Barcelona–El Prat Airport

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Barcelona–El Prat Airport
Aeroport de Barcelona–El Prat
Vista aèria aeroport del Prat.jpg
IATA: BCNICAO: LEBL
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Aena
Serves Barcelona, Spain
Location El Prat de Llobregat
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 14 ft / 4 m
Coordinates 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833Coordinates: 41°17′49″N 002°04′42″E / 41.29694°N 2.07833°E / 41.29694; 2.07833
Website aena-aeropuertos.es
Map
BCN is located in Spain
BCN
BCN
Location within Spain
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07L/25R 3,552 10,997 Asphalt concrete
07R/25L 2,660 8,727 Asphalt concrete
02/20 2,528 8,293 Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2014)
Passengers 2014 37,559,044
Passenger change 13-14 Increase 6.7%
Aircraft movements 283,850
Movements change 13-14 Increase 2.7%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Barcelona–El Prat Airport[3][4] (IATA: BCNICAO: LEBL) (Catalan: Aeroport de Barcelona – el Prat, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Barcelona-El Prat), simply known as Barcelona Airport, is located 12 km (7.5 mi) southwest[5] of the centre of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, lying in the municipalities of El Prat de Llobregat, Viladecans, and Sant Boi.

The airport is the second largest in Spain behind Madrid Barajas Airport and 20th busiest in the world, and is the main airport of Catalonia. It is a main base for Vueling, a hub for Iberia Regional and low-cost giant Ryanair as well as a focus city for Air Europa. The airport mainly serves domestic, European and North African destinations, also having flights to Middle East (Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Dubai, Qatar), Asia (Pakistan, China and Singapore), Latin America (Argentina, Brazil and Colombia), North America (United States and Canada) and Sub-Saharan Africa (Senegal and Gambia). The Airport was a hub for Spanair before it suspended services on January 27, 2012.[6]

The BarcelonaMadrid air shuttle service, known as the "Puente Aéreo" (in Spanish), or "Pont Aeri" (in Catalan) literally "Air Bridge", was the world's busiest route until 2008, with the highest number of flight operations (971 per week) in 2007.[7] The schedule has been reduced since February 2008, when a Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line was opened, covering the distance in 2 hours 30 minutes, and quickly became popular.

In 2014 Barcelona Airport handled a record 37.5 million passengers, up 6.7% from 2013.[8]

History[edit]

Barcelona's first airfield, located at El Remolar, began operations in 1916. However, it did not have good expansion prospects, so a new airport at El Prat opened in 1918. The first plane was a Latécoère Salmson 300 which arrived from Toulouse with final destination, Casablanca. The airport was used as headquarters of the Aeroclub of Catalonia and the base for the Spanish Navy's Zeppelin fleet. Scheduled commercial service began in 1927 with an Iberia service to Madrid Cuatro Vientos Airport. This was Iberia's first route. During the time of the Second Spanish Republic El Prat was one of the bases of LAPE (Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas).[9]

In 1948, a runway was built, today 07-25, in the same year the first overseas service was operated by Pan American World Airways to New York City, using a Lockheed Constellation. Between 1948 and 1952, a second runway was constructed (runway 16–34), perpendicular to the previous, also taxiways were constructed and a terminal to accommodate passengers. In 1963, the airport reached one million passengers a year. A new control tower was built in 1965. In 1968, a new terminal was opened, which still exists and is in use as what is now Terminal 2B.[10]

On 3 August 1970, Pan American World Airways inaugurated regular service between Barcelona, Lisbon and New York, operated by a Boeing 747. On 4 November of the same year, Iberia began the "Air-shuttle" service between Barcelona and Madrid-Barajas. A few years later, in 1976, a terminal was built specifically for Iberia's air-shuttle service and a terminal exclusively for cargo, an annexed mail service and an aircraft ramp for air cargo. In 1977, the airport handled over 5 million passengers annually.

