|This article relies on references to primary sources. (July 2008)|
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The Prometheus Award is an award for libertarian science fiction novels given annually by the Libertarian Futurist Society, which also publishes a quarterly journal Prometheus. L. Neil Smith established the award in 1979, but it was not awarded regularly until the newly founded Libertarian Futurist Society revived it in 1982. The Society created a Hall of Fame Award (for classic works of libertarian science fiction, not necessarily novels) in 1983, and also presents occasional one-off awards.
Multiple recipients 
A few authors have won the award for best novel more than once:
- F Paul Wilson (twice)
- James P Hogan (twice)
- Vernor Vinge (twice)
- Ken Macleod (three times)
- L Neil Smith (three times)
- Victor Koman (three times)
Anyone may join the Libertarian Futurist Society at various levels: Basic, Full, or Full plus Committee.
Books published in a given year are eligible (although books from the last few months of the previous year are also eligible if it is felt that they have been overlooked).
- All members may nominate novels for the award.
- Members of the Best Novel Committee read at least 10-12 of the nominated novels and vote for a slate of 5 finalists.
- Full members (a higher price tier of membership) then vote on the finalists.
Step 2 happens in the first few months of the following year.
Step 3 happens in early summer of the following year.
Prometheus Award recipients 
- 1979 – F. Paul Wilson, Wheels Within Wheels
- 1980 – award not given
- 1981 – award not given
- 1982 – L. Neil Smith, The Probability Broach
- 1983 – James P. Hogan, Voyage from Yesteryear
- 1984 – J. Neil Schulman, The Rainbow Cadenza
- 1985 – award not given
- 1986 – Victor Milan, Cybernetic Samurai
- 1987 – Vernor Vinge, Marooned in Realtime
- 1988 – Victor Koman, The Jehovah Contract
- 1989 – Brad Linaweaver, Moon of Ice
- 1990 – Victor Koman, Solomon's Knife
- 1991 – Michael Flynn, In the Country of the Blind
- 1992 – Larry Niven, Jerry Pournelle and Michael Flynn, Fallen Angels
- 1993 – James P. Hogan, The Multiplex Man
- 1994 – L. Neil Smith, Pallas
- 1995 – Poul Anderson, The Stars are also Fire
- 1996 – Ken MacLeod, The Star Fraction
- 1997 – Victor Koman, Kings of the High Frontier
- 1998 – Ken MacLeod, The Stone Canal
- 1999 – John Varley, The Golden Globe
- 2000 – Vernor Vinge, A Deepness in the Sky
- 2001 – L. Neil Smith, The Forge of the Elders
- 2002 – Donald Kingsbury, Psychohistorical Crisis
- 2003 – Terry Pratchett, Night Watch
- 2004 – F. Paul Wilson, Sims
- 2005 – Neal Stephenson, The System of the World
- 2006 – Ken MacLeod, Learning the World
- 2007 – Charles Stross, Glasshouse
- 2008 – Harry Turtledove, The Gladiator and Jo Walton, Ha'Penny
- 2009 – Cory Doctorow, Little Brother
- 2010 – Dani Kollin and Eytan Kollin, The Unincorporated Man
- 2011 – Sarah Hoyt, Darkship Thieves
- 2012 - Ernest Cline, Ready Player One, and Delia Sherman "The Freedom Maze"
Hall of Fame Award recipients 
- 1983 – Robert A. Heinlein, The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress and Ayn Rand, Atlas Shrugged
- 1984 – George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four and Ray Bradbury, Fahrenheit 451
- 1985 – Poul Anderson, Trader to the Stars and Eric Frank Russell, The Great Explosion
- 1986 – Cyril Kornbluth, The Syndic; Robert Anton Wilson and Robert Shea, Illuminatus! trilogy
- 1987 – Robert A. Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land and Ayn Rand, Anthem
- 1988 – Alfred Bester, The Stars My Destination
- 1989 – J. Neil Schulman, Alongside Night
- 1990 – F. Paul Wilson, The Healer
- 1991 – F. Paul Wilson, An Enemy of the State
- 1992 – Ira Levin, This Perfect Day
- 1993 – Ursula K. Le Guin, The Dispossessed
- 1994 – Yevgeny Zamyatin, We
- 1995 – Poul Anderson, The Star Fox
- 1996 – Robert A. Heinlein, Red Planet
- 1997 – Robert A. Heinlein, Methuselah's Children
- 1998 – Robert A. Heinlein, Time Enough for Love
- 1999 – H. Beam Piper and John J. McGuire, A Planet for Texans a.k.a. Lone Star Planet
- 2000 – Hans Christian Andersen, "The Emperor's New Clothes"
- 2001 – Jerry Pournelle and John F. Carr: editors, The Survival of Freedom
- 2002 – Patrick McGoohan, The Prisoner (TV series)
- 2003 – Robert A. Heinlein, Requiem
- 2004 – Vernor Vinge, The Ungoverned
- 2005 – A. E. van Vogt, The Weapon Shops of Isher
- 2006 – Alan Moore (author) and David Lloyd (illustrator), V for Vendetta graphic novel
- 2007 – Sinclair Lewis, It Can't Happen Here and Vernor Vinge, True Names
- 2008 – Anthony Burgess, A Clockwork Orange
- 2009 – J. R. R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings
- 2010 – Poul Anderson, "No Truce with Kings"
- 2011 – George Orwell, Animal Farm
- 2012 – E. M. Forster, "The Machine Stops"
Special Award recipients 
- 1998 – Brad Linaweaver and Edward E. Kramer: editors, Free Space (anthology)
- 2001 – Poul Anderson, Special Prometheus Award for Lifetime Achievement
- 2005 – Mark Tier and Martin H. Greenberg: editors, Give Me Liberty and Visions of Liberty (anthologies for Baen Books)
- 2005 – L. Neil Smith (writer) and Scott Bieser (illustrator), The Probability Broach: The Graphic Novel
- 2006 – Joss Whedon (writer-director), Serenity
- 2007 – James McTeigue (director) and the Wachowski brothers (screenplay), V for Vendetta (Motion Picture)
See also 
- Holland, Steve. The Guardian, Obituary: James P Hogan, 6 August 2010