|Artist(s)||Chee Kin Chan
|Engine||Custom engine[note 1]
with Havok physics
|Release date(s)||PlayStation 3 & Xbox 360
NA 17 May 2011
AU 19 May 2011
EU 20 May 2011
JP 7 July 2011
NA 8 November 2011
EU 11 November 2011
AU 11 November 2011
Blu-ray Disc (PlayStation 3)
3× DVD-DL (Xbox 360)
2× DVD-DL (PC)
L.A. Noire (pronounced [ˌɛl ˌɛɪ ˈnwaʁ]) is a 2011 action-adventure neo-noir crime video game developed by Team Bondi and published by Rockstar Games. It was released for PlayStation 3, Xbox 360 and Microsoft Windows. L.A. Noire is set in Los Angeles in 1947 and challenges the player, controlling a Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) officer, to solve a range of cases across five departments. Players must investigate crime scenes for clues, follow up leads, and interrogate suspects, and the players' success at these activities will impact how much of the cases' stories are revealed.
The game draws heavily from both the plot and aesthetic elements of film noir, stylistic films made popular in the 1940s and 1950s that share similar visual styles and themes, including crime and moral ambiguity. The game uses a distinctive colour palette, but in homage to film noir it includes the option to play the game in black and white. Various plot elements reference the major themes of gum-shoe detective and mobster stories such as Key Largo, Chinatown, The Untouchables, The Black Dahlia, and L.A. Confidential.
L.A. Noire is notable for using Depth Analysis's newly developed technology MotionScan, whereby the actors portraying the game's characters were recorded by 32 surrounding cameras to capture facial expressions from every angle. The technology is central to the game's interrogation mechanic, as players must use the suspects' reactions to questioning to judge whether or not they are lying. L.A. Noire is the first video game to be shown at the Tribeca Film Festival. Upon release, the game received wide acclaim for its advances in storytelling and facial animation technology. As of February 2012, both PC and console versions have sold nearly 5 million copies combined.
- 1 Gameplay
- 2 Plot
- 3 Development
- 4 Marketing and release
- 5 Music
- 6 Reception
- 7 Possible sequel
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The game takes place in the year 1947, in the city of Los Angeles, a city of glamour, fame, and wealth, but also where crime, vice, and corruption are rife. The player assumes the role of Los Angeles Police Department Officer, and later Detective, Cole Phelps. The game starts with Phelps as a uniformed patrolman, and follows his career as he advances through the police department bureaus (desks) of Traffic, Homicide, Vice and Arson. Two more desks, Bunco and Burglary, were cut from the final version of the game as the game would not have fit on one Blu-ray Disc. This decision caused the removal of 11 more cases. Instead of missions or levels, the game assigns the player with cases. Each desk gives the player a new partner who will help Phelps in his investigations. After each case, the player will receive a rating of 1–5 stars depending on their performance in both interrogations and searching for clues. In some cases, when searching an area for clues to the crime, players can also find newspapers. Besides reading the story, the newspapers give access to a short cinematic that either covers a part of the game's overarching plot or a flashback to Phelps' war memories. Near the end of the final desk, Arson, the player assumes control of Phelps's old Marine comrade Jack Kelso, who becomes the protagonist for most of the rest of the game; although different in appearance and personality, he controls identically to Phelps.
The game blends investigative elements such as mystery and crime solving, with fast-paced action sequences, including on-foot and car chases, hand-to-hand combat, interrogations and gunfights. In addition to the storyline cases, the player can work on optional side-investigations known as Street Crimes, which are 40 unassigned cases that are not related to the case that they are working on. In some street crimes, the suspects are people that the player has met in previous cases. The player can travel on foot, as well as in various vehicles. When driving vehicles, the player may drive the full route to the next location, or have their partner drive instead (if the partner drives, the game will automatically skip to the destination). The player can also ask the partner for directions. During the trip to the destination, the player and the partner will have a conversation involving the case or other topics. The player also has a total of ten detective suits available; an initial six, plus four downloadable ones. The suits are equipped with special abilities, such as increased damage protection.
When the player is interrogating suspects and witnesses, the player must listen to the story that they give and also must pay close attention to the look on their faces. The player will be given the option to either believe them, doubt them or accuse them of lying. If the player accuses them of lying, the player must have evidence to prove that they're lying. If the player interrogates two people at the police station, the player will be able to decide who to charge with the crime. The captain's attitude will tell if the player charged the right person.
If the player is having trouble completing an action sequence, after three failed attempts, they will have the option to skip past and continue through the narrative.
Since the player is a police officer, weapons are only allowed in appropriate circumstances and only when a player is working on a case where a weapon is warranted. However, the player is allowed to commandeer civilian cars. The game features a free roam mode called "The Streets of L.A.", which is unlocked on completion of a desk. In this mode, there are no storyline cases included. Instead, the player can solve street crimes, search for gold film reels, landmarks and badges (some of which contribute to 100% completion of the game) or just drive around the city.
