2008 Summer Olympics medal table

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Map of the world showing the achievements of each country during the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Gold for countries achieving at least one gold medal.
Silver for countries achieving at least one silver medal.
Brown for countries achieving at least one bronze medal.
Green for countries that did not win a medal.
Black for countries that did not participate.
A yellow square displays the host city (Beijing).
Blue asterisks display countries achieving their first medal ever in a Summer Olympics.

The 2008 Summer Olympics medal table is a list of National Olympic Committees (NOCs) ranked by the number of gold medals won by their athletes during the 2008 Summer Olympics, held in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, from 8 August to 24 August 2008. Approximately 11,028 athletes from 204 NOCs participated in 302 events in 28 sports.[1]

Athletes from 86 countries won medals, leaving 118 countries without a medal, and 54 of them won at least one gold medal. Both of these categories set new records until surpassed in 2016. Athletes from China won the most gold medals, with 51 gold medals. Athletes from the United States won the most total medals, with 110. Afghanistan,[2] Mauritius,[3] Sudan,[4] Tajikistan[5] and Togo[6] won their first Olympic medals. Athletes from Mongolia (which previously held the record for most medals without a gold)[7] and Panama[8] won their first gold medals. Serbian swimmer Milorad Čavić won the first medal for the country as an independent NOC. Serbian athletes have previously won medals as nationals of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro.[9]

Medal table[edit]

The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a "nation" is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IOC country code.

In boxing, judo, taekwondo and wrestling, two bronze medals are awarded in each weight class.[10] Therefore, the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold or silver medals. An exception was the men's 84 kg Greco-Roman wrestling, where Ara Abrahamian was stripped of his medal due to his conduct during the medal ceremony. Additionally there was a tie for the silver medal in the women's 100 metres in athletics and no bronze was awarded.[11] Ties for third in swimming's men's 100 metre backstroke and men's 100 metre freestyle meant that two bronze medals were awarded for those events.[12]

From left to right: Tore Brovold from Norway (silver), Vincent Hancock from USA (gold) and Anthony Terras from France (bronze) with the medals they earned in Men's skeet shooting
Maarten van der Weijden from the Netherlands won a gold medal in the men's 10 km Open Water.
Left to right: Lu Chunlong (gold), Dong Dong (bronze), both from China, and Jason Burnett from Canada (silver) won medals in gymnasticsMen's trampoline
Femke Dekker from the Netherlands won a silver medal in the Women's eights in rowing.
From left to right: Ryan Lochte (bronze), Michael Phelps (gold), both from USA, and László Cseh from Hungary (silver) show off the medals they earned from the men's 400 metre individual medley.
Ketleyn Quadros from Brazil won a bronze medal in women's 57 kg judo.
Emma Snowsill (left) and Emma Moffatt (right) from Australia show off their gold and bronze medals after the women's triathlon.
Key

  *   Host nation (China)

