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This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (July 2018)
|1078 by topic|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1831|
|Balinese saka calendar||999–1000|
|English Regnal year||12 Will. 1 – 13 Will. 1|
|Chinese calendar||丁巳年 (Fire Snake)|
3774 or 3714
— to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
3775 or 3715
|- Vikram Samvat||1134–1135|
|- Shaka Samvat||999–1000|
|- Kali Yuga||4178–4179|
|Japanese calendar||Jōryaku 2|
|Minguo calendar||834 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1389/1390 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1620–1621|
1204 or 823 or 51
— to —
1205 or 824 or 52
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1078.|
- July 11 – The Romanesque tympanum of Santiago de Compostela Cathedral in Galicia (Spain) is constructed.
- August 7 – Battle of Mellrichstadt: Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV defeats the German anti-king Rudolf of Swabia.
- Anselm is elected abbot of Bec Abbey, in Normandy.
- Approximate date – The White Tower of the Tower of London is begun, under the direction of Bishop Gundulf of Rochester.
- Battle of Kalavrye: The Byzantine imperial forces of General Alexios I Komnenos are victorious over the rebellious governor of Dyrrhachium, Nikephoros Bryennios the Elder.
- Philaretos Brachamios abandons his claim to the Byzantine Empire, on being appointed Duke of Antioch, a foundation of the later Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.
- By this year, the iron industry in Song Dynasty China is producing a total weight of 127,000,000 kg (125,000 t) of iron product per year.
- The Almoravid emir, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, besieges Ceuta. Since the city can receive help from the sea, the siege will last until 1083.
- King Alexander I of Scotland (d. 1124)
- Constance of France, Princess of Antioch, regent of Antioch (d. 1125)
- November 11 – Udo of Nellenburg, Archbishop of Trier
- November 6 – Berthold II, Duke of Carinthia (b. c. 1000)
- Rhys ab Owain, king of Deheubarth, Wales