Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Predsjedništvo Bosne i Hercegovine
Предсједништво Босне и Херцеговине
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
Presidential Standard
Mladen Ivanić crop.jpg
Incumbent
Mladen Ivanić

since 17 November 2014
Residence Presidency Building, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Appointer Popularly Elected
Term length Eight months
Inaugural holder Alija Izetbegović
Formation 5 October 1996
Website Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coat of arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina the three-member body which collectively serves as head of state of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Overview[edit]

According to the Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of three members: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation and one Serb elected from the Republika Srpska. Together, they serve one four-year term.

The member with the most votes becomes the chairman unless he or she was the incumbent chairman at the time of the election, but the chairmanship rotates every eight months, to ensure equality.

Current members[edit]

Member of Presidency Joined Presidency Party Entity Chairmen term
Bakir Izetbegović Izetbegović, Bakir.jpg
10 November 2010
2nd term
SDA
Federation of BiH
Bosniak
10 March 2012 – 10 November 2012
10 March 2014 – 17 November 2014
Dragan Čović Dragan Covic (cropped).jpg
17 November 2014
2nd term
HDZ BiH
Federation of BiH
Croat
2 April 2003 – 10 April 2003
27 June 2003 – 28 February 2004
Mladen Ivanić Mladen Ivanić crop.jpg
17 November 2014
1st term
PDP
Republika Srpska
Serb
17 November 2014 – 10 July 2015

Powers, duties and responsibilities[edit]

The Presidency is responsible for:

  • Conducting the foreign policy of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Appointing ambassadors and other international representatives, no more than two thirds of which may come from the Federation;
  • Representing Bosnia and Herzegovina in European and international organizations and institutions and seeking membership in such organizations and institutions of which it is not a member;
  • Negotiating, denouncing, and, with the consent of the Parliamentary Assembly, ratifying treaties of Bosnia and Herzegovina;
  • Executing decisions of the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Proposing, upon the recommendation of the Council of Ministers, an annual budget to the Parliamentary Assembly;
  • Reporting as requested, but no less than annually, to the Parliamentary Assembly on expenditures by the Presidency;
  • Coordinating as necessary with international and nongovernmental organizations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and;
  • Performing such other functions as may be necessary to carry out its duties, as may be assigned to it by the Parliamentary Assembly, or as may be agreed by the Entities.

Members of Presidency[edit]

More than 95% of population of Bosnia and Herzegovina belongs to one of its three constituent nations: Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. According to the Constitution, the Presidency consists of three members: one Bosniak and one Croat elected from the Federation and one Serb elected from the Republika Srpska.

The Presidency Building is located in central Sarajevo.

List of Bosniak members[edit]

  1. Alija Izetbegović (14 March 1996 – 15 October 2000)
  2. Halid Genjac (15 October 2000 – 30 March 2001)
  3. Beriz Belkić (30 March 2001 – 5 October 2002)
  4. Sulejman Tihić (5 October 2002 – 6 November 2006)
  5. Haris Silajdžić (6 November 2006 – 10 November 2010)
  6. Bakir Izetbegović (10 November 2010 – Incumbent)

List of Croat members[edit]

  1. Krešimir Zubak (14 March 1996 – 13 October 1998)
  2. Ante Jelavić (13 October 1998 – 7 March 2001)
  3. Jozo Križanović (7 March 2001 – 5 October 2002)
  4. Dragan Čović (5 October 2002 – 9 May 2005)
  5. Ivo Miro Jović (9 May 2005 – 6 November 2006)
  6. Željko Komšić (6 November 2006 – 17 November 2014)
  7. Dragan Čović (17 November 2014 – Incumbent)

List of Serb members[edit]

  1. Momčilo Krajišnik (14 March 1996 – 13 October 1998)
  2. Živko Radišić (13 October 1998 – 5 October 2002)
  3. Mirko Šarović (5 October 2002 – 2 April 2003)
  4. Borislav Paravac (2 April 2003 – 6 November 2006)
  5. Nebojša Radmanović (6 November 2006 – 17 November 2014)
  6. Mladen Ivanić (17 November 2014 – Incumbent)

History and period before elections (1945–1992)[edit]

Heads of State of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Presidency of the early Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

When the country declared independence in 1992, the Presidency consisted of:

Over the course of the Bosnian war, the Presidency underwent several changes: the Serb members Plavšić and Koljević, as well as the Croat member Boras, left the Presidency early on and were replaced by Nenad Kecmanović, Mirko Pejanović and Ivo Komšić, respectively. Kecmanović soon also left, and was replaced by Tatjana Ljujić-Mijatović. After a while, Abdić was replaced with Nijaz Duraković.

Presidency elections[edit]

Presidency elected in 1996[edit]

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 1998[edit]

Elected members:

Živko Radišić with 52% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first 8 months; Ante Jelavić with 52% of the Croat vote followed Radišić in the rotation; Alija Izetbegović with 87% of the Bosniak vote won the highest number of votes in the election but was ineligible to serve a second term until Radišić and Jelavić had each served a first term as Chairman of the Presidency. Ante Jelavić was replaced by Jozo Križanović for the remainder of his term based on a decision issued by Wolfgang Petritsch, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Presidency elected in 2002[edit]

Elected members:

Mirko Šarović with 35.5% of the Serb vote was elected chairman of the collective presidency for the first eight months; Dragan Čović received 61.5% of the Croat vote; Sulejman Tihić received 37% of the Bosniak vote.

Mirko Šarović resigned in 2003 due to his implication in the scandal regarding the selling of arms to Iraq. The Parliament replaced him with Borislav Paravac.

Dragan Čović was dismissed by the High Representative Paddy Ashdown, after Čović was indicted for financial corruption; however, the trial hasn't taken place yet. The Parliament replaced him with Ivo Miro Jović.

Presidency elected in 2006[edit]

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 2010[edit]

Elected members:

Presidency elected in 2014[edit]

Elected members:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]