The story begins with Officer Cole Phelps (Aaron Staton) on the Patrol Desk at the Wilshire Division 7 Police Station as a fairly new member of the police department in 1947 Los Angeles, California, successfully investigating a murder with his partner, Officer Ralph Dunn (Rodney Scott). The game follows Phelps' progress through the ranks and through different departments, such as the Homicide department, where he defeats a serial killer (Andrew Lukich) (who is depicted as the perpetrator of the real life Black Dahlia murder, and who happens to be the half-brother of an unnamed high-level American politician, a fact which Phelps and his partner are warned by their superior to never speak publicly about), and shows the collapse of his reputation and marriage to Marie after being publicly exposed on falling for German lounge singer Elsa Lichtmann (Erika Heynatz).
When a U.S. Marine from Phelps's former unit is found brutally murdered, Phelps discovers many of his former squad members are being assassinated as well, and after meeting with his old comrade, Jack Kelso (Gil McKinney), he deduces that the men in his unit were selling surplus morphine after stealing a large supply from the USS Coolridge, the ship that carried the unit back to Los Angeles at the end of World War II. The men are being killed by mobsters who are working for Mickey Cohen (Patrick Fischler) who controls the drug trade and resent the competition.
Further investigations by Phelps and Kelso lead them to discover that the money from the morphine sales is being used to fund a program known as "The Suburban Redevelopment Fund." They discover that while the fund publicly has good intentions — to build houses for homecoming American servicemen — it is actually a front for an insurance fraud scam, run by a tycoon named Leland Monroe (John Noble), where sub-standard houses are built and then fall victim to arson in order apparently to claim the insurance money. This is finally revealed to be only a small part of the fraud, as the true fraud was against the federal government regarding eminent domain. The Suburban Redevelopment Fund aimed to build entire communities, albeit with matchstick houses, to fool the federal government into paying much higher prices for the land where they were constructed, as they are in the path of the proposed Whitnall Parkway in the Wilshire district of Los Angeles. The scam involves local businessmen, dignitaries and even the police chief. It also involves Monroe and a pop-psychiatrist named Harlan Fontaine (Peter Blomquist) and a headstrong member of Phelps and Kelso's unit, corpsman Courtney Sheldon (Chad Todhunter), who is later killed by Fontaine. After a shoot-out at Monroe's mansion by Kelso, it is revealed that the arsonist killed Fontaine and has kidnapped Elsa Lichtmann. It also revealed that the arsonist was Ira Hogeboom, a former flamethrower operator from Phelps' and Kelso's unit, suffering from PTSD and schizophrenia after inadvertently killing a large number of civilians in what was thought to be an enemy encampment at the Battle of Okinawa on (then) Lieutenant Cole Phelps' orders. Hogeboom was being manipulated by Fontaine to torch the houses of holdouts who refused to sell out to the Suburban Redevelopment Fund, in order to (unbeknownst to Hogeboom) aid the insurance fraud - but after Hogeboom inadvertently incinerates a house with an entire family inside, Hogeboom goes completely insane.
At the Los Angeles River Tunnels, while trying to rescue the kidnapped Elsa, Phelps and Kelso fight their way through corrupt policemen and thugs trying to stop them from exposing the Suburban Redevelopment Fund scam. Outside the tunnels, the Assistant DA blocks the corrupt chief of police from sending additional officers after Phelps, and makes a deal where he sells out the other Fund conspirators. Kelso kills Hogeboom to put him out of his mental anguish and he and Phelps rescue Elsa and flee from the tunnels while struggling against a sewer level that is rising after heavy rain. Eventually, the trio finds an open manhole that they use to get Elsa up to the surface. As the water begins to rise, Phelps voluntarily lifts Kelso to the surface as well; as there is no one else to help Phelps, he says a final goodbye to his comrades as a current sweeps him away, killing him.
Later, a funeral is held for Phelps. Biggs says to Kelso that Phelps was never his friend. Kelso acknowledges that, and says that he was never his enemy. Biggs says that Phelps knew that, as the speech for Phelps finishes. It is revealed during the funeral ceremony that Leland Monroe was brought to justice, but the other SRF conspirators (the Police Chief, the newspaper editor, Vice Squad Detective Roy Earle, among others) have apparently escaped justice - as they are all present at Phelps' funeral speaking (hypocritically) in his honor.
In the epilogue post-credits in a flashback scene Kelso, Sheldon, and their other fellow G.I.'s find surplus morphine on their ship home. Sheldon convinces the others to sell the drugs, making a profit. However, Kelso refuses, telling Sheldon and the others that his respect for them as soldiers will be ceased if they go through with the drug profiting. They do, leading to the events of the game.
L.A. Noire had a protracted seven-year development, which included a change of publisher, expansion from a single platform to three, and numerous cancelled release dates.
In October 2003, Brendan McNamara, director of the PlayStation 2 game The Getaway, left his position at Team Soho in London to form his own studio in his native Australia. The former employee of SCEE named the new six-person studio Team Bondi and immediately announced that the company had begun work on its first project, a game for "a next-generation Sony platform". In February 2004, McNamara said in an interview that "the project is wholly funded by Sony Computer Entertainment America. We have a long-term exclusive arrangement with SCEA."
