List of castles in Croatia

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List of castles in Croatia includes castles, remains (ruins) of castles and other fortifications like fortresses which used to be a castles at some point in history. A castle (from Latin castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe (thus also in Croatia) and the Middle East during the Middle Ages. In its simplest terms, the definition of a castle accepted amongst academics is "a private fortified residence".[1]

Construction and development of manors and castles on the territory of Croatia can be followed with certainty in the last two millennium - from Roman villa rusticas and palaces (like Diocletian's palace), to medieval castles (burgs), renaissance villas-summer houses in Dubrovnik and Dalmatia, to baroque and historicist manors of Northern Croatia, and town villas and palaces in most bigger Croatian towns.


Castle Location Type Constructed Notes Image
Badnjevice Castle
Bajnski Dvori Castle HR-05Gornje Ladanje, Varaždin County Manor 17th century Founded by the members of Both of Bayna, a noble family of Hungarian ancestry. Enlarged and renewed in the 19th century in the spirit of historicism. Bajnski Dvori (Chateau deBajna) croatie-1913.jpg
Banfi Manor HR-20Štrigova, Međimurje County Manor 1373 Founded by the members of Bánffy, a noble family of Hungarian ancestry. Renewed recently . Dvorac Banfi, Štrigova - južna strana.jpg
Bežanec Castle This baroque castle dating from 18th century was renovated during the 1930s in the classic manner and because of that, it has become one of the most representative castles in Croatia.
Bilje Castle
Brod Fortress HR-12Slavonski Brod, Brod-Posavina County
45°9′23″N 18°0′24″E / 45.15639°N 18.00667°E / 45.15639; 18.00667 (Brod Fortress)
Slavonski Brod Fortress-11.JPG
Bubnjarci Manor HR-12aBubnjarci, Ozalj County Manor 15 th century Founded unknown, but later a noble family of Croatian ancestry.
Califfi Castle HR-13Gornje Selo, Zadar County
Cambi Castle HR-17Kaštel Kambelovac, Split-Dalmatia County
Cetin Castle HR-04Podcetin, Karlovac County
45°08′18″N 15°43′54″E / 45.13833°N 15.73167°E / 45.13833; 15.73167 (Cetin Castle)
Castle 14th century Cetin.jpg
Cippico Castle HR-17Kaštel Novi, Split-Dalmatia County 1512[2] Built as a fortified summer residence by Pavao Antun Cippico, a nobleman from Trogir.[2]
Čačvina Castle HR-17Čačvina, Split-Dalmatia County 1371[3]
Čakovec Castle HR-20Čakovec, Međimurje County
46°23′20″N 16°25′55″E / 46.38889°N 16.43194°E / 46.38889; 16.43194 (Čakovec Castle)
Castle 13th century Built by Count Dimitrius Csáky, after whom the city of Čakovec is named. Later owned by many other noble families, including Lacković, the Counts of Celje, Ernušt, Zrinski, Althan and Feštetić. Outside the biggest fortification in Međimurje County, inside the main palace. Stari grad Zrinskih, Čakovec - sjever.jpg
Daruvar Castle HR-08Daruvar, Bjelovar-Bilogora County
45°59′28″N 17°22′36″E / 45.99111°N 17.37667°E / 45.99111; 17.37667 (Daruvar Castle)
Castle Daruvar, Croatia.JPG
Drivenik Castle HR-08Novi Vinodolski, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
