Tchoukball

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Symbol of Tchoukball
Tchoukball match in progress.
Tchoukball match in progress.

Tchoukball /kbɔːl/ is an indoor team sport developed in the 1970s by Swiss biologist Hermann Brandt.

The sport is usually played on an indoor court measuring 27 metres by 16 metres. At each end there is a 'frame' (a device similar to a trampoline off which the ball bounces) which measures one square metre and a semicircular D-shaped forbidden zone measuring three metres in radius. Each team can score on both ends on the field, and comprises twelve players, of which seven may be on the court at any one time. In order to score a point, the ball must be thrown by an attacking player, hit the frame and bounce outside the 'D' without being caught by the defending team. Physical contact is prohibited, and defenders may not attempt to intercept the attacking team's passes. Players may take three steps with the ball, hold the ball for a maximum of three seconds, and teams may not pass the ball more than three times before shooting at the frame.

Tchoukball has become an international sport, played in Brazil, Canada, China, the Czech Republic, Great Britain, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Japan, Macau, Philippines, Singapore, Switzerland, Taiwan, and the United States. It is governed by the Féderation Internationale de Tchoukball (FITB, founded in 1971). Taiwan hosted the 2004 World Championships and won both the women's and junior championships, with the Swiss men winning the men's championship. The 2006 European Championships were held in Switzerland, with Great Britain taking both the Men's and Under-18's titles, while the hosts won the Women's event.

History[edit]

Tchoukball was created in Switzerland by Hermann Brandt, who was concerned by the numerous serious injuries among athletes resulting from sports prone to aggression and physical contact. He believed that sports should not only form champions, but also contribute to the creation of a better and more humane society.[1] He designed tchoukball to contain elements of handball (it is played with hands, and the balls used are similar), volleyball (as the defending team must prevent the ball from falling) and squash (since there is a bounce).

Basic Rules[edit]

Court

  • The court size is that is generally used is 27mx16m. However, there are variations to this such as in beach tchoukball where a court size of 21mx12m is used.
  • One rebound frame is placed at each end of the field of play
  • In front of each frame, a D shaped semi-circle measuring 3m in radius must be drawn; it defines the limits of the 'forbidden zone'
  • The lines of the zones are considered part of the zone itself, e.g. the line marking the semicircle forbidden zone is considered part of the forbidden zone, while the line around the entire court is considered a part of the court

Ball

Depending on the category of players (Men/Women/U18/U15/u12), different sizes of balls are used ranging from a circumference of 54 cm to 60 cm and weighs between 325 grams to 475 grams.

Scoring

Two teams of 7 players each (men or women) compete to score points with the team with the most points at the end winning the game. When a team gains a point, control of the ball is transferred to the other team.

  • In tchoukball either team can score at either end of the court.
  • A point is scored when the ball rebounds after hitting either of the 2 frames and touches the ground outside the forbidden zone, any part of the defending player's body below the knees or touches the defending player while he is still in the forbidden zone
  • A point is given to the non-attacking team when the attacking team shoots and misses the frame, or the ball rebounds outside the playing area (either out of the court or in the forbidden zone).
  • If a shot is caught by the defending team, the defending team can proceed to attack immediately
Frame

Positions[edit]

Each team comprises the following positions:

  • 2 right shooters
  • 2 left shooters
  • 2 Defenders
  • 1 centre pivot

Each side of the court comprises a left shooter, right shooter and an inner, while the centre pivot usually stays near the middle of the court. The shooters are generally in charge of shooting although in some cases the inner can also take the shot. The inners are in charge of coordinating the first line defence while the centre pivot takes charge of the second line defence. However other formations include not using a centre pivot, the team would bypass the centre and throw full length court passes directly to the shooters/inners. This gives an extra first line defender or a dedicated second line defender.

Playing the game[edit]

  • The player can take 3 steps and is not allowed to bounce the ball on the ground between these steps.
  • The attacking team cannot make more than 3 passes before shooting
  • When a pass is dropped or not completed (i.e. the ball touches the ground), the other team gets possession
  • The defending team cannot hamper the attacking one
  • Touching the ball with one’s feet or legs below the knee is forbidden

International Tchoukball Federation (FITB)[edit]

The FITB, founded in 1971, is based in Geneva. It now comprises 13 member associations and 22 affiliated associations. It supports and advises national associations and individuals willing to implant tchoukball in new areas. For instance, tchoukball was recently integrated in the school program of some regions of Senegal. The FITB will be integrated in the 2009 World Games, which will take place in Kaohsiung (Taiwan).

International Competitions[2][edit]

Year Competition Host Nation Men Winners Women Winners M-18 Men Winners M-18 Women Winners
1984 World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China   Switzerland Not Held
1987 World Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
1989 World Game Tchoukball Championships  Germany  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
1990 World Tchoukball Championships  United Kingdom  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2000 World Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2002 World Tchoukball Championships  United Kingdom  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2003 European Tchoukball Championships Italy Italy   Switzerland   Switzerland Not Held Not Held
2003 Asian Tchoukball Championships  India  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2004 World Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China   Switzerland  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2005 World Beach Tchoukball Championships   Switzerland  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China   Switzerland
2006 European Tchoukball Championships Switzerland Switzerland  United Kingdom   Switzerland  United Kingdom Not Held
2006 Asian Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2006 South American Tchoukball Championships  Argentina  Brazil  Brazil Not Held Not Held
2008 Asian Tchoukball Championships  Hong Kong  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2008 European Tchoukball Championships Czech Republic Czech Republic   Switzerland   Switzerland   Switzerland Not Held
2008 South American Tchoukball Championships  Argentina  Brazil  Brazil Not Held Not Held
2009 World Games  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China Not Held Not Held
2010 Asia-Pacific Tchoukball Championships  Singapore  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China  Republic of China
2010 African Tchoukball Championships  Ghana  Togo  Senegal Not held  Senegal
2010 South American Tchoukball Championships  Brazil  Brazil  Brazil Not held Not held
2010 European Tchoukball Championships United Kingdom United Kingdom   Switzerland   Switzerland Not held Not held
2011 World Youth Tchoukball Championships  Austria Not held Not held  Italy  Republic of China
2011 World Tchoukball Championships  Italy  Republic of China  Republic of China Not held Not held
2013 World Youth Tchoukball Championships  Republic of China Not held Not held  Republic of China  Republic of China

Other[edit]

Tchoukball was chosen as the official sport of the JDC West competition in 2014 in Regina, Canada.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Brandt, H., Etude scientifique des sports d’équipe, Ed. Roulet, Geneva, 1971)
  2. ^ http://www.fitbcompetitions.org

External links[edit]

Associations[edit]