No. 630 Squadron RAF

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No. 630 Squadron RAF
Active 15 November 1943 – 18 July 1945
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Type Inactive
Role Bomber Squadron
Part of No. 5 Group RAF RAF Bomber Command
Base RAF East Kirkby, Lincolnshire
Motto Nocturna Mors
Latin: "Death by night"[1]
Insignia
Squadron Badge On an ogress, a Lancaster rose fimbriated[1][2]
Squadron Codes LE (Nov 1943 – Jul 1945)[3][4]
Aircraft flown
Bomber Avro Lancaster
Four-engined heavy bomber

No. 630 Squadron RAF was a heavy bomber squadron of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War.

History[edit]

Crew of Avro Lancaster "S for Sugar" of 630 Squadron on their return to RAF East Kirkby after bombing the marshalling yards at Juvisy-sur-Orge, France

The squadron was formed at RAF East Kirkby, near Spilsby in Lincolnshire on 15 November 1943 from 'B' Flight of No. 57 Squadron RAF, equipped with Lancaster Mk.I bombers as part of No. 5 Group RAF in Bomber Command. It re-equipped with Lancaster Mk.III bombers the same month, carrying out strategic bombing roles. Between 18/19 November 1943 and 25 April 1945, the squadron took part in many major raids, including each of the 16 big raids made by Bomber Command on the German capital during what became known as the "Battle of Berlin".

Operational service[edit]

Flight -Sergeant J Morgan, the rear gunner of an Avro Lancaster of No. 630 Squadron at RAF East Kirkby, checks his guns before taking off on a night raid on the marshalling yards at Juvisy-sur-Orge, France

The units first operation was the night of 18/19 November 1943 when 9 of its Lancasters bombed Berlin and its last bombing sortie was 25 April 1945 with 5 Lancasters bombing Berchtesgaden. Its last military operation was minelaying in Onions area (Oslofjord off Horten) on 25/26 April 1945.[1]

Following April 1945 the squadron became involved in Operation Exodus: ferrying POWs back to Britain, finally disbanding on 18 July 1945.[2][5]

Aircraft operated[edit]

Aircraft operated by no. 630 Squadron RAF, data from[1][2][5]
From To Aircraft Version
November 1943 July 1945 Avro Lancaster Mks.I & III

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Moyes 1976, p. 289.
  2. ^ a b c Halley 1988, pp. 441–442.
  3. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 66.
  4. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 88.
  5. ^ a b Jefford 2001, p. 102.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes, 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Copeman, Geoff D. Bomber Squadrons at War: Nos. 57 and 630 Squadrons. Phoenix Mill, UK: Alan Sutton Publishing Ltd., 1997. ISBN 0-7509-1710-5.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A full explanation and listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied air force unit codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Hawker, Douglas, DFC. With luck to spare. Preston, UK: Compaid Graphics, 2004. ISBN 1-900604-15-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • Moyes, Philip J.R. Bomber Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Macdonald and Jane's, 1964 (2nd edition 1976). ISBN 0-354-01027-1.
  • Ward, Chris. Royal Air Force Bomber Command Squadron Profiles: 630 Squadron – "Nocturna Mors" (Bomber Command Profile no. 124). Lutterworth, Berkshire, UK: Ward Publishing, 2000.

External links[edit]