President of Serbia and Montenegro

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President of
Serbia and Montenegro
Former political post
Standard of the President of Serbia and Montenegro.svg
Standard of the President of
Serbia and Montenegro
Marovic.jpg
Successor Serbia Boris Tadić
Montenegro Filip Vujanović
First officeholder Dobrica Ćosić
Last officeholder Svetozar Marović
Office began 15 June 1992
Office ended 3 June 2006

The President of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Predsednik Srbije i Crne Gore) was the head of state of Serbia and Montenegro. From its establishment in 1992 until 2003, when the country was reconstituted as a confederacy (state union) via constitutional reform, the head of state was known as the President of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Predsednik Savezne Republike Jugoslavije). With the constitutional reforms of 2003 and the merging of the offices of head of government and head of state, the full title of the president was President of Serbia and Montenegro and Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian: Predsednik Srbije i Crne Gore i Predsednik Saveta ministara Srbije i Crne Gore). In 2006 the office was abolished as the state union was dissolved, with Serbia and Montenegro becoming independent countries.

Authority[edit]

As head of state, the President had the power to

  • represent the country at home and abroad
  • appoint and recall heads of diplomatic and consular missions
  • receive letters of credence and recall from foreign diplomatic representatives
  • confer medals and other decorations
  • promulgate laws passed by the Parliament
  • call for parliamentary elections

In 2003, the powers of the president were extended to include the right to chair the Council of Ministers and propose the composition of the Council of Ministers to the parliament, effectively merging the powers of the head of government into the office.

Elections[edit]

From 1992 to 2000, the president was elected at the proposal of the President and Vice President of the Federal Assembly of Yugoslavia for a four-year term. After the constitutional amendments of 2000, direct elections for the office of President were introduced. After the constitutional reforms of 2003, the president was elected at the proposal of the President and Vice President of the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro for a four-year term. The President of Serbia and Montenegro was a member of the Supreme Defence Council together with President of Serbia and President of Montenegro.

The results of the direct presidential elections of 2000 were as follows:

Candidate Nominator Votes %
Vojislav Koštunica Democratic Opposition of Serbia 2,470,304 50.24
Slobodan Milošević Socialist Party of Serbia 1,826,799 37.15
Tomislav Nikolić Serbian Radical Party 289,013 5.88
Vojislav Mihailović Serbian Renewal Movement 145,019 2.95
Miodrag Vidojković Affirmative Party 45,964 0.93
Total (turnout 71.5%) 4,778,929 100.0
Invalid 137,991
Total votes 4,916,920
Eligible voters 6,871,595

Presidents[edit]

There were seven Presidents of FR Yugoslavia (two acting) after its assertion of independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) in 1992 up until its dissolution in 2006. Svetozar Marović of the Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro was the only President of Serbia and Montenegro after its constitutional reforms and reconstitution as a confederacy. He was inaugurated on March 7, 2003. After the declaration of independence of Montenegro, on June 3, 2006, the President announced on June 4, 2006 the termination of his office.[1]

      Socialist Party of Serbia       Democratic Party of Serbia       Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro       Independent

No. Head of State Lifespan Took office Left office Party Representing Note
Presidents of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
1992-2003
1 Dobrica Ćosić Dobrica Ćosić 1921– 15 June 1992 1 June 1993 Independent Serbia
N/A Miloš Radulović Miloš Radulović
(acting)
1929– 1 June 1993 25 June 1993 Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Montenegro Acting
2 Zoran Lilić Zoran Lilić 1953– 25 June 1993 25 June 1997 Socialist Party of Serbia Serbia
N/A Srđa Božović Srđa Božović
(acting)
1955– 25 June 1997 23 July 1997 Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Montenegro Acting
3 Slobodan Milošević Slobodan Milošević 1941–2006 23 July 1997 7 October 2000 Socialist Party of Serbia Serbia Forced to step down in the Bulldozer Revolution.
4 Vojislav Koštunica Vojislav Koštunica 1944– 7 October 2000 7 March 2003 Democratic Party of Serbia Serbia
President of Serbia and Montenegro
2003-2006
5 Svetozar Marović Svetozar Marović 1955– 7 March 2003 3 June 2006 Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro Montenegro Also head of government as
the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Serbia and Montenegro (offices merged).

Living former Presidents[edit]

Name Term Date of birth
Dobrica Ćosić 1992–1993 29 December 1921
Zoran Lilić 1993–1997 27 August 1953
Vojislav Koštunica 2000–2003 24 March 1944
Svetozar Marović 2003–2006 31 March 1955

See also[edit]

References[edit]