From the late seventies to the early nineties, the airport was stalled in traffic and investments until the 1992 Summer Olympics held in Barcelona. El Prat underwent a major development consisting of the modernization and expansion of the existing terminal, which became known as Terminal B, and the construction of two further terminals flanking that, known as Terminals A and C respectively.[10] The development included jetways for direct access to the aircraft. This reform was designed by architect Ricardo Bofill Levi.

In 1992, a new control tower was inaugurated also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi, but this was replaced by another need control tower in 2006.

The new Terminal 1 was inaugurated on June the 16th, 2009, covering 545,000 m². 70% of today's flights operate from Terminal 1. The old Terminals A, B and C are now known as Terminals 2A, 2B and 2C.

Terminal 2B with artwork by Miró

Due to the strong drop in air traffic after 1999 and the crisis in the aviation sector in 2001 many charter operations from Girona and Reus were diverted to El Prat, which helped the airport to survive the crisis.

Barcelona Airport

On the 1st of February 2014, Barcelona–El Prat was the first Spanish airport to receive a daily flight with the Airbus A380, on the Emirates route to Dubai International Airport. Emirates has also recently announced that they will also bring daily their Boeing 777 to do the same route, so the Catalan airport can offer the route twice a day, one with each aircraft. It has been announced as well that in 2015, Transaero Airlines will bring daily their A380 to Barcelona for its routes to Moscow.

One of the main airlines that operates out of Barcelona, Norwegian Air Shuttle, has announced its intention of starting long-haul routes out of Barcelona–El Prat, from 2016, to destinations such as New York John F. Kennedy International Airport and/or Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Airport, operated by Boeing 787 aircraft.

Operations[edit]

Most of the traffic at Barcelona Airport is domestic and European, in which Vueling has an operational base. Intercontinental connections have not generated a significant amount of passenger traffic during the last years. In the early twenty-first century the airports number of passenger carried and the number of operations increased significantly[citation needed].

Low-cost airline traffic grew significantly, especially after the creation of operating bases by Vueling and Clickair at the airport. Vueling and Clickair merged in July 2009, operating under the Vueling name. Other low-cost airlines operate from the airport, including Ryanair, easyJet, Norwegian Air Shuttle, easyJet Switzerland, Wizz Air and Transavia.com. A new base was established at the airport in September 2010.

The airport has 3 runways, two parallel, nominated 07L/25R and 07R/25L (the latter opened in 2004), and a cross runway 02/20. There are two terminals: T2, which is the sum of the previous Terminals A, B and C, located on the north side of the airport and T1, on the west side, which opened on 16 June 2009. As of 2014 the two terminals had a combined total of 268 check-in counters and 64 boarding gates. Operations at the airport are restricted exclusively to Instrument flight rules (IFR) flights, except for sanitary, emergency and government VFR flights.

A plan for expansion (Plan Barcelona)[11] was completed in 2009, adding a third terminal building (also designed by Ricardo Bofill) and control tower. An additional runway (07R/25L) was also built. The airport became capable of handling 55 million passengers annually (up from 33 million in 2007). The airport expanded in area from 8.45 to 15.33 square kilometres (3.26 to 5.92 sq mi). Further expansion was planned to be finished by 2012, with a new satellite terminal to raise capacity to 70 million passengers annually.

The airport is the subject of a political discussion over management and control between the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Spanish Government, which has involved AENA (airport manager) and various airlines, Iberia and Spanair mainly. Part of the controversy is about the benefits that the airport generates, which are used in maintenance and investments in other airports in the network of AENA and government investments in other economic areas.[by whom?]

Terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 from the tarmac
Terminal 1 interior

A new Terminal 1 designed by Ricardo Bofill was inaugurated on 16 June 2009. It is the fifth largest in the world, and has an area of 548,000 m2 (5,900,000 sq ft), and an aircraft ramp of 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft).

