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- June 11 – Battle of Azaz: The Crusaders defeat the Seljuk Turks.
- November – Jin–Song wars: The Jurchens of the Jin dynasty declare war on the Song Dynasty.
- May 23 – Lothair of Saxony becomes King of Germany, on the death of Henry V.
- War ends between Toulouse and Provence.
- Nassau Castle is built.
- Florence conquers the neighboring independent republic of Fiesole.
- King Inge the Younger is murdered in Vreta Abbey, Östergötland, instigated by queen Ulvhild Håkansdotter. Her cousin Magnus the Strong proclaims himself ruler of Götaland, whereas Ragnvald Knaphövde, in opposition to him, proclaims himself king of Sweden in Svealand.
- The consuls of Siena are first mentioned, indicating that the city has become an independent commune.
- The Venetians pillage Rhodes, ravage Samos and Lesbos, and occupy Chios.
- Saracen pirates raid the city of Antibes in Provence, and the Benedictine monastery of Saint Honorat on the Lérins Islands.
- The first fair in Portugal is created in Ponte de Lima; it is an early sign of the commercialization and economic development of a still backward and self-contained region.
- King Alfonso the Battler leads a Castellan raid in Andalusia.
- Albert of Aix begins his Historia Hierosolymitanae expeditionis.
- Lu You, Chinese poet (d. 1210)
- Renaud de Courtenay, Anglo-Norman nobleman (d. 1194)
- Matilda of Savoy, Queen of Portugal
- January 24 – King David IV of Georgia (b. 1073)
- April 12 – Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
- May 19 – Vladimir II Monomakh, Grand Duke of Kiev
- May 23 – Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1081)
- September 27 – Richeza of Berg, Duchess of Bohemia (b.c. 1095)
- October 21 – Cosmas of Prague, Bohemian chronicler
- December 29 – Agnes I, Abbess of Quedlinburg (b.c. 1090)
- date unknown
- Unité mixte de recherche 5648--Histoire et archéologie des mondes chrétiens et musulmans médiévaux. Pays d'Islam et monde latin, Xe-XIIIe siècle: textes et documents. Lyon: Presses Universitaires de Lyon.
- de Oliveira Marques, António Henrique (1998). Histoire du Portugal et de son empire colonial. Paris: Karthala. p. 44. ISBN 2-86537-844-6.
- McGrank, Lawrence (1981). "Norman crusaders and the Catalan reconquest: Robert Burdet and te principality of Tarragona 1129-55". Journal of Medieval History. 7 (1): 67–82. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(81)90036-1.