Manassas, Virginia

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Manassas, Virginia
Independent city
City of Manassas
View of downtown Manassas looking east on Center Street.
View of downtown Manassas looking east on Center Street.
Flag of Manassas, Virginia
Flag
Official seal of Manassas, Virginia
Seal
Location in Virginia
Location in Virginia
Coordinates: 38°45′5″N 77°28′35″W / 38.75139°N 77.47639°W / 38.75139; -77.47639
Country  United States of America
State  Virginia
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Harry J. (Hal) Parrish II
 • City Manager W. Patrick Pate
 • Vice Mayor Andrew L. (Andy) Harrover
 • City Council
Area
 • Total 26 km2 (9.9 sq mi)
 • Land 26 km2 (9.9 sq mi)
 • Water 0.3 km2 (0.1 sq mi)
Elevation 93 m (305 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 40,605
 • Density 1,478/km2 (3,828/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20108 (PO Box Only), and 20110,[1]
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-48952[2]
GNIS feature ID 1498512[3]
Website www.manassascity.org

Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction)[4] is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,821.[5] The city is surrounded by Prince William County and the independent city of Manassas Park. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Manassas (along with Manassas Park) with Prince William County for statistical purposes.

Manassas also surrounds the 38-acre (150,000 m2) county courthouse, but that county property is not part of the city. The City of Manassas has several important historic sites from the period 1850–1870.

The City of Manassas is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area and it is situated in the Northern Virginia region.

History[edit]

In July 1861, the First Battle of Manassas – also known as the First Battle of Bull Run – the first major land battle of the American Civil War, was fought nearby. Manassas commemorated the 150th anniversary of the First Battle of Manassas during July 21–24, 2011.[6]

The Second Battle of Manassas (or the Second Battle of Bull Run) was fought near Manassas during August 28–30, 1862. At that time, Manassas Junction was little more than a railroad crossing, but a strategic one, with rails leading to Richmond, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and the Shenandoah Valley. Despite these two Confederate victories, Manassas Junction was in Union hands for most of the war.

Following the war, the crossroads grew into the town of Manassas, which was incorporated in 1873. In 1892, Manassas became the county seat of Prince William County, replacing Brentsville, Virginia. In 1975, Manassas became an independent city.

The Manassas Historic District, Cannon Branch Fort, Liberia, and Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

Geography[edit]

Manassas is located at 38°45′5″N 77°28′35″W / 38.75139°N 77.47639°W / 38.75139; -77.47639 (38.751415, -77.476396). The city is mainly served by I-66, U.S. 29, Virginia State Route 234 Business and Virginia State Route 28.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.9 square miles (25.6 km2), of which 9.9 square miles (25.6 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) (0.5%) is water.[8]

Manassas uses a council-manager system of government. The current city manager is William Patrick Pate. The current mayor is Harry J. Parrish II.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Manassas has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[9]

Adjacent counties and independent cities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980 15,438
1990 27,957 81.1%
2000 35,135 25.7%
2010 37,821 7.6%
Est. 2012 40,605 7.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2012[5]

According to the census[14] of 2010, the population of the City of Manassas was 37,821 which represented a 7.6% growth in population since the last census in 2000. As of July, 2011, the City’s population is estimated at 39,060.[15] The City is culturally diverse with the 2010 Census reporting that 21.4% of the population is Hispanic. The racial breakdown per the 2010 Census for the City is as follows:

  • 61.7% White
  • 15.7% Black
  • 4.9% Asian
  • 14.6% Other

The population density for the city is 3,782.1 people per square mile and there are an estimated 13,103 housing units in the city with an average housing density of 1,310.3 per square mile.[16] The greatest percentage of housing values of owner-occupied homes (34.8%) is $300,000 to $499,999 with a median owner-occupied housing value of $259,100. The City’s highest period of growth was from 1980 to 1989 when 35% of the City’s housing stock was constructed.[17]

The ACS estimated median household income for the City in 2010 was $70,211. 36% of the population has a college degree.[16] Almost as many people commute into the City of Manassas for work (13,316) as out (13,666) with the majority of out commuters traveling to Fairfax County and Prince William County for their jobs. Unemployment as of July, 2010 in the City is 6.3% which is well below that of the United States at 7.9%. City residents are primarily employed in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Health Care and Social Assistance.[18]

Crime[edit]

During the 21st century, the city of Manassas has had an overall increase in crime since the year 1999. The Total Crime Index for Manassas was 307.3 crimes committed per 100,000 residents in 2006. There were 223.5 crimes committed per 100,000 civilians for the year 1999, The National Average for the United States is 320.9 crimes committed per 100,000 residents.[19] The violent crime levels in Manassas are higher than the Virginia state average, which tends to be a pattern typical within urban areas in the Southern United States.[20][21]

According to CNN Money Magazine, there are 5 personal crime incidents per 1,000 residents, the best places average is 1.3 personal crimes per 1,000 residents. The rate for property crime incidents for Manassas is 31 per 1,000 residents; the locations with the lowest crime rate average 20.6.[22]

Economy[edit]

Colgan Air, a regional airline, maintains two hangars at Manassas Regional Airport in Manassas.[23] At one time Colgan Air was headquartered in Manassas.[24] Pinacle Airlines Corp. purchased Colgan Air and announced that it was moving all operations to Memphis to be in proximity to the offices of Pinnacle Airlines Corp.

