Stefan Molyneux

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Stefan Molyneux
Stefan Molyneux 2014-02-10.jpg
Stefan Molyneux in 2014
Born Stefan Basil Molyneux
(1966-09-24) September 24, 1966 (age 47)
Athlone, Ireland
Nationality Canadian
Alma mater University of Toronto
Occupation Author, public speaker, host of Freedomain Radio
Books Universally Preferable Behaviour
Practical Anarchy
Main interests Voluntaryism, dispute resolution organizations, Non-aggression principle, secular ethics, moral universalism, strong atheism
Influences Socrates,[1] Ayn Rand,[2] Harry Browne[3]
Website
freedomainradio.com

Stefan Basil Molyneux (/stɛˈfɑːn ˈmɑːlɪnj/; born September 24, 1966) is a Canadian author, and public speaker, and host of Freedomain Radio.[note 1] Molyneux's areas of interest include libertarian political philosophy, voluntaryism based on the non-aggression principle, secular ethics, strong atheism, cryptocurrency (Bitcoin), history, non-violent parenting, and familial relationship issues. He has self-published eight non-fiction books, and his essays have been published on libertarian websites such as LewRockwell.com and antiwar.com. He has spoken at several political and technology conferences and has appeared on television, radio, and podcasts to discuss his views.

Molyneux left a career in the software industry and now describes himself as a philosopher.[4] His online show, Freedomain Radio, has produced over 1,500 YouTube videos and 2,700 podcasts as of June 2014. It presents commentary from Molyneux and interviews with guests on topics such as philosophy, politics, and psychology.

Early life[edit]

Molyneux was born in Ireland, but lived in England and Africa as a boy before settling in Canada when he was about 12 years old.[5] As a teenager, Molyneux was engrossed in computer programming, often spending free time in his school's computer lab.

In university, Molyneux initially studied acting and writing.[6] After attending the Glendon College of York University, where he was a member of Theatre Glendon[7] and the Debating Society,[8] he spent two years at the National Theatre School of Canada graduating in 1990.[6] Molyneux received a B.A. in History from McGill University in 1991 and an M.A. in History from University of Toronto in 1993.[6][9] According to Molyneux, he focused on the history of philosophy and his thesis analyzed "the political implications of the philosophies of Immanuel Kant, G.W.F. Hegel, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke".[4]

After graduation, Molyneux returned to his interest in programming. In early 1995, he and his brother Hugh Molyneux founded Caribou Systems Corporation, a provider of environmental management information system software headquartered in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto. Stefan held the position of Chief Technology Officer until the company was sold in 2000.[6][10][11]

Molyneux's first fiction book Revolutions, set in late 19th century Russia, was completed in 1991, and published in 2002 by PublishAmerica.[5] In 2002, Molyneux graduated from the Humber School for Writers where he completed a fiction book The God Of Atheists.[9] His play Seduction (adapted from Turgenev's Fathers and Sons) appeared on stage in Toronto. His co-written 1998 short film After, based on his original short story about a soldier returning home from war, was a top 10 finalist at the Hollywood Film Festival[12] and has aired on CBC and WTN.[5]

Freedomain Radio[edit]

Molyneux answers a common question from a Freedomain Radio listener.

Problems playing this file? See media help.

In 2005, Molyneux began a podcast called Freedomain Radio (FDR), which was a Top 10 Finalist in the 2007 and 2008 Podcast Awards in the Education category.[13][14] Shortly after starting the Freedomain Radio podcast, Molyneux started a website under that name as a place to distribute his self-published books,[15] host podcast archives, and provide a community forum for FDR listeners. Molyneux now releases most new FDR content via his YouTube channel, which as of June 2014 has over 1,500 videos, 162,000 subscribers, and 33 million channel views.[16] Audio versions of new FDR content continue to be published also in podcast form, of which there are now over 2,700 produced.[17] Molyneux distributes electronic editions of his non-fiction books and most of his spoken material free-of-charge. He eschews typical methods of funding the show, such as online advertising revenue, and instead relies on voluntary listener donations – a choice that he believes provides immediate feedback and inspires him to produce higher quality content.[18] FDR offers additional podcasts, drafts of books and articles, and premium forum access to people who subscribe at various levels of from $5 to $100 per month.[19][20] The show's tagline is "The Largest and Most Popular Philosophical Conversation in the World".[4]

