Washington Township, Warren County, New Jersey

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Washington Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Washington
Census Bureau map of Washington Township, Warren County, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Washington Township, Warren County, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°43′48″N 74°57′32″W / 40.729944°N 74.958972°W / 40.729944; -74.958972Coordinates: 40°43′48″N 74°57′32″W / 40.729944°N 74.958972°W / 40.729944; -74.958972[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated April 9, 1849
Government[5]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Robert Klingel (term ends December 31, 2014)
 • Administrator Peter H. deBoer, Jr.[3]
 • Clerk Anna C. Godfrey[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 17.751 sq mi (45.975 km2)
 • Land 17.662 sq mi (45.745 km2)
 • Water 0.089 sq mi (0.230 km2)  0.50%
Area rank 160th of 566 in state
12th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 456 ft (139 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 6,651
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 6,524
 • Rank 325th of 566 in state
5th of 22 in county[11]
 • Density 376.6/sq mi (145.4/km2)
 • Density rank 463rd of 566 in state
9th of 22 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07882[12]
Area code(s) 908 exchanges: 689, 835[13]
FIPS code 3404177300[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882250[16][2]
Website www.washington-twp-warren.org

Washington Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 6,651,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 403 (+6.5%) from the 6,248 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 881 (+16.4%) from the 5,367 counted in the 1990 Census.[17] It is part of the eastern most region of the Lehigh Valley. It is one of six municipalities in New Jersey under the name Washington (one of which is a borough, five of which are townships). Washington Township, Warren County completely surrounds the borough of Washington. Mansfield Township, also in Warren County, borders both this municipality and another Washington Township in Morris County

Washington Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1849, from portions of Mansfield Township. Portions of the township were taken on February 20, 1868, to create Washington Borough.[18]

Geography[edit]

Washington Township is located at 40°43′48″N 74°57′32″W / 40.729944°N 74.958972°W / 40.729944; -74.958972 (40.729944,-74.958972). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 17.751 square miles (45.975 km2), of which, 17.662 square miles (45.745 km2) of it is land and 0.089 square miles (0.230 km2) of it (0.50%) is water.[1][2] The Borough of Washington is an independent incorporated area surrounded by Washington Township.

Brass Castle (with a 2010 Census population of 1,555[19]) and Port Colden (2010 population of 122[20]) are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within the township.[21][22][23] Other unincorporated communities, place names and localities within the township include Butlers Park, Changewater, Fort Golden and Pleasant Valley.[24]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,567
1860 2,634 68.1%
1870 2,160 * −18.0%
1880 1,452 −32.8%
1890 1,304 −10.2%
1900 1,249 −4.2%
1910 1,023 −18.1%
1920 1,004 −1.9%
1930 1,007 0.3%
1940 1,320 31.1%
1950 1,765 33.7%
1960 3,055 73.1%
1970 3,585 17.3%
1980 4,243 18.4%
1990 5,367 26.5%
2000 6,248 16.4%
2010 6,651 6.5%
Est. 2013 6,524 [10][25] −1.9%
Population sources: 1850-1920[26]
1850-1870[27] 1850[28] 1870[29]
1880-1890[30] 1890-1910[31]
1910-1930[32] 1930-1990[33]
2000[34][35] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[18]

The Township's economic data (as is all of Warren County) is calculated by the US Census Bureau as part of the Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 6,651 people, 2,380 households, and 1,899 families residing in the township. The population density was 376.6 per square mile (145.4/km2). There were 2,493 housing units at an average density of 141.1 per square mile (54.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.46% (6,216) White, 2.50% (166) Black or African American, 0.24% (16) Native American, 1.91% (127) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.65% (43) from other races, and 1.25% (83) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.39% (292) of the population.[7]

There were 2,380 households, of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.0% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.2% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.14.[7]

In the township, 24.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 32.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.2 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.[7] The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $91,893 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,743) and the median family income was $99,332 (+/- $12,641). Males had a median income of $78,417 (+/- $14,664) versus $51,186 (+/- $17,904) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $39,873 (+/- $3,286). About 2.9% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[36]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 6,248 people, 2,099 households, and 1,740 families residing in the township. The population density was 355.5 people per square mile (137.2/km²). There were 2,174 housing units at an average density of 123.7 per square mile (47.7/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.98% White, 1.71% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.16% of the population.[34][35]

There were 2,099 households out of which 43.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.7% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.1% were non-families. 14.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.26.[34][35]

In the township the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.[34][35]

The median income for a household in the township was $77,458, and the median income for a family was $84,348. Males had a median income of $54,321 versus $35,056 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,141. About 3.0% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.[34][35]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Washington Township is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2014, members of the Washington Township Committee are Mayor Robert Klingel (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2016; term as mayor ends 2014), Deputy Mayor George J. Willan (R, 2015), John A. Horensky (R, 2015), Theresa Iacobucci (R, serving an unexpired term until November 2014) and Mark Rossi (R, 2016).[37][38][39][40][41][42][43]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Washington Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[44] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][45][46] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Washington Township had been in the 24th state legislative district.[47] Prior to the 2010 Census, Washington Township had been part of the 11th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[47]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[49][50] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[51][52]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[53][54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Warren County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose three members are chosen at-large on a staggered basis in partisan elections with one seat coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve as Freeholder Director and other as Deputy Director. As of 2014, Warren County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Edward J. Smith (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2015), Freeholder Deputy Director Richard D. Gardner (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2014) and Freeholder Jason Sarnoski (R, Lopatcong Township, 2016).[57] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Patricia J. Kolb (Blairstown Township),[58] Sheriff David Gallant (Blairstown Township) and Surrogate Kevin O'Neill (Hackettstown).[59][60] The County Administrator, Steve Marvin, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operation of the county and its departments.[61]