2008 Summer Olympics medal table
 Rank  NOC Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  China (CHN)* 51 21 28 100
2  United States (USA) 36 38 36 110
3  Russia (RUS) 22 18 27 67
4  Great Britain (GBR) 19 13 15 47
5  Germany (GER) 16 10 15 41
6  Australia (AUS) 14 15 17 46
7  South Korea (KOR) 13 10 8 31
8  Japan (JPN) 9 6 10 25
9  Italy (ITA) 8 9 10 27
10  France (FRA) 7 16 18 41
11  Ukraine (UKR) 7 5 15 27
12  Netherlands (NED) 7 5 4 16
13  Kenya (KEN) 6 4 4 14
14  Jamaica (JAM) 6 3 2 11
15  Spain (ESP) 5 10 3 18
16  Belarus (BLR) 4 5 9 18
17  Romania (ROU) 4 1 3 8
18  Ethiopia (ETH) 4 1 2 7
19  Canada (CAN) 3 9 7 19
20  Poland (POL) 3 6 1 10
21  Hungary (HUN) 3 5 2 10
22  Norway (NOR) 3 5 1 9
23  Brazil (BRA) 3 4 8 15
24  Czech Republic (CZE) 3 3 0 6
25  New Zealand (NZL) 3 2 4 9
26  Slovakia (SVK) 3 2 1 6
27  Georgia (GEO) 3 0 3 6
28  Cuba (CUB) 2 10 11 23
29  Kazakhstan (KAZ) 2 4 7 13
30  Denmark (DEN) 2 2 3 7
31  Mongolia (MGL) 2 2 0 4
 Thailand (THA) 2 2 0 4
33  Switzerland (SUI) 2 1 4 7
34  North Korea (PRK) 2 1 3 6
35  Argentina (ARG) 2 0 4 6
36  Mexico (MEX) 2 0 1 3
37  Belgium (BEL) 2 0 0 2
38  Turkey (TUR) 1 3 3 7
39  Zimbabwe (ZIM) 1 3 0 4
40  Azerbaijan (AZE) 1 2 4 7
41  Uzbekistan (UZB) 1 2 3 6
42  Slovenia (SLO) 1 2 2 5
43  Bulgaria (BUL) 1 1 3 5
 Indonesia (INA) 1 1 3 5
45  Finland (FIN) 1 1 2 4
46  Latvia (LAT) 1 1 1 3
47  Dominican Republic (DOM) 1 1 0 2
 Estonia (EST) 1 1 0 2
 Portugal (POR) 1 1 0 2
50  India (IND) 1 0 2 3
51  Iran (IRI) 1 0 1 2
52  Cameroon (CMR) 1 0 0 1
 Panama (PAN) 1 0 0 1
 Tunisia (TUN) 1 0 0 1
55  Sweden (SWE) 0 4 1 5
56  Croatia (CRO) 0 2 3 5
 Lithuania (LTU) 0 2 3 5
58  Greece (GRE) 0 2 2 4
59  Trinidad and Tobago (TRI) 0 2 0 2
60  Nigeria (NGR) 0 1 3 4
61  Austria (AUT) 0 1 2 3
 Ireland (IRL) 0 1 2 3
 Serbia (SRB) 0 1 2 3
64  Algeria (ALG) 0 1 1 2
 Bahamas (BAH) 0 1 1 2
 Colombia (COL) 0 1 1 2
 Kyrgyzstan (KGZ) 0 1 1 2
 Morocco (MAR) 0 1 1 2
 Tajikistan (TJK) 0 1 1 2
70  Chile (CHI) 0 1 0 1
 Ecuador (ECU) 0 1 0 1
 Iceland (ISL) 0 1 0 1
 Malaysia (MAS) 0 1 0 1
 South Africa (RSA) 0 1 0 1
 Singapore (SIN) 0 1 0 1
 Sudan (SUD) 0 1 0 1
 Vietnam (VIE) 0 1 0 1
78  Armenia (ARM) 0 0 5 5
79  Chinese Taipei (TPE) 0 0 4 4
80  Afghanistan (AFG) 0 0 1 1
 Egypt (EGY) 0 0 1 1
 Israel (ISR) 0 0 1 1
 Moldova (MDA) 0 0 1 1
 Mauritius (MRI) 0 0 1 1
 Togo (TOG) 0 0 1 1
 Venezuela (VEN) 0 0 1 1
Total (86 NOCs) 302 301 352 955

Changes in medal standings[edit]

During the Games[edit]

On August 15, 2008, the International Olympic Committee announced North Korean shooter Kim Jong-su had tested positive for the banned substance propranolol and was stripped of his two medals. He had won a bronze medal in the 10 metre air pistol and silver in the 50 metre pistol. After Kim Jong-su was disqualified, the bronze medal in the 10 metre air pistol went to Jason Turner of the United States; in the 50 metre pistol, the silver medal went to Tan Zongliang of China, and the bronze medal to Vladimir Isakov of Russia.[13]

Swedish wrestler Ara Abrahamian was originally awarded a bronze medal in the Greco-Roman 84 kg event. However, at the medal ceremony he walked off the podium and dropped his medal on the mat in protest of the judging in his event. On August 16, 2008, the International Olympic Committee decided to strip him of his medal because they felt it amounted to a political demonstration and was disrespectful to other athletes.[14]

Ukrainian athlete Lyudmyla Blonska, who finished second in the women's heptathlon, tested positive for the steroid methyltestosterone. On August 22, 2008, the International Olympic Committee officially stripped Blonska of her medal, and as a result, the silver medal went to Hyleas Fountain of the United States, and the bronze medal to Tatyana Chernova of Russia.[15]

After the Games[edit]

Tony André Hansen was stripped of his bronze medal when his horse tested positive for a banned substance.

