ICC World Twenty20

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For the equivalent women's tournament, see ICC Women's World Twenty20. For the ICC Twenty20 ranking scheme, see ICC T20I Championship.
ICC World Twenty20
2014 ICC World Twenty20 logo.svg
The logo of 2014 ICC World Twenty20
Administrator International Cricket Council
Format Twenty20 International
First tournament 2007
Tournament format Round robin, followed by Super 8, and conclusion with the Semi Final and Final
Number of teams 16
Current champion  Sri Lanka (1st title)
Most successful
Most runs Sri Lanka Mahela Jayawardene (1016)[1]
Most wickets Sri Lanka Lasith Malinga (38)[2]
2016 ICC World Twenty20

The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the ICC World T20 or the World Twenty20) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket. Organised by cricket's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament consists of 12 teams, comprising all ten ICC full members and two other ICC members chosen through the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. The event is generally held every two years, and all matches are accorded Twenty20 International status. The 2014 event was a host to 16 nations. See the full list below.

The inaugural event, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, was staged in South Africa. Pakistan were originally selected to host it. It ran from 11–24 September 2007. The tournament was won by India, who became the first World T20 Champions after defeating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. The second event, the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 took place in England from 5–21 June 2009. This tournament was won by the previous runners-up Pakistan who defeated Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in the final at Lord's, London.[3][4] The third tournament, the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was held from 30 April–16 May 2010 and hosted by the West Indies. The winners were England who defeated Australia by 7 wickets in the final at Kensington Oval, Barbados. This was the first ever ICC tournament won by England. The fourth tournament, the 2012 ICC World Twenty20, was held from 18 September to 7 October 2012 and was hosted by Sri Lanka. The winners were West Indies who defeated Sri Lanka by 36 runs, their first appearance in a World cricket final since 1983 and their first victory since 1979.[5] The fifth tournament, the 2014 ICC World Twenty20, was held from 16 March to 6 April. The winners of the tournament were Sri Lanka, who made it to the finals for the third time, by beating India by 6 wickets.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

When the Benson & Hedges Cup ended in 2002, the ECB needed another one day competition to fill its place. Cricketing authorities were looking to boost the game's popularity with the younger generation in response to dwindling crowds and reduced sponsorship. It was intended to deliver fast paced, exciting cricket accessible to thousands of fans who were put off by the longer versions of the game. Stuart Robertson, the marketing manager of the ECB, proposed a 20 over per innings game to county chairmen in 2001 and they voted 11–7 in favour of adopting the new format.[6]

Regional tournaments
ICC World T20 2007 BAN vs RSA

The first official Twenty20 matches were played on 13 June 2003 between the English counties in the Twenty20 Cup.[7] The first season of Twenty20 in England was a relative success, with the Surrey Lions defeating the Warwickshire Bears by 9 wickets in the final to claim the title.[8] The first Twenty20 match held at Lord's, on 15 July 2004 between Middlesex and Surrey, attracted a crowd of 27,509, the largest attendance for any county cricket game at the ground other than a one-day final since 1953.[9]

Soon after with the adoption of Twenty20 matches by other cricket boards, the popularity of the format grew with unexpected crowd attendance, new regional tournaments such as Pakistan's Faysal Bank T20 Cup and Stanford 20/20 tournament and the financial incentive in the format.

The West Indies regional teams competed in what was named the Stanford 20/20 tournament. The event was financially backed by billionaire Allen Stanford, who gave at least US$28,000,000 funding money. It was intended that the tournament would be an annual event. Guyana won the inaugural event, defeating Trinidad and Tobago by 5 wickets, securing US$1,000,000 in prize money.[10][11] A spin off tournmant, the Stanford Super Series was held in October 2008 between Middlesex and Trinidad and Tobago, the respective winners of the English and Caribbean Twenty20 competitions, and a Stanford Superstars team formed from West Indies domestic players; Trinidad and Tobago won the competition, securing US$280,000 prize money.[12][13] On 1 November, the Stanford Superstars played England in what was expected to be the first of five fixtures in as many years with the winner claiming a US$20,000,000 in each match.[14][15]

