Lebanon, New Jersey

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See also, Lebanon Township, New Jersey; for other places with the same name, see Lebanon (disambiguation).
Lebanon, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Lebanon
Map of Lebanon in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Lebanon in Hunterdon County. Inset: Location of Hunterdon County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Lebanon, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Lebanon, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°38′31″N 74°50′00″W / 40.641862°N 74.833312°W / 40.641862; -74.833312Coordinates: 40°38′31″N 74°50′00″W / 40.641862°N 74.833312°W / 40.641862; -74.833312[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Hunterdon
Incorporated April 20, 1926
Government[5]
 • Type Borough
 • Mayor Michael Reino (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Clerk Karen Romano[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 0.886 sq mi (2.297 km2)
 • Land 0.886 sq mi (2.296 km2)
 • Water 0.000 sq mi (0.001 km2)  0.04%
Area rank 517th of 566 in state
25th of 26 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 246 ft (75 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 1,358
 • Estimate (2012[10]) 2,002
 • Rank 522nd of 566 in state
22nd of 26 in county[11]
 • Density 1,532.0/sq mi (591.5/km2)
 • Density rank 333rd of 566 in state
4th of 26 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08833[12][13]
Area code(s) 908[14]
FIPS code 3401939630[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885275[17][2]
Website www.lebanonboro.com

Lebanon is a borough in Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 1,358,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 293 (+27.5%) from the 1,065 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 29 (+2.8%) from the 1,036 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Lebanon was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 26, 1926, from portions of Clinton Township, based on the results of a referendum held on April 20, 1926. Additional portions of Clinton Township were annexed in 1962.[19]

The borough is located north of the Round Valley Reservoir. The Borough was known in the early part of the 19th century as Jacksonville and later as Lebanonville, Lebanonville Depot and finally Lebanon, a station on the Central Railroad of New Jersey. The center of Lebanon has changed little in the past century. The Dutch Reformed Church is one of the oldest churches in the County. Records of the church begin in 1769, however, the church is cited as early as 1747.[20]

Geography[edit]

Lebanon Borough is located at 40°38′31″N 74°50′00″W / 40.641862°N 74.833312°W / 40.641862; -74.833312 (40.641862,-74.833312). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 0.886 square miles (2.297 km2), of which, 0.886 square miles (2.296 km2) of it was land and less than 0.001 square miles (0.001 km2) of it (0.04%) was water.[1][2]

The borough is an independent municipality surrounded by Clinton Township.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 550
1940 638 16.0%
1950 752 17.9%
1960 880 17.0%
1970 885 0.6%
1980 820 −7.3%
1990 1,036 26.3%
2000 1,065 2.8%
2010 1,358 27.5%
Est. 2012 2,002 [10] 47.4%
Population sources:
1930[21] 1930-1990[22]
2000[23][24] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,358 people, 602 households, and 366 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,532.0 per square mile (591.5 /km2). There were 664 housing units at an average density of 749.1 per square mile (289.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 90.13% (1,224) White, 1.77% (24) Black or African American, 0.15% (2) Native American, 5.23% (71) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.88% (12) from other races, and 1.84% (25) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.01% (68) of the population.[7]

There were 602 households, of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.[7]

In the borough, 21.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.[7] The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $71,629 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,410) and the median family income was $96,500 (+/- $10,275). Males had a median income of $70,977 (+/- $9,418) versus $53,750 (+/- $18,758) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,035 (+/- $2,975). About 1.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.[25]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 1,065 people, 458 households, and 287 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,227.3 people per square mile (472.6/km2). There were 477 housing units at an average density of 549.7 per square mile (211.7/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 95.40% White, 0.66% African American, 0.19% Native American, 3.10% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.28% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.[23][24]

There were 458 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.97.[23][24]

In the borough the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 3.7% from 18 to 24, 35.1% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males.[23][24]

The median income for a household in the borough was $68,542, and the median income for a family was $83,436. Males had a median income of $52,316 versus $37,396 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $34,066. About 0.7% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.[23][24]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Lebanon Borough is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at large. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year.[5]