On Freedomain Radio, Molyneux conducts interviews and debates with notable guests including Noam Chomsky,[21] anarcho-libertarian theorist Walter Block,[22] Zeitgeist founder Peter Joseph,[23] libertarian economist David Friedman,[24] psychological development and addiction specialist Gabor Maté,[25] developmental psychologist Alison Gopnik,[26] child psychologist Peter Gray,[27] Socratic journalist Jan Helfeld,[28] Harvard economics lecturer and Cato Institute fellow Jeffrey Miron,[29] intellectual property attorney Stephan Kinsella,[30] Austrian School economist Robert P. Murphy,[31][self-published source?] and Divorce Corp director Joseph Sorge.[32] FDR also includes single-topic videos, commentary on current events,[33] technology,[34] and movie reviews[35] from Molyneux's philosophical viewpoint. There is also a weekly call-in show where listeners can ask philosophy questions or discuss personal issues.[9] These call-in shows have occasionally been guest-hosted men's movement activist Warren Farrell[36] and unschooling advocate Dayna Martin.[37]

Jeffrey Tucker of the Ludwig von Mises Institute has described Molyneux as "probably the single most influential libertarian thinker of our times" for his ability to teach young people in the digital age.[38]

Public appearances[edit]

Speaking at The Next Web 2014

Molyneux has spoken at various libertarian conferences and events. He delivered a keynote at the New Hampshire Liberty Forum in March 2009, where he presented his "Against Me" argument – a method of conducting a political debate by inviting opponents to admit that they advocate for direct initiation of force.[39][40] He's spoken at Liberty Fest NYC in 2011,[41][42] FreedomFest in Las Vegas in 2012,[43] and PorcFest 2010, 2011, and 2013 in Lancaster, New Hampshire.[39][44][45] He has spoken at the Libertopia festival held in San Diego each year since 2010, and acted as master of ceremonies twice.[39][46][47][48][49] Molyneux was emcee of LibertyFest West held in Odessa, Texas in February 2012.[50]

Molyneux has appeared on television, radio, and other podcasts to discuss his viewpoints and popular videos. He has been a commentator on RT television programs Adam vs The Man,[51] The Keiser Report,[52] and Breaking the Set.[53] He's been interviewed by ReasonTV[43] and The Alex Jones Show.[54] Molyneux has been a frequent guest host of the Peter Schiff Show since 2012,[1][55][56] and has been both a guest and guest host of The Corbett Report.[57][58] He has appeared twice as a featured guest on the Joe Rogan Experience podcast.[59][60]

Molyneux has had a series of appearances advocating the use of Bitcoin for political change. He spoke at the Texas Bitcoin Conference,[61] the Bitcoin Expo 2014 in Toronto,[62][63] and The Next Web Conference in Amsterdam.[64][65] He spoke on the topics of circumcision and maternal parenting at the International Conference on Men’s Issues in June 2014 in Detroit.[66]

Philosophical views[edit]

Stateless society and DROs[edit]

Molyneux's 2005 essay The Stateless Society: An Examination of Alternatives, published by the libertarian website LewRockwell.com, introduced his conceptualization of dispute resolution organizations ("DROs") which, in a stateless society, provide or coordinate services related to enforcing contracts and resolving disputes.[67] DRO's would operate under a system of anarcho-capitalism (a type of libertarian anarchism), as a result of broad acceptance of the non-aggression principle ("NAP") and the discontinuation of the government which, by its nature, violates the NAP.[68] In such a stateless society, DROs would coordinate services previously provided by governments related to private defense, insurance, and courts.[69] He explored this idea further in his book Practical Anarchy.[70]

