No. 230 Squadron RAF

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No. 230 Squadron RAF
230 Squadron RAF.jpg
Active 20 Aug 1918 – 1 Apr 1923
1 Dec 1934 – 28 Feb 1957
1 Sep 1958 – 3 Dec 1971
1 January 1972 – 30 April 1992
4 May 1992 – present
Country United Kingdom United Kingdom
Branch Ensign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Role Support helicopter
Garrison/HQ RAF Benson
Motto (Malay): Kita chari jauh
(Translation: "We search far")[1][2]
Equipment Westland Puma
Battle honours
  • Home Waters 1918*
    * Mediterranean 1940–1943*
    * Egypt and Libya 1940–1943*
    * Greece 1940–1941*
    * Malta 1940–1942*
    * Eastern Waters 1943–1945*
    * North Burma 1944*
    * Burma 1945*
    * Gulf 1991
    Honours marked with an asterisk (*) may be emblazoned on the Squadron Standard[3]
Insignia
Squadron Badge In front of a palm tree eradicated, a tiger passant[1][2]
The badge commemorated the Squadron's association with Malaya, and bears a striking resemblance to the older labels on the bottles on the local Singaporean brew[4]
Squadron Codes FV (Apr 1939 – Sep 1939)[5]
NM (Sep 1939 – Jan 1943)[6]
DX (1942 – Dec 1942)[7]
4X (Apr 1946 – Apr 1951)[8]
B (Apr 1951 – 1956)[9]
230 (1956 – Feb 1957)
D Carried on Pumas (Odiham)[10]

No. 230 Squadron is an RAF squadron, currently based at RAF Benson. The squadron was part of Royal Air Force Germany, operating the Puma HC.1 there from 1980. Following the drawdown at the end of the Cold War, the squadron disbanded on 30 April 1992. This was short-lived however and the squadron reformed at RAF Aldergrove on 4 May 1992, again with the Puma HC.1.

The squadron is well experienced in night flying, almost a third of flights are undertaken after dark. The 2004 Future Capabilities chapter of the UK Defence White Paper, Delivering Security in a Changing World announced a plan to reduce the squadrons Puma force by 6 helicopters. It was announced in late 2008 that the squadron was to move to RAF Benson by 2010.[11]

History[edit]

Short Singapore III flying boat of 230 squadron at Alexandria, mid-1930s.

First formation[edit]

No. 230 Squadron was formed on 20 August 1918 at Felixstowe, consisting of three Flights. No.327 and 328 Flight used Felixstowe F.2 and F.2A flying boats and Fairey IIIs for maritime reconnaissance, whilst No.487 Flight flew Sopwith Camels on escort duties. At the end of World War I the squadron was retained as one of the few RAF coastal units. In 1920 the squadron got Felixstowe F.5 flying boats, and it moved to RAF Calshot in May 1922, where on 1 April 1923 it was renumbered to 480 Flight RAF.

First reformation[edit]

On 1 December 1934 No. 230 Squadron was reformed at RAF Pembroke Dock with Short Singapore flying boats. The Squadron used the Singapore till 1938, serving from Aboukir, Alexandria, Lake Timsah and after a short return to the UK, RAF Seletar. In 22 June 1938 the first Short Sunderland flying boat arrived,[12] the aircraft the Squadron would be equipped with for the next 20 years, in fact until 28 February 1957 when the Squadron was disbanded at Pembroke Dock.[13]

Second reformation[edit]

On 1 September 1958 No. 215 Squadron RAF at Dishforth was renumbered 230 Squadron, flying Scottish Aviation Pioneer light transport aircraft. From 1960 these were augmented with Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer aircraft. Westland Whirlwind HC.10 helicopters began to arrive in June 1962 to become the Squadron's standard equipment. In January 1963 No.230 Squadron moved to RAF Gütersloh, West Germany, returning to the UK in January 1965 before being transferred to Borneo. In 1967 the Squadron returned to the UK and in November 1971 began to convert to the Aérospatiale Puma HC.1 at RAF Odiham. On 14th October 1980, the squadron moved back to RAF Gütersloh, West Germany where they remained until being disbanded and reformed at RAF Aldergrove, Northern Ireland in April 1992.

