2002 Formula One season

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2002
FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 2001 Next: 2003
Michael Schumacher won his third title in a row with Ferrari.
Schumacher's team-mate, Rubens Barrichello, finished runner-up.
Juan Pablo Montoya finished the season ranked third for Williams.

The 2002 Formula One season was the 53rd season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 2002 FIA Formula One World Championship, which commenced on 3 March and ended on 13 October after seventeen races.

The Drivers Championship quickly became a battle for second place as Michael Schumacher finished first or second in every race except for the Malaysian Grand Prix, where he finished third, thus achieving a podium position in every race. He won a then-record 11 Grands Prix, surpassing the previous record of 9 wins, jointly held by himself (1995, 2000 and 2001) and Nigel Mansell (1992). He would also set the record for shortest time in which the World Drivers Championship had been clinched, securing the title with a win at the French Grand Prix, with 6 races to go in the season. Schumacher took the Drivers' Championship by a record 67 point margin over teammate Rubens Barrichello, beating his own previous record for the 2001 season. Schumacher and Barrichello helped Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro [1] secure the Constructors' Championship with a points total that equalled the combined sum of points attained by all other constructors collectively. For the 2003 championship, the FIA would change the points system.

Drivers and constructors[edit]

The following teams and drivers competed in the 2002 FIA Formula One World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre No Driver Rounds
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro Ferrari F2001
F2002
Ferrari 050
Ferrari 051
B 1 Germany Michael Schumacher All
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello All
United Kingdom West McLaren Mercedes McLaren-Mercedes MP4-17 Mercedes FO110M M 3 United Kingdom David Coulthard All
4 Finland Kimi Räikkönen All
United Kingdom BMW WilliamsF1 Team Williams-BMW FW24 BMW P82 M 5 Germany Ralf Schumacher All
6 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya All
Switzerland Sauber Petronas Sauber-Petronas C21 Petronas 02A B 7 Germany Nick Heidfeld All
8 Brazil Felipe Massa 1-15, 17
Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen 16
Republic of Ireland DHL Jordan Honda Jordan-Honda EJ12 Honda RA002E B 9 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella All
10 Japan Takuma Sato All
United Kingdom Lucky Strike BAR Honda BAR-Honda 004 Honda RA002E B 11 Canada Jacques Villeneuve All
12 France Olivier Panis All
France Mild Seven Renault F1 Team Renault R202 Renault RS22 M 14 Italy Jarno Trulli All
15 United Kingdom Jenson Button All
United Kingdom Jaguar Racing Jaguar-Cosworth R3
R3B
Cosworth CR-3
Cosworth CR-4
M 16 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine All
17 Spain Pedro de la Rosa All
United Kingdom Orange Arrows Arrows-Cosworth A23 Cosworth CR-3
Cosworth CR-4
B 20 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen 1-12
21 Brazil Enrique Bernoldi 1-12
Italy Go KL Minardi Asiatech Minardi-Asiatech PS02 Asiatech AT02 M 22 Malaysia Alex Yoong 1-12, 15-17
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson 13-14
23 Australia Mark Webber All
Japan Panasonic Toyota Racing Toyota TF102 Toyota RVX-02 M 24 Finland Mika Salo All
25 United Kingdom Allan McNish All

All engines were 3.0 litre, V10 configuration.

Team changes[edit]

The Prost team was placed into receivership in November 2001, and was liquidated by the receivers in January 2002. This ended the long history of the team which had competed as Ligier from 1976 to 1996 and as Prost Grand Prix from the following year.[2] The absence of Prost meant that the car numbers 18 and 19 were left unoccupied for the season. Phoenix Finance bought the remains of Prost Grand Prix and attempted to enter Formula One starting at the Malaysian Grand Prix with former Minardi drivers Gastón Mazzacane and Tarso Marques. However, their entry was rejected by the FIA for not purchasing all of the Prost team. They still attempted to race at Malaysia, but race officials prevented them from competing in the event, even with a court appeal.[3][4]

The Benetton team had been sold to Renault in 2000,[5] and was renamed Renault F1 for 2002.[6] The team did not substantially change apart from the name, as Benetton had been running a car with Renault components since 1995.