Belarusian athletes Vadim Devyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan, who won silver and bronze respectively in the men's hammer throw, both tested positive for abnormal levels of testosterone. After attending a disciplinary hearing in September, they were stripped of their medals on December 11, 2008. Krisztián Pars of Hungary was given the silver medal, and Koji Murofushi of Japan was given the bronze.[16] However, both of the Belarusian athletes had their medals reinstated because the doping tests weren't handled properly.[17]

Norwegian equestrian athlete Tony André Hansen's horse tested positive for the pain relieving medication capsaicin, a banned substance. Hansen, who won a bronze medal in the team jumping event, was disqualified. In the team jumping system, the top three scores garnered by the four riders are counted. Hansen had the best score on his team, and it was removed from the total. Without Hansen's score, his team was below the bronze medal threshold so the medal was awarded to the team from Switzerland on December 22, 2008.[18]

On November 18, 2009, the IOC announced that two medalists had been stripped of their medals. First, Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain had been stripped of the gold medal in the men's 1500 m race. Ramzi had been the first athlete from Bahrain to win an Olympic gold medal. His frozen blood sample was re-tested and found to contain traces of Cera, a stamina-building blood-booster. Kenyan Asbel Kipruto Kiprop was upgraded to gold, Nicholas Willis of New Zealand was given the silver and Mehdi Baala of France received the bronze. Also, Italian cyclist Davide Rebellin had tested positive for Cera and had been stripped of the silver medal he earned in the men's road race.[19] The silver medal was later awarded to Fabian Cancellara of Switzerland (the original bronze medal recipient) and the bronze medal was awarded to Alexandr Kolobnev of Russia.[20][21]

In 2012, IAAF announced that retested doping samples from the 2005 World Athletics Championships of shotputter Andrei Mikhnevich was found positive for 3 anabolic steroids: Clenbuterol, Methandienone and Oxandrolone. On 20 August 2014, IOC disqualified his results from the 2008 Summer Olympics and allocated the bronze medal.[22]

2016 wave of retesting[edit]

On 22 July 2016, Sibel Özkan (TUR) was disqualified due to an anti-doping rule violation and stripped of her silver medal.[23] Medals have not been reallocated as yet.

On 28 July 2016, it was announced that retests of samples from the 2008 Summer Olympics detected a positive sample for performance-enhancing drugs from Aksana Miankova of Belarus, who won a gold medal in the women's hammer throw.[24][25] There have been no decisions about stripping and reallocation of medals as yet.

On 16 August 2016, the Russian women's 4 × 100 metres relay team was disqualified for doping. Russian teammates were stripped of their gold Olympic medals, as Yuliya Chermoshanskaya had her samples reanalyzed and tested positive for two prohibited substances.[26] The IAAF was requested to modify the results accordingly and to consider any further action within its own competence.[27]

On 19 August 2016, the Russian women's 4 × 400 metres relay team was disqualified for doping.[28] Russian teammates were stripped of their silver Olympic medals, as Anastasiya Kapachinskaya had her samples reanalyzed and tested positive for the same two prohibited substances as Chermoshanskaya.[29]

On 24 August 2016, the IWF reported that as a consequence of the IOC's reanalyses of samples from the 2008 Olympic Games, the samples of the following athletes had returned positive results: Nizami Pashayev (Azerbaijan), Iryna Kulesha, Nastassia Novikava, Andrei Rybakou (all from Belarus), Cao Lei, Chen Xiexia, Liu Chunhong (all from China), Mariya Grabovetskaya, Maya Maneza, Irina Nekrassova, Vladimir Sedov (all from Kazakhstan), Khadzhimurat Akkaev, Dmitry Lapikov (both from Russia), and Natalya Davydova and Olha Korobka (both from Ukraine). In line with the relevant rules and regulations, the IWF imposed mandatory provisional suspensions upon the athletes, who remain provisionally suspended in view of potential anti-doping rule violations until their cases are closed.[30]

On 29 August 2016, some non-official reports indicated that Artur Taymazov of Uzbekistan had been stripped of the 2008 Olympic gold medal in the freestyle wrestling 120 kg event due to a positive test for doping.[31]