In 2001, My Plumber Heating and Cooling moved its corporate headquarters to Manassas, adding 120 jobs.[25]

The city's third largest employer is Micron Technology. Headquartered in Boise, ID, this manufacturer of semiconductors operates its wafer factory in Manassas where it employs 1186 people directly, and several hundred others through vendor contracts.[26] Other major employers include Lockheed Martin (1500 employees) and the Prince William Health System (1400 employees).

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

The major roads into and out of Manassas are VA-28 and VA-234 Business. I-66 and US-29 service Manassas, but neither passes through the city itself.

Airports[edit]

Manassas Regional Airport is located within the city limits. The Manassas Regional Airport is the fourth busiest airport in the Commonwealth of Virginia with more than 400 based aircraft and more than 30 businesses ranging from charter companies, avionics, maintenance, flight schools and aircraft services.

Rail transportation[edit]

Manassas began life as Manassas Junction, so named for the railroad junction between the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and the Manassas Gap Railroad. The O&A owned the railway from Alexandria through Manassas to points south, ending in Orange, Virginia, while the MGRR was an independent line constructed from Manassas Junction through the Manassas Gap westward. In addition Manassas was the site of the first large scale military use of railroad transportation.

These original routes are now owned by the Norfolk Southern railroad. Amtrak and the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) provide both regular and commuter service to the city and surrounding area on the tracks owned by NS. Three Amtrak routes, the Cardinal, the Northeast Regional and Crescent, provide service. The Cardinal terminates in Chicago, the Northeast Regional in Boston, while the Crescent ends at New Orleans. VRE is a very popular commuting option to Alexandria and Washington, D.C.. VRE has two stops located in the City of Manassas, one in downtown Manassas and one at the Manassas Regional Airport.

Education[edit]

The City of Manassas is served by the Manassas City Public Schools. There are five elementary schools in Manassas, one intermediate school, one middle school, and one high schools. In 2006, Mayfield Intermediate School opened, serving students in fifth and sixth grade.

Some schools in the Prince William County Public Schools district have Manassas addresses; they serve areas outside of the Manassas city limits and are located outside of the Manassas city limits.

Also in the vicinity of Manassas are branch campuses of American Public University System, George Mason University, Northern Virginia Community College, ECPI College of Technology and Strayer University. Despite that some of these may in fact be just outside the city limits in Prince William County, NVCC and Strayer call these branches their "Manassas Campuses."

List of public schools in Manassas:[27]

  • Baldwin Elementary School
  • Dean Elementary School
  • Haydon Elementary School
  • George C. Round Elementary School
  • Weems Elementary School
  • Joseph B. Johnson Learning Center
  • Mayfield Intermediate School
  • Grace E. Metz Middle School
  • Osbourn High School

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Manassas, VA ZIPs Retrieved November 22, 2009/April 6, 2012
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ Contributed by The Hornbook of Virginia History. "Cities of Virginia". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  5. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Manassas Civil War Commemorative Event, July 21–24, 2011". Historic Manassa, Inc. 
  7. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Climate Summary for Manassas, Virginia". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2014. 
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  15. ^ Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service (UVA)
  16. ^ a b American Community Survey (ACS)
  17. ^ City of Manassas, Department of Community Development
  18. ^ Virginia Employment Commission, 1st Quarter, 2012
  19. ^ "Manassas, Virginia (VA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  20. ^ "Manassas Profile | Manassas VA | Population, Crime, Map". Idcide.com. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  21. ^ [1][dead link]
  22. ^ "MONEY Magazine: Best Places to Live 2007: Manassas, VA snapshot". CNN. 
  23. ^ In Brief: Colgan Air to Move Headquarters Out of Manassas, Costing 100 Jobs. Washington Post. Sunday October 4, 2009. Retrieved on February 28, 2010.
  24. ^ Employment Colgan Air. July 3, 2001. Retrieved on February 28, 2010.
  25. ^ "MyPlumber Home Page". Myplumber.com. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  26. ^ Manassas Major Employers Retrieved March 20, 2012
  27. ^ "Manassas City Public Schools - MCPS Home". Manassas City Public Schools. 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-14. 
  28. ^ "Radio's Mike O'Meara". wcsh6.com. 2011-08-18. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  29. ^ AUDIO: Radio Host Mike O'Meara Blasts Adam Carolla's Anti-Occupy Rant. National Confidential (2011-12-03). Retrieved on 2014-03-21.
  30. ^ "Virginia church turns to Hindu temple [newKerala.com News # 140512-191333]". Newkerala.com. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  31. ^ "Trayvon Martin shooter George Zimmerman has Manassas ties". The Washington Post. March 22, 2012. 
  32. ^ "John Wayne and Lorena Bobbitt Trials: 1993 & 1994". Encyclopidia.com. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°45′05″N 77°28′35″W / 38.751415°N 77.476396°W / 38.751415; -77.476396