West Amwell Township, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of West Amwell
Map of West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of West Amwell Township in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of West Amwell Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°22′45″N 74°53′16″W / 40.379051°N 74.887735°W / 40.379051; -74.887735Coordinates: 40°22′45″N 74°53′16″W / 40.379051°N 74.887735°W / 40.379051; -74.887735[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 6, 1846
Government[5][6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Zachary Rich (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Clerk Lora L. Olsen[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 21.776 sq mi (56.398 km2)
 • Land 21.581 sq mi (55.894 km2)
 • Water 0.195 sq mi (0.505 km2)  0.89%
Area rank 129th of 566 in state
12th of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 315 ft (96 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 3,840
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 3,781
 • Rank 420th of 566 in state
15th of 26 in county[12]
 • Density 177.9/sq mi (68.7/km2)
 • Density rank 517th of 566 in state
22nd of 26 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08530 - Lambertville[13]
Area code(s) 609
FIPS code 3401978230[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882181[16][2]
Website www.westamwell-nj.us

West Amwell Township is a township in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 3,840,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 1,457 (+61.1%) from the 2,383 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 132 (+5.9%) from the 2,251 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

West Amwell was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 6, 1846, when Amwell Township was split, also creating East Amwell Township at the same time. Portions of the township were taken to form Lambertville town on March 1, 1849.[18]

The Delaware Native Americans had a path through the woods from Lambertville through Mount Airy, Ringoes and Reaville to Newark upon which the Old York Road was subsequently laid.[19]

Geography[edit]

The northern areas of West Amwell are in Amwell Valley, while the southern sections are in The Sourlands region. The Delaware River separates West Amwell from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

West Amwell Township is located at 40°22′45″N 74°53′16″W / 40.379051°N 74.887735°W / 40.379051; -74.887735 (40.379051,-74.887735). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 21.776 square miles (56.398 km2), of which, 21.581 square miles (55.894 km2) of it is land and 0.195 square miles (0.505 km2) of it (0.89%) is water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,175 *
1860 1,089 −7.3%
1870 1,030 −5.4%
1880 1,039 0.9%
1890 866 −16.7%
1900 839 −3.1%
1910 866 3.2%
1920 735 −15.1%
1930 788 7.2%
1940 975 23.7%
1950 1,213 24.4%
1960 1,683 38.7%
1970 2,142 27.3%
1980 2,299 7.3%
1990 2,251 −2.1%
2000 2,383 5.9%
2010 3,840 61.1%
Est. 2012 3,781 [11] −1.5%
Population sources:
1850-1920[20] 1850-1870[21]
1850[22] 1870[23] 1880-1890[24]
1890-1910[25] 1910-1930[26] 1930-1990[27]
2000[28][29] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,840 people, 1,102 households, and 838.6 families residing in the township. The population density was 177.9 per square mile (68.7 /km2). There were 1,157 housing units at an average density of 53.6 per square mile (20.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 82.58% (3,171) White, 13.39% (514) Black or African American, 0.05% (2) Native American, 1.46% (56) Asian, 0.05% (2) Pacific Islander, 1.12% (43) from other races, and 1.35% (52) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.84% (186) of the population.[8]

There were 1,102 households, of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.9% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 19.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.95.[8]

In the township, 16.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 30.1% from 25 to 44, 30.2% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.8 years. For every 100 females there were 155.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 165.5 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,094 (with a margin of error of +/- $16,403) and the median family income was $115,595 (+/- $19,328). Males had a median income of $86,875 (+/- $26,080) versus $53,438 (+/- $17,350) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $54,485 (+/- $9,741). About 4.2% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.2% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 2,383 people, 949 households, and 696 families residing in the township. The population density was 109.7 people per square mile (42.4/km²). There were 984 housing units at an average density of 45.3 per square mile (17.5/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 98.07% White, 0.63% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 0.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.[28][29]

There were 949 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.3% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.93.[28][29]

In the township the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.2 males.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the township was $73,380, and the median income for a family was $79,605. Males had a median income of $49,539 versus $33,333 for females. The per capita income for the township was $33,877. About 0.6% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

West Amwell Township is governed under the Township form of government with a three-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with one seat coming up for election each year.[5] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor.

As of 2013, members of the West Amwell Township Committee are Mayor Zachary Rich (term ends December 31, 2013), Deputy Mayor Thomas Molnar (2014) and George Fisher (2015).[6][19]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

West Amwell Township is located in the 7th Congressional District[31] and is part of New Jersey's 15th state legislative district.[9][32][33] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, West Amwell Township had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[34] Prior to the 2010 Census, West Amwell Township had been part of the 12th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[34]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[35] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[36][37] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[38][39]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 15th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Shirley Turner (D, Lawrence Township, Mercer County) and in the General Assembly by Reed Gusciora (D, Trenton) and Bonnie Watson Coleman (D, Ewing Township).[40][41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[44] As of 2014, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[45] Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[46] Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[47] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[48] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2014).[49][50] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[51] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[52] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[53][54][55]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 2,071 registered voters in West Amwell Township, of which 498 (24.0%) were registered as Democrats, 830 (40.1%) were registered as Republicans and 741 (35.8%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[56]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 50.8% of the vote here (878 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 47.1% (814 votes) and other candidates with 1.4% (24 votes), among the 1,730 ballots cast by the township's 2,101 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.3%.[57] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 55.6% of the vote here (899 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 43.2% (698 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (22 votes), among the 1,616 ballots cast by the township's 1,940 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.3.[58]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 56.7% of the vote here (764 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 34.3% (462 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.6% (89 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (6 votes), among the 1,348 ballots cast by the township's 2,074 registered voters, yielding a 65.0% turnout.[59]