Toyota entered the championship after much development work in 2001.[7]

Asiatech, who had supplied engines to Arrows in 2001, switched their supply to Minardi for 2002. This replaced Minardi's Cosworth engines (rebadged as European) from the previous season.[8] Completing what was effectively a straight swap, Arrows signed a deal with Cosworth to use their engines for 2002.[9]

The Arrows team suffered financial collapse after the German Grand Prix, and did not take part in any of the remaining races. An attempt to register for the 2003 season was rejected by the FIA.[10]

Driver changes[edit]

The 2002 season featured several driver line-up changes before the season and more changes during the season proper.

With three races left to go in the 2001 season, Mika Häkkinen announced that he was not intending to drive in F1 in 2002. Denying any claim of retirement, he stated that he needed a sabbatical and would return to McLaren at a later time.[11] Häkkinen later officially left McLaren and retired from F1 in 2002,[12] eventually returning to racing in DTM in 2005,[13] despite being linked with the Williams team for a Formula One comeback.[14] Häkkinen's seat at McLaren was taken by his fellow Finn Kimi Räikkönen, after he was released by Sauber. Räikkönen was replaced at Sauber by the 2001 Euro Formula 3000 champion Felipe Massa.[15]

Midway through 2001, Giancarlo Fisichella announced his intention to leave Benetton after 2001 to drive for Jordan.[16] Benetton, renamed as Renault, replaced Fisichella with Jordan driver Jarno Trulli,[17] meaning that Fisichella and Trulli had swapped seats at the two teams. Jordan completed an all-new lineup for 2002 with BAR test driver Takuma Sato,[18] whose position in the large test driver pool at BAR was taken by compatriot Ryo Fukuda.[19] Jean Alesi, who had driven for Jordan at the end of the 2001 season, did not seriously pursue an F1 drive for 2002 and instead signed up a drive with Mercedes in the DTM series.[20] Ricardo Zonta, realising that he had no future at Jordan, left his reserve seat there to drive in the Telefonica World Series, later returning to F1 in 2003 as a test driver for Toyota.[21]

Heinz-Harald Frentzen, without a drive after the collapse of Prost, joined the Arrows team for 2002. This was his third different team within two seasons, after having been dumped by Jordan mid-season in 2001 and subsequently joining Prost until that team's collapse.[22] Despite being under contract for another season, Jos Verstappen lost his Arrows seat to Frentzen, and the Dutchman was unable to secure a drive at another team. He later resurfaced at Minardi in 2003.[23]

Fernando Alonso left Minardi after an impressive 2001 campaign, and signed on with Renault as a test driver.[24] Alonso's seat was taken over by Benetton test driver, and International Formula 3000 series runner-up, Mark Webber.[25]

For their first season in Formula One, Toyota employed Mika Salo (formerly with Sauber in 2000) and debutant Allan McNish, who had previously driven a Toyota GT-One at Le Mans.[7]

Luciano Burti, who had driven for both Jaguar and Prost in 2001, left the struggling Prost team before their collapse in order to join Luca Badoer in a test role at Ferrari.[26] Tomáš Enge, who had filled in for the injured Burti at Prost in 2001, was dropped by the team at the end of the 2001 season for financial reasons, and he returned to International Formula 3000 for 2002.[27]

Antônio Pizzonia was signed to become a Williams test driver alongside Marc Gené.[28] Pizzonia had been driving a Williams sponsored car in the International F3000 series in 2001, and he continued that drive in 2002 along with his test duties at Williams.

André Lotterer, who drove for the Jaguar Junior Team in the British Formula Three series in 2001, was signed as a test driver for Jaguar's Formula One team for 2002.[29]

Mid-season changes

Heinz-Harald Frentzen decided to leave Arrows following the German Grand Prix due to the uncertain future of that team.[30] Arrows collapsed several days later and did not take part in the rest of the season, which also left Enrique Bernoldi without a drive. Frentzen signed with Sauber for the 2003 season,[22] and stood in for Felipe Massa in the United States Grand Prix, for which the Brazilian had incurred a 10-position penalty from the previous race in Monza, thereby eliminating Massa's penalty.[31]