A year later in June 2005, the developer revealed that the game would be called L.A. Noire, and it would be an exclusive PlayStation 3 title. Little was known about the game except that it was described as a "detective thriller". It was also revealed that Team Bondi was in an exclusive agreement with Sony to produce two more PlayStation 3 games. A further year later in September 2006, the publishing arrangements changed when Rockstar Games announced that it would be publishing L.A. Noire. Rockstar's announcement only referred to it as a "next-generation crime thriller", with no platforms specified.
In June 2007, Take-Two Interactive, the sole publisher of Rockstar Games, re-confirmed the release of the PlayStation 3 version by listing it amongst its "announced to date" titles for "fiscal 2008" in a press release regarding the company's second quarter financial results. It was at this point, during the following shareholder conference-call, that a spokesperson for Take Two implied that both PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 releases were likely and that "L.A. Noire is being developed for next-generation systems". In their September 2007 financial disclosure, Take-Two announced the game had been delayed until their 2009 fiscal year.
Despite the game being missing from Take-Two's updated release list for 2009, speculation of a release increased when Team Bondi increased its staff levels in 2009.
On 4 February 2010 it was announced that L.A. Noire would be on the cover of the March 2010 issue of Game Informer, which also finally confirmed that the game would also be available on Xbox 360 and would arrive in September 2010. The cover was followed by Take-Two confirming that L.A. Noire would be released during the August–October quarter. Although this joined the growing list of missed release dates in September 2010, when Take-Two delayed the game until the first half 2011.
An in-game trailer was released on 11 November 2010, which stated the release date as Q1/Q2 2011. L.A. Noire was featured on the cover of the February 2011 edition of PlayStation: The Official Magazine, which gave a new release window of March 2011. A trailer for L.A. Noire, called "Serial Killer", was leaked on 16 January 2011. The trailer shows 90 seconds of gameplay footage as well as a release date of 17 May. Rockstar officially confirmed the release date a few days later.
Speaking to the UK Official PlayStation Magazine, Brendan McNamara talked about why L.A. Noire took seven years to make. McNamara said L.A. Noire's ambitious scale and proprietary technology caused development to expand to seven years. "One [thing] is the size, it's a huge game – probably too big. The map's massive, and so that's probably my fault". As well as sheer scope, L.A. Noire's pace was hindered by the team's devotion to getting the feel – if not all the details of 1940′s Los Angeles just right. "I'd say the first year and a half – [maybe] even longer – was just research", McNamara commented.
When asked by PSM3 about how Team Bondi came up with the idea to make L.A. Noire, Brendan McNamara stated, "We wanted to do something new, something that nobody had developed before. To do this, we looked at what people watched the most (on TV). And then, we realized that police dramas had become increasingly popular nowadays. So our game had to be like these series so that everyone could benefit from the experience".
Team Bondi recreated 1940s Los Angeles by using aerial photographs taken by Robert Spence. In a career spanning over 50 years, Spence took over 110,000 aerial photographs of Los Angeles. The developers used Spence's photographs to create traffic patterns and public transport routes as well as the location and condition of buildings. While striving to recreate an accurate model of 1947 Los Angeles, the developers also took some artistic licence, such as including the appearance of the film set for D. W. Griffith's Intolerance; the set had actually been dismantled in 1919.
L.A. Noire has a considerable amount of voice work, over 20 hours according to Game Informer. Aaron Staton lent his voice and likeness to the main character, Cole Phelps. A number of actors in the game star in the AMC series Mad Men. These actors include Aaron Staton (Cole Phelps), Vincent Kartheiser (Walter Clemens), Rich Sommer (John Cunningham), Michael Gladis (Dudley Lynch), Patrick Fischler (Mickey Cohen) and Morgan Rusler (Charlie Conway). Singer and model Erika Heynatz plays the main female character, Elsa Lichtmann. Various American actors also play parts in individual cases, such as Greg Grunberg who plays a character falsely charged with his wife's murder.
On 28 September 2011, Rockstar announced the L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition for launch in November 2011 on PC, Steam and OnLive. In addition to the original game, The Complete Edition comes with a code to access all previously released downloadable content from the console versions.
Shortly after the game's release, a group of former Team Bondi employees launched a website called lanoirecredits.com, containing 100 names which had been left off or incorrectly listed in L.A. Noire's credits. This was followed by a series of claims and counter-claims about working hours and company managerial style during the game's development, along with leaked company emails concerning the state of the relationship between Team Bondi and Rockstar Games. The domain name has since expired.
Marketing and release
Prior to its release, L.A. Noire was marketed and promoted heavily through the use of numerous Internet and TV trailers and through promotions that played on its noir and movie background. L.A. Noire was selected to be shown at the Tribeca Film Festival, the first videogame to be recognised by the festival. L.A. Noire was screened as a sixty minute long film on 25 April 2011, followed by a question and answer session on the game's story and the technology used to make the game. Continuing the movie theme of its promotions, Rockstar ran a competition to win a trip to Los Angeles to attend the Festival of Film Noir Grauman's Egyptian Theatre (which is actually featured in-game as a location), and play the game a month before its official release.