Its facilities include:

  • 258 check-in counters
  • 60 jetways
  • 15 baggage carousels (one of the new carousel is equivalent to 4 carousels in the old terminal) and
  • 24,000 parking spaces, in addition to the 12,000 already in the terminal 2.

The forecast is that the airport will be able to handle 55 million passengers annually and will reach 90 operations an hour.

The extension of the airport with a total investment of €5.1 billion in the future[when?] will include a new satellite terminal and refurbishment of existing terminals. The civil engineering phase of the South Terminal has been made possible by a budget of €1Billion.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2 is divided into three linked sections, known as Terminal 2A, 2B and 2C. Terminal 2B is the oldest part of the complex still in use, dating back to 1968. Terminals 2A and 2C were added in order to expand the airport capacity before the arrival of the Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1992.[10] This expansion was also designed by Ricardo Bofill Levi.

Following the opening of Terminal 1 in 2009, Terminal 2 became nearly empty until the airport authorities lowered landing fees to attract low-cost and regional carriers to fill the terminal. Whilst this has helped, the complex is nowhere near full capacity, and Terminal 2A is currently unused. Terminal 2C is used only by easyJet flights, with flights to the UK using module M0, whilst flights to the rest of Europe use module M1. Terminal 2B is used by a number of airlines.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens 1
Aer Lingus Dublin
Seasonal: Cork
2B
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo 1
Aerolíneas Argentinas Buenos Aires–Ezeiza 1
Air Algérie Algiers 1
Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca, Nador, Tangier 2B
Air Berlin Düsseldorf 1
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson 1
Air China Beijing–Capital, Vienna[12] 1
Air Europa Madrid, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife–North
Seasonal: Fuerteventura, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Menorca
1
Air Europa
operated by Swiftair
Badajoz 1
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Moldova Chișinău 2B
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson 2B
airBaltic Riga 1
Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino 1
Alitalia
operated by Alitalia CityLiner
Milan–Linate 1
American Airlines Miami, New York–JFK 1
Arkia Israeli Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1
Asiana Airlines Seasonal charter: Seoul–Incheon 1
Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar 2B
Austrian Airlines
operated by Tyrolean Airways
Vienna 1
Avianca Bogotá 1
Belavia Minsk–National (resumes 16 May 2015)[13] 2B
Blue Air Bucharest 2B
British Airways London–Gatwick, London–Heathrow 1
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
Seasonal: London–City[citation needed]
Seasonal charter: Glasgow
1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 1
Bulgaria Air Sofia 2B
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb 1
Czech Airlines Prague 1
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
1
EasyJet Basel/Mulhouse, Belfast–International, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bristol, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, Lyon, Milan–Malpensa, Newcastle, Nice, Paris–Charles de Gaulle 2C
EasyJet Switzerland Geneva 2C
EgyptAir Cairo 1
El Al Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1
Emirates Dubai–International 1
Finnair Helsinki 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Istanbul–Atatürk 2B
Germanwings Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Hannover, Stuttgart 2B
Iberia Madrid 1
Iberia Regional
operated by Air Nostrum
Burgos, León, Salamanca, Valladolid
Seasonal: Melilla
1
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík[14] 2B
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 1
I-Fly Charter: Moscow–Vnukovo 2B
Jet2.com Glasgow, Leeds/Bradford
Seasonal: Manchester
2B
Jetairfly[15] Antwerp (begins 17 April 2015), Ostend/Bruges (begins 17 April 2015) 2B
KLM Amsterdam 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Seasonal: Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg 2B
Monarch Airlines London–Gatwick, Manchester
Seasonal: Birmingham, Leeds/Bradford
2B
NIKI Vienna 1
Nordwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Chelyabinsk, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Khabarovsk, Krasnodar, Mineralnye Vody, Monastir, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Vnukovo, Murmansk, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Orenburg, Perm, Samara, Syktyvkar, Tyumen, Ufa, Volgograd, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg 2B
Norwegian Air Shuttle Berlin–Schönefeld, Billund (begins 1 June 2015), Birmingham (begins 1 June 2015), Copenhagen, Gothenburg–Landvetter, Hamburg, Helsinki, London–Gatwick, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stavanger (begins 4 June 2015), Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim (begins 4 June 2015), Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Bergen, Dubrovnik (begins 3 June 2015), Sandefjord