Universally Preferable Behaviour[edit]

In his 2007 book Universally Preferable Behaviour: A Rational Proof for Secular Ethics, Molyneux describes his approach for evaluating the validity of moral theories using logic and empiricism, comparing it to the use of the scientific method to prove physical theories. He proposes that if any moral statement lacks internal consistency by having flawed or self-contradictory structure, or if it can be shown to conflict with the rules of logic, it can be dismissed without further examination. The moral statement is then investigated for external consistency, by confirming that it adheres to observable evidence and arrives at the correct result for cases generally accepted as immoral, such as rape, murder, and theft. "Universally preferable behaviours", then, are the actions of people that comply with the universal moral statements that are objectively derived in this process and should be considered binding among people.[71][72][73]

In 2012, libertarian philosopher David Gordon gave a critical examination of the book in The Mises Review, stating, "[h]is arguments [in the book] are often preposterously bad". Gordon documented what he sees as fundamental flaws in philosophical reasoning, though he did praise Molyneux's insights into external verification, agreeing that "[i]f a theory cannot show that a rule that purported to make [rape, murder, and theft] obligatory is ill-formed, the theory should be rejected."[73] Molyneux and Gordon later exchanged responses to the points raised in the review but could not come to agreement on key issues, such as universality.[74][75]

Parent-child relationships[edit]

Molyneux is morally and ethically opposed to confrontational forms of child discipline, including corporal punishment (spanking), time-outs, grounding, and verbal abuse (yelling). In his view, children share the same universal natural right as adults have to be free from violence, and so the use of coercive force against them is a violation of the non-aggression principle. He advocates "peaceful parenting", which replaces discipline with preparation and reasoning.[76][77][22][30]

In essays,[78][self-published source?] his books On Truth and Real-Time Relationships, and on Freedomain Radio, Molyneux states his view that relationships between all individuals should be entirely voluntary, and that this also extends to familial relationships. He maintains that adult children can choose to estrange themselves by exercising their right to disassociate from parents or other family members if they no longer feel affection or desire contact, especially if they were abusive or neglectful. Molyneux refers to the childhood family that people are born into as the "FOO", an acronym "family of origin" (a phrase used in psychology) to distinguish it from family relationships chosen voluntarily as adults, such as spousal relationships.[79]

In 2008, the parents of an 18-year-old Freedomain Radio ("FDR") community member took complaints about these views to media outlets in the UK and Canada, claiming that Molyneux is the leader of a "therapy cult", after their son abruptly broke off all contact with the family ("deFOOed").[79][9] The son called in to FDR in the weeks prior to ask about his veganism and his feeling of disgust towards people that eat meat. Molyneux quickly suggested that the source of this disgust might be that son had grown up around an authority figure that was cruel to animals. The son confirmed this, describing memories of his father being verbally and physically cruel to the family cat, causing him to feel intimidated by the father, and then described his emotional detachment toward his mother and the rest of his family. The following month, the son left a note stating he no longer wanted contact and left home. It was reported that, of the 50,000 regular listeners at the time, about 20 FDR members had also "deFOOed", and that many families chose not to come forward to avoid alienating their children further. A representative of the British Cult Information Centre said they were following FDR, and noted that one sign of cults was that they cut people off from their families. Molyneux responded to situation by saying "If I advised a wife to leave an abusive husband, there would not be articles about how I am a cult leader."[20] He also said that he recommends to listeners with family issues that they seek professional help.[80]

Strong atheism[edit]

Molyneux advocates strong atheism, maintaining that the existence of deities can be disproven through the application of reason, logic, and empiricism.[81] Molyneux expresses one such disproof of deity concepts that are defined as both omniscient and omnipotent by drawing upon the analogy of a "square circle",[82] such as in this passage from Against the Gods:

A square circle is an impossible entity, and therefore cannot exist. We do not have to hunt the entire universe from edge to edge to know that a square circle does not exist; it is not an act of will to accept that a square circle does not exist, it is simply a recognition of reality and the nature of existence.
Take any property or ethic of the Christian God – to just pick on one absurd anti-concept – and the contradictory nature is clear."