Rockstar collaborated with several retail outlets on preorder bonuses available through store chains throughout the world. The pre-order bonuses were the bonus case The Naked City, the side quest The Badge Pursuit Challenge, the bonus detective suits "The Broderick" and "The Sharpshooter" and the traffic case A Slip of the Tongue. The official online Rockstar Games store, the Rockstar Warehouse, offered a L.A. Noire T-shirt as the pre-order bonus. Target offered a $5 gift card, and a free Rockstar Games t-shirt if the game was purchased in-store during launch week.
In addition to the pre-order bonuses, all new North American copies of the PlayStation 3 version of the game came with an extra traffic case, The Consul's Car. The Consul's Car traffic case became available for purchase from PlayStation Store on 27 July 2011, for European players. On 6 June 2011, Rockstar published L.A. Noire: The Collected Stories, a collection of short stories from noted crime authors, all based on the L.A. Noire universe. The Rockstar Games Social Club is a website that displays the gameplay statistics of registered users and feature competitions and awards based on player activity within the game.
On 31 May 2011, Rockstar announced that through the summer months, several standalone cases, collectibles and challenges would be released via PlayStation Network and Xbox Live, including all of the pre-order bonus content as well as a free downloadable weapon. All of the pre-order downloadable content (DLC), with the exception of The Consul's Car, became available to the general public on 31 May 2011. Each item was released individually, as well as in a pack called the L.A. Noire Rockstar Pass.
Rockstar launched the Rockstar Pass; the first "season pass" for video game DLC. It allows players to buy all the DLC at once for a discounted price. The Pass also includes access to two post-launch downloadable content cases; the Arson case Nicholson Electroplating that was released on 21 June 2011, and the Vice case Reefer Madness, released on 12 July 2011. Both cases were also released individually. Rockstar was the first game company to introduce a Season Pass for DLC. The concept is described as "a long term, pre-paid, post-launch downloadable content plan" and was later adopted by most major publishers.
In addition to the purchasable DLC, a machine gun, "The Chicago Piano", and a bonus suit, "The Chicago Lightning"; is available to players that sign up for the Rockstar Social Club.
The Complete Edition
On 28 September 2011, Rockstar Games announced a PC version of L.A. Noire, dubbed The Complete Edition containing all previously released DLC from the console versions of the game. Enhancements include keyboard remapping and gamepad functionality, increased fidelity, graphical enhancements, and stereoscopic 3D support.
The game was released on 8 November in North America, and 11 November internationally. On 20 October 2011, Rockstar announced that the same edition would be available for consoles a week after the PC release, on 15 November in North America, and 18 November internationally.
L.A. Noire Official Soundtrack
|L.A. Noire Official Soundtrack|
|Soundtrack album by Various artists|
|Released||17 May 2011|
|Recorded||Abbey Road Studios|
|Genre||Video game soundtrack|
|1.||"Main Theme"||Andrew Hale||3:06|
|2.||"New Beginning, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:06|
|3.||"New Beginning, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:25|
|4.||"New Beginning, Pt. 3"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||3:18|
|5.||"Minor 9th"||Andrew Hale||2:50|
|6.||"Pride of the Job, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:38|
|7.||"Pride of the Job, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:32|
|8.||"Noire Clarinet"||Andrew Hale||2:33|
|9.||"Temptation, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:14|
|10.||"Temptation, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:12|
|11.||"Temptation, Pt. 3"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||0:52|
|12.||"J.J."||Andrew Hale & Fly||1:30|
|13.||"Redemption, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:07|
|14.||"Redemption, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:28|
|15.||"Redemption, Pt. 3"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:21|
|16.||"Slow Brood"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:02|
|17.||"Use and Abuse, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:26|
|18.||"Use and Abuse, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||0:49|
|19.||"Use and Abuse, Pt. 3"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||0:38|
|20.||"Use and Abuse, Pt. 4"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:21|
|21.||"Fall from Grace, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:44|
|22.||"Fall from Grace, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||1:13|
|23.||"Murder Brood, Pt. 1"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:34|
|24.||"Murder Brood, Pt. 2"||Andrew Hale & Simon Hale||2:18|
|25.||"Main Theme (Redux)"||Andrew Hale||1:25|
|26.||"(I Always Kill) The Things I Love"||Claudia Brücken & The Real Tuesday Weld||2:55|
|27.||"Guilty"||Claudia Brücken & The Real Tuesday Weld||2:14|
|28.||"Torched Song"||Claudia Brücken & The Real Tuesday Weld||4:12|
L.A. Noire Remixed EP
|L.A. Noire Remixed EP|
|Remix album by Various artists|
|Released||17 May 2011|
A second soundtrack album for the game, Verve Records and Rockstar Games presents L.A. Noire Remixed EP, was released, consisting of six jazz classics from the era, remixed by contemporary DJs. Advertised as a "special installment" of the Verve Remixed Series, the album includes songs by artists of the period, such as Billie Holiday, Dinah Washington, Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong, remixed by DJs such as Ticklah, DJ Premier, and Moodymann.
