J. K. Ralston
|J. K. Ralston|
|Birth name||James Kenneth Ralston|
March 31, 1896|
|Died||November 26, 1987
|Training||Chicago Art Institute|
|Movement||Old American West|
|Works||Call Of The Bugle, Crossing the Redwater, Custer's Last Hope, Sacajawea At The Portage|
|Awards||Gold Medal, National Cowboy Hall of Fame|
James Kenneth "J.K." Ralston (March 31, 1896 – November 26, 1987) was an American painter of the Old American West whose primary topics were the American West and images of cowboys and American Indians. He also did commercial artwork.
Life and career
Ralston's family moved to Colorado from Independence, Missouri in 1859 by ox team, then Idaho in 1863, and finally Montana in 1864, seeking gold each time. Ralston's father, William R. Ralston, "arrived in Highland, a settlement on Alder Gulch" on July 4, 1864, settling on a ranch "about 12 miles" from Choteau, Montana in 1877. Ralston was born in 1896 in Choteau, Montana. His family moved to Helena, Montana before he was 10 years old. When he was 10, in 1906, they moved to the Capital P ranch in Dawson County, Montana in northeastern Montana. He spent his early adult years as a cowboy in eastern Montana. In 1917, after completing high school, he "rode a cattle train to Chicago," where he attended the Chicago Art Institute for three months before joining the United States Army in spring of 1918. He served in the 62nd Infantry, Eighth Division in World War I. This unit served overseas but did not see combat. Ralston returned to the Chicago Art Institute in the fall of 1920.
In 1923 Ralston married his wife Willo and they lived on the Pacific coast for seven years. They returned to Montana in 1930 and took over the Roman E, his father's ranch, near Culbertson, Montana. The Great Depression forced them to move to Billings, Montana in 1935. Ralston opened a studio in Billings and worked as a professional full time artist. His works include Federal Arts Project murals at the Richland County Courthouse and the post office in Sidney, Montana. He also created public art for the First National Bank in Billings, and for the Westerners Club in Las Vegas.
The MonDak Arts & Historical Society, which is located in Sidney, Montana and was founded in 1967, opened the J. K. Ralston Museum and Art Center in 1972. This operated until 1984 when the Center was moved to the newly completed MonDak Heritage Center in Sidney. Ralston's works are on display at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center in Cody, Wyoming, the Western Heritage Center in Billings, the Montana Historical Society in Helena, the Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument near Crow Agency, Montana, and the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis, Missouri. In 1946 Ralston and his son built a log cabin art studio for him to work in. After his death, Ralston's log cabin studio was first moved to Rocky Mountain College in Billings and then to the Western Heritage Center in 2005.
In 1978, Ralston was awarded a Gold Medal by the National Cowboy Hall of Fame, which inducted him into the Hall of Great Westerners. He was inducted into the Montana Cowboy Hall of Fame in 2012.
- Frederic Remington, western artist
- Charles Marion Russell, western artist
- Charles Schreyvogel, western artist
- Earl W. Bascom, western artist and sculptor
- "James Kenneth Ralston (1896 - 1987)". Askart. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "Permanent Art Collection - J.K. Ralston - A few more examples of J.K. Ralston's work". MonDak Heritage Center. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- Mentzer, Elizabeth (Autumn 2003). "Made in Montana Montana's Post Office Murals" (PDF). Montana The Magazine of Western History (Helena, MT: Montana Historical Society) 53 (3): 44–53. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- Smith, Jeffrey J (2003). The Montana book of days: the short course in Montana history. Missoula, Montana: Historic Montana Publishing. p. 93. ISBN 9780966335569.
- "J. K. Ralston (1896-1987)". Meadowlark Gallery. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "About Us". Sidney, MT: MonDak Heritage Center. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "J.K. Ralston: History on Canvas". Western Heritage Center. 2008. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "Mary E. Hawkins". Michelotti-Sawyers Mortuary and Crematory. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
- "Hall Of Great Westerners". National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
- "J.K. Ralston". Montana Cowboy Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-03-22.
- Popovich, John A. (1986). The Voice of the Curlew. Billings, MT: J. K. Ralston Studio. -- J.K. Ralston's story of his life as told to John A. Popovich
- Ralston, J.K. (1969). Rhymes of a Cowboy. Billings, MT: Rimrock Publishing.
- Call Of The Bugle
- Location of J.K. Ralston Center
- Montana History Wiki
- Western Heritage Center presentations