Education[edit]

Students in Kindergarten through sixth grade attend public school in the Washington Township School District.[62] As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 586 students and 50.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 11.72:1.[63] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[64]) are Port Colden School[65] (241 students in grades 1-3) and Brass Castle School[66] (345 students in Kindergarten and grades 4-6).[67][68]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Warren Hills Regional School District, which also serves students from the municipalities of Franklin Township, Mansfield Township and Washington Borough, along with those from Oxford Township who attend for grades 9-12 only.[69] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[70]) are Warren Hills Regional Middle School[71] (grades 7 and 8; 648 students) located in Washington Borough and Warren Hills Regional High School[72] (grades 9 - 12; 1,246 students) located in Washington Township.[62][73][74]

Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Frelinghuysen Township (for grades K-8)[75] or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12),[76] with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).[77][62]

Transportation[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 65.77 miles (105.85 km) of roadways, of which 35.61 miles (57.31 km) were maintained by the municipality, 22.92 miles (36.89 km) by Warren County and 7.24 miles (11.65 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[78]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Washington Township include:

Wineries[edit]

Surrounding communities[edit]

Also, the township completely surrounds the borough of Washington.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f 2010 Census Gazetteer Files - County Subdivisions: New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  3. ^ Township Administrator, Washington Township. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  4. ^ Township Clerk, Washington Township. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 8.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Washington, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Washington township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 12. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Washington township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Washington, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  13. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Washington, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  18. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 248. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  19. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Brass Castle CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  20. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Port Colden CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  21. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  22. ^ 2006-2010 American Community Survey Geography for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, p. III-5, August 2012. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  24. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed December 8, 2014.
  25. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  26. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  27. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 273, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed June 18, 2013. "The population of Washington township in 1850 was 1,567; in 1860, 2,634; and in 1870, 2,160."
  28. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 141. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  29. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 260. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed June 18, 2013. Population of 4,140 listed for Washington Township includes 1,880 for Washington Borough, with population for township alone calculated by subtraction.
  30. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 100. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed June 18, 2013. Population of 3,594 for 1880 and 4,138 for 1890 listed for Washington Township includes 2,142 in 1880 and 2,834 in 1890 for Washington Borough, with population for township alone calculated by subtraction.
  31. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  32. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  33. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  34. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Washington township, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  35. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Washington township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  36. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Washington township, Warren County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  37. ^ Township Committee, Washington Township. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  38. ^ 2014 Municipal Data Sheet, Washington Township. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  39. ^ 2013 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  40. ^ GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 2, 2010, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 5, 2010. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  41. ^ WARREN COUNTY GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 8, 2011, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey Clerk, November 15, 2011. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  42. ^ General Election November 6, 2012, WARREN COUNTY Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey, November 19, 2012. Accessed June 18, 2013.
  43. ^ GENERAL ELECTION NOVEMBER 5, 2013, WARREN COUNTY Official Tally for WARREN COUNTY of NJ, Warren County, New Jersey, November 19, 2013. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  44. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  45. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  47. ^ a b 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  48. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  49. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  50. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  51. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  52. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  53. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  54. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  55. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  56. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  57. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  58. ^ County Clerk's Office, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  59. ^ Message from Surrogate, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  60. ^ Constitutional Officers, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  61. ^ 2013 Official Directory, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 15, 2014.
  62. ^ a b c Municipal Guide to Public School Districts, Warren County, New Jersey. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  63. ^ District information for Washington Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  64. ^ School Data for the Washington Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  65. ^ Port Colden School, Washington Township School District. Accessed July 22, 2013.
  66. ^ Brass Castle School, Washington Township School District. Accessed July 22, 2013.
  67. ^ Our Schools, Washington Township School District. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  68. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Washington Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  69. ^ Warren Hills Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 6, 2014. "At Warren Hills Regional, we provide our students with a strong academic foundation. From the receiving districts of Franklin Township, Mansfield Township, Oxford (high school tuition students), Washington Borough and Washington Township, students progress along the academic continuum led by a faculty committed to planning and implementing a variety of instructional strategies and activities that facilitate the preparation of our students for the challenge of mastering the New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards and the Common Core State Standards."
  70. ^ School Data for the Warren Hills Regional School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  71. ^ Warren Hills Regional Middle School, Warren Hills Regional School District. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  72. ^ Warren Hills Regional High School, Warren Hills Regional School District. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  73. ^ Our History, Warren Hills Regional School District. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  74. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Warren Hills Regional School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed September 6, 2014.
  75. ^ Overview, Ridge and Valley Charter School. Accessed September 16, 2013. "Enrollment is open to any child in New Jersey, with preference for students from the districts of Blairstown, Frelinghuysen, Hardwick, Knowlton and North Warren Regional."
  76. ^ About Us, Warren County Technical School. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  77. ^ About, Warren County Special Services School District. Accessed September 16, 2013.
  78. ^ Warren County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  79. ^ Senator Michael J. Doherty, New Jersey Senate Republicans. Accessed December 8, 2014. "Mike Doherty and his wife, Linda, reside in Washington Township, Warren County."
  80. ^ Jean Shepherd, A Christmas Story, The Musical. Accessed June 18, 2013. "Shep actually lived in Washington Township, New Jersey during this time, and his commute up and down Route 22 yielded a unique perspective on modern American culture, which inspired a series of teleplays for PBS/WGBH's American Playhouse."
  81. ^ Lechiski, Kevin. "Warren County Community College first in New Jersey to offer creative writing degree", Warren Reporter, May 30, 2009. Accessed December 8, 2014. "Warren County Community College student Alison Stewart of Phillipsburg meets Washington Township author Sung J. Woo, whose new novel, Everything Asian, is generating a buzz nationwide."

External links[edit]