On 31 August 2016, the IOC disqualified six sportspeople for failing doping tests at the 2008 Games. They included three Russian medalists: weightlifters Nadezhda Evstyukhina (bronze medal in the women's 75 kg event), Marina Shainova (silver medal in the women's 58 kg event), and Tatyana Firova, who finished second with teammates in the 4 × 400 m relay. Bronze medal weightlifter Tigran Martirosyan of Armenia (men's 69 kg event) and fellow weightlifters Alexandru Dudoglo (9th place) of Moldova and Intigam Zairov (9th place) of Azerbaijan were also disqualified.[32]

On 1 September 2016, the IOC disqualified a further two athletes. Cuban discus thrower Yarelys Barrios, who won a silver medal in the women's discus, was disqualified after testing positive for Acetazolamide and ordered to return her medal. Qatari sprinter Samuel Francis, who finished 16th in the 100 meters, was also disqualified after testing positive for Stanozolol.[33]

On 13 September 2016, four more Russian athletes were disqualified for doping offenses. Two of those were medalists from the 2008 Summer Olympics: silver medalist Mariya Abakumova in the women's javelin throw and Denis Alekseyev, who was part of the bronze medal team in the men's 4 × 400 m relay. Inga Abitova, who finished 6th in the 10,000 meters, and cyclist Ekaterina Gnidenko also tested positive for a banned substance and were disqualified. [34]

List of changes[edit]

List of official changes in medal standings (during the Games)
Ruling date Sport Event Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
August 15, 2008 Shooting Men's 10 metre air pistol  North Korea (PRK) −1 −1
 United States (USA) +1 +1
Men's 50 metre pistol  North Korea (PRK) −1 −1
 China (CHN) +1 −1 0
 Russia (RUS) +1 +1
August 16, 2008 Wrestling Men's Greco-Roman 84 kg  Sweden (SWE) −1 −1
August 22, 2008 Athletics Women's heptathlon  Ukraine (UKR) −1 −1
 United States (USA) +1 −1 0
 Russia (RUS) +1 +1
List of official changes in medal standings (after the Games)
Ruling date Sport Event Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
December 22, 2008 Equestrian Team jumping  Norway (NOR) −1 −1
 Switzerland (SUI) +1 +1
November 18, 2009 Athletics Men's 1500 metres  Bahrain (BRN) −1 −1
 Kenya (KEN) +1 −1 0
 New Zealand (NZL) +1 −1 0
 France (FRA) +1 +1
Cycling Men's road race  Italy (ITA) −1 −1
 Switzerland (SUI) +1 −1 0
 Russia (RUS) +1 +1
August 20, 2014 Athletics Men's shot put  Belarus (BLR) −1 −1
 Canada (CAN) +1 +1
July 22, 2016 Weightlifting Women's 48 kg  Turkey (TUR) −1 −1
August 16, 2016 Athletics Women's 4 × 100 metres relay  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
August 19, 2016[35] Athletics Women's 4 × 400 metres relay  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
August 31, 2016 Weightlifting Men's 69 kg  Armenia (ARM) −1 −1
Weightlifting Women's 75 kg  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
Weightlifting Women's 58 kg  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
September 1, 2016 Athletics Women's discus throw  Cuba (CUB) −1 −1
September 13, 2016 Athletics Women's javelin throw  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
Athletics Men's 4 × 400 m relay  Russia (RUS) −1 −1
List of possible changes in medal standings
Ruling date Sport Event Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
July 22, 2016 Weightlifting Women's 48 kg  Chinese Taipei (TPE) +1 −1 0
 South Korea (KOR) +1 +1
August 16, 2016 Athletics Women's 4 × 100 metres relay  Belgium (BEL) +1 −1 0
 Nigeria (NGR) +1 −1 0
 Brazil (BRA) +1 +1
August 19, 2016 Athletics Women's 4 × 400 metres relay  Jamaica (JAM) +1 −1 0
 Belarus (BLR) +1 +1
August 31, 2016 Weightlifting Men's 69 kg  Cuba (CUB) +1 +1
August 31, 2016 Weightlifting Women's 75 kg  Spain (ESP) +1 +1
August 31, 2016 Weightlifting Women's 58 kg  North Korea (PRK) +1 −1 0
 Thailand (THA) +1 +1
September 1, 2016 Athletics Women's discus throw  Ukraine (UKR) +1 −1 0
 China (CHN) +1 +1
September 13, 2016 Athletics Women's javelin throw  Germany (GER) +1 −1 0
 Great Britain (GBR) +1 +1
September 13, 2016 Athletics Men's 4 × 400 m relay  Great Britain (GBR) +1 +1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