230 sqn was one of two Northern Ireland based squadrons of the Royal Air Force, the other being 72 Squadron (equipped with Westland Wessex HC2s). 230 Squadron's 18 Puma aircraft were rotated with No. 33 Squadron's 15 Pumas to even out flight hours amongst the fleet (Northern Ireland based helicopters had a much higher operational tempo). In 230 Sqn service the main role of the fleet was tactical transport of the Security Forces, including the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), Police Service of Northern Ireland and the British Army, either to patrol points or one of the military bases dotted around Northern Ireland. A well travelled route for the Pumas, as well as for the visiting Chinooks of 7 and 18 Squadrons was to the Royal Irish Regiment camp at Ballykinler, South Down.[citation needed]

On 17 Nov 2009, 230 Squadron eventually left Northern Ireland for RAF Benson in Oxfordshire (together with 33 Squadron from RAF Odiham) after 17 years in province.[14]

The Puma HC1 was withdrawn from service in December 2012 and is to be replaced with the HC2.

A Westland Puma of 230 Squadron

Aircraft operated[edit]

Aircraft operated by no. 230 Squadron RAF, data from[15][16][17][18]
From To Aircraft Version Notes
August 1918 March 1919 Curtiss H.12 H.16 [19]
September 1918 December 1918 Sopwith Camel No. 487 Flight
October 1918 June 1921 Fairey III B, C Nos. 327 and 328 Flight
August 1918 April 1923 Felixstowe F.2 A, F.3 Nos. 327 and 328 Flight
January 1920 April 1923 Felixstowe F.5
April 1935 November 1938 Short Singapore Mk.III
June 1938 January 1943 Short Sunderland Mk.I
June 1941 March 1942 Dornier Do 22 K Ex-Yugoslav air force no. 2 squadron
June 1941 March 1942 Rogožarski SIM-XIV H Ex-Yugoslav air force no. 2 squadron[20]
December 1941 January 1943 Short Sunderland Mk.II
April 1942 March 1945 Short Sunderland Mk.III
January 1945 February 1957 Short Sunderland Mk.V
September 1958 March 1960 Scottish Aviation Pioneer CC.1
January 1960 December 1962 Scottish Aviation Twin Pioneer CC.1/CC.2
June 1962 December 1971 Westland Whirlwind HAR.10
October 1971 December 2012 Westland Puma HC.1

Squadron bases[edit]

Bases and airfields used by no. 230 Squadron RAF, data from[15][16][17][21]
From To Base Remark
20 August 1918 7 May 1922 RAF Felixstowe, Suffolk
7 May 1922 1 April 1923 RAF Calshot, Hampshire
1 December 1934 2 October 1935 RAF Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, Wales Air echelon left 23 September 1935
23 September 1935 2 October 1935 En route to Egypt
2 October 1935 24 October 1935 RAF Aboukir, Egypt
24 October 1935 25 November 1935 RAF Alexandria/Maryut, Egypt
25 November 1935 1 December 1935 Lake Timsah, Egypt
1 December 1935 7 August 1936 Alexandria/Maryut, Egypt Air echelon left 30 July 1936
30 July 1936 3 August 1936 En route to UK
3 August 1936 14 October 1936 RAF Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, Wales
14 October 1936 8 January 1937 En route to Far East
8 January 1937 13 February 1940 RAF Seletar, Malaya
15 October 1939 27 October 1939 Penang/Gelugor, Malaya Detachment
27 October 1939 30 October 1939 Trincomalee, Ceylon Detachment
30 October 1939 23 November 1939 RAF Colombo, Ceylon Detachment
23 November 1939 13 February 1940 RAF Koggala, Ceylon Detachment
13 February 1940 2 May 1940 RAF Koggala, Ceylon
2 May 1940 6 May 1940 En route to Egypt
6 May 1940 19 June 1941 Alexandria/Maryut, Egypt
12 December 1940 18 April 1941 Skaramagas, Greece Detachment
19 June 1941 3 July 1942 RAF Aboukir, Egypt
3 July 1942 28 July 1942 Kasfareet/Fanara (Great Bitter Lake), Egypt
28 July 1942 9 January 1943 RAF Aboukir, Egypt
9 January 1943 7 February 1944 Dar es Salaam, Tanganyika Territory
1 June 1943 7 November 1943 RAF Aboukir, Egypt Detachment
7 February 1944 17 April 1945 RAF Koggala, Ceylon
17 April 1945 23 May 1945 RAF Akyab, Burma
23 May 1945 1 August 1945 RAF Rangoon, Burma
1 August 1945 1 December 1945 Red Hills Lake, Madras, British India
1 December 1945 15 April 1946 RAF Seletar, Singapore
15 April 1946 10 August 1946 RAF Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, Wales
10 August 1946 16 September 1946 RAF Castle Archdale (Lower Lough Erne), County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland
16 September 1946 16 February 1949 RAF Calshot, Hampshire
4 July 1948 18 December 1948 Finkenwerder, Hamburg, West-Germany Detachment Berlin airlift
16 February 1949 28 February 1957 RAF Pembroke Dock, Pembrokeshire, Wales
1 September 1958 27 November 1958 RAF Dishforth, North Yorkshire
27 November 1958 7 April 1959 RAF Nicosia, Cyprus
7 April 1959 1 May 1959 RAF Dishforth, North Yorkshire
1 Mauy 1959 30 May 1960 RAF Upavon, Wiltshire
30 May 1960 14 January 1963 RAF Odiham, Hampshire
September 1960 September 1961 Mamfe, Cameroon Detachment
14 January 1963 1 January 1965 RAF Gütersloh, West-Germany Detachment at Nicosia, Cyprus
1 January 1965 10 March 1965 RAF Odiham, Hampshire
10 March 1965 14 November 1966 Labuan, Malaysia
14 November 1966 25 November 1966 En route to UK
25 November 1966 10 March 1969 RAF Odiham, Hampshire Detachment at Nicosia, Cyprus
10 March 1969 3 December 1971 RAF Wittering, Cambridgeshire Detachment at Nicosia, Cyprus
1 October 1971 1 January 1972 RAF Odiham Training as No.230 Sqn (Puma Echelon)
1 January 1972 14 October 1980 RAF Odiham, Hampshire
14 October 1980 30 April 1992 RAF Gütersloh, West-Germany Dets. at Belize and Northern Ireland
November 1990 April 1991 Ras-Al-Ghar, Saudi Arabia Detachment for Operation Granby
4 May 1992 17 November 2009 RAF Aldergrove, County Antrim
August 1995 October 1995 Bosnia Detachment
17 November 2009 present RAF Benson, Oxfordshire

