2008 Summer Olympics medal table
The 2008 Summer Olympics medal table is a list of National Olympic Committees (NOCs) ranked by the number of gold medals won by their athletes during the 2008 Summer Olympics, held in Beijing, the capital of the People's Republic of China, from 8 August to 24 August 2008. Approximately 11,028 athletes from 204 NOCs participated in 302 events in 28 sports.
Athletes from 86 countries won medals, leaving 118 countries without a medal, and 54 of them won at least one gold medal. Both of these categories set new records until surpassed in 2016. Athletes from China won the most gold medals, with 51 gold medals. Athletes from the United States won the most total medals, with 110. Afghanistan, Mauritius, Sudan, Tajikistan and Togo won their first Olympic medals. Athletes from Mongolia (which previously held the record for most medals without a gold) and Panama won their first gold medals. Serbian swimmer Milorad Čavić won the first medal for the country as an independent NOC. Serbian athletes have previously won medals as nationals of Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro.
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The ranking in this table is based on information provided by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and is consistent with IOC convention in its published medal tables. By default, the table is ordered by the number of gold medals the athletes from a nation have won (in this context, a "nation" is an entity represented by a National Olympic Committee). The number of silver medals is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze medals. If nations are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically by IOC country code.
In boxing, judo, taekwondo and wrestling, two bronze medals are awarded in each weight class. Therefore, the total number of bronze medals is greater than the total number of gold or silver medals. An exception was the men's 84 kg Greco-Roman wrestling, where Ara Abrahamian was stripped of his medal due to his conduct during the medal ceremony. Additionally there was a tie for the silver medal in the women's 100 metres in athletics and no bronze was awarded. Ties for third in swimming's men's 100 metre backstroke and men's 100 metre freestyle meant that two bronze medals were awarded for those events.
Host nation (China)
|2||United States (USA)||36||38||36||110|
|4||Great Britain (GBR)||19||13||15||47|
|7||South Korea (KOR)||13||10||8||31|
|24||Czech Republic (CZE)||3||3||0||6|
|25||New Zealand (NZL)||3||2||4||9|
|34||North Korea (PRK)||2||1||3||6|
|47||Dominican Republic (DOM)||1||1||0||2|
|59||Trinidad and Tobago (TRI)||0||2||0||2|
|South Africa (RSA)||0||1||0||1|
|79||Chinese Taipei (TPE)||0||0||4||4|
|Total (86 NOCs)||302||301||352||955|
Changes in medal standings
During the Games
On August 15, 2008, the International Olympic Committee announced North Korean shooter Kim Jong-su had tested positive for the banned substance propranolol and was stripped of his two medals. He had won a bronze medal in the 10 metre air pistol and silver in the 50 metre pistol. After Kim Jong-su was disqualified, the bronze medal in the 10 metre air pistol went to Jason Turner of the United States; in the 50 metre pistol, the silver medal went to Tan Zongliang of China, and the bronze medal to Vladimir Isakov of Russia.
Swedish wrestler Ara Abrahamian was originally awarded a bronze medal in the Greco-Roman 84 kg event. However, at the medal ceremony he walked off the podium and dropped his medal on the mat in protest of the judging in his event. On August 16, 2008, the International Olympic Committee decided to strip him of his medal because they felt it amounted to a political demonstration and was disrespectful to other athletes.
Ukrainian athlete Lyudmyla Blonska, who finished second in the women's heptathlon, tested positive for the steroid methyltestosterone. On August 22, 2008, the International Olympic Committee officially stripped Blonska of her medal, and as a result, the silver medal went to Hyleas Fountain of the United States, and the bronze medal to Tatyana Chernova of Russia.
After the Games
Belarusian athletes Vadim Devyatovskiy and Ivan Tsikhan, who won silver and bronze respectively in the men's hammer throw, both tested positive for abnormal levels of testosterone. After attending a disciplinary hearing in September, they were stripped of their medals on December 11, 2008. Krisztián Pars of Hungary was given the silver medal, and Koji Murofushi of Japan was given the bronze. However, both of the Belarusian athletes had their medals reinstated because the doping tests weren't handled properly.
Norwegian equestrian athlete Tony André Hansen's horse tested positive for the pain relieving medication capsaicin, a banned substance. Hansen, who won a bronze medal in the team jumping event, was disqualified. In the team jumping system, the top three scores garnered by the four riders are counted. Hansen had the best score on his team, and it was removed from the total. Without Hansen's score, his team was below the bronze medal threshold so the medal was awarded to the team from Switzerland on December 22, 2008.
