World Fencing Championships

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The World Championships in Fencing is an annual competition organized by the Fédération Internationale d'Escrime or FIE, (International Fencing Federation in English). The world championships are, after the Olympic Games, the most prominent international competition in the sport of fencing. Contestants may participate in foil, épée, and sabre events.

History[edit]

The FIE first organized an international fencing championship in Paris in 1921. The competition in its early years was billed as a European fencing tournament, and the initial participants were members of the fencing federations of the various European nations. In 1937, the FIE, at the request of an Italian contingent of fencers, granted world title status to the annual tournament, with retrospective recognition to the Championships held since 1926. (The government of Benito Mussolini in Italy was, at this time, offering national recognition and privileges to winners of Olympic or world titles.)[1]

Since 1921, the FIE championships have occurred annually, with the exception of all events held during the Summer Olympics, and an interruption forced by World War II between 1938 and 1947. The fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics have served as the World Championships of the year for the relevant events. Events not held during the Summer Olympics[2] have the FIE championship at a designated World Cup in the same year since 2000.

The three types of events were introduced successively. Men's épée competition began in 1921, sabre in 1922, and foil in 1926. Since 1929, women's competitions in foil have taken place.[3][4] A women's épée event was added in 1989, and women's sabre in 1999.

The year 1929 also saw the first team competition, in the foil event. Team events for sabre and épée were initiated in 1930. The women's team foil event began in 1932.[3][4] Team competition for women in épée and sabre began the same year as the individual women's events (1989 for épée and 1999 for sabre).

Hosts[edit]

 

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Hosting tally[edit]

Hosting nations 1937–2014
Times hosted Host country
9  France
5  Hungary,  Italy
3  Cuba,  United States
2  Argentina,  Austria,  Bulgaria,  Germany,  Netherlands,  Portugal,  Sweden,   Switzerland,  Turkey
1  Australia,  Belgium,  Canada,  China,  Denmark,  Egypt,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Monaco,  Poland,  Russia,  Czechoslovakia,  South Korea,  South Africa,  Soviet Union,  Spain,  Ukraine,  United Kingdom,  West Germany

World Champions[edit]

Foil[edit]

