Japchae

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Japchae
Korean cuisine-Japchae-04.jpg
Alternative name(s)
  • Chop Chae
  • Chap Chae
  • jabchae
  • chapchae
Place of origin Korea
Serving temperature Hot or cold
Main ingredient(s) Cellophane noodles, sesame oil, vegetables (carrots, onion, spinach, mushrooms)
Japchae
Hangul 잡채
Hanja
Revised Romanization japchae
McCune–Reischauer chapch'ae

Japchae, jabchae, chapchae, Chop Chae, or Chap Chae is a Korean dish made from sweet potato noodles (called dangmyeon, Korean: 당면), stir fried in sesame oil with various vegetables[1] (typically thinly sliced carrots, onion, spinach, and mushrooms), sometimes served with beef, and flavoured with soy sauce, and sweetened with sugar. It is usually served garnished with sesame seeds and slivers of chili. It may be served either hot or cold.

This dish is served at Korean parties and special occasions,[1] with seasonal vegetables added.

Japchae is most commonly served as a side dish, though it may be a main dish. It is often served on a bed of rice; together with rice it is known as japchae-bap (잡채밥), bap () meaning "rice."

Etymology[edit]

The name, japchae, comprises the two hanja words; jap (hangul: 잡, hanja: , literally "mixed and stirred") and chae (hangul: 채, hanja: , literally "vegetables"). Therefore, japchae literally means "a mixture of vegetables."[2]

History[edit]

Japchae was first made in the early 17th century, when the Joseon Dynasty was reigning in the Korean peninsula. When King Gwanghaegun hosted a big party at his palace, one of his lieges, Yi Chung, created this dish to please the king’s palate. The king liked this dish so much that he rewarded his liege by promoting him to the position of hojo panseo (hangul: 호조판서, hanja: , equivalent to the Secretary of the Treasury).[2] At the time, japchae was made with vegetables and mushrooms, such as sliced cucumber, shredded mu, and pyogo (shiitake) mushroom. Since the early 20th century, dangmyeon (cellophane noodles made from sweet potato starch) has become an integral and primary ingredient of this variety of japchae.

Types[edit]

Japchae was originally made without noodles and of various thinly shredded vegetables.[3]

Varieties without noodles[edit]

  • Gochu japchae (고추잡채), made with shredded fresh green chili pepper and vegetables
  • Buchu japchae (부추잡채), made with Korean chives
  • Kongnamul japchae (콩나물잡채), made with kongnamul (soybean sprouts)
  • Haemul japchae (해물잡채), made with seafood and vegetables
  • Beoseot japchae (버섯잡채), made with mushrooms

Varieties served in Korean royal court cuisine[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Japchae". Korea Tourism Organization. Retrieved 2013-04-08. 
  2. ^ a b 오혜숙 (2006-05-23). "음식이야기 <34> 잡채" (in Korean). 국제신문. Archived from the original on 2008-04-12. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 
  3. ^ "잡채" (in Korean). Food in Korea. Retrieved 2008-05-06. 
  4. ^ "Bukkumi 부꾸미" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 
  5. ^ "Wolgwachae 월과채" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-05-16. 

External links[edit]