On November 18, 2009, the IOC announced that two medalists had been stripped of their medals. First, Rashid Ramzi of Bahrain had been stripped of the gold medal in the men's 1500 m race. Ramzi had been the first athlete from Bahrain to win an Olympic gold medal. His frozen blood sample was re-tested and found to contain traces of Cera, a stamina-building blood-booster. Kenyan Asbel Kipruto Kiprop was upgraded to gold, Nicholas Willis of New Zealand was given the silver and Mehdi Baala of France received the bronze. Also, Italian cyclist Davide Rebellin had tested positive for Cera and had been stripped of the silver medal he earned in the men's road race. The silver medal was later awarded to Fabian Cancellara of Switzerland (the original bronze medal recipient) and the bronze medal was awarded to Alexandr Kolobnev of Russia.
In 2012, IAAF announced that retested doping samples from the 2005 World Athletics Championships of shotputter Andrei Mikhnevich was found positive for 3 anabolic steroids: Clenbuterol, Methandienone and Oxandrolone. On 20 August 2014, IOC disqualified his results from the 2008 Summer Olympics and allocated the bronze medal.
2016 wave of retesting
On 28 July 2016, it was announced that retests of samples from the 2008 Summer Olympics detected a positive sample for performance-enhancing drugs from Aksana Miankova of Belarus, who won a gold medal in the women's hammer throw. There have been no decisions about stripping and reallocation of medals as yet.
On 16 August 2016, the Russian women's 4 × 100 metres relay team was disqualified for doping. Russian teammates were stripped of their gold Olympic medals, as Yuliya Chermoshanskaya had her samples reanalyzed and tested positive for two prohibited substances. The IAAF was requested to modify the results accordingly and to consider any further action within its own competence.
On 19 August 2016, the Russian women's 4 × 400 metres relay team was disqualified for doping. Russian teammates were stripped of their silver Olympic medals, as Anastasiya Kapachinskaya had her samples reanalyzed and tested positive for the same two prohibited substances as Chermoshanskaya.
On 24 August 2016, the IWF reported that as a consequence of the IOC's reanalyses of samples from the 2008 Olympic Games, the samples of the following athletes had returned positive results: Nizami Pashayev (Azerbaijan), Iryna Kulesha, Nastassia Novikava, Andrei Rybakou (all from Belarus), Cao Lei, Chen Xiexia, Liu Chunhong (all from China), Mariya Grabovetskaya, Maya Maneza, Irina Nekrassova, Vladimir Sedov (all from Kazakhstan), Khadzhimurat Akkaev, Dmitry Lapikov (both from Russia), and Natalya Davydova and Olha Korobka (both from Ukraine). In line with the relevant rules and regulations, the IWF imposed mandatory provisional suspensions upon the athletes, who remain provisionally suspended in view of potential anti-doping rule violations until their cases are closed.
On 29 August 2016, some non-official reports indicated that Artur Taymazov of Uzbekistan had been stripped of the 2008 Olympic gold medal in the freestyle wrestling 120 kg event due to a positive test for doping.
On 31 August 2016, the IOC disqualified six sportspeople for failing doping tests at the 2008 Games. They included three Russian medalists: weightlifters Nadezhda Evstyukhina (bronze medal in the women's 75 kg event), Marina Shainova (silver medal in the women's 58 kg event), and Tatyana Firova, who finished second with teammates in the 4 × 400 m relay. Bronze medal weightlifter Tigran Martirosyan of Armenia (men's 69 kg event) and fellow weightlifters Alexandru Dudoglo (9th place) of Moldova and Intigam Zairov (9th place) of Azerbaijan were also disqualified.
On 1 September 2016, the IOC disqualified a further two athletes. Cuban discus thrower Yarelys Barrios, who won a silver medal in the women's discus, was disqualified after testing positive for Acetazolamide and ordered to return her medal. Qatari sprinter Samuel Francis, who finished 16th in the 100 meters, was also disqualified after testing positive for Stanozolol.
On 13 September 2016, four more Russian athletes were disqualified for doping offenses. Two of those were medalists from the 2008 Summer Olympics: silver medalist Mariya Abakumova in the women's javelin throw and Denis Alekseyev, who was part of the bronze medal team in the men's 4 × 400 m relay. Inga Abitova, who finished 6th in the 10,000 meters, and cyclist Ekaterina Gnidenko also tested positive for a banned substance and were disqualified. 