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b Rawlings 1982, p. 156.
  2. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 297.
  3. ^ "230 Squadron". www.rafweb.org. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 26 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Warner 2004, pp. 34–36.
  5. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 14.
  6. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 76.
  7. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, pp. 31–32.
  8. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 116.
  9. ^ Bowyer and Rawlings 1979, p. 126.
  10. ^ Flintham and Thomas 2003, p. 199.
  11. ^ "Job cuts over RAF Aldergrove exit". news.bbc.co.uk (BBC). 24 April 2008. Retrieved 26 March 2011. 
  12. ^ Rawlings 1969, p. 242.
  13. ^ Rawlings 1969, p.244.
  14. ^ Air International January 2010, p.7.
  15. ^ a b Rawlings 1982, p. 157.
  16. ^ a b Halley 1988, p. 298.
  17. ^ a b Jefford 2001, pp. 76–77.
  18. ^ Warner 2004, p. 174.
  19. ^ Jefford 2001, p. 76.
  20. ^ Warner 2004, p. 171.
  21. ^ Warner 2004, pp. 182–184.
Bibliography
  • Bowyer, Michael J.F. and John D.R. Rawlings. Squadron Codes 1937–56. Cambridge, UK: Patrick Stephens Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-85059-364-6.
  • Deller, Alan W. The Kid Glove Pilot: A Personal Account of Flying Sunderlands in World War Two. Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland: Colourpoint Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904242-20-0.
  • Docherty, Tom. Hunt Like a Tiger: 230 Squadron at War, 1939–45. Bognor Regis, West Sussex, UK: Woodfield Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-903953-37-5.
  • Flintham, Vic and Andrew Thomas. Combat Codes: A Full Explanation and Listing of British, Commonwealth and Allied Air Force Unit Codes since 1938. Shrewsbury, Shropshire, UK: Airlife Publishing Ltd., 2003. ISBN 1-84037-281-8.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1980. ISBN 0-85130-083-9.
  • Halley, James J. The Squadrons of the Royal Air Force & Commonwealth, 1918–1988. Tonbridge, Kent, UK: Air Britain (Historians) Ltd., 1988. ISBN 0-85130-164-9.
  • Jefford, Wing Commander C.G., MBE,BA,RAF (Retd). RAF Squadrons, a Comprehensive Record of the Movement and Equipment of all RAF Squadrons and their Antecedents since 1912. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing, 2001. ISBN 1-84037-141-2.
  • "Operation Tiger 9". Air International, January 2010, Vol. 78, No. 1. p. 7.
  • Rawlings, J.D.R. "History of 230 Squadron". Air Pictorial, July 1969. Vol. 31 No.7. pp. 242–244.
  • Rawlings, John D.R. Coastal, Support and Special Squadrons of the RAF and their Aircraft. London: Jane's Publishing Company Ltd., 1982. ISBN 0-7106-0187-5.
  • Warner, Guy. No. 230 Squadron Royal Air Force "Kita chari jauh – We search far". Newtownards, County Down, Northern Ireland: Colourpoint Books, 2004. ISBN 1-904242-33-2.

External links[edit]