BAR test driver Anthony Davidson made his Formula One debut when he replaced Alex Yoong at Minardi for the Hungarian and Belgian Grands Prix. The team suspended the Malaysian after he failed to qualify for the third occasion in 2002.[32] Minardi had planned to replace Yoong with Justin Wilson, but Wilson was too tall to fit into the car in accordance with the safety requirements.[33]

Formula One 2002 race schedule[edit]

Rnd Race Date Location
1 Australian Grand Prix 3 March Australia Melbourne Grand Prix Circuit, Melbourne
2 Malaysian Grand Prix 17 March Malaysia Sepang International Circuit, Kuala Lumpur
3 Brazilian Grand Prix 31 March Brazil Autódromo José Carlos Pace, São Paulo
4 San Marino Grand Prix 14 April Italy Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari, Imola
5 Spanish Grand Prix 28 April Spain Circuit de Catalunya, Barcelona
6 Austrian Grand Prix 12 May Austria A1-Ring, Spielberg
7 Monaco Grand Prix 26 May Monaco Circuit de Monaco, Monte Carlo
8 Canadian Grand Prix 9 June Canada Circuit Gilles Villeneuve, Montreal
9 European Grand Prix 23 June Germany Nürburgring
10 British Grand Prix 7 July United Kingdom Silverstone Circuit
11 French Grand Prix 21 July France Circuit de Nevers Magny-Cours, Magny-Cours
12 German Grand Prix 28 July Germany Hockenheimring
13 Hungarian Grand Prix 18 August Hungary Hungaroring, Budapest
14 Belgian Grand Prix 1 September Belgium Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps, Spa
15 Italian Grand Prix 15 September Italy Autodromo Nazionale Monza
16 United States Grand Prix 29 September United States Indianapolis Motor Speedway
17 Japanese Grand Prix 13 October Japan Suzuka Circuit

Results and standings[edit]

Grands Prix[edit]

Rd. Grand Prix Pole Position Fastest Lap Winning Driver Constructor Report
1 Australia Australian Grand Prix Brazil Rubens Barrichello Finland Kimi Räikkönen Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
2 Malaysia Malaysian Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Germany Ralf Schumacher United Kingdom Williams-BMW Report
3 Brazil Brazilian Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
4 San Marino San Marino Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Brazil Rubens Barrichello Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
5 Spain Spanish Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
6 Austria Austrian Grand Prix Brazil Rubens Barrichello Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
7 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Brazil Rubens Barrichello United Kingdom David Coulthard United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes Report
8 Canada Canadian Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
9 Germany European Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Germany Michael Schumacher Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
10 United Kingdom British Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Brazil Rubens Barrichello Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
11 France French Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya United Kingdom David Coulthard Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
12 Germany German Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
13 Hungary Hungarian Grand Prix Brazil Rubens Barrichello Germany Michael Schumacher Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
14 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report
15 Italy Italian Grand Prix Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya Brazil Rubens Barrichello Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
16 United States United States Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Brazil Rubens Barrichello Brazil Rubens Barrichello Italy Ferrari Report
17 Japan Japanese Grand Prix Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Germany Michael Schumacher Italy Ferrari Report

Drivers Championship[edit]