List of changes
|August 15, 2008||Shooting||Men's 10 metre air pistol||North Korea (PRK)||−1||−1|
|United States (USA)||+1||+1|
|Men's 50 metre pistol||North Korea (PRK)||−1||−1|
|August 16, 2008||Wrestling||Men's Greco-Roman 84 kg||Sweden (SWE)||−1||−1|
|August 22, 2008||Athletics||Women's heptathlon||Ukraine (UKR)||−1||−1|
|United States (USA)||+1||−1||0|
|December 22, 2008||Equestrian||Team jumping||Norway (NOR)||−1||−1|
|November 18, 2009||Athletics||Men's 1500 metres||Bahrain (BRN)||−1||−1|
|New Zealand (NZL)||+1||−1||0|
|Cycling||Men's road race||Italy (ITA)||−1||−1|
|August 20, 2014||Athletics||Men's shot put||Belarus (BLR)||−1||−1|
|July 22, 2016||Weightlifting||Women's 48 kg||Turkey (TUR)||−1||−1|
|August 16, 2016||Athletics||Women's 4 × 100 metres relay||Russia (RUS)||−1||−1|
|August 19, 2016||Athletics||Women's 4 × 400 metres relay||Russia (RUS)||−1||−1|
|August 31, 2016||Weightlifting||Men's 69 kg||Armenia (ARM)||−1||−1|
|Weightlifting||Women's 75 kg||Russia (RUS)||−1||−1|
|Weightlifting||Women's 58 kg||Russia (RUS)||−1||−1|
|September 1, 2016||Athletics||Women's discus throw||Cuba (CUB)||−1||−1|
|September 13, 2016||Athletics||Women's javelin throw||Russia (RUS)||−1||−1|
|Athletics||Men's 4 × 400 m relay||Russia (RUS)||−1||−1|
|July 22, 2016||Weightlifting||Women's 48 kg||Chinese Taipei (TPE)||+1||−1||0|
|South Korea (KOR)||+1||+1|
|August 16, 2016||Athletics||Women's 4 × 100 metres relay||Belgium (BEL)||+1||−1||0|
|August 19, 2016||Athletics||Women's 4 × 400 metres relay||Jamaica (JAM)||+1||−1||0|
|August 31, 2016||Weightlifting||Men's 69 kg||Cuba (CUB)||+1||+1|
|August 31, 2016||Weightlifting||Women's 75 kg||Spain (ESP)||+1||+1|
|August 31, 2016||Weightlifting||Women's 58 kg||North Korea (PRK)||+1||−1||0|
|September 1, 2016||Athletics||Women's discus throw||Ukraine (UKR)||+1||−1||0|
|September 13, 2016||Athletics||Women's javelin throw||Germany (GER)||+1||−1||0|
|Great Britain (GBR)||+1||+1|
|September 13, 2016||Athletics||Men's 4 × 400 m relay||Great Britain (GBR)||+1||+1|
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(...) confirmed the qualification of 11,028 athletes, including 363 supplement athletes holding a P card.
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- Randy Harvey (2008-08-17). "Jamaicans 1-2-3 in women's 100". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 18 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-17.
- "GOLD: x2 for U.S.". The Globe and Mail. 2008-08-12. Archived from the original on 17 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-12.
Arkady Vyatchanin of Russia and Hayden Stoeckel of Australia tied for bronze.
- "2 more athletes fail doping tests". CBC Sports. 2008-08-15. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- Longman, Jere (2008-08-16). "Swede Stripped of His Medal After His Angry Reaction". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "Ukrainian Blonska stripped of silver medal in heptathlon". ESPN. 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- The Canadian Press (2008-12-11). "Belarusian hammer throwers stripped of medals". The Sports Network. Archived from the original on 2009-06-01. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
- "CAS Reinstates Medals for Hammer Throwers". ESPN. Associated Press. June 10, 2010. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
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- "CAS rejects Davide Rebellin's appeal on doping positive in Beijing". VeloNation Press. 2010-07-30. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
- Cycling News (2010-12-18). "Cancellara receives silver medal from Beijing Olympic road race". Cyclingnews. Retrieved 2010-12-19.
- IOC: IOC Latest News Olympic Highlights, olympic.org
- IOC sanctions Turkish weightlifter for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008
- Russia stripped of 4×100 gold medal from 2008 Olympics because of doping
- IOC sanctions Yulia Chermoshanskaya for failing anti-doping test at Beijing 2008
- IOC sanctions three athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008
- Allen, Scott (19 August 2016). "IOC strips Russia of another 2008 track and field medal for doping violations". Washington Post. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
- Public disclosures
- "Wrestling Legends Besik Kudukhov & Artur Taymazov Stripped Of Olympic Medals". FloWrestling.Org. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- IOC sanctions six athletes for failing anti-doping tests at Beijing 2008
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