2B
Orenair Charter: Moscow–Domodedovo, Yekaterinburg 2B
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Lahore 2B
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen 2B
Qatar Airways Doha 1
Rossiya Saint Petersburg 2B
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
Seasonal: Tangier
1
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia 1
Ryanair Beauvais, Bergamo, Birmingham, Bologna, Brussels, Budapest, Dublin, Edinburgh, Fes, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Manchester, Nador, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prestwick (begins 29 March 2015),[16] Rome–Fiumicino, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Treviso, Turin, Valladolid, Vilnius, Warsaw–Modlin
Summer seasonal: Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn (begins 29 March 2015),[17] East Midlands, Jerez de la Frontera, Málaga, Menorca, Rome–Ciampino, Stockholm–Skavsta
2B
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen
Seasonal: Bergen, Stavanger, Stockholm–Arlanda, Trondheim
1
Singapore Airlines São Paulo–Guarulhos, Singapore 1
Sky Work Airlines Seasonal: Bern 2B
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service
Summer seasonal:Prague[18] 2B
Sun d'Or
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion 2B
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich 1
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss European Air Lines
Basel/Mulhouse (ends May 2015), Geneva 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Funchal
1
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
Lisbon, Porto 1
TAROM Bucharest 1
Thomas Cook Airlines Belgium Charter: Brussels 2B
Transaero Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Seasonal: Moscow–Vnukovo, Novosibirsk, Saint Petersburg, Tomsk, Yekaterinburg
2B
Transavia.com Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Rotterdam/The Hague 2B
Transavia.com France Paris–Orly 2B
Tunisair Tunis 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen (begins 25 May 2015) 1
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Seasonal: Kharkiv, Odessa
1
United Airlines Newark 1
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg 2B
US Airways Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte
1
UTair Aviation Charter: Yekaterinburg 2B
VIM Airlines Seasonal: Moscow–Domodedovo 2B
Vladivostok Air Charter: Moscow–Vnukovo 2B
Vueling A Coruña, Accra (begins 20 June 2015), Algiers, Alicante, Almería, Amsterdam, Asturias, Athens, Banjul, Basel/Mulhouse (begins 29 March 2015), Belfast–City (begins 3 May 2015),[19] Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Bilbao, Birmingham (begins 1 June 2015), Bologna, Bordeaux, Brindisi (begins 31 May 2015), Brussels, Casablanca, Catania, Copenhagen, Dakar, Djerba (begins 20 June 2015), Dortmund, Dresden, Dublin (begins 29 March 2015), Düsseldorf, Fes, Florence, Frankfurt, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Granada, Hamburg, Hannover, Helsinki, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Lanzarote, Leipzig/Halle, Lille, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseilles, Menorca, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Munich, Nador, Nantes, Naples, Nice, Nuremberg, Oran, Oslo–Gardermoen, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly, Pisa, Porto, Prague, Rabat (begins 20 June 2015), Rennes, Rome–Fiumicino, Rotterdam/The Hague (begins 2 April 2015), San Sebastián, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tangier, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–North, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Turin, Valladolid, Venice, Vienna, Vigo, Warsaw–Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Aalborg, Ancona (begins 22 June 2015), Bari, Bastia, Beirut,[20] Belgrade,[21] Brest, Bucharest, Budapest,[22] Cagliari,[23] Cardiff, Cluj-Napoca, Corfu (begins 20 June 2015), Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Faro (begins 20 June 2015), Funchal (begins 20 June 2015), Genoa, Gothenburg–Landvetter, Heraklion, Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen (begins 20 June 2015),[24] Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kiev–Zhuliany,[25] Kos, Krakow, Larnaca, Lourdes, Malta, Minsk–National, Moscow–Sheremetyevo (begins 1 June 2015), Mykonos, Olbia, Pamplona, Reykjavík–Keflavík, Rhodes, Saint Petersburg, Santa Cruz de la Palma, Santorini, Sofia, Split, Stavanger, Strasbourg, Tallinn, Thessaloniki, Trieste (begins 20 June 2015), Tunis, Yerevan, Zadar (begins 20 June 2015), Zagreb
1
Windrose Airlines Seasonal: Kiev–Boryspil 2B
Wizz Air Bucharest, Budapest, Cluj-Napoca, Craiova, Gdańsk, Katowice, Riga, Skopje (begins 30 June 2015),[26] Sofia, Timişoara, Vilnius, Warsaw–Chopin
Seasonal: Poznan[27]
2B
WOW air Seasonal: Reykjavík–Keflavík 2B
Yakutia Airlines Seasonal charter: Moscow–Vnukovo 2B

