World Chess Championship 1987

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The 1987 World Chess Championship was played between Anatoly Karpov and Garry Kasparov in Seville from October 12 to December 19, 1987. Before the 24th game, Kasparov was down 12-11, but in the 24th game, Kasparov made a comeback by using the English Opening to win the final game to retain his title.

1985 Interzonal tournaments[edit]

Three Interzonal tournaments were held in 1985 in Tunis, Taxco, and Biel, with four players qualifying from each.

April-May 1985 Interzonal, Tunis
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Total Tie break
1  Artur Yusupov (Soviet Union) 2590 - ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 11½
2  Alexander Beliavsky (Soviet Union) 2635 ½ - ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1 1 1 11
3  Lajos Portisch (Hungary) 2635 0 ½ - ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 10½
4  Viktor Gavrikov (Soviet Union) 2550 0 ½ ½ - ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 66.75
5  Alexander Chernin (Soviet Union) 2495 ½ 0 0 ½ - ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 65.75
6  Vlastimil Hort (Czechoslovakia) 2560 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ - ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 1 1 9 66.25
7  Gennadi Sosonko (Netherlands) 2535 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 9 63.25
8  Maxim Dlugy (United States) 2485 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ - ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 1 9 62.75
9  Nick de Firmian (United States) 2540 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ - 1 0 ½ ½ 1 0 ½ 1
10  Predrag Nikolić (Yugoslavia) 2575 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 - 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 8 58.75
11  Mihai Suba (Romania) 2465 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 0 - 0 1 ½ 1 1 1 8 55.25
12  Tony Miles (England) 2570 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 - ½ 0 ½ 1 1 8 55.00
13  Iván Morovic (Chile) 2450 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ - ½ 1 ½ ½
14  Alonso Zapata (Colombia) 2535 ½ ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 ½ - ½ ½ ½ 50.00
15  Evgenij Ermenkov (Bulgaria) 2515 0 0 ½ ½ 0 1 0 ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ - ½ 1 45.75
16  Assem Afifi (Egypt) 2370 ½ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ - 1
17  Slaheddine Hmadi (Tunisia) 2285 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 - 1

Yusupov, Beliavsky, and Portisch qualified outright, while Chernin beat Gavrikov 3½-2½ in a Moscow playoff to take the fourth spot. Slim Bouaziz also started the tournament, but withdrew after six rounds, having drawn only one game and lost the rest. His results are not counted in the table above.

June 1985 Interzonal, Taxco
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Total Tie break
1  Jan Timman (Netherlands) 2650 - ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 ½ 1* 12
2  Jesus Nogueiras (Cuba) 2545 ½ - ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1* 10½
3  Mikhail Tal (Soviet Union) 2565 ½ ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1* 10
4  Kevin Spraggett (Canada) 2560 ½ 0 ½ - 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 9
5  Jon Speelman (England) 2530 0 ½ ½ 0 - ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 8
6  Simen Agdestein (Norway) 2500 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 0 ½ 54.00
7  Mišo Cebalo (Yugoslavia) 2485 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ - 0 0 1 1 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 51.75
8  Lev Alburt (United States) 2535 0 0 ½ 0 0 ½ 1 - ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 7
9  Walter Browne (United States) 2530 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ - ½ 1 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ 48.25
10  József Pintér (Hungary) 2540 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ - 0 ½ 1 0 1 ½ 47.75
11  Qi Jinguan (China) 2440 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 ½ 0 1 - 1 0 0 ½ 1 46.50
12  Oleg Romanishin (Soviet Union) 2570 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 - ½ 1 1 0 45.75
13  Marcel Sisniega Campbell (Mexico) 2470 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 0 1 ½ - ½ 0 1* 44.50
14  Eduard Prandstetter (Czechoslovakia) 2430 0 ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 1 1 0 ½ - 0 ½ 6
15  Saeed Ahmed Saeed (United Arab Emirates) 2400 ½ 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 1 1 - 1
16  Yuri Balashov (Soviet Union) 2495 0* 0* 0* ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 0* ½ 0 -

Balashov withdrew after 11 rounds. His last four unplayed games are marked with an asterisk (*).

July 1985 Interzonal, Biel
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 Total Tie break
1  Rafael Vaganian (Soviet Union) 2625 - ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 12½
2  Yasser Seirawan (United States) 2570 ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 11½
3  Andrei Sokolov (Soviet Union) 2555 ½ ½ - ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 1 1 1 1 11
4  Nigel Short (England) 2575 0 ½ ½ - 1 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 10½ 83.75
5  John van der Wiel (Netherlands) 2520 0 ½ 1 0 - 0 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 10½ 81.25
6  Eugenio Torre (Philippines) 2535 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 - ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 1 1 1 1 ½ 1 1 10½ 80.50
7  Lev Polugaevsky (Soviet Union) 2600 ½ 1 ½ 1 0 ½ - 1 ½ 1 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ 1 1 79.00
8  Ljubomir Ljubojević (Yugoslavia) 2615 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 - ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 78.25
9  Ulf Andersson (Sweden) 2590 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 1 ½ 77.00
10  Amador Rodriguez (Cuba) 2505 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ - ½ 1 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ 1 8 63.75
11  Gyula Sax (Hungary) 2535 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 1 1 ½ ½ ½ - 0 0 1 0 ½ 1 1 8 62.50
12  Vlastimil Jansa (Czechoslovakia) 2480 ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 - 1 ½ 0 0 1 1 57.75
13  Miguel Quinteros (Argentina) 2525 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 ½ ½ 0 1 0 - 1 1 1 1 ½ 52.25
14  Margeir Petursson (Iceland) 2550 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 0 - 1 1 ½ ½ 7
15  Lev Gutman (Israel) 2485 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 0 1 1 1 0 0 - 1 ½ 0
16  Li Zunian (China) 2465 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 0 0 - ½ ½ 6
17  Charles Partos (Switzerland) 2425 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 0 ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ ½ - 1 4
18  Angel Martin-Gonzalez (Spain) 2430 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 0 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 -