Twenty20 Internationals

On 17 February 2005 Australia defeated New Zealand in the first men's full international Twenty20 match, played at Eden Park in Auckland. The game was played in a light-hearted manner – both sides turned out in kit similar to that worn in the 1980s, the New Zealand team's a direct copy of that worn by the Beige Brigade. Some of the players also sported moustaches/beards and hair styles popular in the 1980s taking part in a competition amongst themselves for best retro look, at the request of the Beige Brigade. Australia won the game comprehensively, and as the result became obvious towards the end of the NZ innings, the players and umpires took things less seriously – Glenn McGrath jokingly replayed the Trevor Chappell underarm incident from a 1981 ODI between the two sides, and Billy Bowden showed him a mock red card (red cards are not normally used in cricket) in response.

Inaugural tournaments[edit]

Lasith Malinga bowling from the Nursery End in the 2009 Final at Lord's.

It was first decided that every two years an ICC World Twenty20 tournament is to take place, except in the event of an ICC Cricket World Cup being scheduled in the same year, in which case it will be held the year before. The first tournament was in 2007 in South Africa where India defeated Pakistan in the final. Two Associate teams had played in the first tournament, selected through the 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division One, a 50-over competition. In December 2007 it was decided to hold a qualifying tournament with a 20-over format to better prepare the teams. With six participants, two would qualify for the 2009 World Twenty20 and would each receive $250,000 in prize money.[16] The second tournament was won by Pakistan who beat Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in England on 21 June 2009. The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 tournament was held in West Indies in May 2010, where England defeated Australia by 7 wickets. The 2012 ICC World Twenty20 was won by the West-Indies, by defeating Sri Lanka at the finals. For the first time, a host nation competed in the final of the ICC World Twenty20. There were 12 participants for the title including Ireland and Afghanistan as 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. It was the first time the T20 World Cup tournament took place in an Asian country.

Expansion to 16 teams[edit]

The 2012 edition was to be expanded into a 16 team format however this was reverted to 12.[17] The 2014 tournament, held in Bangladesh was the first to feature 16 teams including all ten full members and six associate members who qualified through the 2013 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. However the top eight full member teams in the ICC T20I Championship rankings on 8 October 2012 were given a place in the Super 10 stage. The remaining eight teams competed in the group stage, from which two teams advance to the Super 10 stage.[18][19] Three new teams (Nepal, Hong Kong and UAE) made their debut in this tournament.

Format[edit]

Qualification[edit]

All Test-playing nations achieve automatic qualification to the tournament, with the remaining places filled by other ICC members through a qualification tournament. Qualification for the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 came from the results of the first cycle of the World Cricket League, a 50-over league for non-Test playing nations. The two finalists of the Division One tournament (Kenya and Scotland) qualified for the inaugural tournament alongside the Test-playing nations. For subsequent tournaments, qualification has been achieved through the World Twenty20 Qualifier, with Afghanistan (2010 and 2012), Ireland (2009, 2010, and 2012), Netherlands (2009), and Scotland (2009) each having qualified through this process.

Final tournament[edit]

Within each group (both Group Stage & Super Eight Stage), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria:[20]

  1. Higher number of points
  2. If equal, higher number of wins
  3. If still equal, higher net run rate
  4. If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
  5. If still equal, result of head to head meeting.

In case of a tie (that is, both teams scoring the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Over would decide the winner. In the case of a tie occurring again in the Super Over, the match is won by the team that has scored the most sixes in their innings. This is applicable in all stages of the tournament, having been implemented during the 2009 tournament. During the 2007 tournament, a bowl-out was used to decide the loser of tied matches.[21]

Hosts[edit]

The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining bids from the nations which have expressed an interest in holding the event. After South Africa in 2007, England, West Indies and Sri Lanka hosted the tournament in 2009, 2010 and 2012 respectively. The last tournament was hosted by Bangladesh in 2014.[22] India will host the 2016 tournament.[23]

Results[edit]