  • 'That which exists must have been created, but God, who exists, was never created.'
  • 'God is all-knowing and all-powerful, which are both impossible.'
  • 'God punishes a man for actions which are predetermined.'
  • 'God punishes rebellious angels, although their rebellion was completely predetermined.'
  • 'God claims to be morally perfect, although God fails the test of most of his 10 Commandments.'

Philosophy instructor and atheism author Peter Boghossian wrote the foreword to the Against the Gods. In it, he expressed his disappointment with modern academic philosophy's "limited expression, hampered inquiry, and an emphasis on issues that matter to almost nobody except the very, very few philosophers who study them". He praised Molyneux for going against this trend by providing arguments that are accessible and convincing to the masses.[83]

Bibliography[edit]

Non-fiction[edit]

Fiction[edit]

Also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Freedomain Radio refers collectively to Molyneux's YouTube channel, podcast, live streamed call-in show, and official website.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Wisdom of Socrates with Peter Boghossian and Stefan Molyneux" (video). The Peter Schiff Show. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  2. ^ Molyneux, Stefan. Objectivism Part 2: Ethics (video) Retrieved April 28, 2014
  3. ^ Molyneux, Stefan. Harry Browne, RIP (podcast) Retrieved June 13, 2014
  4. ^ a b c "Freedomain Radio > About". Retrieved July 8, 2014. "I left my career as a software entrepreneur and executive to pursue philosophy full time through my work here at Freedomain Radio. ... I am a rigorous philosopher, and I will always bow to reason and evidence." 
  5. ^ a b c "Author Stefan Molyneux To Russia, with love". The Mississauga News (Mississauga, Ontario). June 1, 2003. p. Arts & Entertainment: 15. ISSN 0834-6585. OCLC 290997481. Retrieved June 18, 2014 – via NewsBank (Access World News). "Molyneux is an Irish-born author who grew up in England and Africa before coming to Canada 25 years ago." 
  6. ^ a b c d Burg, Robert (May 26, 1997). "Their software keeps tabs on site data". Toronto Star, The (Ontario, Canada). p. Business: D1. Retrieved June 18, 2014 – via NewsBank (Access World News). 
  7. ^ Johnson, Phil (February 23, 1988). "Horrors! Dracula's at Glendon College". Toronto Star, The (Ontario, Canada). p. Neighbors: N17. Retrieved June 18, 2014 – via NewsBank (Access World News). 
  8. ^ da Costa, Cathy (February 8, 1988). "World Champions at Glendon" (PDF). Pro Tem (York University/Glendon College). p. 4. Retrieved May 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ a b c d Ha, Tu Thanh (December 12, 2008). "How a cyberphilosopher convinced followers to cut off family". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Blue292 acquires Caribou Systems" (Press release). Durham, NC: Blue292. January 28, 2002. Archived from the original on August 2, 2003. Retrieved June 6, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Our Staff > Stefan Molyneux". Casey Research. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Hollywood Discovery Awards Finalists (Short Subject Film Finalists)". Hollywood Film Festival. 1998. Archived from the original on 1999-02-02. Retrieved June 20, 2014. 
  13. ^ "2007 People's Choice Podcast Awardees". Podcast Awards. Podcast Connect Inc. Archived from the original on September 8, 2007. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  14. ^ "2008 Podcast Awards Winners!". Podcast Awards. Podcast Connect Inc. Archived from the original on December 5, 2008. Retrieved May 16, 2014. 
  15. ^ Freedomain Radio > Free Books. Freedomain Radio. Retrieved April 28, 2014.
  16. ^ "Stefan Molyneux YouTube Channel Stats". VidStatsX.com. Retrieved June 2, 2014. 
  17. ^ Freedomain Radio > Podcasts. Freedomain Radio. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  18. ^ Horsager, David (2012). The Trust Edge: How top leaders gain faster results, deeper relationships, and a stronger bottom line. New York: Free Press. pp. 25–26. ISBN 978-1-4767-1137-9. OCLC 820783989. 