Pos [1] Driver [1] AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
AUT
Austria
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
EUR
Germany
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
JPN
Japan
Points [1]
1 Germany Michael Schumacher 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 144
2 Brazil Rubens Barrichello Ret Ret Ret 2 DNS 2 7 3 1 2 DNS 4 1 2 1 1 2 77
3 Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya 2 2 5 4 2 3 Ret Ret Ret 3 4 2 11 3 Ret 4 4 50
4 Germany Ralf Schumacher Ret 1 2 3 11 4 3 7 4 8 5 3 3 5 Ret 16 11 42
5 United Kingdom David Coulthard Ret Ret 3 6 3 6 1 2 Ret 10 3 5 5 4 7 3 Ret 41
6 Finland Kimi Räikkönen 3 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 3 Ret 2 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 3 24
7 United Kingdom Jenson Button Ret 4 4 5 12 7 Ret 15 5 12 6 Ret Ret Ret 5 8 6 14
8 Italy Jarno Trulli Ret Ret Ret 9 10 Ret 4 6 8 Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 4 5 Ret 9
9 United Kingdom Eddie Irvine 4 Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 3 10 9 8
10 Germany Nick Heidfeld Ret 5 Ret 10 4 Ret 8 12 7 6 7 6 9 10 10 9 7 7
11 Italy Giancarlo Fisichella Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret 5 5 5 Ret 7 DNQ Ret 6 Ret 8 7 Ret 7
12 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Ret 8 10 7 7 10 Ret Ret 12 4 Ret Ret Ret 8 9 6 Ret 4
13 Brazil Felipe Massa Ret 6 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 9 6 9 Ret 7 7 Ret Ret Ret 4
14 France Olivier Panis Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 9 5 Ret Ret 12 12 6 12 Ret 3
15 Japan Takuma Sato Ret 9 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 16 Ret Ret 8 10 11 12 11 5 2
16 Australia Mark Webber 5 Ret 11 11 DNS 12 11 11 15 Ret 8 Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 10 2
17 Finland Mika Salo 6 12 6 Ret 9 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 15 7 11 14 8 2
18 Germany Heinz-Harald Frentzen DSQ 11 Ret Ret 6 11 6 13 13 Ret DNQ Ret 13 2
19 United Kingdom Allan McNish Ret 7 Ret Ret 8 9 Ret Ret 14 Ret 11 Ret 14 9 Ret 15 DNS 0
20 Malaysia Alex Yoong 7 Ret 13 DNQ DNS Ret Ret 14 Ret DNQ 10 DNQ 13 Ret Ret 0
21 Spain Pedro de la Rosa 8 10 8 Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 11 11 9 Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
22 Brazil Enrique Bernoldi DSQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 10 Ret DNQ Ret 0
United Kingdom Anthony Davidson Ret Ret 0
Pos Driver AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
AUT
Austria
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
EUR
Germany
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
JPN
Japan
Points
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)

Bold – Pole
Italics – Fastest lap

Drivers did not finish the Grand Prix, but were classified as they completed over 90% of the race distance.

Championship points were awarded on a 10-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the first six finishers in each race.

Constructors Championship[edit]

Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro won the Constructors Championship
BMW WilliamsF1 Team placed 2nd in the Constructors Championship
West McLaren Mercedes placed 3rd in the Constructors Championship
Pos [1] Constructor [1] Car
no.
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
AUT
Austria
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
EUR
Germany
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
JPN
Japan
Points [1]
1 Italy Ferrari 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 2 1 2 2 1 221
2 Ret Ret Ret 2 DNS 2 7 3 1 2 DNS 4 1 2 1 1 2
2 United Kingdom Williams-BMW 5 Ret 1 2 3 11 4 3 7 4 8 5 3 3 5 Ret 16 11 92
6 2 2 5 4 2 3 Ret Ret Ret 3 4 2 11 3 Ret 4 4
3 United Kingdom McLaren-Mercedes 3 Ret Ret 3 6 3 6 1 2 Ret 10 3 5 5 4 7 3 Ret 65
4 3 Ret 12 Ret Ret Ret Ret 4 3 Ret 2 Ret 4 Ret Ret Ret 3
4 France Renault 14 Ret Ret Ret 9 10 Ret 4 6 8 Ret Ret Ret 8 Ret 4 5 Ret 23
15 Ret 4 4 5 12 7 Ret 15 5 12 6 Ret Ret Ret 5 8 6
5 Switzerland Sauber-Petronas 7 Ret 5 Ret 10 4 Ret 8 12 7 6 7 6 9 10 10 9 7 11
8 Ret 6 Ret 8 5 Ret Ret 9 6 9 Ret 7 7 Ret Ret 13 Ret
6 Republic of Ireland Jordan-Honda 9 Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret 5 5 5 Ret 7 DNQ Ret 6 Ret 8 7 Ret 9
10 Ret 9 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret 10 16 Ret Ret 8 10 11 12 11 5
7 United Kingdom Jaguar-Cosworth 16 4 Ret 7 Ret Ret Ret 9 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 6 3 10 9 8
17 8 10 8 Ret Ret Ret 10 Ret 10 11 9 Ret 13 Ret Ret Ret Ret
8 United Kingdom BAR-Honda 11 Ret 8 10 7 7 10 Ret Ret 12 4 Ret Ret Ret 8 9 6 Ret 7
12 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 8 9 5 Ret Ret 12 12 6 12 Ret
9 Italy Minardi-Asiatech 22 7 Ret 13 DNQ DNS Ret Ret 14 Ret DNQ 10 DNQ Ret Ret 13 Ret Ret 2
23 5 Ret 11 11 DNS 12 11 11 15 Ret 8 Ret 16 Ret Ret Ret 10
10 Japan Toyota 24 6 12 6 Ret 9 8 Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 9 15 7 11 14 8 2
25 Ret 7 Ret Ret 8 9 Ret Ret 14 Ret 11 Ret 14 9 Ret 15 DNS
11 United Kingdom Arrows-Cosworth 20 DSQ 11 Ret Ret 6 11 6 13 13 Ret DNQ Ret 2
21 DSQ Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 12 Ret 11 Ret DNQ Ret
Pos Constructor Car
no.
AUS
Australia
MAL
Malaysia
BRA
Brazil
SMR
San Marino
ESP
Spain
AUT
Austria
MON
Monaco
CAN
Canada
EUR
Germany
GBR
United Kingdom
FRA
France
GER
Germany
HUN
Hungary
BEL
Belgium
ITA
Italy
USA
United States
JPN
Japan
Points