Year Host Nation(s) Final Venue Final
Winner Result Runner Up
2007
Details
 South Africa Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg  India
157/5 (20 overs)
India won by 5 runs
Scorecard
 Pakistan
152 all out (19.4 overs)
2009
Details
 England Lord's, London  Pakistan
139/2 (18.4 overs)
Pakistan won by 8 wickets
Scorecard
 Sri Lanka
138/6 (20 overs)
2010
Details
 West Indies Kensington Oval, Barbados  England
148/3 (17 overs)
England won by 7 wickets
Scorecard
 Australia
147/6 (20 overs)
2012
Details
 Sri Lanka R Premadasa Stadium, Colombo  West Indies
137/6 (20 overs)
West Indies won by 36 runs
Scorecard
 Sri Lanka
101 all out (18.4 overs)
2014
Details
 Bangladesh Sher-e-Bangla National Cricket Stadium, Dhaka  Sri Lanka
134/4 (17.5 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 6 wickets
Scorecard
 India
130/4 (20 overs)
2016
Details
 India

Summary of all teams in all tournaments[edit]

Source: Cricinfo[24]

Team Appearances Best result Statistics
Total First Latest Played Won Lost Tie NR Win%
 Afghanistan 3 2010 2014 Round 1 (2012) 7 1 6 0 0 14.28
 Australia 5 2007 2014 Runners-up (2010) 25 14 11 0 0 56.00
 Bangladesh 5 2007 2014 Round 2 (2007) 18 3 15 0 0 16.66
 England 5 2007 2014 Champions (2010) 26 11 14 0 1 44.00
 Hong Kong 1 2014 2014 Round 1 (2014) 3 1 2 0 0 33.33
 India 5 2007 2014 Champions (2007) 28 17 9 1(1) 1 64.81
 Ireland 4 2009 2014 Round 2 (2009) 12 3 7 0 2 30.00
 Kenya 1 2007 2007 Round 1 (2007) 2 0 2 0 0 0.00
   Nepal 1 2014 2014 Round 1 (2014) 3 2 1 0 0 66.66
 Netherlands 2 2009 2014 Round 2 (2014) 9 4 5 0 0 44.44
 New Zealand 5 2007 2014 Fourth place (2007) 25 11 12 2(0) 0 48.00
 Pakistan 5 2007 2014 Champions (2009) 30 18 11 1(0) 0 61.66
 Scotland 2 2007 2009 Round 1 (2007) 4 0 3 0 1 0.00
 South Africa 5 2007 2014 Third place (2009) 26 16 10 0 0 61.53
 Sri Lanka 5 2007 2014 Champions (2014) 31 21 9 1(1) 0 69.35
 United Arab Emirates 1 2014 2014 Round 1 (2014) 3 0 3 0 0 0.00
 West Indies 5 2007 2014 Champions (2012) 25 12 11 1(1) 1 52.08
 Zimbabwe 4 2007 2014 Round 1 (2007) 9 3 6 0 0 33.33

The number in bracket indicates number of wins in tied matches by Super Over, Bowl out or any other c, however these are considered as half a win regardless of the result. The win percentage excludes no results and counts ties (irrespective of a tiebreaker) as half a win.

Team results by tournament[edit]

The ICC does not adjudicate rankings but only rounds a team achieves e.g. Semis, round one etc. The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams in the ICC World Twenty20.

Legend
  • 1st — Champions
  • 2nd — Runners-up
  • 3rd — Third place
  • 4th — Fourth place
  • R2 — Round 2 (Super 8s, Super 10s)
  • R1 — Round 1
  • q — Qualified for upcoming tournament
  •  ••  — Qualified but withdrew
  •  •  — Did not qualify
  •  ×  — Did not enter / Withdrew / Banned
  •    — Hosts

The team ranking in each tournament is according to ICC.

For each tournament, the number of teams in each finals tournament (in brackets) are shown.