|1.||"Stone Cold Dead in the Market (Ticklah remix)"||Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Jordan||4:17|
|2.||"Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop (Midnight Sun remix)"||Lionel Hampton & his orchestra||5:57|
|3.||"A Slick Chick (Maximum Balloon remix)"||Dinah Washington||2:57|
|4.||"Ain't Nobody Here But Us Chickens (DJ Premier remix)"||Louis Jordan||2:37|
|5.||"Sing Sing Sing (Truth & Soul remix)"||Gene Krupa||4:19|
|6.||"That Ole Devil Called Love (Moodymann remix)"||Billie Holiday||4:16|
L.A. Noire received critical acclaim upon release. It holds an overall score of 89 out of 100 for PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 and an overall score of 83 out of 100 for the PC on Metacritic. GameRankings rated the PlayStation 3 version 88.15%, the Xbox 360 version 87.93% and the PC version 81.70%. L.A. Noire has been widely praised for its advances in storytelling and facial animation technology.
The first review was published by UK newspaper The Guardian, which awarded the game a perfect score, and stated "Ever since it first worked out how to assemble pixels so that they resembled something more recognisable than aliens, the games industry has dreamed of creating one thing above all else – a game that is indistinguishable from a film, except that you can control the lead character. With L.A. Noire, it just might, finally, have found the embodiment of that particular holy grail."
IGN gave the game 8.5 out of 10, stating "L.A. Noire may not reach the emotional heights of a game like Heavy Rain, but it's something everyone must try out. It reaches high and almost succeeds as a brilliant new type of video game narrative." GameTrailers gave the game a 9.1 out of 10, concluding that "L.A. Noire floors you out of the gate, loses some steam due to repetition, but eventually wins the day thanks to its subtlety, attention to detail, and stunning character interaction." Gamespot's Carolyn Petit awarded the game a 9 out of 10, concluding that "L.A. Noire's absorbing investigations and intoxicating sense of style make it an unforgettable journey through the seamy side of the City of Angels." GameZone gave the game an 8.5/10, stating "The story is intriguing, albeit a little slow at first. L.A. Noire takes an old school approach toward its storytelling. It’s a much slower approach, similar to older movies, with a heavy emphasis on detail. It is that attention to detail that sets L.A. Noire apart from other games and makes it enjoyable to play."
Edge praised the facial technology, and pointed out that while there are no other major aspects of the game that had not been done better elsewhere, the fact that Team Bondi had brought together such a wide range of game genres in such a stylish, atmospheric, and cohesive manner was an achievement that few developers had managed. Joystiq gave the game a score of 9, and stated that "L.A. Noire may not always be 'fun' in the traditional sense, but it's also unsatisfied with being 'merely fun,' and the result of that aspiration is something that no one who cares about video games should miss."
Official PlayStation Magazine gave it 9 out of 10, and stated that "In many ways, L.A. Noire is similar to an AMC series... It's a slow build, but once hooked, we couldn't get enough of this provocative adventure, with its compelling characters and innovative gameplay. It's not perfect, but it's also unlike anything else on the PS3 right now." Official Xbox Magazine gave it 8 out of 10, and concluded with "Yes, it's flawed, but L.A. Noire is an honest-to-goodness detective crime thriller – a genuine breath of fresh air that values narrative and story above all else in an age where scripted action sequences and online deathmatch rule the day. It's the closest thing Xbox has to PlayStation's unique adventurer Heavy Rain." GamesMaster gave the game 92%, and concluded that L.A. Noire is "Rockstar's most mature take on open-world fun to date, brought to life with incredible tech."
Despite the overall positive reception, some reviewers thought that the game had too many redundancies in the cases and left too little control to the player, leading to the game being boring at times. Although 1UP gave it a perfect score, they also warned that the extended cut-scenes in the game could make some players feel they lost control of the action.
Responding to criticism that accused the character's bodies of being lifeless, despite the game's use of motion capture, Brendan McNamara stated in an interview with Eurogamer, "People were saying people were dead from the neck down. That's because we had all this animation in the neck and all this animation in the face, but the clothes don't move. Once you get to the level that people can actually see that level of realism, then people expect to see clothes moving and the rest of the body moving in a way we can't replicate in video games." In the same interview McNamara also responded to queries about why Phelps sometimes responds with particularly aggressive lines of dialogue during interrogation scenes. "It's funny. A lot of people say Aaron turns into a psycho. When we originally wrote the game the questions you asked were coax, force and lie. It was actually force because it was a more aggressive answer. That's the way we recorded it. But when the game came out it was truth, doubt or lie. Everyone always says Aaron on the second question is a psycho. So that's not his fault."
Shortly after the release, a minority of players on both PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360 experienced game freezes due to overheating of the consoles. After initially judging that the problem was due to the latest PS3 firmware, Rockstar later acknowledged the problem on their game FAQ. In a subsequent joint statement, Sony and Rockstar declared that the problem was caused by neither the PS3 firmware update nor the game. In a statement on 20 May, Rockstar reiterated that neither the game nor the console manufacturers were at fault. It also stated that the troubleshooting tips on its website had been "erroneously picked up by some news outlets as a 'story', and that those stories were "categorically untrue".
