2||+0.4|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: North Wiltshire|
|Liberal Democrat||S Cordon||21,915||37.8|
|Referendum Party||M Purves||1,774||3.1|
|Natural Law||J Forsyth||263||0.4|
|General Election 1992: North Wiltshire|
|Liberal Democrat||Mrs CR Napier||22,640||32.3||−5.8|
|Labour||Mrs C Reid||6,945||9.9||+3.1|
|Green||Ms. LH Howitt||850||1.2||+1.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: North Wiltshire|
|General Election 1983: North Wiltshire|
|Justice for Divorced Fathers||H Baile de la Perriere||113||0.19|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- A unitary authority.
- Since 2010 Calne is the furthest south
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "About North Wiltshire" from the website of James Gray MP. Retrieved on October 18, 2006.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Kerr, Andrew (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Electoral Services. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved 21 April 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.