Year Location Men's Individual Women's Individual Men's Team Women's Team
1924 Olympics France Paris France Roger Ducret Denmark Ellen Osiier  France
1926 Hungary Budapest Italy Giorgio Chiavacci
1927 France Vichy Italy Oreste Puliti
1928 Olympics Netherlands Amsterdam France Lucien Gaudin Germany Helene Mayer  Italy
1929 Italy Naples Italy Oreste Puliti Germany Helene Mayer
1930 Belgium Liege Italy Giulio Gaudini Belgium Jenny Addams  Italy
1931 Austria Vienna France Lemoine Germany Helene Mayer  Italy
1932 Denmark Copenhagen  Denmark
1932 Olympics United States Los Angeles Italy Gustavo Marzi Austria Ellen Preis  France
1933 Hungary Budapest Italy Gioachino Guaragna United Kingdom Gwendoline Neligan  Italy  Hungary
1934 Poland Warsaw Italy Giulio Gaudini Hungary Ilona Elek  Italy  Hungary
1935 Switzerland Lausanne France Andre Gardere Hungary Ilona Elek  Italy  Hungary
1936 Olympics Nazi Germany Berlin Italy Giulio Gaudini Hungary Ilona Elek  Italy
1937 France Paris Italy Gustavo Marzi Nazi Germany Helene Mayer  Italy  Hungary
1938 Czechoslovakia Piešťany Italy Gioachino Guaragna Czechoslovakia Marie Šedivá  Italy
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Portugal Lisbon France Christian D'Oriola Austria Ellen Preis  France  Denmark
1948 Netherlands The Hague  Denmark
1948 Olympics United Kingdom London France Jehan Buhan Hungary Ilona Elek  France
1949 Egypt Cairo France Christian D'Oriola Austria Ellen Preis  Italy
1950 Monaco Monte Carlo Italy Renzo Nostini Austria Ellen Preis  Italy  France
1951 Sweden Stockholm Italy Manlio Di Rosa Hungary Ilona Elek  France  France
1952 Denmark Copenhagen  Hungary
1952 Olympics Finland Helsinki France Christian D'Oriola Italy Irene Camber  France
1953 Belgium Brussels France Christian D'Oriola Italy Irene Camber  France  Hungary
1954 Luxembourg Luxembourg France Christian D'Oriola Denmark Karen Lachmann  Italy  Hungary
1955 Italy Rome Hungary József Gyuricza Hungary Lídia Sákovicsné Dömölky  Italy  Hungary
1956 United Kingdom London  Soviet Union
1956 Olympics Australia Melbourne France Christian D'Oriola United Kingdom Gillian Sheen  Italy
1957 France Paris Hungary Mihály Fülöp Soviet Union Alexandra Zabelina  Hungary  Italy
1958 United States Philadelphia Italy Giancarlo Bergamini Soviet Union Valentina Rastvorova
1959 Hungary Budapest United Kingdom Allan Jay Soviet Union Emma Yefimova
1960 Olympics Italy Rome Soviet Union Viktor Zhdanovich Germany Adelheid Schmid  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1961 Italy Turin Poland Ryszard Parulski Germany Adelheid Schmid  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1962 Argentina Buenos Aires Soviet Union German Sveshnikov Romania Olga Szabo  Soviet Union  Hungary
1963 Poland Gdansk France Jean Claude Magnan Hungary Ildikó Rejtő  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1964 Olympics Japan Tokyo Poland Egon Franke Hungary Ildikó Újlaky-Rejtő  Soviet Union  Hungary
1965 France Paris France Jean Claude Magnan Soviet Union Galina Gorokhova  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1966 Soviet Union Moscow Soviet Union German Sveshnikov Soviet Union Tatyana Petrenko-Samusenko  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1967 Canada Montreal Poland Viktor Putyatin Soviet Union Alexandra Zabelina  Romania  Hungary
1968 Olympics Mexico Mexico City Romania Ion Drimba Soviet Union Elena Novikova-Belova  France  Soviet Union
1969 Cuba Havana West Germany Friedrich Wessel Soviet Union Elena Novikova-Belova  Soviet Union  Romania
1970 Turkey Ankara West Germany Friedrich Wessel Soviet Union Galina Gorokhova  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1971 Austria Vienna Soviet Union Vasyl Stankovych France Marie-Chantal Depetris-Demaille  France  Soviet Union
1972 Olympics West Germany Munich Poland Witold Woyda Italy Antonella Ragno-Lonzi  Poland  Soviet Union