On the day of the game's U.S. release, shares in Take-Two Interactive, Rockstar Games' parent company, closed up 7.75% on the day; a three-year high for the company. The rise was attributed to the positive reviews that L.A. Noire had been receiving. As of February 2012[update], the game had sold almost 5 million copies.
L.A. Noire went straight to top of the UK games chart and became the fastest selling new intellectual property in the UK. It stayed top of the UK game chart for three weeks. In Australia, the stores that had the game for sale reported that it was going out of stock after a week. L.A. Noire debuted in Japan for the week of 4–10 July and sold a combined 71,057 units on PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360. The PlayStation 3 version topped the chart, with 58,436 units sold, and the Xbox 360 version moved 12,621 units.
On 22 May 2011, Team Bondi's Brendan McNamara told GamerLive.TV that a sequel to L.A. Noire would take less than the five years it took to develop the first as the technology already exists. McNamara also stated that they are considering using the MotionScan technology for full body performances rather than only faces. The same week, in an investor conference call, Take-Two Interactive CEO, Strauss Zelnick, said that L.A. Noire was "a very successful release" and that they "have every reason to believe that L.A. Noire is another strong franchise for this company". He reiterated that they "do see L.A. Noire as a powerful new franchise".
During an investor call in November 2011 Zelnick re-iterated the importance of the game to Take-Two, stating that the game "has become an important franchise for the company." Zelnick announced that the game was Take-Two's "most successful new release" in the past fiscal year and has become a key property in its portfolio. Also in November 2011, it was announced that McNamara's next game would be titled Whore of the Orient, which is described as "one of the great untold stories of the 20th century". It will be published by KMM Studios. On 31 August 2012, the first screenshot for Whore of the Orient was released, and is being developed for next-generation consoles and PC.
On 13 February 2012, Rockstar Games answered numerous fan questions about their games, including a question regarding the future of the L.A. Noire franchise. Rockstar said that they are "considering what the future may hold for L.A. Noire as a series", adding that they "don't always rush to make sequels". They also announced that no further DLC or additional content would be developed for the current edition.
In March 2013, Karl Slatoff, chief operating officer of Take-Two Interactive, revealed that the company has an "extensive pipeline of unannounced titles in development" and mentioned that the L.A. Noire franchise as being important to the company, possibly referring to a sequel to L.A. Noire.
In June 2013, it was announced Team Bondi and KMM Interactive had received $200,000 in funding from New South Wales' Interactive Media Fund.
- The custom engine used for L.A. Noire includes a combination of facial motion capture and animation software.
- "L.A. Noire Tech Demo Trailer (Xbox 360)". GameSpot. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- Oli Welsh (4 May 2011). "L.A. Noire Review – PlayStation 3 – Page 1". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Matt Helgeson. "Exclusive New L.A. Noire Screens". GameInformer.
- "Second Quarter Fiscal 2007 Financial Results" (Press release). Take-Two Interactive. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 15 June 2007.
- "L.A. Noire No Longer PS3 Exclusive, Hitting Xbox 360". Shacknews. 5 February 2010. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
- Eddie Makuch (22 January 2011). "L.A. Noire emerging from shadows May 17". GameSpot. Retrieved 22 January 2010.
- "Asked & Answered: L.A. Noire Edition". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- Johnny Cullen (24 January 2011). "Blog Archive » LA Noire confirmed for May 20 in Europe". VG247. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- Staff (2 July 2011). "L.A. Noire Praised in Japan". Playstation LifeStyle. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- Brendan Sinclair (28 September 2011). "L.A. Noire hits PC in November". GameSpot. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
- "L.A. Noire to ship on 3 discs for Xbox 360 – Video Games Reviews, Cheats". Geek.com. 6 May 2011. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Tom Phillips. "Rockstar announces LA Noire for PC News – PC – Page 1". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- Ted Thorsen (13 February 2010). "L.A. Noire due in Sept. for PS3, 360 – Report". GameSpot. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "L.A. Noire Information". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
- "Rockstar Recommends: "Chinatown"". Rockstar.com. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011.
- "Why Rockstar’s "L.A. Noire" Won’t Be Another "GTA" or "Red Dead" - Techland - TIME.com". Techland. 24 November 2010. Retrieved 24 January 2011.
- "L.A. Noire Debuts New Animation Capture Solution From Depth Analysis". Gamasutra. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- "L.A. Noire honored as official selection of the 2011 Tribeca Film Festival". VG247. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "2011 Film Guide | L.A. Noire". TribecaFilm.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Dutton, Fred (19 May 2011). "L.A. Noire sales near 5 million mark • News •". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Take-Two Interactive Software – Investor Relations – Take-Two News Release". Ir.take2games.com. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Games". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- Robinson, Andy (22 July 2011). "News: LA Noire and cut Burglary desk 'would never fit on one Blu-ray' - CVG Australia". CVG Australia. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
- "'LA Noire' Lets Casual Players Skip The Hard Parts". 26 April 2011. Retrieved 30 June 2011.