Cargo airlines[edit]

Airlines Destinations
IAG Cargo East Midlands, London–Heathrow, London–Luton
Cargolux Hong Kong, Jeddah, Luxembourg
DHL Aviation Vitoria
FedEx Express Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt
Swiftair Madrid
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
Swiss WorldCargo Zürich
TNT Airways Brussels, Liège
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Valencia

Statistics[edit]

Outside view of Terminal 1.
Iberia Airbus A321-211 (EC-ILP) & British Airways Airbus A320-211 (G-BUSK)
Air Arabia Maroc Airbus A320 taxiing at El Prat Airport.
Swiss International Air Lines Airbus A320 taxiing at El Prat Airport.
Air Canada Boeing 767-300ER taxiing at El Prat Airport.
Air Transat Airbus A310-300 landing at El Prat Airport.
Lufthansa Airbus A380-800 landing at El Prat Airport.
Delta Air Lines Airbus A330-300 takeoff from El Prat Airport.
Main airlines in Barcelona–El Prat 2014
Rank Airline Passengers Services to
1 Vueling 13,703,747 Europe, Africa, Asia
2 Ryanair 2,317,266 Europe, Africa
3 easyJet 2,358,293 Europe
4 Lufthansa 1,421,438 Germany (Munich and Frankfurt)
5 Air Europa 1,205,736 Spain, Africa (Tunisia)
6 Iberia 1,009,598 Air shuttle
7 Norwegian Air Shuttle 828,218 Europe (future: America)
8 British Airways 827,650 Great Britain (London)
9 Air France 721,159 France (Paris)
10 Swiss International Air Lines 653,317 Switzerland (Geneva and Zurich)
11 KLM 575,127 Holland (Amsterdam)
12 Germanwings 523,653 Germany
13 easyJet Switzerland 514,019 Europe
14 Wizz Air 505,595 Europe
15 Transavia 449,711 Holland
16 TAP Portugal 437,355 Portugal
17 Alitalia 331,230 Italy
18 Emirates 321,258 United Arab Emirates (Dubai)
19 Turkish Airlines 320,523 Turkey
20 Aeroflot 288,546 Russia (Moscow and Saint Petersbourg)
21 Monarch Airlines 272,457 Great Britain
22 American Airlines 266,583 United States of America
23 Brussels Airlines 252,734 Belgium (Brussels)
24 Qatar Airways 233,039 Qatar (Doha)
25 Transaero Airlines 224,585 Russia
Busiest European Routes 2014[28]
Rank
Airport
Passengers
Carriers
1 London Gatwick 1.274.778 British Airways, Easyjet, Monarch Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Vueling
2 Amsterdam Schiphol 1.219.934 KLM, Transavia, Vueling
3 Paris Charles de Gaulle 1.138.545 Air France, Easyjet, Vueling
4 Frankfurt International 1.019.140 Lufthansa, Vueling
5 Rome Fiumicino 990.767 Alitalia, Ryanair, Vueling
6 Paris Orly 863.549 Transavia, Vueling
7 Brussels National 814.093 Brussels Airlines, Ryanair, Vueling
8 Munich F.J.Strauss 728.920 Lufthansa, Vueling
9 Milan Malpensa 624.185 Easyjet, Vueling
10 London Heathrow 611.461 British Airways
11 Zurich International 589.170 Swiss International Airlines, Vueling
12 Lisbon 566.492 Portugalia, TAP Portugal, Vueling
13 Moscow Domodedovo 558.064 Transaero Airlines, Vueling
14 Geneva Cointrin 477.306 Easyjet Switzerland, Swiss International Airlines
15 Vienna 413.306 Austrian Airlines, Niki, Vueling
Graphical volume of passenger traffic between 1963 and 2006
Passenger Volume
Year Passengers % Year Passengers %
1963 1,000,000 - 2000 19,809,567 +13.8
1977 5,000,000 - 2001 20,745,536 +4.7
1990 9,205,000 - 2002 21,348,211 +2.9
1991 9,145,000 -0.7 2003 22,752,667 +6.6
1992 10,196,000 +11.5 2004 24,558,138 +7.9
1993 9,999,000 -2.0 2005 27,152,745 +10.6
1994 10,647,285 +6.5 2006 30,008,152 +10.5
1995 11,727,814 +10.1 2007 32,898,249 +9.6
1996 13,434,679 +14.6 2008 30,208,134 -8.2
1997 15,065,724 +12.1 2009 27,311,765 -9.4
1998 16,194,805 +7.3 2010 29,209,595 +6.5
1999 17,421,938 +7.6 2011 34,398,226 +17.8
2012 35,144,503 +2.2
2013 35,144,503 +0.2
2014 37,559,044 +6.7