Short, van der Wiel, and Torre contested a playoff, also in Biel, for the fourth and final spot in the Candidates Tournament. Short and van der Wiel were tied with 3½ points each, while Torre scored 2 points, so Short qualified on a better tie break score from the main event.

The highest placed non-qualifying player from each Interzonal met in London in September 1985 to play for the position as first reserve in the Candidates Tournament. Speelman won with 4½ points, ahead of Gavrikov (4) and van der Wiel (3½). No reserve was needed, however.

1985-87 Candidates Tournament[edit]

The 12 qualifiers from the Interzonals were joined in the Candidates Tournament by three seeded players: Smyslov, Korchnoi, and Ribli (no. 2-4 from the previous tournament). The final spot went to Spassky, who was given a wild card by the organizers.

These 16 players first played a round-robin in Montpellier in October and November 1985, from which the top 4 would qualify for the knock-out phase.

1985 Candidates Tournament
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Total Tie break
1  Artur Yusupov (Soviet Union) 2600 - 0 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 9 65.75
2  Rafael Vaganian (Soviet Union) 2625 1 - ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 1 ½ 1 1 9 64.00
3  Andrei Sokolov (Soviet Union) 2555 0 ½ - ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 1 ½ 1 9 63.25
4  Jan Timman (Netherlands) 2640 ½ 1 ½ - ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 65.25
5  Mikhail Tal (Soviet Union) 2565 ½ ½ ½ ½ - ½ ½ ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 1 1 ½ ½ 62.50
6  Boris Spassky (France) 2590 0 1 1 0 ½ - ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 8 60.25
7  Alexander Beliavsky (Soviet Union) 2640 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ - 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 8 58.25
8  Vasily Smyslov (Soviet Union) 2595 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 1 - ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 55.25
9  Alexander Chernin (Soviet Union) 2560 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ - ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 54.50
10  Yasser Seirawan (United States) 2570 ½ ½ ½ 0 1 0 ½ ½ ½ - 1 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 7 52.75
11  Nigel Short (England) 2575 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 - 1 ½ 1 ½ ½ 7 51.50
12  Lajos Portisch (Hungary) 2625 ½ 0 0 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 - 1 0 ½ 1 7 50.75
13  Viktor Korchnoi (Switzerland) 2630 ½ 0 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ 0 - ½ 1 ½ 46.50
14  Zoltán Ribli (Hungary) 2605 0 ½ 0 ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 ½ - 1 ½ 46.50
15  Jesus Nogueiras (Cuba) 2545 0 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 0 - 1 6
16  Kevin Spraggett (Canada) 2550 ½ 0 0 1 ½ 1 0 0 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 - 5

A playoff match for fourth place was held after the main event. It ended 3-3, and Timman advanced because he had more wins during the tournament (4 against Tal's 3).

The top 4 from the round-robin played a series of matches in 1986, the winner of which (Sokolov) in turn got to play Anatoly Karpov in a final match in Linares to determine the championship challenger.

  1st Round
Final
                 
  Minsk, Jan 1986
   Soviet Union Rafael Vaganian 2  
   Soviet Union Andrei Sokolov 6     Riga, Sep-Oct 1986
     Soviet Union Andrei Sokolov
Tilburg, Jan-Feb 1986    Soviet Union Artur Yusupov
   Soviet Union Artur Yusupov 6
   Netherlands Jan Timman 3  

Karpov had earned the special privilege of being seeded directly into this match as part of the agreement regarding the controversial championship matches of 1984, 1985, and 1986.

Challenger Match February-March 1987
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Total
 Andrei Sokolov (Soviet Union) ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ 0 0
 Anatoly Karpov (Soviet Union) ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ 1 1

Karpov won, thus earning the right to face Kasparov in a championship match for the fourth year in a row.

1987 Championship match[edit]

The match was played as the best of 24 games. If it ended 12-12, Kasparov would retain his title.

World Chess Championship Match 1987
Rating 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Points
 Garry Kasparov (Soviet Union) 2740 ½ 0 ½ 1 0 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 1 12
 Anatoly Karpov (Soviet Union) 2700 ½ 1 ½ 0 1 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ ½ 1 0 12

Kasparov retained his title.

References[edit]

External links[edit]