  19. ^ Freedomain Radio > Donate. Freedomain Radio. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
  20. ^ a b Whipple, Tom (January 10, 2009). "The mother and son torn apart by web 'cult' that destroys families". The Times (London, England). pp. News: 34,35. Retrieved July 8, 2014 – via NewsBank (Access World News). 
  21. ^ "Audio & Video". Chomsky.info. Retrieved May 31, 2014. "The Race War of Drug Prohibition (interview with Stefan Molyneux, of Freedomain Radio). YouTube. December 24, 2013." 
  22. ^ a b Block, Walter E. (December 9, 2013). "Walter Block and Stephan [sic] Molyneux debate on spanking (using violence against) children". LewRockwell.com. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  23. ^ Joseph, Peter (September 26, 2013). Post Debate Review – Peter Joseph & Stefan Molyneux (video). (Interview). Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  24. ^ Carden, Art (June 25, 2013). "Parental Economics and Risk: A Couple of Reading Suggestions". Library of Economics and Liberty. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  25. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (February 24, 2010). The Biology, Morality and Politics of Addiction – Dr Gabor Maté – The Freedomain Radio Interview (video). (Interview). Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  26. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (December 8, 2009). "The Philosophical Baby" – Dr Alison Gopnik Interviewed on Freedomain Radio (video). (Interview). Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  27. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (May 24, 2013). Free To Learn – Dr. Peter Gray Interviewed by Stefan Molyneux (video). (Interview). Retrieved May 27, 2014. 
  28. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (September 2, 2009). Anarchism Versus Minarchism – Stefan Molyneux & Jan Helfeld (video). Retrieved May 27, 2014. 
  29. ^ "Jeffrey A. Miron discusses the war on drugs on Freedomain Radio w/ Stefan Basil Molyneux". Cato Institute. February 23, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2014. 
  30. ^ a b Kinsella, Stephan (July 3, 2010). "Libertarian Parenting – A Freedomain Radio Conversation". StephanKinsella.com. Retrieved May 31, 2014. 
  31. ^ "When You Think a Lot About Liberty, Your Hair Falls Out". Robert P. Murphy. August 16, 2012. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Director Joseph Sorge Interviewed by Stefan Molyneux". Divorce Corp. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  33. ^ Tarbell, Ida (July 16, 2013). "The Truth About George Zimmerman". McClure's Magazine. Retrieved May 29, 2014. 
  34. ^ Rees, Mark. "Bitcoin’s YouTube Missionaries". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  35. ^ Olson, Gary (2013). "The Empathetic Power of Images". Empathy Imperiled: Capitalism, Culture, and the Brain (Springer New York) 9: 92. doi:10.1007/978-1-4614-6117-3. ISBN 978-1-4614-6116-6. ISSN 2191-5466. LCCN 2012954057. Retrieved May 25, 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  36. ^ Lane, Carol-Ann (June 2013). "Using Video Technology to Address Boys’ Literacy Gap and Connect the Male Voice in Gender Dynamics" (PDF). International Journal of Technology and Inclusive Education (Infonomics Society) 2 (1): 146. ISSN 2046-4568. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 
  37. ^ Martin, Dayna (March 13, 2013). "Dayna Martin Hosts the Freedomain Radio Sunday Call In Show!". Dayna Martin: Author, Speaker, Voice for Change. daynamartin.com. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 
  38. ^ Kinsella, Stephan (March 12, 2012). "Jeff Tucker on Reddit’s 'Ask Me Anything'". The Libertarian Standard. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  39. ^ a b c Doug Burn, ed. (Fall 2010). Libertarian Bulletin (newsletter) (PDF) 31 (1). Ontario Libertarian Party. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  40. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (March 5–8, 2009). How to Win Political Arguments (video) (Speech). New Hampshire Liberty Forum. Retrieved May 1, 2014. "Do you support the use of violence against me for disagreeing with you? Because that's really what statism is." 