Font: Aeroport de Barcelona, AENA.

Operations Volume
Year Operations %
1999 233,609 -
2000 255,913 +9.5
2001 273,119 +6.3
2002 271,023 -0.8
2003 282,021 +4.1
2004 291,369 +3.3
2005 307,798 +5.6
2006 327,636 +6.4
2007 352,501 +7.6
2008 321,491 -8.8
2009 278,965 -13.3
2010 277,832 -0.4
2011 303,054 +9.1
2012 290,004 -4.3
2013 276,497 -4,7
2014 283,850 +2,7
Cargo Volume
Year Tonnes %
1999 88,217 -
2000 88,269 +2.4
2001 81,882 -7.8
2002 75,905 -7.3
2003 70,118 -7.6
2004 84,985 +21.2
2005 90,446 +6.4
2006 93,404 +3.3
2007 96,770 +3.6
2008 104,329 +7.7
2009 89,813 -13.6
2010 104,279 +16.1
2011 96,572 -7.4
2012 96,522 -0.1
2013 100,288 +3.9
2014 102,692 +2.4

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

Terminal 2 has its own Rodalies Barcelona commuter train station on the line Rodalies Barcelona Line 2, which runs from the Maçanet-Massanes station every 30 minutes, with major stops at Barcelona Sants railway station and the fairly central Passeig de Gràcia railway station to provide transfer to the Barcelona Metro system, also in Clot station. Passengers for T1 must take a connecting bus from Terminal 2B to Terminal 1. As part of the major expansion above, a new railway station will be built[when?] in Terminal 1, connecting the airport to the Spanish AVE network, and Line 9 of the Barcelona Metro.

Road[edit]

The Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) public bus line 46 runs from Plaça Espanya. A scheduled private bus line (Aerobús) from Plaça Catalunya, stops at Urgell and Plaça d'Espanya. Taxi stops are available at each terminal. The C-32B highway connects the airport to a main traffic interchange between Barcelona's Ronda de Dalt beltway and major motorways.