1973 Sweden Goteborg France Christian Noel Soviet Union Valentina Nikonova  Soviet Union  Hungary
1974 France Grenoble Soviet Union Alexander Romankov Hungary Ildikó Bóbis  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1975 Hungary Budapest France Christian Noel Romania Ecaterina Stahl  France  Soviet Union
1976 Olympics Canada Montreal Italy Fabio Dal Zotto Hungary Ildikó Schwarczenberger  West Germany  Soviet Union
1977 Argentina Buenos Aires Soviet Union Alexander Romankov Soviet Union Valentina Sidorova  West Germany  Soviet Union
1978 West Germany Hamburg France Didier Flament Soviet Union Valentina Sidorova  Poland  Soviet Union
1979 Australia Melbourne Soviet Union Alexander Romankov West Germany Cornelia Hanisch  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1980 Olympics Soviet Union Moscow Soviet Union Vladimir Smirnov France Pascale Trinquet  France  France
1981 France Clermont-Ferrand Soviet Union Vladimir Smirnov Germany Cornelia Hanisch  Soviet Union  Soviet Union
1982 Italy Rome Soviet Union Alexander Romankov Soviet Union Nailya Gilyazova  Soviet Union  Italy
1983 Austria Vienna Soviet Union Alexander Romankov Italy Dorina Vaccaroni  West Germany  Italy
1984 Olympics United States Los Angeles Italy Mauro Numa China Luan Jujie  Italy  West Germany
1985 Spain Barcelona Italy Mauro Numa West Germany Cornelia Hanisch  Italy  West Germany
1986 Bulgaria Sofia Italy Andrea Borella West Germany Anja Fichtel  Italy  Soviet Union
1987 Switzerland Lausanne West Germany Mathias Gey Romania Elisabeta Tufan  West Germany  Hungary
1988 Olympics South Korea Seoul Italy Stefano Cerioni West Germany Anja Fichtel  Soviet Union  West Germany
1989 United States Denver West Germany Alexander Koch Soviet Union Olga Velichko  Soviet Union  West Germany
1990 France Lyon France Philippe Omnes West Germany Anja Fichtel  Italy  Italy
1991 Hungary Budapest Germany Ingo Weissenborn Italy Giovanna Trillini  Cuba  Italy
1992 Olympics Spain Barcelona France Philippe Omnes Italy Giovanna Trillini  Germany  Italy
1993 Germany Essen Germany Alexander Koch Italy Francesca Bortolozzi  Germany  Germany
1994 Greece Athens Cuba Rolando Tucker Romania Réka Szabó-Lăzar  Italy  Romania
1995 Netherlands The Hague Russia Dmitriy Shevchenko Romania Laura Badea  Cuba  Italy
1996 Olympics United States Atlanta Italy Alessandro Puccini Romania Laura Badea  Russia  Italy
1997 South Africa Cape Town Ukraine Sergei Golubitsky Italy Giovanna Trillini  France  Italy
1998 Switzerland La Chaux-de-Fonds Ukraine Sergei Golubitsky Germany Sabine Bau  Poland  Italy
1999 South Korea Seoul Ukraine Sergei Golubitsky Italy Valentina Vezzali  France  Germany
2000 Olympics Australia Sydney South Korea Kim Young-Ho Italy Valentina Vezzali  France  Italy
2001 France Nîmes Italy Salvatore Sanzo Italy Valentina Vezzali  France  Italy
2002 Portugal Lisbon Italy Simone Vanni Russia Svetlana Boiko  Germany  Russia
2003 Cuba Havana Germany Peter Joppich Italy Valentina Vezzali  Italy  Poland
2004 United States New York City  Italy
2004 Olympics Greece Athens France Brice Guyart Italy Valentina Vezzali  Italy
2005 Germany Leipzig Italy Salvatore Sanzo Italy Valentina Vezzali  France  South Korea
2006 Italy Turin Germany Peter Joppich Italy Margherita Granbassi  France  Russia
2007 Russia Saint Petersburg Germany Peter Joppich Italy Valentina Vezzali  France  Poland
2008 China Beijing  Italy
2008 Olympics China Beijing Germany Benjamin Kleibrink Italy Valentina Vezzali  Russia
2009 Turkey Antalya Italy Andrea Baldini Russia Aida Shanaeva  Italy  Italy
2010 France Paris Germany Peter Joppich Italy Elisa Di Francisca  China  Italy
2011 Italy Catania Italy Andrea Cassarà Italy Valentina Vezzali  China  Russia
2012 Olympics United Kingdom London China Lei Sheng Italy Elisa Di Francisca  Italy  Italy
2013 Hungary Budapest United States Miles Chamley-Watson Italy Arianna Errigo  Italy  Italy