45°14′17″N 14°38′48″E / 45.23806°N 14.64667°E / 45.23806; 14.64667 (Drivenik Castle)
Drivenik, Vinodol, Croatia.jpg
Dubovac Castle HR-04Karlovac, Karlovac County Dobovac-Karlovac.JPG
Dvigrad HR-18Draga[disambiguation needed] near Pazin, Istria County Dvigrad02.JPG
Đurđevac Castle HR-06Đurđevac, Koprivnica-Križevci County
46°02′43″N 17°04′07″E / 46.04528°N 17.06861°E / 46.04528; 17.06861 (Đurđevac Castle)
Djurdjevac Castle, Croatia.JPG
Falcon Fortress
Eltz Manor HR-16Vukovar, Vukovar-Syrmia County
45°21′27″N 18°59′42″E / 45.3575358481°N 18.9949858189°E / 45.3575358481; 18.9949858189 (Eltz Manor)
Manor 1749–1751 Castle Eltz1, Vukovar.JPG
Erdödy Castle Dvorac Erdödy Jastrebarsko.jpg
Erdut Castle HR-14Erdut, Osijek-Baranja County
45°31′36″N 19°03′51″E / 45.526703°N 19.064180°E / 45.526703; 19.064180 (Erdut Castle)
Castle 14th century Erdut Castle.jpg
Feštetić Castle HR-20Pribislavec near Čakovec, Međimurje County 1870[4] Built by count Juraj Feštetić in neo-gothic style. Today houses the Pribislavec elementary school.[4] Dvorac Feštetić, Pribislavec - jugozapad.JPG
Fortress Kastel HR-03Hrvatska Kostajnica, Sisak-Moslavina County HrvatskaKostjanica-castle2008.JPG
Fortress Nehaj HR-09Senj, Lika-Senj County Fortress 1558 SenjNehajgrad0.jpg
Frankopan Castle HR-08Krk, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County Castle Baška018.jpg
Glavaš - Dinarić Fortress HR-17Vrlika, Split-Dalmatia County Fortress 15th century
Golubovec Castle
Grižane Castle Gradina Grizane 210907.jpg
Gvozdansko Castle Gvozdansko, Croatia.JPG
Hreljin Castle Hreljin gradina 110208 1.jpg
Hvar Fortress
Ilok Castle Ilok.JPG
Kamerlengo Castle HR-17Trogir, Split-Dalmatia County
43°30′55″N 16°14′51″E / 43.51528°N 16.24750°E / 43.51528; 16.24750 (Kamerlengo Castle)
Fortress Mid-15th century Trogir kula Kamerlengo 064.jpg
Kaštilac HR-17Kaštel Gomilica, Split-Dalmatia County
Klenovnik Castle
Klis Fortress HR-17Klis, Split-Dalmatia County Fortress Klis 0807 3.jpg
Knin Fortress Fortress During the period of the early Croatian state it was an occasional residence of national rulers (Trpimir, Muncimir, Svetoslav, Držislav, Zvonimir and Petar). Knin Croatia 01.jpg
Lapšina Castle Dvorac Lapšina (Croatia).JPG
Ledenice Castle Ledenice Castle, Croatia (8).JPG
Lovrijenac Fortress Fort Lovrijenac,Dubrovnik,Croatia.jpg
Lužnica Castle Manor Dvorac, Zapresic.JPG
Mali Tabor Castle Castle
Maruševec Castle HR-05Maruševec, Varaždin County Dvorac Marusevec1.JPG
Medvedgrad HR-21Zagreb, City of Zagreb
45°52′11″N 15°56′28″E / 45.86972°N 15.94111°E / 45.86972; 15.94111 (Medvedgrad)
Castle 1249–1254[5] Built on southern hillside of mountain Medvednica as a defense from Tatars, who had pillaged Zagreb in 1242. Severely damaged by earthquake in 1590 and described as a ruin by the late 17th century. Renovated in the 1970s, 1980s and 1990s.[6] Medvedgrad 1.jpg
Milengrad HR-02Budinščina municipality, Krapina-Zagorje County 13th century Built in the Ivanšćica mountain as a defense from Mongols, property of Cseszneky, Herkffy and Patachich families, described as a ruin by the late 17th century. Hungarian name: Milen vára.
