European Parliament constituency

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European Parliament election constituencies, 2009

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected by the population of the member states of the European Union (EU), divided into constituencies.

In six EU member states (Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom), the national territory is divided into a number of constituencies. In the remaining member states, the whole country forms a single constituency. In Germany, political parties are entitled to present lists of candidates either at Länder or national level.

Currently, all member states hold elections to the European Parliament (EP) using various forms of proportional representation.[note 1]

The number of representatives per head of population varies widely across constituencies. For example, 75,000 German speaking Belgians have one representative, while Sardinia and Sicily have one seat for every 943,000 people.

Data are for the 2009–2014 legislature. Between brackets are the number of seats before the 2007 accession of Bulgaria and Romania.

Constituency State Area/
Community
Seats Pop. Pop.
per Seat
Dutch-speaking electoral college Belgium Flemish Community 13 (14) 6,300,000 484,000
French-speaking electoral college Belgium French Community of Belgium 8 (9) 4,200,000 525,000
German-speaking electoral college Belgium German-speaking Community of Belgium 1 (1) 75,000 75,000
North-West France France Lower Normandy, Upper Normandy, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardy 10 9,150,000 762,000
West France France Brittany, Pays-de-la-Loire, Poitou-Charentes 9 8,000,000 804,000
East France France Alsace, Burgundy, Champagne-Ardenne, Franche-Comté, Lorraine 9 8,200,000 820,000
South-West France France Aquitaine, Languedoc-Roussillon, Midi-Pyrénées 10 8,200,000 819,000
South-East France France Corsica, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Rhône-Alpes 13 10,800,000 833,000
Loire, Massif Central France Auvergne, Centre, Limousin 5 4,500,000 753,000
Île-de-France France Île-de-France (including Paris) 13 11,300,000 805,000
Overseas Territories of France France French overseas departments and territories 3 2,500,000 820,000
Dublin Ireland County Dublin 3 1,190,000 400,000
East Ireland Counties Carlow, Kildare, Kilkenny, Laois, Louth, Meath, Offaly, Wexford and Wicklow 3 1,100,000 367,000
South Ireland Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary North, Tipperary South and Waterford 3 1,100,000 367,000
North-West Ireland Counties Cavan, Clare, Donegal, Galway, Leitrim, Longford, Mayo, Monaghan, Roscommon, Sligo and Westmeath 3 880,000 293,000
North-West Italy Aosta Valley, Liguria, Lombardy, Piedmont 23 15,000,000 653,000
North-East Italy Emilia-Romagna, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, Veneto 15 10,700,000 714,000
Central Italy Latium, Marche, Tuscany, Umbria 16 10,900,000 681,000
Southern Italy Abruzzo, Apulia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Molise 17 13,800,000 816,000
Islands (Italy) Italy Sardinia, Sicily 7 6,600,000 943,000
Pomeranian Poland Pomeranian Voivodeship 2 2,200,000 1,100,000
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Poland Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship 3 2,000,000 666,000
Podlaskie and Warmian-Masurian Poland Podlaskie Voivodeship and Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship 2 2,600,000* 1,300,000*
Warsaw Poland City of Warsaw and part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Grodzisk Mazowiecki, Legionowo, Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki, Otwock, Piaseczno, Pruszków, Warsaw West and Wołomin) 6 2,660,000* 440,000*
Masovian Poland The remaining part of the Masovian Voivodeship (powiats: Ciechanów, Gostyń, Mława, Płock, Płońsk, Przasnysz, Sierpc, Sochaczew, Żuromin, Żyrardów, Białobrzegi, Grójec, Kozienice, Lipsko, Przysucha, Radom, Szydłowiec, Zwoleń, Garwolin, Łosice, Maków, Mińsk, Ostrołęka, Ostrów Mazowiecka, Pułtusk, Siedlce, Sokołów, Węgrów, Wyszków and the cities of Płock, Radom, Ostrołęka and Siedlce) 3 3,464,000* 1,155,000*
Łódź Poland Łódź Voivodeship 4 2,500,000 625,000
Greater Poland Poland Greater Poland Voivodeship 5 3,300,000 660,000
Lublin Poland Lublin Voivodeship 4 2,100,000 525,000
Subcarpathian Poland Subcarpathian Voivodeship 2 2,000,000 1,000,000
Lesser Poland and Świętokrzyskie Poland Lesser Poland Voivodeship and Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship 8 4,550,000* 569,000*
Silesian Poland Silesian Voivodeship 8 4,600,000 575,000
Lower Silesian and Opole Poland Lower Silesian Voivodeship and Opole Voivodeship 7 3,930,000* 561,000*
Lubusz and West Pomeranian Poland Lubusz Voivodeship and West Pomeranian Voivodeship 2 2,700,000* 1,350,000*
London United Kingdom Greater London 8 7,400,000 822,000
South East England United Kingdom South East 10 8,000,000 800,000
South West England United Kingdom South West, Gibraltar 6 4,900,000 700,000
West Midlands United Kingdom West Midlands 6 5,200,000 740,000
North West England United Kingdom North West 8 6,700,000 745,000
North East England United Kingdom North East 3 2,500,000 833,000
Yorkshire and the Humber United Kingdom Yorkshire and the Humber 6 5,100,000 816,000
East Midlands United Kingdom East Midlands 5 4,100,000 683,000
East of England United Kingdom Eastern 7 5,400,000 770,000
Northern Ireland United Kingdom Northern Ireland 3 1,700,000 566,000
Scotland United Kingdom Scotland 6 5,000,000 714,000
Wales United Kingdom Wales 4 3,000,000 725,000
Germany Germany Germany 99 (99) 82,000,000 828,000
Spain Spain Spain 50 (54) 47,000,000 940,000
Romania Romania Romania 35 (n/a) 20,000,000 571,000
Netherlands Netherlands Netherlands 25 (27) 16,500,000 660,000
Greece Greece Greece 22 (24) 11,300,000 513,000
Portugal Portugal Portugal 22 (24) 10,500,000 477,000
Czech Republic Czech Republic Czech Republic 22 (24) 10,500,000 477,000
Hungary Hungary Hungary 22 (24) 10,000,000 454,000
Sweden Sweden Sweden 18 (19) 9,400,000 522,000
Austria Austria Austria 17 (18) 8,400,000 494,000
Bulgaria Bulgaria Bulgaria 18 (n/a) 7,300,000 405,000
Denmark Denmark Denmark 13 (14) 5,500,000 423,000
Slovakia Slovakia Slovakia 13 (14) 5,400,000 315,000
Finland Finland Finland 13 (14) 5,400,000 315,000
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuania 12 (13) 3,200,000 266,000
Latvia Latvia Latvia 8 (9) 2,200,000 275,000
Slovenia Slovenia Slovenia 7 (7) 2,000,000 285,000
Estonia Estonia Estonia 6 (6) 1,300,000 216,000
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus 6 (6) 840,000 140,000
Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg 6 (6) 500,000 83,000
Malta Malta Malta 5 (5) 410,000 82,000
Total 736 (785) ±500,000,000 ±680,000

* Rough estimation

Full lists[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The German-speaking electoral college in Belgium has only one seat, thus its election is essentially first-past-the-post.