Épée[edit]

Year Men's Individual Women's Individual Men's Team Women's Team
1921 France Lucien Gaudin
1922 Norway Raoul Heidé
1923 Netherlands Wouter Brouver
1926 France Georges Tainturier
1927 France Georges Buchard
1929 France Philippe Cattiau
1930 France Philippe Cattiau  Belgium
1931 France Georges Buchard  Italy
1933 France Georges Buchard  Italy
1934 Hungary Pál Dunay  France
1935 Sweden Hans Drakenberg  France
1937 France Bernard Schmetz  Italy
1938 France Michel Pécheux  France
1939–1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 France Edouard Artigas  France
1949 Italy Dario Mangiarotti  Italy
1950 Denmark Mogens Lüchow  Italy
1951 Italy Edoardo Mangiarotti  France
1953 Hungary József Sákovics  Italy
1954 Italy Edoardo Mangiarotti  Italy
1955 Italy Giorgio Anglesio  Italy
1957 France Armand Mouyal  Italy
1958 United Kingdom Bill Hoskyns  Italy
1959 Soviet Union Bruno Habārovs  Hungary
1961 France Jack Guittet  Soviet Union
1962 Hungary István Kausz  France
1963 Austria Roland Losert  Poland
1965 Hungary Zoltán Nemere  France
1966 Soviet Union Aleksey Nikanchikov  France
1967 Soviet Union Aleksey Nikanchikov  Soviet Union
1969 Poland Bogdan Andrzejevski  Soviet Union
1970 Soviet Union Aleksey Nikanchikov  Hungary
1971 Soviet Union Grigori Kriss  Hungary
1973 Sweden Rolf Edling  West Germany
1974 Sweden Rolf Edling  Sweden
1975 Germany Alexander Pusch  Sweden
1977 Sweden Johan Harmenberg  Sweden
1978 Germany Alexander Pusch  Hungary
1979 France Philippe Riboud  Soviet Union
1981 Hungary Zoltán Székely  Soviet Union
1982 Hungary Jenő Pap  France
1983 Germany Elmar Borrmann  France
1985 France Philippe Boisse  West Germany
1986 France Philippe Riboud  West Germany
1987 Germany Volker Fischer  Soviet Union
1988 France Brigitte Benon  West Germany
1989 Spain Manuel Pereira Switzerland Anja Straub  Italy  Hungary
1990 Germany Thomas Gerull Cuba Taymi Chappe  Italy  West Germany
1991 Soviet Union Andrey Shuvalov Hungary Mariann Horváth  Soviet Union  Hungary
1992 Hungary Mariann Horváth  Hungary
1993 Russia Pavel Kolobkov Estonia Oksana Jermakova  Italy  Hungary
1994 Russia Pavel Kolobkov Italy Laura Chiesa  France  Spain
1995 France Éric Srecki Poland Joanna Jakimiuk  Germany  Hungary
1997 France Éric Srecki Cuba Mirayda García  Cuba  Hungary
1998 France Hugues Obry France Laura Flessel-Colovic  Hungary  Italy
1999 Germany Arnd Schmitt France Laura Flessel-Colovic  France  Hungary
2001 Italy Paolo Milanoli Germany Claudia Bokel  Hungary  Russia
2002 Russia Pavel Kolobkov South Korea Nam Hyun-hee  France  Hungary
2003 France Fabrice Jeannet Ukraine Natalyja Konrad  Russia  Russia
2005 Russia Pavel Kolobkov Poland Danuta Dmowska  France  France
2006 China Lei Wang Hungary Tímea Nagy  France  China
2007 Hungary Krisztián Kulcsár Germany Britta Heidemann  France  France
2008  France
2009 Russia Anton Avdeev Russia Lyubov Shutova  France  Italy
2010 Estonia Nikolai Novosjolov France Maureen Nisima  France  Romania
2011 Italy Paolo Pizzo China Li Na  France  Romania
2012  United States
2013 Estonia Nikolai Novosjolov Estonia Julia Beljajeva  Hungary  Russia

Sabre[edit]

Year Men's Individual Women's Individual Men's Team Women's Team
1922 Netherlands Adrianus de Jong
1923 Netherlands Adrianus de Jong
1925 Hungary János Garay
1926 Hungary Sándor Gombos
1927 Hungary Sándor Gombos
1929 Hungary Gyula Glykais
1930 Hungary György Piller  Hungary
1931 Hungary György Piller  Hungary
1933 Hungary Endre Kabos  Hungary
1934 Hungary Endre Kabos  Hungary
1935 Hungary Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1937 Hungary Pál Kovács  Hungary
1938 Italy Aldo Montano  Italy
1939-1946 did not take place due to World War II
1947 Italy Aldo Montano  Italy
1949 Italy Gastone Darè  Italy
1950 France Jean Levavasseur  Italy
1951 Hungary Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1953 Hungary Pál Kovács  Hungary
1954 Hungary Rudolf Kárpáti  Hungary
1955 Hungary Aladár Gerevich  Hungary
1957 Poland Jerzy Pawłowski  Hungary
1958 Soviet Union Yakov Rylsky  Hungary
1959 Hungary Rudolf Kárpáti  Poland
1961 Soviet Union Yakov Rylsky  Poland
1962 Hungary Zoltán Horváth  Poland
1963 Soviet Union Yakov Rylsky  Poland
1965 Poland Jerzy Pawłowski  Soviet Union
1966 Poland Jerzy Pawłowski  Hungary
1967 Soviet Union Mark Rakita  Soviet Union
1969 Soviet Union Viktor Sidjak  Soviet Union
1970 Hungary Tibor Pézsa  Soviet Union
1971 Italy Michele Maffei  Soviet Union
1973 Italy Mario Aldo Montano  Hungary
1974 Italy Mario Aldo Montano  Soviet Union
1975 Soviet Union Vladimir Nazlymov  Soviet Union
1977 Hungary Pál Gerevich  Soviet Union
1978 Soviet Union Viktor Krovopuskov  Hungary
1979 Soviet Union Vladimir Nazlymov  Soviet Union
1981 Poland Mariusz Wodke  Hungary
1982 Soviet Union Viktor Krovopuskov  Hungary
1983 Bulgaria Vasil Etropolski  Soviet Union
1985 Hungary György Nébald  Soviet Union
1986 Soviet Union Sergey Mindirgasov  Soviet Union
1987 France Jean-François Lamour  Soviet Union
1989 Soviet Union Grigory Kiriyenko  Soviet Union
1990 Hungary György Nébald  Soviet Union
1991 Soviet Union Grigory Kiriyenko  Hungary
1993 Russia Grigory Kiriyenko  Hungary
1994 Germany Felix Becker  Russia
1995 Russia Grigory Kiriyenko  Italy
1997 Russia Stanislav Pozdnyakov  France
1998 Italy Luigi Tarantino  Hungary
1999 France Damien Touya Azerbaijan Yelena Jemayeva  France  Italy
2000 Azerbaijan Yelena Jemayeva  United States
2001 Russia Stanislav Pozdnyakov France Anne-Lise Touya  Russia  Russia
2002 Russia Stanislav Pozdnyakov China Tan Xue  Russia  Russia
2003 Ukraine Volodymyr Lukashenko Romania Dorina Mihai  Russia  Italy
2004  Russia
2005 Romania Mihai Covaliu France Anne-Lise Touya  Russia  United States
2006 Russia Stanislav Pozdnyakov United States Rebecca Ward  France  France
2007 Russia Stanislav Pozdnyakov Russia Yelena Nechayeva  Hungary  France
2009 Germany Nicolas Limbach United States Mariel Zagunis  Romania  Ukraine
2010 South Korea Won Woo-Young United States Mariel Zagunis  Russia  Russia
2011 Italy Aldo Montano Russia Sofiya Velikaya  Russia  Russia
2012  Russia
2013 Russia Veniamin Reshetnikov Ukraine Olha Kharlan  Russia  Ukraine