The Mayor is head of the municipal government. Responsibilities include seeing that state laws and borough ordinances are executed. The mayor presides over the Council, votes only to break a tie, and can veto ordinance subject to override by ⅔ majority of Council. The mayor also appoints subordinate officers with Council approval. The Council is the Legislative body of municipality and has all executive responsibility not placed in office of mayor.[26]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Lebanon Borough is Republican Michael Reino, whose term of office ends December 31, 2013. Members of the Lebanon Borough Council are Council President Richard Burton (R, 2015), Sam Berger (R, 2015), Robert Junge (R, 2014), John Knoble (R, 2014), Jim Pittinger (R, 2013) and Barbara "Bonnie" Schmidt (R, 2013).[27][28][29][30][31]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Lebanon Borough is located in the 7th Congressional District[32] and is part of New Jersey's 23rd state legislative district.[8][33][34]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[35] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[36][37] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[38][39]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 23rd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Michael J. Doherty (R, Washington Township, Warren County) and in the General Assembly by John DiMaio (R, Hackettstown) and Erik Peterson (R, Franklin Township, Hunterdon County).[40][41] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[42] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[43]

Hunterdon County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who serve three-year terms of office at-large on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the freeholders select one member to serve as the board's Director and another to serve as Deputy Director.[44] As of 2014, Hunterdon County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director J. Matthew Holt (R; Clinton Town, 2015),[45] Freeholder Deputy Director John King (R; Raritan Township, 2015),[46] Suzanne Lagay (R; Holland Township, 2016),[47] John E. Lanza (R; Flemington, 2016)[48] and Robert G. Walton (R; Hampton, 2014).[49][50] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Mary H. Melfi (R; Flemington, 2017),[51] Sheriff Fredrick W. Brown (R; Alexandria Township, 2016)[52] and Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman (R; Kingwood Township, 2018).[53][54][55]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 955 registered voters in Lebanon, of which 190 (19.9%) were registered as Democrats, 374 (39.2%) were registered as Republicans and 388 (40.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were three voters registered to other parties.[56]

In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 56.7% of the vote here (403 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.4% (294 votes) and other candidates with 1.3% (9 votes), among the 711 ballots cast by the borough's 861 registered voters, for a turnout of 82.6%.[57] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 63.0% of the vote here (410 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 36.1% (235 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (5 votes), among the 651 ballots cast by the borough's 780 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 83.5.[58]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.1% of the vote here (365 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 19.9% (108 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.1% (55 votes) and other candidates with 1.7% (9 votes), among the 544 ballots cast by the borough's 880 registered voters, yielding a 61.8% turnout.[59]

Education[edit]

Students in Kindergarten through sixth grade for public school attend the Lebanon Borough School, as part of the Lebanon Borough School District. The school had an enrollment of 73 students as of the 2010-11 school year.[60]

Public school students in seventh and eighth grades attend Clinton Township Middle School in Clinton Township, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Clinton Township School District.[61]

Students in ninth through twelfth grades for public school attend North Hunterdon High School in Clinton Township, which also serves students from Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township and Union Township.[62][63] The school is part of the North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District, which also serves the communities of Califon, Geln Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township and Tewksbury Township, whose students attend Voorhees High School in Glen Gardner.[64][62]

Students from the borough also have the option to attend Hunterdon County Polytech Career Academy in Raritan Township, which provides career and technical education to county students.[65]

Emergency services[edit]

The Borough of Lebanon is covered by three emergency services providers.[66]

Police and law enforcement is provided by the New Jersey State Police from Troop B, based at the Perryville station.[67]

The Lebanon Volunteer Fire Company provides fire suppression to the Borough as per ordinance.[68]

The borough's Emergency Medical and Rescue services are provided by the Clinton First Aid & Rescue Squad.[69]

Transportation[edit]

The Lebanon station[70] offers service on New Jersey Transit's Raritan Valley Line.[71] There is a station building on the south side of the tracks. The northern track is no longer in use and the stop has limited weekday and no weekend service.[72]

U.S. Route 22 passes through the center of town, while Interstate 78 runs through the northern part with Exit 20 within its borders.

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Lebanon include:

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Borough Officials, Borough of Lebanon. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Lebanon, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Lebanon borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 10. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Lebanon borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Lebanon, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Lebanon, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed October 28, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  19. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 156. Accessed October 26, 2012.
  20. ^ Lebanon Borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed March 12, 2011.
  21. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 716. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  22. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  23. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Lebanon borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  24. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Lebanon borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  25. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Lebanon borough, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  26. ^ Intro to the Borough Form of Government in the State of NJ, Lebanon Borough. Accessed May 18, 2007.
  27. ^ Mayor and Council, Borough of Lebanon. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  28. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Lebanon. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  29. ^ Staff. "Republicans win big in Clinton, High Bridge, Clinton Township", Hunterdon Review, November 6, 2012. Accessed October 17, 2013. "In Lebanon, Republican incumbents Richard Burton and Samuel Berger both ran unopposed and were re-elected to three-year terms on Borough Council, with Berger taking 50 percent of the vote and Burton 49.3 percent."
  30. ^ Brill, Douglas B. "Hunterdon County governments reorganize", The Express-Times, January 21, 2012. Accessed October 17, 2013. "LEBANON - Mayor Michael F. Reino remains mayor. Newly elected Committeeman Joe Junge and re-elected Committeeman John Knoebel [sic] were sworn into three-year terms. Both are Republicans."
  31. ^ Staff. "Michael Reino prepares to become mayor of Lebanon", Hunterdon County Democrat, January 5, 2011. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Michael Reino will be sworn as mayor at the borough reorganization meeting tonight starting at 7:30 in the Municipal Building at 6 High St.... Republicans James Pittinger and Bonnie Schmidt, elected in November, will be sworn in tonight y to their three-year terms on the council.... John Knoble was sworn in to the all-Republican council on Dec. 15."
  32. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  34. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  36. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  37. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  38. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  39. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  40. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  41. ^ District 23 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 7, 2014.
  42. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  43. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ About the Board, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  45. ^ Matt Holt, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  46. ^ John King, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  47. ^ Suzanne Lagay, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  48. ^ John E. Lanza, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  49. ^ Robert G. Walton, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  50. ^ Hunterdon County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  51. ^ Hunterdon County Clerk Mary H. Melfi, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  52. ^ Frederick W. Brown; Hunterdon County Sheriff, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  53. ^ Surrogate Susan J. Hoffman, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  54. ^ 2014 Elected Officials, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. Accessed June 30, 2014.
  55. ^ Wichert, Bill. "Hunterdon County sheriff re-elected, GOP newcomers win freeholder seats", The Star-Ledger, November 5, 2013. Accessed June 30, 2014. "County Sheriff Frederick Brown won a second three-year term over Democratic challenger Paul Carluccio. County Surrogate Susan Hoffman, who ran unopposed, also won re-election to a five-year term.When they join the all-Republican freeholders board in January, Lanza and Lagay will fill the seats vacated by Republicans George Melick and Will Mennen."
  56. ^ Voter Registration Summary - Hunterdon, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  57. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  58. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  59. ^ 2009 Governor: Hunterdon County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  60. ^ Data for the Lebanon Borough School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  61. ^ Clinton Township Middle School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 17, 2013. "The Clinton Township Middle School opened its doors in September 2007 as the newest school in the district. It serves approximately 459 seventh and eighth grade students. The student body is hide-ycomprised [sic] Clinton Township, Lebanon Borough, and school choice students from a number of surrounding communities."
  62. ^ a b About the District, North Hunterdon-Voorhees Regional High School District. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Our district consists of 12 municipalities: North Hunterdon High School educates students from: Bethlehem Township, Clinton Town, Clinton Township, Franklin Township, Lebanon Borough, Union Township; Voorhees High School educates students from: Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, Tewksbury Township"
  63. ^ Public School Directory 2012-2013, p. 60. Hunterdon County Department of Education. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  64. ^ Voorhees High School 2013 Report Card Narratives, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed October 17, 2013. "Voorhees High School has consistently ranked among the top high schools in the state. With an enrollment of 1126 students in grades 9-12, the school serves the communities of Califon, Glen Gardner, Hampton, High Bridge, Lebanon Township, and Tewksbury Township."
  65. ^ About Us, Hunterdon County Polytech Career Academy. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  66. ^ About Us, Borough of Lebanon. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  67. ^ Troop B, New Jersey State Police. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  68. ^ Home page, Lebanon Volunteer Fire Company. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  69. ^ Home page, Clinton First Aid & Rescue Squad. Accessed November 15, 2012. "The Clinton First Aid & Rescue Squad is a nonprofit organization that provides pre-hospital Emergency Medical Services and Rescue Services (vehicle extrication, water rescue, collapse, trench, rope and confined-space rescue) to the Town of Clinton, and portions of Clinton Township, Lebanon Borough, Franklin Township and Union Township."
  70. ^ Lebabnon station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  71. ^ Raritan Valley Line, New Jersey Transit. Accessed October 17, 2013.
  72. ^ Hunterdon County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 26, 2010. Accessed November 15, 2012.
  73. ^ Alvah Augustus Clark, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 3, 2007.
  74. ^ James Nelson Pidcock, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed September 3, 2007.

External links[edit]