1934 FIFA World Cup qualification

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1934 FIFA World Cup Qualification
Tournament details
Teams32 (from 3 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played26
Goals scored139 (5.35 per match)
Top scorer(s)Spain Isidro Lángara
Cuba Mario López
Mexico Dionisio Mejía
(7 goals each)
1938

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the first World Cup for which teams had to qualify (in the inaugural World Cup of 1930, the participating teams were invited to play by FIFA). When 32 teams entered the 1934 competition, FIFA organized qualification (or preliminary) rounds to select 16 teams for the final tournament.[1] Even Italy, the host of the World Cup, had to qualify (the only time the hosts had to qualify, and one of only two occasions on which the hosts have ever taken part in the qualification process),[1][a] The previous champions, Uruguay, refused to defend their title because many European nations declined to take part in the 1930 FIFA World Cup held in Uruguay.[1][2]

A total of 27 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 27 qualifying matches were played, and 141 goals were scored (an average of 5.22 per match).[1] The first match, between Sweden and Estonia, began in Stockholm on 11 June 1933, with Swedish player Knut Kroon scoring the first goal. The final match was played in Rome only three days before the start of the tournament on 24 May 1934, as late entrants the United States beat Mexico in a play-off to become the sixteenth and final team to qualify.

Listed below are the dates and results of the qualification rounds.

Format[edit]

Chile, Peru and Turkey all withdrew before qualifying began,[1] while Denmark, Finland, Latvia and Norway all withdrew before draw.

The 32 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

  • Groups 1 to 8 – Europe: 12 places, contested by 21 teams.
  • Groups 9, 10 and 11 – Americas: 3 places, contested by 8 teams.
  • Group 12 – Africa and Asia: 1 place, contested by 3 teams (including Turkey).

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

  • Group 1 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner would qualify.
  • Groups 2, 3 and 5 had 2 teams each. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 4 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other twice. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Groups 6, 7 and 8 had 3 teams each. The teams played against each other once. The group winners and runners-up would qualify.
  • Groups 9 and 10 had 2 teams each. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 11 had 4 teams. There would be three rounds of play:
    • First Round: Haiti played against Cuba in three matches at home. The winner would advance to the Second Round.
    • Second Round: Mexico played against the winner of the First Round in three matches at home. The winner would advance to the Final Round.
    • Final Round: USA played against the winner of the Second Round in a single match on neutral ground. The winner would qualify.
  • Group 12 had 3 teams. After Turkey withdrew before the matches began, the remaining 2 teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winner would qualify.

Key:

  • Teams highlighted in green qualified for the finals.
  • Teams highlighted in orange qualified for the final phase of their group.

Groups[edit]

Group 1[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Sweden 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2  Lithuania 1 0 0 1 0 2 0.00 0
3  Estonia 1 0 0 1 2 6 0.33 0
Sweden 6–2 Estonia
Kroon Goal 7'
L. Bunke Goal 10'
Ericsson Goal 13'70'
T. Bunke Goal 43'
Andersson Goal 79' (pen)
Report Kass Goal 47'
Kuremaa Goal 61'

Lithuania 0–2 Sweden
Report Hansson Goal 55'65'

Estonia v Lithuania was not played since neither team could qualify with a win.[3]

Sweden qualified.

Group 2[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Spain 2 2 0 0 11 1 11.0 4
2  Portugal 2 0 0 2 1 11 0.09 0
Spain 9–0 Portugal
González Goal 3'
Lángara Goal 13'14' (pen.)46'71'85'
Regueiro Goal 65'70'
Ventolrà Goal 68'
Report

Portugal 1–2 Spain
Silva Goal 10' Report Lángara Goal 12'25'

11-1 on aggregate; Spain qualified.

Group 3[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Italy 1 1 0 0 4 0 4.00 2
2  Greece 1 0 0 1 0 4 0.00 0
Italy 4–0 Greece
Guarisi Goal 40'
Meazza Goal 44'71'
Ferrari Goal 69'
Report
Attendance: 20,000

Italy qualified, as Greece declined to play the second match.[1][2]

Group 4[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Hungary 2 2 0 0 8 2 4.00 4
2  Austria 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3  Bulgaria 3 0 0 3 3 14 0.21 0
Bulgaria 1–4 Hungary
Baikushev Goal 27' Report Sárosi Goal 29'
Szabó Goal 61' (pen.)
Toldi Goal 88'
Markos Goal 89'
Attendance: 10,000

Austria 6–1 Bulgaria
Horvath Goal 19'22'33'
Zischek Goal 59'
Viertl Goal 62'
Sindelar Goal 67'
Report Lozanov Goal 66'

Hungary 4–1 Bulgaria
Szabó Goal 9'58'
Solti Goal 60'73'
Report Todorov Goal 61'

Bulgaria withdrew, and the remaining matches were not played since Hungary and Austria were already assured of the top two spots.[1]

Hungary and Austria qualified.