Total medals by country[edit]

This table has been last updated after 2013 World Fencing Championships. This only counts the World Championships since 1937 and do not include the results of the fencing competitions at the Summer Olympics.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union
Russia Russia
 
92
40
132
53
23
76
49
26
75
194
83
277
2  Hungary 101 97 114 312
3  Italy 88 82 90 260
4 France France 83 83 84 250
5 Germany Germany
 West Germany
 East Germany
 
21
25
0
46
28
26
1
55
39
14
1
54
87
66
2
155
6  Poland 17 28 38 83
7  Romania 13 23 25 61
8  Ukraine 8 10 9 27
9 China China 6 15 13 24
10  Sweden 6 12 17 35
11  Cuba 6 5 9 20
12 United States USA 6 5 5 16
13  Estonia 4 4 4 12
14  Denmark 4 3 2 9
15  Austria 4 0 5 9
16  South Korea 3 2 15 20
17 United Kingdom Great Britain 3 3 4 10
18  Azerbaijan 2 1 4 7
19   Switzerland 1 7 7 15
20  Bulgaria 1 3 4 8
21  Czechoslovakia 1 3 1 5
22  Spain 1 2 5 8
23  Belgium 0 2 5 7
24 Canada Canada 0 1 2 3
25  Portugal 0 1 0 1
25  Venezuela 0 1 0 1
27  Egypt 0 0 7 7
28  Netherlands 0 0 3 3
28 Japan Japan 0 0 3 3
30  Belarus 0 0 2 2
31  Colombia 0 0 1 1
31  Finland 0 0 1 1
31  Norway 0 0 1 1
Total 474 473 563 1506

Multiple medallist[edit]

The list refers to individual and team events and include men and women (in pink color), sorted by number of individual titles.[5][6]

# Fencer Individual Team Total
Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg Gold medal world centered-2.svg Silver medal world centered-2.svg Bronze medal world centered-2.svg
1 Italy Valentina Vezzali 6 2 3 8 3 0 14 5 3
2 Russia Stanislav Pozdnyakov 5 3 0 5 2 2 10 5 2
3 Soviet Union Alexandr Romankov 5 1 0 5 1 3 10 2 3
4 Russia Pavel Kolobkov 4 1 2 0 1 1 4 2 3
5 France Christian d'Oriola 4 1 0 4 2 0 8 3 0

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cohen. By the Sword. pp. 375, footnote. 
  2. ^ - h2g2 - A Guide to Olympic Sports - Fencing
  3. ^ a b Cohen. By the Sword. p. 372. 
  4. ^ a b Evangelista. Encyclopedia of the Sword. pp. 624–631. 
  5. ^ "Les escrimeurs multimédaillés aux Championnats du Monde" (in francais). sportquick.com. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Intervista a Valentina Vezzali - "Mi sono risollevata da sola" (in italian). cataniaescrime2011.com. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 

Sources[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]