Mirabella Fortress (Peovica) HR-17Omiš, Split-Dalmatia County Early 12th century[3] Cetina, kurz hinter Omis IMG 8228.JPG
Monkodonja Monkodonja (01).JPG
Nečven HR-15Promina, Šibenik-Knin County Fortress 14th century
Nesactium
Nova Kraljevica Kraljevica, dvorac Nova Kraljevica, sjeverni zid.jpg
Novigrad Castle HR-13Novigrad, Zadar County Ruins of Castle of Novigrad.JPG
Novigrad na Dobri HR-04Novigrad na Dobri, Karlovac County
45°28′55″N 15°27′10″E / 45.48194°N 15.45278°E / 45.48194; 15.45278 (Castle Novigrad na Dobri)
Castle 14th century This castle once belonged to the famous Croatian family Frankopan, but after the death of its owner, Fran Krsto Frankopan, it was robbed by Austrian general Herbstein. He later sold it to the knights of the catholic Order of Malta who kept it under their rule until 1746. After them, the owners of the castle became the Croatian noble family Patačić and the members of this family lived in the castle until the beginning of 20.th century. During the World War II, Novigrad na Dobri was seriously damaged but the enchanting beauty of its ruins still gives proof of its rich history. Castle Novigrad na Dobri.JPG
Novi Zrin Novi Zrin.JPG
Nutjak
Obrovac Castle Utvrda Fortica, Obrovac - jugoistok.jpg
Opeka Manor HR-05Vinica, Varaždin County
46°19′30″N 16°08′52″E / 46.32500°N 16.14778°E / 46.32500; 16.14778 (Opeka Manor)
Manor
Oršić Castle in Gornja Stubica 1756[citation needed] Dvorac orsic b.JPG
Oršić Castle in Gornja Bistra
Oršić Castle in Slavetić
Oršić Castle in Jurketinec
Otočac Castle Tvrđava Fortica, Otočac (Croatia).2.JPG
Ozalj Castle HR-04Ozalj, Karlovac County
45°36′51″N 15°28′14″E / 45.61417°N 15.47056°E / 45.61417; 15.47056 (Ozalj Castle)
Mid-16th century[citation needed] The oldest part of the castle, Zrinski Palace, was built by Nikola Šubić Zrinski ten years before his death at the Battle of Szigetvár. His son Juraj IV Zrinski built the entry tower in 1599. The castle was renewed and repaired by count Theodor Batthyani (died 1813).[7] Schloss-odzak.JPG
Pejačević Castle in Našice HR-14Našice, Osijek-Baranja county Castle 1811–1812 Dvorac Pejačević. Našice.jpg
Pejačević Castle in Retfala HR-14Retfala, suburb of Osijek, Osijek-Baranja County Castle 1796–1801
Pejačević Castle in Virovitica HR-10Virovitica, Virovitica-Podravina County Castle 1800–1804 Dvorac Pejačević, Virovitica - jugozapad.JPG
Pietrapelosa Buzet, Istria County Castle 10th century
Prandau-Normann Castle HR-14Valpovo, Osijek-Baranja County
45°39′33″N 18°24′55″E / 45.65917°N 18.41528°E / 45.65917; 18.41528 (Prandau-Normann Castle)
Kapela i kula dvorca Prandau-Normann u Valpovu.jpg
Potravlje Fortress HR-17Split-Dalmatia County 14th century[3]
Prozor Fortress Early 15th century[3] Built by the Hrvatinić family, the fortress was captured by the Turks in 1523. The Turks held the fortress for two centuries, until they were expelled by the Venetians.[3] Prozor Fortress seen from town.JPG
Ribnik Castle HR-04Ribnik, Karlovac County Castle Ribnik (Sa istočne strane).png
Ružica Castle HR-10Orahovica, Virovitica-Podravina County Ružica5.JPG
Samobor Castle HR-01Samobor, Zagreb County
45°47′56″N 15°41′53″E / 45.79889°N 15.69806°E / 45.79889; 15.69806 (Samobor Castle)
SamoborCastleRuins Croatia.jpg
Sinj Fortress
Slunj Castle Slunj Old fort of the Frankopans 2004.JPG
Sokolac Castle HR-09Brinje, Lika-Senj County Sokolac Brinje 07 3.jpg
Starigrad Fortress (Fortica) HR-17Omiš, Split-Dalmatia County
Šarengrad castle Šarengrad Šarengrad castle ruins (Castellum Athya).JPG
St. Nicholas Fortress HR-15Šibenik, Šibenik-Knin County Fortress
St. Michael Fort HR-13Preko, Zadar County
