Harmony Township, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Harmony Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Harmony
Map of Harmony Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Harmony Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Harmony Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Harmony Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°44′52″N 75°07′22″W / 40.747701°N 75.122777°W / 40.747701; -75.122777Coordinates: 40°44′52″N 75°07′22″W / 40.747701°N 75.122777°W / 40.747701; -75.122777[1][2]
Country United States
state New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated April 8, 1839
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Brian Tipton (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Kelley D. Smith[4]
Area[1]
 • Total 24.081 sq mi (62.369 km2)
 • Land 23.702 sq mi (61.387 km2)
 • Water 0.379 sq mi (0.981 km2)  1.57%
Area rank 115th of 566 in state
7th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation[6] 686 ft (209 m)
Population (2010)[7][8][9]
 • Total 2,667
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 2,601
 • Rank 463rd of 566 in state
17th of 22 in county[11]
 • Density 112.5/sq mi (43.4/km2)
 • Density rank 536th of 566 in state
19th of 22 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08865 - Phillipsburg[12]
Area code(s) 908
FIPS code 3404130090[1][13][14]
GNIS feature ID 0882248[1][15]
Website www.harmonytwp-nj.gov

Harmony Township is a township located in the far eastern region of the Lehigh Valley in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 2,667,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 62 (-2.3%) from the 2,729 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 76 (+2.9%) from the 2,653 counted in the 1990 Census.[16]

Harmony was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 8, 1839, from portions of Greenwich Township and Oxford Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. Phillipsburg Township was created March 7, 1851, from portions of the township.[17]

Brainards (with a 2010 Census population of 202[18]), Harmony CDP (441[19]) and Hutchinson (135[20]) are census-designated places and unincorporated areas located within the township.[21][22][23]

Geography[edit]

Harmony Township is located at 40°44′52″N 75°07′22″W / 40.747701°N 75.122777°W / 40.747701; -75.122777 (40.747701,-75.122777). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 24.081 square miles (62.369 km2), of which, 23.702 square miles (61.387 km2) of it is land and 0.379 square miles (0.981 km2) of it (1.57%) is water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,602
1850 1,565 * −2.3%
1860 1,382 −11.7%
1870 1,405 1.7%
1880 1,350 −3.9%
1890 1,152 −14.7%
1900 1,080 −6.2%
1910 1,490 38.0%
1920 1,444 −3.1%
1930 1,311 −9.2%
1940 1,465 11.7%
1950 1,763 20.3%
1960 2,039 15.7%
1970 2,195 7.7%
1980 2,592 18.1%
1990 2,653 2.4%
2000 2,729 2.9%
2010 2,667 −2.3%
Est. 2013 2,601 [10] −2.5%
Population sources:
1840-1920[24] 1840[25] 1850-1870[26]
1850[27] 1870[28] 1880-1890[29]
1890-1910[30] 1910-1930[31]
1930-1990[32] 2000[33][34] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[17]

The Township's economic data (as is all of Warren County) is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,667 people, 1,017 households, and 759.7 families residing in the township. The population density was 112.5 per square mile (43.4 /km2). There were 1,109 housing units at an average density of 46.8 per square mile (18.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 98.28% (2,621) White, 0.67% (18) Black or African American, 0.26% (7) Native American, 0.19% (5) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.07% (2) from other races, and 0.52% (14) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.31% (35) of the population.[7]

There were 1,017 households, of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.1% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.02.[7]

In the township, 21.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 20.4% from 25 to 44, 35.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.1 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.[7] The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $82,339 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,992) and the median family income was $86,964 (+/- $11,141). Males had a median income of $60,489 (+/- $4,798) versus $53,100 (+/- $11,618) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,985 (+/- $4,062). About 0.7% of families and 1.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.5% of those under age 18 and 1.7% of those age 65 or over.[35]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[13] there were 2,729 people, 1,010 households, and 786 families residing in the township. The population density was 114.6 people per square mile (44.3/km²). There were 1,076 housing units at an average density of 45.2 per square mile (17.4/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 97.91% White, 0.70% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.18% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.[33][34]

There were 1,010 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.05.[33][34]

In the township the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.[33][34]

The median income for a household in the township was $60,977, and the median income for a family was $64,196. Males had a median income of $49,375 versus $28,750 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,776. About 2.8% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 5.3% of those age 65 or over.[33][34]

Government[edit]

The Van Nest-Hoff-Vannatta Farmsted, listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Local government[edit]

Harmony Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor.