  41. ^ Tobin, Christina. "Free & Equal to Co-Host NYC Liberty Fest event" (Press release). Free & Equal. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  42. ^ Panzella, Danny (September 11, 2011). "Revolution Pac Premieres Ron Paul TV Spot At Liberty Fest NYC". TruthSquad.TV. Retrieved July 2, 2014. 
  43. ^ a b Welch, Matt; Oppenheimer, Tracy (October 6, 2012). "Free Domain [sic] Radio's Stefan Molyneux on the Inevitable Growth of the State". ReasonTV. (Interview) (Reason). Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  44. ^ Murphy, Robert P. "PorcFest 2011". Ludwig von Mises Institute. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  45. ^ "Stefan Molyneux at PorcFestX". PorcFest. Retrieved September 26, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Speakers". Libertopia. 2010. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  47. ^ "Speakers". Libertopia. 2011. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  48. ^ "Speakers". Libertopia. 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Speakers". Libertopia. 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2014. 
  50. ^ Corrales, John (February 11, 2012). "LibertyFest West 2012 promotes rights of individuals". The Odessa American. Retrieved May 17, 2014. "Stefan Molyneux, a philosopher, author and podcaster who runs www.freedomainradio.com, emceed the event" 
  51. ^ "Government philosophy, Screw the Pundits, Free Speech, Revolutions, Love-a-lutions, Show Dedication". Adam vs. The Man. RT. Retrieved April 12, 2011. 
  52. ^ Keiser, Max. "On the Edge with Stefan Molyneux". The Keiser Report. RT. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  53. ^ Martin, Abby (February 19, 2013). "Bradley Manning, Keystone pipeline, and anarchism". Breaking the Set. RT. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  54. ^ Jones, Alex. "Monday 7-11-2011 – The Alex Jones Show with Stefan Molyneux". The Alex Jones Show. Retrieved August 8, 2011. 
  55. ^ The Peter Schiff Show! Hosted by Stefan Molyneux of Freedomain Radio (video). Retrieved July 22, 2012. 
  56. ^ Kinsella, Stephan. "KOL106 Peter Schiff Show: Obamacare, Patent Reform". StephanKinsella.com. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  57. ^ Corbett, James (March 7, 2012). "Interview 475 – Curing Statism with Stefan Molyneux". The Corbett Report (Podcast). Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  58. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (May 15, 2012). "Corbett Report Radio 132 with Guest Host Stefan Molyneux". The Corbett Report (Podcast). Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  59. ^ Rogan, Joe (September 23, 2013). "JRE #396 – Stefan Molyneux". Joe Rogan Experience (Podcast). Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  60. ^ Rogan, Joe (January 6, 2014). "JRE #436 – Stefan Molyneux". Joe Rogan Experience (Podcast). Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  61. ^ Hortex, Alice (April 14, 2014). "The Psychology of Money: Stefan Molyneux at Texas BTC Conference". Cointelegraph. Retrieved April 28, 2014. 
  62. ^ Huber, Suzanne (April 16, 2014). "Toronto Hosts Canada’s First Bitcoin Expo". Techvibes. Retrieved April 27, 2014. 
  63. ^ "Bitcoin Expo Announces Conference Highlights, Sponsors and Exhibitors for Toronto April 11–13 Conference" (Press release). Marketwired. March 28, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  64. ^ Sawers, Paul. "How cryptocurrencies can curb unsustainable growth in government power (interview with Stefan Molyneux)". The Next Web. Retrieved April 16, 2014. "Meet Stefan Molyneux, the podcaster, broadcaster, philosopher and host of Freedomain Radio. Molyneux is one of the speakers at the TNW Europe Conference in Amsterdam next week, where he’ll discuss the shifting sands of Western political power over the centuries, the rise of centralized banking, government-controlled currency, and the recent surge in cryptocurrencies." 