44°04′19″N 15°09′35″E / 44.07194°N 15.15972°E / 44.07194; 15.15972 (St. Michael Fort)
Tkalec Manor HR-20Štrigova, Međimurje County Manor 18th century Dvorac Tkalec, Štrigova - jugoistok.jpg
Topana Castle
Trakošćan Castle HR-05Bednja, Varaždin County
46°15′33″N 15°57′00″E / 46.25917°N 15.95000°E / 46.25917; 15.95000 (Trakošćan Castle)
Castle Drašković family occupied the castle until the early 20th century.[8] Trakošćan 2007.JPG
Trsat Castle HR-08Rijeka, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County Trsat, 24.6.2006. (6).jpg
Tržan Castle in Modruš Tržan-grad (Modruš) - jugozapad.JPG
Tvrdalj Castle HR-17Stari Grad, Split-Dalmatia County 16th century[9] Fortified summer palace of the poet Petar Hektorović Tvrdalj ribnjak starigrad hvar.jpg
Veliki Bukovec Castle HR-05Veliki Bukovec, Varaždin County 1745–1755
Veliki Tabor Castle HR-02Desinić, Krapina-Zagorje County
46°09′17″N 15°39′05″E / 46.15472°N 15.65139°E / 46.15472; 15.65139 (Veliki Tabor Castle)
Castle Early 16th century[8] Perched on top of a hill, at an altitude of 334 m (1,096 ft), the castle had many owners, among them Ratkaj family and Oton Iveković, a Croatian painter. Today it houses several art and antique collections.[8][10] Veliki Tabor.JPG
Vitturi Castle HR-17Kaštel Lukšić, Split-Dalmatia County
43°33′18″N 16°22′05″E / 43.555°N 16.368°E / 43.555; 16.368 (Vitturi Castle)
Vrana Castle
Vrgorac Castle Burgruine Vrgorac, Kroatien.JPG
Zadvarje Castle HR-17Split-Dalmatia County 1478–1482[3]
Zajezda Castle Maketa dvorca Zajezda.jpg
Zichy-Terbocz Manor Dvorac Zichy-Terbocz, Železna Gora (Croatia) - jugoistok.JPG
Zrin Castle Castle Zrin, Croatia-4.JPG
Zrinski-Frankopan Castle HR-08Severin na Kupi, Primorje-Gorski Kotar County
45°25′17″N 15°10′08″E / 45.42139°N 15.16889°E / 45.42139; 15.16889 (Castle Zrinski-Frankopan)
Castle 16th century Castle (palace) with the park in Severin na Kupi was the estate of an aristocrat family Frankopan. The castle was first mentioned in 1558. It is one store building with square ground plan and internal yard and halls with arcades, and outside corner cylindrical towers. There is the part around the castle with a chapel St. Florian. Today's Baroque palace is result of ample reconstruction made in 1803 by owner of that time Count John Oršia. Castle Zrinski ruins.JPG

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Coulson 2003, p. 16.
  2. ^ a b "Kastel Novi". mdc.hr. Museum Documentation Center. Retrieved 2010-06-24. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Castles of Split Dalmatia County". inyourpocket.com. In Your Pocket City Guides. Retrieved 2010-04-26. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.medimurje.info/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=105&Itemid=55 (Croatian)
  5. ^ "Contagious Middle Ages". osaarchivum.org. Open Society Archives. Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
  6. ^ http://www.medievalwall.com/architecture/fortress-medvedgrad/
  7. ^ http://www.ozalj-tz.hr/eznameniti.asp
  8. ^ a b c Oliver, Jeanne (2007). Croatia (4th ed.). Lonely Planet. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-74104-916-9. 
  9. ^ Slobodan Prosperov Novak (2006), Hvar: Mjesta, Ljudi, Sudbine [Hvar: Places, People, Destiny] (in Croatian), Zagreb: Matica Hrvatska, ISBN 953-150-752-X 
  10. ^ "Veliki Tabor". veliki-tabor.hr (in Croatian). Retrieved 2010-05-23. 
Bibliography
  • Coulson, Charles (2003), Castles in Medieval Society: Fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the Central Middle Ages, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-927363-4 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]