Group 5[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Czechoslovakia 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2  Poland 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.5 0
Poland 1–2 Czechoslovakia
Martyna Goal 52' (pen) Report Silný Goal 33'
Pelcner Goal 77'
Attendance: 16,000

Poland were unable to travel to Prague for the second match as the Polish government denied the team visas for political reasons. Therefore, Czechoslovakia qualified.[4]

Group 6[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Romania 2 1 1 0 4 3 2.00 3
2   Switzerland 2 0 2 0 4 4 2.00 2
3  Yugoslavia 2 0 1 1 3 4 0.75 1
Yugoslavia 2–2  Switzerland
Kragić Goal 50'
Marjanović Goal 61'
Report Frigerio Goal 76'
Jäggi Goal 80'
Attendance: 17,000

Switzerland  2–2[b] Romania
Hufschmid Goal 75'
Hochstrasser Goal 80' (pen.)
Report Sepi Goal 18'
Dobay Goal 67'

Romania 2–1 Yugoslavia
Schwartz Goal 38'
Dobay Goal 74'
Report Kragić Goal 71'
Attendance: 20,000

Romania and Switzerland qualified.

Group 7[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Netherlands 2 2 0 0 9 4 2.25 4
2  Belgium 2 0 1 1 6 8 0.75 1
3  Irish Free State 2 0 1 1 6 9 0.67 1
Irish Free State 4–4 Belgium
Moore Goal 27'48'56'75' Report Capelle Goal 15'
S. Vanden Eynde Goal 30'
F. Vanden Eynde Goal 47'60'

Netherlands 5–2 Irish Free State
Smit Goal 41'85'
Bakhuys Goal 67'78'
Vente Goal 83'
Report Squires Goal 44'
Moore Goal 57'

Belgium 2–4 Netherlands
Grimmonprez Goal 51'
Voorhoof Goal 71'
Report Smit Goal 60'
Bakhuys Goal 62'84'
Vente Goal 64'
Attendance: 42,000

Netherlands and Belgium qualified (Belgium finished above the Irish Free State on goal average).[1]

Group 8[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Germany 1 1 0 0 9 1 9.00 2
2  France 1 1 0 0 6 1 6.00 2
3  Luxembourg 2 0 0 2 2 15 0.13 0
Luxembourg 1–9 Germany
Mengel Goal 27' Report Rasselnberg Goal 2'35'57'89'
Wigold Goal 12'
Albrecht Goal 24'
Hohmann Goal 30'52'53'

Luxembourg 1–6 France
Speicher Goal 47' Report Aston Goal 3'
Nicolas Goal 26'67'85'89' (pen.)
Liberati Goal 80'

Germany v France was not played since both teams were already assured of the top two spots.[3]

Germany and France qualified.

Group 9[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Brazil
2  Peru Withdrew

Peru withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.[1]

Group 10[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Argentina
2  Chile Withdrew

Chile withdrew, so Argentina qualified automatically.[1]

Group 11[edit]

First round[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Cuba 3 2 1 0 10 2 5.00 5
2  Haiti 3 0 1 2 2 10 0.20 1
Haiti 1–3 Cuba
St. Fort Goal 85' (pen.) Report López Goal 20' (pen.)
H. Socorro Goal 61'
Martínez Goal 64'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti 1–1 Cuba
St. Fort Goal 25' (pen.) Report López Goal 85'
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

Haiti 0–6 Cuba
Report H. Socorro Goal 5'
López Goal 18'86'
F. Socorro Goal 37'
Ferrer Goal 62'
Soto Goal 78'
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: John Williams (United States)

10-2 on aggregate; Cuba advanced to the Second Round.

