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This article is about the year 1166.
|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1130s 1140s 1150s – 1160s – 1170s 1180s 1190s|
|Years:||1163 1164 1165 – 1166 – 1167 1168 1169|
|1166 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1166 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||1919|
|English Regnal year||12 Hen. 2 – 13 Hen. 2|
|Chinese calendar||乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
3862 or 3802
— to —
丙戌年 (Fire Dog)
3863 or 3803
|- Vikram Samvat||1222–1223|
|- Shaka Samvat||1088–1089|
|- Kali Yuga||4267–4268|
|Japanese calendar||Eiman 2 / Nin'an 1
|Minguo calendar||746 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1477/1478 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1708–1709|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1166.|
- July – Henry II of England conquers Brittany, granting the territory to his son Geoffrey.
- July 5 – First mention of the town of Bad Kleinkirchheim in Austria (in an ecclesiastical document).
- Henry II of England enacts the Assize of Clarendon, reforming the English law and defining the legal duties of sheriffs.
- Marko III succeeds Yoannis V as Patriarch of Alexandria.
- Tribhuvanāditya comes to power in the Khmer empire following the assassination of Yasovarman II.
- Stefan Nemanja becomes Grand Župan of the Grand Principality of Serbia.
- Henry the Lion has the first bronze statue (a heraldic lion) north of the Alps erected at Dankwarderode Castle.
- William Marshal, described as "the greatest knight that ever lived," is knighted.
- July 29 – Henry II of Champagne (d. 1197)
- December 24 – John of England (d. 1216)
- Eudes III, Duke of Burgundy (d. 1218)
- Prithviraj Chauhan of India (d. 1192)
- William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey (d. 1240)
- May 7 – William I of Sicily
- Santa Rosalia, patron saint of Palermo (according to legend; per legend b. 1130)
- Abdul-Qadir Gilani, founder of the Qadiriyyah Sufi Tariqah (b. 1077)