Transportation[edit]

Route 29 passes through the southwestern part of the municipality, but without any roads that connect to the heart of the township. Route 31 passes along the eastern border with East Amwell. Route 179 and U.S. Route 202 pass though around the northwestern part of the municipality. Two major county roads that go through are CR 518 and CR 579. The closest limited access road is Interstate 95 which is outside the township in neighboring Hopewell.

New Jersey Transit offers bus service to Trenton on the 608 route.[60]

Surrounding communities[edit]

Education[edit]

The West Amwell Township School District serves public school students in kindergarten through sixth grade. The West Amwell Township Elementary School had an enrollment of 244 students in the 2010-11 school year.[61]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the South Hunterdon Regional High School in Lambertville, part of the South Hunterdon Regional High School District, which served 352 students in southern Hunterdon County in the 2010-11 school year.[62] Students from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township attend South Hunterdon Regional High School.[63][64][65]

In a special election held in September 2013, voters from Lambertville, Stockton and West Amwell Township passed referenda to dissolve the South Hunterdon Regional School District and to combine the three existing school districts from each municipality (Lambertville City School District, Stockton Borough School District and West Amwell Township School District), with majorities in each community passing both ballot items. A single combined regional district would be created, serving students in pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade, in which property taxes would be levied under a formula in which 57% is based on property values and 43% on the number of students. The executive county superintendent will appoint an interim board of education for the new regional district, which will be responsible for implementing the merger.[66]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 13, 2013.
  4. ^ Clerk's Office, West Amwell Township. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 103.
  6. ^ a b Township Committee, West Amwell Township. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of West Amwell, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for West Amwell township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 8. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for West Amwell township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Lambertville, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 31, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  18. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 158. Accessed October 25, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Webpage for West Amwell Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed July 30, 2013.
  20. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 19, 2013.
  21. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 268, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed July 22, 2013. "West Amwell township was formed from Amwell in 1856 [sic] and contained in 1860, 1,089 inhabitants; and in 1870, 4,872."
  22. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 22, 2013. Shown combined with East Amwell as part of Amwell.
  23. ^ Walker, Francis A. A Compendium of the Ninth Census, 1870, United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 22, 2013. Source lists total of 4,872 for West Amwell Township, including 3,842 for Lambertville, with number shown in table calculated via subtraction.
  24. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 98. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  25. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 337. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  26. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  27. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  28. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for West Amwell township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for West Amwell township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  30. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for West Amwell township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  31. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  32. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ a b 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 66, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  36. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  37. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  38. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  39. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 29, 2014.
  41. ^ District 15 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 29, 2014.
  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  45. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  46. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  47. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  48. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  49. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  50. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  51. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  52. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  53. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  54. ^ 2014 Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  55. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Hunterdon County sheriff re-elected, GOP newcomers win freeholder seats", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2014. "County Sheriff Frederick Brown won a second three-year term over Democratic challenger Paul Carluccio. County Surrogate Susan Hoffman, who ran unopposed, also won re-election to a five-year term.When they join the all-Republican freeholders board in January, Lanza and Lagay will fill the seats vacated by Republicans George Melick and Will Mennen."
  56. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  57. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  58. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  59. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  60. ^ Hunterdon County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  61. ^ Data for the West Amwell Township School, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  62. ^ Data for the South Hunterdon Regional High School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  63. ^ Lambertville Public School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Students interact with their peers at the West Amwell, Stockton, and South Hunterdon Regional High School through site visits and the use of social media technology. Teachers from each district also participate in shared professional development activities and on-going collaboration to provide vertical and horizontal articulation between and among all grades from pre K-12."
  64. ^ South Hunterdon Regional High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Bordering the Delaware River and located in the culturally rich and rural region of Southern Hunterdon County, South Hunterdon Regional High School serves the communities of Lambertville, Stockton, and West Amwell."
  65. ^ Public School Directory 2012-2013, p. 59. Hunterdon County Department of Education. Accessed October 15, 2013
  66. ^ Tredrea, John. "LAMBERTVILLE: Schools turn how to make merger work; After historic vote, decisions on buildings, contracts need to be made", The Beacon, October 2, 2013. Accessed October 15, 2013. "Now that the two referendum questions on merging the Stockton, West Amwell, Lambertville and South Hunterdon Regional High School districts into one pre-k to grade 12 district have been overwhelmingly approved, the process of implementing the regionalization can begin."

External links[edit]