Championship points were awarded on a 10-6-4-3-2-1 basis to the first six finishers in each race.

Note: Official FIA Championship classifications listed the Constructors Championship results as Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro, BMW WilliamsF1 Team, West McLaren Mercedes etc.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Drivers and Constructors Standings at www.fia.com Retrieved via web.archive.org on 28 September 2013
  2. ^ Lyon, Sam (29 January 2002). "Prost's term is up as team goes into liquidation". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  3. ^ Baldwin, Alan (15 March 2002). "Phoenix Plan to Fight for Formula One Place". Autosport. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "Phoenix's F1 bid cast into flames". BBC Sport. 23 May 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Mcleod, Maurice (16 March 2000). "Benetton F1 team sold to Renault £75 m". The Independent. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  6. ^ "Renault F1 team to be renamed Lotus Renault GP in 2011". BBC Sport. 8 December 2010. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Toyota set for F1 debut". BBC Sport. 5 February 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Minardi Pleased with New Asiatech Engine". Atlas F1. 22 February 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Arrows confirms Cosworth supply for 2002". Crash.net. 28 July 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  10. ^ "Arrows rescue deal collapses". BBC Sport. 12 December 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  11. ^ Baker, Andrew (12 October 2001). "Flying Finn is ready for a well-earned sabbatical". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Hakkinen announces retirement". BBC Sport. 26 July 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Mika Häkkinen to race in the 2005 DTM". Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters. 6 November 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  14. ^ Benson, Andrew (10 July 2004). "Hakkinen ponders comeback". BBC Sport. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  15. ^ "Sauber aim to consolidate". BBC Sport. 25 January 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Jordan or nothing in 2002, says Alesi". The Daily Telegraph. 11 September 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  17. ^ "Jarno Trulli - F1 Driver Profile". ESPN F1. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  18. ^ "Sato lands Jordan seat". BBC Sport. 9 October 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  19. ^ "Grand Prix 2002: BAR". London Evening Standard. 16 February 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  20. ^ "Jean Alesi McLaren test report". Motorsport.com. 8 March 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  21. ^ "Ricardo Zonta Profile". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  22. ^ a b "Heinz-Harald Frentzen Profile". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "Jos Verstappen Profile". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  24. ^ "Renault takes Alonso". Grandprix.com. 3 November 2001. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  25. ^ "Official: Webber Confirmed at Minardi". Atlas F1. 28 January 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  26. ^ "Luciano Burti Profile". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  27. ^ "Tomas Enge Profile". Grandprix.com. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  28. ^ "1 - 21 November News". NewsOnF1. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "Testing Times in Testing for Jaguar Racing's R3". Jaguar Clubs of North America. 8 February 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  30. ^ "Frentzen quits Arrows". BBC Sport. 2 August 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  31. ^ "A sensible move from Sauber". Grandprix.com. 18 September 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  32. ^ "'Faultless' Davidson praised". BBC Sport. 17 August 2002. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  33. ^ "Who's who: D - Anthony Davidson". f1fanatic.co.uk. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 

External links[edit]