BusPlana Official Transfer from Barcelona Airport to Costa Dorada (Salou, Cambrils, La Pineda, PortAventura, Tarragona, Reus...), the bus stop is in Terminal 1.

There is provision for parking cars at the airport, with about 24,000 parking spaces.

Taxi from Barcelona Airport[edit]

Travelling by Taxi is a low cost and convenient way to get from the airport to the city centre, especially if you have a family or a lot of luggage.

You will find a taxi rank outside any of the main terminal exits Terminal 1 (T1) or Terminal 2 (and of the 3 buildings of Terminal 2 - T2A, T2B or T2C). Look for the sign pointing to the nearest taxi rank. The taxis operate all night and there are several hundred of them so you don't have to worry about not being able to catch a cab.

The journey to the city centre will take you between 25 to 40 minutes depending on road conditions. If you are travelling from Terminal 1 rather than Terminal 2, this will add an extra 4 km to your journey and take approximately 5 minutes more. Children under the age of 12 must be seated in the back seat of the car and supervised so that they do not distract the driver. Eating, drinking and smoking are not permitted during the ride, even if the driver and passenger agree otherwise. The taxi is required to admit blind passengers accompanied by seeing eye dogs (Law of the Parliament of Catalonia 10/1993).

If you have special needs (i.e. wheelchair, special luggage, travelling 5 or 6 people) is better to book in advance your taxi from Barcelona Airport to your destination. There are a lot of local companies that provide pre-paid booking services. You can see the list at Institut Metropolità del Taxi website, Barcelona Tourism Bureau, Book Taxi Barcelona website or book easy a taxi with Taxi Barcelona Transfer English Speaking Taxi Service in Barcelona.

Taxi Fare
Expect to pay (by normal traffic conditions in a workday) around €30.00 for the journey into the centre from T2 and €40.00 for your journey from T1. There will also be an additional surcharge charge for each bag you're carrying and additional surcharge for Barcelona Cruise Port destination. You'll find the rates displayed inside the cab. Final price will depend on time and road conditions.

All official Barcelona taxis are black and yellow. The taxi service in Barcelona is generally very good, clean and reliable.

Taxi to Barcelona Airport[edit]

The taxi journey from Barcelona city centre to Barcelona airport takes about 25–40 minutes. Barcelona taxi cost from the Barcelona airport will be between 30 and 40 euros depending on your departure point, the traffic and the time of day.

In Barcelona and the municipalities of the metropolitan area, the most common ways to catch a cab in the street is to go to one of the taxi network stops which all of the municipalities have, or to use a hand signal to hail a cab when an empty one is approaching. At the stops, the customer must take the first vehicle in the order of departure at the stop. Circulating taxi drivers cannot pick up passengers within a 50-metre radius of a stop. The most suitable places to hail a cab in the street are the corners. Users must bear in mind that the taxi driver cannot make abrupt manoeuvres or stop the car in places that represent a hazard for traffic circulation.

The telephone is another effective means of calling a cab. You may request a taxi by calling one of the 20 taxi radio dispatch centres that operate in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona. Many of these centres have a fleet management system that allows them to send a taxi to the place requested by the user. The assigned taxi number is communicated by telephone call or SMS message.

Lost and found For Lost and Found notifications you can call to IMT (Institut Metropolità del Taxi) at 902 101 564. More informations at IMT website

Incidents and accidents[edit]