Second round[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Mexico 3 3 0 0 12 3 4.00 6
2  Cuba 3 0 0 3 3 12 0.25 0
Mexico 3–2 Cuba
Mejía Goal 12'14'16' Report López Goal 40'63'

Mexico 5–0 Cuba
Sota Goal 24'
Mejía Goal 31'40'79'
Rosas Goal 72'
Report

Mexico 4–1 Cuba
Alonso Goal 32'75'
Ruvalcaba Goal 41'
Marcos Goal 55'
Report López Goal 15'

12-3 on aggregate; Mexico advanced to the Final Round.

Final round[edit]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  United States 1 1 0 0 4 2 2.00 2
2  Mexico 1 0 0 1 2 4 0.50 0
United States 4–2 Mexico
Donelli Goal 28'32'74'87' Report Alonso Goal 25'
Mejía Goal 75'
Attendance: 12,000

United States qualified.

Group 12[edit]

The Palestine football team consisted exclusively of Jewish and British players.[8] FIFA states in reference to the 1930s Palestine Mandate team that the 'Palestine team' that had participated in previous competitions in the 1930s was actually the forerunner of today's Israel team and as such bears no relation to the national team of the Palestinian authority.[9] However, the region currently known as Palestine is considered "one of the first Asian teams to compete in the FIFA World Cup qualifiers".[10]

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1  Egypt 2 2 0 0 11 2 5.50 4
2  Palestine, British Mandate 2 0 0 2 2 11 0.18 0
 Turkey withdrew
Egypt 7–1 Palestine, British Mandate
El-Tetsh Goal 11'35'51'
Taha Goal 21'79'
Latif Goal 43'87'
Report Nudelmann Goal 61'
British Army Ground, Cairo, Egypt
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Stanley Wells (England)

Palestine, British Mandate 1–4 Egypt
Sukenik Goal 54' Report Latif Goal 2'
El-Tetsh Goal 7'22'
Fawzi Goal 35'

11-2 on aggregate; Egypt qualified.

Qualified teams[edit]

Only six of the teams qualifying for the final competition – Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, France, Romania, and the USA – had already attended the World Cup in 1930.[1] 5 of the 16 teams subsequently failed to qualify for the 1938 finals: Argentina, Austria, Egypt, Spain and United States.

1934 FIFA World Cup qualification participants
Qualifying countries
Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
 Argentina 2nd 2 1930
 Austria 1st 1
 Belgium 2nd 2 1930
 Brazil 2nd 2 1930
 Czechoslovakia 1st 1
 Egypt 1st 1
 France 2nd 2 1930
 Germany 1st 1
 Hungary 1st 1
 Italy 1st 1
 Netherlands 1st 1
 Romania 2nd 2 1930
 Spain 1st 1
 Sweden 1st 1
  Switzerland 1st 1
 United States 2nd 2 1930

Goalscorers[edit]

7 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Although South Africa were automatically qualified for the 2010 World Cup as hosts, they took part in the 2010 African qualifiers. The Confederation of African Football used its 2010 World Cup qualifiers as the qualifiers for the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, an event for which South Africa had to qualify separately. They were eliminated at the second of three rounds of qualifying.
  2. ^ According to some sources, Romania fielded an ineligible player. As a consequence, FIFA awarded Switzerland a 2–0 win for the match.[5][6] However, FIFA reports a 2–2 draw.[7]
  3. ^ The match to decide whether USA or Mexico would qualify was played in Italy only three days before the start of the final tournament, as the USA team submitted their entry too late. Thus, the match was played on Italian ground, so that the winner would effectively stay for the tournament.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. FIFA. July 2007. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  2. ^ a b Hart, Jim (27 July 2016). "When the World Cup rolled into fascist Italy in 1934". These Football Times. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
  3. ^ a b "FIFA World Cup, 1934 - qualifying". 11v11.com. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  4. ^ "World Cup 1934 - Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  5. ^ Seal, Brian (29 May 2015). "29 October 1933 – When Crossing The Border Crosses The Line". This Day In Football History. Archived from the original on 17 June 2018. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  6. ^ "World Cup 1934 Qualifying". RSSSF.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  7. ^ "1934 World Cup Italy Qualifiers". FIFA.com. FIFA. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  8. ^ Rake, Julian (24 October 2008). "A long wait for a home game". Reuters. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  9. ^ "FIFA Fact Sheet: History of the FIFA World Cup (TM) Preliminary Competition (see page 43)" (PDF). FIFA.com. FIFA. 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2010. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
  10. ^ "Palestine (PLE)". FIFA.com. FIFA. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2011.

External links[edit]