General

Specific

  1. ^ "NOC entry forms received" (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 2008-08-01. Archived from the original on 8 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-08. (...) confirmed the qualification of 11,028 athletes, including 363 supplement athletes holding a P card. 
  2. ^ "Afghans win first Olympic medal". BBC Sport. 2008-08-20. Archived from the original on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-20. 
  3. ^ "Mauritian delight at first ever medal". Times of India. 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-08-26. [dead link]
  4. ^ Osman, Mohamed (2008-08-24). "Darfur runner wins Sudan's first Olympic medal". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  5. ^ Talmadge, Eric (2008-08-11). "Italy, Azerbaijan win golds". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  6. ^ "Togo claims first Olympic medal". BBC News. 2008-08-12. Archived from the original on 13 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12. 
  7. ^ "Naidan wins Mongolia's first gold". BBC News. 2008-08-14. Archived from the original on 15 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-14. 
  8. ^ "Liu out, Isinbayeva gets world record". The New York Times. 2008-08-18. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  9. ^ "Serbian PM congratulates swimmer on winning medal in Beijing Olympics". Chinaview.cn. 2008-08-17. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  10. ^ "Beijing 2008–Games of the XXVIV Olympiad". International Olympic Committee. Archived from the original on 10 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  11. ^ Randy Harvey (2008-08-17). "Jamaicans 1-2-3 in women's 100". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-17. 
  12. ^ "GOLD: x2 for U.S.". The Globe and Mail. 2008-08-12. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12. Arkady Vyatchanin of Russia and Hayden Stoeckel of Australia tied for bronze. 
  13. ^ "2 more athletes fail doping tests". CBC Sports. 2008-08-15. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  14. ^ Longman, Jere (2008-08-16). "Swede Stripped of His Medal After His Angry Reaction". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  15. ^ "Ukrainian Blonska stripped of silver medal in heptathlon". ESPN. 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  16. ^ The Canadian Press (2008-12-11). "Belarusian hammer throwers stripped of medals". The Sports Network. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  17. ^ "CAS Reinstates Medals for Hammer Throwers". ESPN. Associated Press. June 10, 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-08. 
  18. ^ The Canadian Press (2008-12-22). "Norwegian rider stripped of Olympic medal". The Sports Network. Retrieved 2009-06-05. 
  19. ^ Young, Chris (2009-11-19). "Young: Olympians lose medals after retroactive doping test". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-19. 
  20. ^ "CAS rejects Davide Rebellin's appeal on doping positive in Beijing". VeloNation Press. 2010-07-30. Retrieved 2010-08-02. 
  21. ^ Cycling News (2010-12-18). "Cancellara receives silver medal from Beijing Olympic road race". Cyclingnews. Retrieved 2010-12-19. 
  22. ^ IOC: IOC Latest News Olympic Highlights, olympic.org
  23. ^ IOC sanctions Turkish weightlifter for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ Russia stripped of 4×100 gold medal from 2008 Olympics because of doping
  27. ^ IOC sanctions Yulia Chermoshanskaya for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008
  28. ^ IOC sanctions three athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008
  29. ^ Allen, Scott (19 August 2016). "IOC strips Russia of another 2008 track and field medal for doping violations". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-20. 
  30. ^ Public disclosures
  31. ^ "Wrestling Legends Besik Kudukhov & Artur Taymazov Stripped Of Olympic Medals". FloWrestling.Org. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  32. ^ IOC sanctions six athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008
  33. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-sanctions-two-athletes-for-failing-anti-doping-tests-at-beijing-2008
  34. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-sanctions-four-athletes-for-failing-anti-doping-tests-at-beijing-2008-and-london-2012-1
  35. ^ https://www.olympic.org/news/ioc-sanctions-three-athletes-for-failing-anti-doping-tests-at-beijing-2008

External links[edit]