  • On 21 October 1994 a Falcon 20 cargo aircraft made an emergency landing at the airport after suffering a malfunction in its landing gear; none of the three crewmembers were injured.
  • On 19 February 1998, two people, the commander and the pilot died in an Ibertrans general aviation plane crash in the borough of Gavà shortly after taking off from El Prat.
  • On 28 July 1998 a general aviation cargo plane carrying press from Mallorca crashed next to one of the fences surrounding the airport, killing two crew members and co-pilot.
  • On 3 December 2010, during the Spanish air traffic controllers strike, Barcelona Airport remained inoperative when all Spanish air traffic controllers walked out in a coordinated wildcat strike. Following the walkout, the Spanish Government authorized the Spanish military to take over air traffic control operations.[29] On the morning of December 4, the government declared a 'State of Alert', ordering the controllers back to work. Shortly after the measure was implemented, controllers started returning to work and the strike was called off.[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ AENA passenger statistics and aircraft movements
  2. ^ Spanish AIP (AENA)[dead link]
  3. ^ "Orden FOM/1508/2011, de 18 de mayo, por la que se modifica la denominación oficial del Aeropuerto de Barcelona". BOE. (Spanish)
  4. ^ "Barcelona-El Prat Airport - Aena Aeropuertos". Aena-aeropuertos.es. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  5. ^ EUROCONTROL basic. Eurocontrol.int. Retrieved on 2011-10-04.
  6. ^ Spanair Suspends Operation – WSJ.COM – Retrieved on January 27th, 2012
  7. ^ OAG reveals latest industry intelligence on the busiest routes. oag.com. 21 September 2007
  8. ^ http://www.catalannewsagency.com/business/item/barcelona-el-prat-airport-registers-a-record-37-5-million-passengers-for-2014
  9. ^ Alas de la República: CLASSA, LAPE (1934)
  10. ^ a b c "History - Barcelona–El Prat Airport". aena. Retrieved 2014-12-12. 
  11. ^ Barcelona / Plan Barcelona. Aena.es. Retrieved on 2011-10-04.
  12. ^ http://www.globalasia.com/actualidad/empresas/air-china-ruta-barcelona-y-beijing
  13. ^ L, J (12 December 2014). "Belavia Plans Boeing 737-800 Service to Barcelona from mid-May 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  14. ^ http://www.icelandair.us/servlet/file/store36/item751610/version1/ICE%2067584%20IS_Sumar%C3%A1%C3%A6tlun2014_x2.pdf
  15. ^ "Jetairfly Adds Antwerp Routes from late-April 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  16. ^ "Ryanair Flight Timetable". Ryanair. 
  17. ^ "Ryanair Präsentiert Den Kölner Sommerflugplan 2015" (in German). Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "SmartWings Flight schedule". smartwings.com. 
  19. ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/29/breaking-news/245308/update-2-vueling-plans-new-routes-in-s15/
  20. ^ Vueling begin Barcelona-Beirut seasonal service from June 2013
  21. ^ Vueling Adds 11 New Routes in Summer 2014
  22. ^ "Vueling operará siete nuevas rutas desde Barcelona en verano, entre ellas, a Jerez de la Frontera". 20 Minutos. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "Vueling flight schedules". 
  24. ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/01/23/vy-bcnsaw-jun15/
  25. ^ "Испанский лоу-кост Vueling полетит из Барселоны в Киев". avianews.com by Aviation Today. 18 February 2013. Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  26. ^ "Wizz Air continues to expand in Macedonia – 3rd aircraft in Skopje, 1 new airport and 6 new routes". Wizz Air. Retrieved 22 January 2015. 
  27. ^ "Wizz Air timetable". Wizz Air. 
  28. ^ http://estadisticas.aena.es/csee/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1113582476702&pagename=Estadisticas%2FEstadisticas/
  29. ^ Batty, David (December 4, 2010). "Spanish airports reopen after strike causes holiday chaos". guardian.co.uk (London). Retrieved 2010-12-05. 
  30. ^ Owen, Edward (December 4, 2010). "Spanish air traffic controllers marched back to work as airports reopen". telegraph.co.uk (London). Retrieved 2010-12-05. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Zunino, Eric (November 2004) "Barcelona Airport", Airline World, pp. 40–43.

External links[edit]

Media related to Barcelona Airport at Wikimedia Commons