- "Game Trailers LA Noire review". 16 May 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- "L.A. Noire". GiantBomb.com. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
- Bramwell, Tom (20 February 2004). "Team Bondi – The First Interview". Eurogamer. Retrieved 15 June 2007.
- Surette, Tim. "Team Bondi announces PS3 game". GameSpot.
- Tim Surette (20 May 2011). "Rockstar gets L.A. Noire - GameSpot.com". Uk.gamespot.com. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Androvich, Mark (16 June 2007). "Rockstar confirms: episodic GTA content 360-only L.A. Noire developed for Next-Gen Systems". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 11 April 2007.
- Boyer, Brandon (10 September 2007). "BioShock A Long Term Franchise, LA Noire, Beaterator Slip To Fiscal 2009". Gamasutra. Retrieved 10 September 2007.
- Purchese, Robert (20 April 2009). "L.A. Noire developer now hiring News • News • PlayStation 3 •". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 3 July 2012.
- "Gameinformer". Game Informer. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 4 February 2010.
- Tor Thorsen (9 February 2010). "BioShock 2 ships 3 million, GTAIV sells 15M, Take-Two tops targets - GameSpot.com". Uk.gamespot.com. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Sinclair, Brendan (2 September 2010). "Red Dead redeems Take-Two earnings, ships 6.9M - GameSpot.com". uk.gamespot.com. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Wesley Yin-Poole (11 November 2010). "L.A. Noire out spring 2011". Eurogamer. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
- "Rockstar News Wire | L.A. Noire First Trailer Coming – This Thursday November 11th". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "PlayStation Move Heroes Shipping March 22nd, Pre-order Bonuses DetailedL.A. Noire Muscles Its Way Onto the Cover of PlayStation: The Official Magazine". Playstation Blog US. 17 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- "McNamara: L.A. Noire is "probably too big"". VG247. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "LA Noire’s version of Los Angeles is thanks to 1920s daredevil". VG247. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Oldies and Oddities:He Shot California | History of Flight | Air & Space Magazine". Airspacemag.com. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- "Film locations for Intolerance". Movie-locations.com. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- "L.A. Noire's Lead Actor Says He Skips the Cutscenes". Kotaku.com. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "L.A. Noire preview for Xbox 360". Hooked Gamers. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "L.A. Noire Is Coming for PC this Fall". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition hitting PC in November". VG247. 20 October 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "L.A. Noire development staff offer corrected credits". VG247. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 29 June 2011.
- Andrew McMillen (24 June 2011). "Why Did L.A. Noire Take Seven Years to Make?". IGN Australia. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
- David Heironymous. "Team Bondi: My Side of the Story". Gamasutra.com. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
- Andrew McMillen (5 July 2011). "Revealed: The emails behind the whistle blowing at Team Bondi". GamesIndustry.biz. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- McMillen, Andrew. "L.A. Noire: The Team Bondi Emails – Article". Eurogamer.
- "The Los Angeles Noire Weekend Sweepstakes". Rockstar Games. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "‘Heads-Up’ Game Store Update 27th July 2011 – PlayStation.Blog.Europe". Blog.eu.playstation.com. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "News – Rockstar, Mulholland Books Publishing Digital Collection Of L.A. Noire Stories". Gamasutra. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- "Announcing an Original Short Fiction Series in Honor of L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- "Rockstar Games Announces New Downloadable Content Plans for Crime Thriller L.A. Noire". Take-Two Interactive. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "Warner Bros. Latest Game Company to Offer Season Pass for DLC with Mortal Kombat". gamerlive.tv. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "Gears of War 3 gets $30 'season pass,' first DLC in November". Joystiq. Retrieved 2 September 2011.
- "Take-Two Interactive Software – Investor Relations – Take-Two News Release". Ir.take2games.com. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "Take-Two Interactive Software – Investor Relations – Take-Two News Release". Ir.take2games.com. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- "L.A. Noire Update Released". Retrieved 16 February 2012.
- "The L.A. Noire Official Soundtrack & Verve Remixed Albums Now Available for Download at the iTunes Store". Rockstar Games. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
- "L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
- "L.A. Noire for PlayStation 3". GameRankings. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire for Xbox 360". GameRankings. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition for PC". GameRankings. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- "L.A. Noire for PlayStation 3 Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire for Xbox 360 Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
- "L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition for PC Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic". Metacritic.com. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- "L.A. Noire Review for PS3, 360 from". 1UP.com. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- "LA Noire Review | Edge Magazine". Edge. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 19 May 2011. "With the exception of its facial capture, there's no single aspect of Team Bondi’s title that hasn’t been done better elsewhere, but few developers have brought such a diffuse set of genres together so atmospherically, stylishly or cohesively."
- "L.A. Noire Review: A Compelling Yet Flawed Epic That Fascinates – L.A. Noire – PlayStation 3". www.GameInformer.com. 22 February 1999. Retrieved 19 May 2011.