As of 2013, the Harmony Township Committee consists of Mayor Brian R. Tipton (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2015; term as mayor ends 2013), Deputy Mayor Diane Yamrock (R, term on committee ends 2014; term as deputy mayor ends 2013) and Richard Cornely (R, 2013).[4][36][37][38][39]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Harmony Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[40] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][41][42] Prior to the 2010 Census, Harmony Township had been part of the 5th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[43]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[44] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[45][46] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[47][48]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[49][50] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[51] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[52]

Warren County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose three members are chosen at-large on a staggered basis in partisan elections with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Freeholder Director and other as Deputy Director. As of 2014, Warren County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Edward J. Smith (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Richard D. Gardner (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2014) and Freeholder Jason Sarnoski (R, Lopatcong Township, 2016).[53] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Patricia J. Kolb (Blairstown Township),[54] Sheriff David Gallant (Blairstown Township) and Surrogate Kevin O'Neill (Hackettstown).[55][56] The County Administrator, Steve Marvin, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operation of the county and its departments.[57]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 1,802 registered voters in Harmony Township, of which 333 (18.5% vs. 21.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 786 (43.6% vs. 35.3%) were registered as Republicans and 683 (37.9% vs. 43.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were no voters registered to other parties.[58] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 67.6% (vs. 62.3% in Warren County) were registered to vote, including 85.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 81.5% countywide).[58][59]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 702 votes here (58.9% vs. 56.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 442 votes (37.1% vs. 40.8%) and other candidates with 24 votes (2.0% vs. 1.7%), among the 1,192 ballots cast by the township's 1,826 registered voters, for a turnout of 65.3% (vs. 66.7% in Warren County).[60][61] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 805 votes here (59.9% vs. 55.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 486 votes (36.1% vs. 41.4%) and other candidates with 33 votes (2.5% vs. 1.6%), among the 1,345 ballots cast by the township's 1,824 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.7% (vs. 73.4% in Warren County).[62] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 798 votes here (61.6% vs. 61.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 479 votes (37.0% vs. 37.2%) and other candidates with 14 votes (1.1% vs. 1.3%), among the 1,296 ballots cast by the township's 1,713 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.7% (vs. 76.3% in the whole county).[63]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 543 votes here (63.7% vs. 61.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 197 votes (23.1% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 84 votes (9.9% vs. 9.8%) and other candidates with 11 votes (1.3% vs. 1.5%), among the 852 ballots cast by the township's 1,800 registered voters, yielding a 47.3% turnout (vs. 49.6% in the county).[64]

Education[edit]

The Harmony Township School District serves students in public school for pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade. As of the 2010-11 school year, the district and its one school had a total enrollment of 421 students and 24.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 17.54:1.[65] In 2006, a Harmony student won the state spelling bee becoming the first Harmony to student ever to accomplish that task and advance to the Scripps National Spelling Bee.[66]

Public school students in grades nine through twelve from Harmony, Hope and White Townships attend Belvidere High School as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Belvidere School District.[67]

Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Frelinghuysen Township (for grades K-8)[68] or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12),[69] with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).[70][71]

Transportation[edit]

The only major road that traverses Harmony is CR 519 which leads to U.S. Route 22 to the south and U.S. Route 46 to the north.

The closest limited access road is Interstate 78 which is in neighboring Greenwich and Franklin.

Surrounding communities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 6, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Municipal Directory, Harmony Township. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Harmony, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Harmony township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Harmony township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Harmony Township, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  13. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  14. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  15. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  16. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  17. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 246. Accessed October 26, 2012.
  18. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Brainards CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  19. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Harmony CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  20. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Hutchinson CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  21. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  22. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, p. III-5, August 2012. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  24. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  25. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  26. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 272, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed June 5, 2013. "Harmony contained in 1850, 1,565 inhabitants; in 1860, 1,382; and in 1870, 1,405."
  27. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 141. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  28. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  29. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 100. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  30. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  31. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  32. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  33. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Harmony township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  34. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Harmony township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  35. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Harmony township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 1, 2013.
  36. ^ 2012 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  37. ^ GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 5, 2010. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  38. ^ WARREN COUNTY GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 8, 2011, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 15, 2011. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  39. ^ General Election November 6, 2012, WARREN COUNTY Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey, November 19, 2012. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  41. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  42. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  43. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 58, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  44. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  45. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  46. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  47. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  48. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  49. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  50. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  51. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  52. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  53. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  54. ^ County Clerk's Office, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  55. ^ Message from Surrogate, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  56. ^ Constitutional Officers, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  57. ^ 2013 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  58. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Warren, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  59. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  60. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  61. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  62. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  63. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  64. ^ 2009 Governor: Warren County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  65. ^ District information for the Harmony Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  66. ^ Torrejn, Veronica. "New Jersey boy spells his way to nationals", The Morning Call, March 17, 2006.
  67. ^ Belvidere High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 11, 2013. "Belvidere High School is a small Group I school of approximately 500 students, encompassing grades nine through twelve. Students arrive from the Belvidere K-12 district and three surrounding K-8 districts; Hope, Harmony and White."
  68. ^ Overview, Ridge and Valley Charter School. Accessed September 16, 2013. "Enrollment is open to any child in New Jersey, with preference for students from the districts of Blairstown, Frelinghuysen, Hardwick, Knowlton and North Warren Regional."
  69. ^ About Us, Warren County Technical School. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  70. ^ About, Warren County Special Services School District. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  71. ^ Municipal Guide to Public School Districts, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 16, 2013.

External links[edit]