  65. ^ Molyneux, Stefan. "The Cryptocurrency Revolution" (video). (Speech)The Next Web. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  66. ^ Goldwag, Arthur (June 29, 2014). "First International Conference on Men’s Issues: Day 2". Southern Poverty Law Center. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  67. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (October 24, 2005). "The Stateless Society An Examination of Alternatives". LewRockwell.com. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  68. ^ Block, Walter E. (December 2011). "Toward a libertarian theory of charitable donations to criminals, governments". Economics, Management, and Financial Markets (Addleton Academic Publishers) 6 (4): 9–28. ISSN 1842-3191. OCLC 85794657. Retrieved May 25, 2014. (subscription required (help)). "The first is libertarian anarchism, or anarcho-capitalism.[citation: Molyneux Stateless Society, et al.] In this case, there is no justification for the government since it necessarily violates the NAP." 
  69. ^ Awuku, Christopher (February 11, 2007). "DRO' Protection: An Example of How It Could Work". Strike The Root. Retrieved May 8, 2014. 
  70. ^ Molyneux 2008pa.
  71. ^ Subotić, Siniša (2014). Evaluacija inkluzivne obrazovne reforme u osnovnoj školi [Evaluation of inclusive educational reform in elementary school] (PDF) (Ph.D.) (in Serbian-Latin). Dr Zorana Đinđića 2, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia: The Library of the Faculty of Philosophy, University of Novi Sad. Retrieved May 26, 2014. 
  72. ^ Molyneux 2007upb.
  73. ^ a b Gordon, David (July 4, 2012). "The Molyneux Problem". Ludwig von Mises Institute – The Mises Review. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  74. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (July 7, 2012). "A Response to David Gordon's Review "The Molyneux Problem"". Freedomain Radio. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  75. ^ Gordon, David (July 11, 2012). "Mr. Molyneux Responds". Ludwig von Mises Institute – Mises.org Daily. Retrieved March 29, 2013. 
  76. ^ Braverman, Faith. "Kansas ‘Spanking Bill’ Would Allow Teachers and Parents to Leave Bruises". The Libertarian Republic. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  77. ^ Block, Walter E.; Smith, Ed; Reel, Jordan (February 2014). "The Natural Rights of Children". International Journal of Health Policy and Management (Kerman University of Medical Sciences) 2 (2): 85–89. doi:10.15171/ijhpm.2014.20. ISSN 2322-5939. PMID 24639983. Retrieved May 27, 2014. 
  78. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (April 9, 2005). "Are People Just Stupid?". Freedomain Blog. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  79. ^ a b Hilpern, Kate (November 15, 2008). "You will never see me again". The Guardian. Retrieved January 7, 2009. 
  80. ^ "Leamington mother blames internet for son's disappearance". Leamington Courier. December 19, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2014. "a website called Freedomain Radio, hosted by Toronto-based philosopher Stefan Molyneux" 
  81. ^ Molyneux, Stefan (February 20, 2007). "Strong Atheism: The Case for Evacuating the Middle Ground". Strike The Root. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  82. ^ "The Ethics of Atheism – A Conversation with Dr Peter Boghossian". Richard Dawkins Foundation. July 6, 2012. Retrieved June 10, 2014. 
  83. ^ Boghossian, Peter (2014). "Escaping the Cave: Philosophy, Agnosticism, and the Academy" (PDF). Foreword from Against the Gods? by Stefan Molyneux (Freedomain Library). pp. 5–7. Retrieved May 27, 2014. "Public intellectuals like Molyneux, unencumbered by rigid, culturally shifting rules and arbitrary intellectual boundaries of academic philosophy departments, are agents of real, profound change in a much larger, much more meaningful landscape. Against the Gods is an outsider's philosophy book, uncharacteristic in its forthright nature and bold in its lack of pretension." 

External links[edit]