Team 2007
(12)
2009
(12)
2010
(12)
2012
(12)
2014
(16)
2016
(16)
Total
 Afghanistan × × R1
12th
R1
11th
R1
14th
3
 Australia 3rd R1
11th
2nd 3rd R2
8th
q 5
 Bangladesh R2
8th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R1
10th
R2
10th
q 5
 England R2
7th
R2
6th
1st R2
6th
R2
7th
q 5
 Hong Kong × × × R1
15th
1
 India 1st R2
7th
R2
8th
R2
5th
2nd q 5
 Ireland R2
8th
R1
9th
R1
9th
R1
13th
4
 Kenya R1
12th
1
   Nepal × × × R1
12th
1
 Netherlands R1
9th
R2
9th
2
 New Zealand 4th R2
5th
R2
5th
R2
7th
R2
6th
q 5
 Pakistan 2nd 1st 4th 4th R2
5th
q 5
 Scotland R1
10th
R1
12th
2
 South Africa R2
5th
3rd R2
6th
R2
8th
4th q 5
 Sri Lanka R2
6th
2nd 3rd 2nd 1st q 5
 United Arab Emirates × × R1
16th
1
 West Indies R1
11th
4th R2
7th
1st 3rd q 5
 Zimbabwe R1
9th
•• R1
11th
R1
12th
R1
11th
q 4

Debut of teams[edit]

Team appearing for the first time, in alphabetical order per year.

Year Debutants Total
2007  Australia,  Bangladesh,  England,  India,  Kenya,  New Zealand,  Pakistan,  Scotland,  South Africa,  Sri Lanka,  West Indies,  Zimbabwe 12
2009  Ireland,  Netherlands 2
2010  Afghanistan 1
2012 none 0
2014  Hong Kong,    Nepal,  United Arab Emirates 3
Total 18

Other results[edit]

Statistics and records[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Records - ICC World Twenty20 - Most Runs Cricinfo
  2. ^ Records - ICC World Twenty20 - Most Wickets in a career Cricinfo
  3. ^ Miller, Andrew (4 June 2009). "Bringing the monster back home". CricInfo. ESPN. Retrieved 5 June 2009. 
  4. ^ Ahmed, Waqas (4 June 2012). "Malinga Hattrick". T20Cric. Waqas. Retrieved 5 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Samuels special the spur for epic West Indies win". Wisden India. 7 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Newman, Paul; Meet the man who invented Twenty20 cricket – the man missing out on millions; Daily Mail; 11 June 2008. Retrieved 6 January 2009
  7. ^ Matches played 13 June 2003 ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  8. ^ Twenty20 Cup, 2003, Final – Surrey v Warwickshire ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 9 June 2008
  9. ^ Weaver, Paul (25 May 2009). "Usman Afzaal gives Surrey winning start but absent fans fuel concerns". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Guyana crowned Stanford 20/20 champions". ESPNcricinfo. 14 August 2006. 
  11. ^ "Dates for Stanford Twenty20 announced". The Jamaica Observer. 9 February 2006. 
  12. ^ "Udal leads Middlesex for Stanford". ESPNcricinfo. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  13. ^ McGlashan, Andrew (27 October 2008). "Ramdin leads T&T to big-money glory". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  14. ^ McGlashan, Andrew (1 November 2008). "Gayle leads Superstars to millions". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "US tycoon charged over $8bn fraud". BBC News. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  16. ^ "ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier to be held in Ireland". ESPNcricinfo. 13 December 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  17. ^ "ICC approves Test championship". Espncricinfo. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 
  18. ^ "West Indies to start World T20 title defence against India". ICC. 27 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "BCB promises stellar T20 WC". The Daily Star. 7 April 2013. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  20. ^ Final WorldTwenty20 Playing conditions, ICC World Twenty20, retrieved 12 September 2007
  21. ^ Playing conditions, ICC World Twenty20, retrieved 12 September 2008
  22. ^ Bangladesh to host World Twenty20 2014 Cricinfo, retrieved 1 July 2010
  23. ^ "For next five years, all T20 action in subcontinent". The Times of India. 18 March 2011. 
  24. ^ "Records / ICC World T20 / Result Summary". ESPNCricinfo. 16 March 2014. 

External links[edit]