- Herring, Will. "L.A. Noire Review from". GamePro. Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Petit, Carolyn. "L.A. Noire Review for Xbox 360 – Page 2". GameSpot. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- "GameSpy: L.A. Noire Review – Page 1". Ps3.gamespy.com. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- "L.A. Noire review, LA Noire Review, PS3 Reviews". Games Radar.com. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Posted: 16 May 2011 (16 May 2011). "L.A. Noire Video Game, Review | Video Clip | Game Trailers & Videos". GameTrailers.com. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "L.A. Noire Review | GameZone.com". Ps3.gamezone.com. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Brad, Shoemaker (17 May 2011). "L.A. Noire Review". Giant Bomb. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Hilary Goldstein (16 May 2011). "L.A. Noire Review – PlayStation 3 Review at IGN". IGN. Retrieved 17 May 2011. "I might think the guy's innocent, but except on rare occasions, I'm just going through the motions and have no control over the end result."
- McElroy, Justin (16 May 2011). "L.A. Noire review: Go with your gut". Joystiq. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Sessler, Adam. "L.A. Noire Review for Xbox 360". G4tv. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
- Boxer, Steve (12 May 2011). "L.A. Noire – review". Guardian. Retrieved 3 July 2011.
- Posted: 20 December 2011 (20 December 2011). "GameTrailers Game Of The Year Awards 2011 Video Game, Best New IP | Video Clip | Game Trailers & Videos". GameTrailers.com. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "gamrReview 2011 Game of the Year Awards – PS3 – gamrFeed". Gamrfeed.vgchartz.com. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Best Atmosphere – GameSpot's Best of 2011 Special Achievements". Gamespot.com. 4 January 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "Eurogamer Readers' Top 50 Games of 2011 • Articles •". Eurogamer.net. 1 January 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2012.
- "LA Noire Currently Tracking 40% Behind Red Dead Redemption". IndustryGamers. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- "L.A. Noire Review: A Compelling Yet Flawed Epic That Fascinates". Game Informer. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. "At times, L.A. Noire is one of the most vivid, gripping game experiences I’ve had. Other times, it can be plain boring."
- "L.A. Noire Review". 1UP.com. 16 May 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2011. "Gamers who had soured on more "cinematic" games like Heavy Rain or Metal Gear Solid 4 may get a little annoyed at the film-inspired cut-scenes in L.A. Noire. While most of the cinematics last only a minute or so, there're a lot of them. It eventually becomes more like watching an interactive movie, with the game only demanding that I hop in the car and drive to the next location in order to trigger another cut-scene"
- Yin, Wesley (9 November 2011). "McNamara: why you thought LA Noire's characters were "dead from the neck down" •". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
- "LA Noire causing console overheating issues". guardian.co.uk. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Report: LA Noire To Blame For Consoles Overheating". Edge. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Rockstar Games and Sony Joint Statement on L.A. Noire". Rockstar Games. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "Statement". Rockstar Games. Retrieved 20 May 2011.
- "L.A. Noire gives much-needed boost to Take-Two shares". VG247. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Graft, Kris (13 June 2011). "NPD: May U.S. Retail Game Industry Sales Lowest Since Oct. '06". Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- Dutton, Fred. "LA Noire sales "below our estimate"". Eurogamer.
- "UK charts: LA Noire becomes fastest-selling new IP ever". VG247. Retrieved 23 May 2011.
- Sterling, Jim. "58% of L.A. Noire sales on Xbox 360, 42% on PS3". Destructoid.
- Sliwinski, Alexander. "LA Noire guilty of being UK sales winner for third week in a row". Joystiq.
- "L.A. Noire Sales 'On Par' With Red Dead Redemption". Rockstar Network. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
- Nunneley, Stephany. "Japanese charts – L.A. Noire debuts, PSP hits the top once more". VG247.
- Ishaan (13 July 2011). "This Week In Sales: L.A. Noire Takes The Lead". Siliconera. Retrieved 13 July 2011.
- John Gaudiosi (16 May 2011). "Brendan McNamara Explains Why LA Noire 2 Won’t Take as Long to Make". GamerLive.TV. Retrieved 24 May 2011.
- "News – Take-Two: L.A. Noire First Week 'Very Successful'". Gamasutra. Retrieved 25 May 2011.
- Dutton, Fred (20 May 2011). "Take-Two: LA Noire "has become an important franchise" •". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
- Plunkett, Luke (28 November 2011). "The Whore of the Orient is the Next Game From LA Noire’s Creator". Kotaku.
- Narcisse, Evan (31 August 2012). "First Look At Whore Of The Orient, The Next Game From Aussie Creators Of L.A. Noire". Kotaku. Retrieved 1 September 2012.
- "Asked & Answered: Max Payne 3 and More...". Rockstar Games. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 23 May 2012.
- Conditt, Jessica (14 November 2012). "Whore of the Orient action adventure aiming for 2015". joystiq.com. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Prescott, Shaun (15 November 2012). "Whore of the Orient rumoured to release in 2015". computerandvideogames.com. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Makuch, Eddie (7 March 2013). "Take-Two has 'extensive pipeline' of unannounced titles in development". GameSpot. Retrieved 7 April 2013.
- Futter, Mike (2013-06-21). "Team Bondi And KMM Get New Funding For Whore Of The Orient". GameInformer.com. Retrieved 2013-07-13.