2008 Summer Olympics torch relay route

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2008 Olympic Torch Relay. The cancelled Taiwan route is shown in red.

The 2008 Summer Olympics torch relay route involved 21 countries where the Olympic torch was carried between its lighting in Greece in March 2008 and the Olympic opening ceremony in China's host city of Beijing in August 2008. The relay took place in four separate legs: in Greece, an international leg, in the Special Administrative Region of China (Hong Kong and Macau), and in mainland China.

The planned route originally included a stop in Taipei between Ho Chi Minh City and Hong Kong, but there was disagreement in Beijing and Taipei over language used to describe whether it was an international or a domestic part of the route. While the Olympic committees of China and Chinese Taipei reached initial consensus on the approach, the government of the Republic of China in Taiwan intervened, stating that this placement could be interpreted as placing Taiwan on the same level as Hong Kong and Macau, an implication it objected to. The Beijing Organizing Committee attempted to continue negotiation,[1] but further disputes arose over the flag or the anthem of the Republic of China along the 24 km torch route in Taiwan.[2] By the midnight deadline for concluding the negotiation on September 21, 2007, Taiwan and China were unable to come to terms with the issue of the Torch Relay. In the end, both sides of the Taiwan Strait decided to eliminate the Taipei leg.[3]

Greece torch relay route[edit]

The initial flame is gathered in front of the Temple of Hera. Actress Maria Nafpliotou ignited the first torch. The Olympic Flame Handover ceremony was also held on March 30.

Greece torch relay route[4]
2008 Olympic Torch Relay in Greece
Date  Greece Prefecture / City Length Notable torchbearers # of torchbearers
March 24 Ilia Ancient Olympia ruins Alexandros Nikolaidis – medalist in taekwondo
Luo Xuejuan – gold medalist swimmer[5]
Wang Leehom – singer[6]
Pyrgos
Ilida
Achaea Patras
Aetolia-Acarnania Missolonghi
March 25 Agrinio
Amfilochia
Menidi
Arta Arta
Ioannina Ioannina
March 26 Metsovo
Grevena Grevena
Kozani Kozani
Imathia Veria
March 27 Naousa
Pella Skydra
Edessa
Giannitsa
Ancient Pella ruins
Thessaloniki Thessaloniki
March 28 Pieria Ancient Dion ruins
Larissa Larissa
Magnesia Volos
Phthiotis Lamia
March 29 East Attica Ancient Amphiareion of Oropos ruins
Marathon
Rafina
Athens The Acropolis at Athens
March 30 Athens' Panathinaiko Stadium

International torch relay route[edit]

International torch relay route
2008 Olympic Torch Relay's international leg
Date Country (city) Length[4] Notable torchbearers # of torchbearers[4]
March 31 China China  (Beijing) Hu Jintaoparamount leader of PRC
Liu Xiang – gold medalist hurdler
April 2 Kazakhstan Kazakhstan  (Almaty)
(start)
Medeo stadium
(finish)
Astana Square
20 km Nursultan Nazarbaevpresident of Kazakhstan
Bakhtiyar Artayev – gold medalist weightlifter
Yermakhan Ibraimov – boxer
Yuriy Melnichenko – gold medalist wrestler
Anatoly Khrapatyweightlifter
Vladimir Smirnov – the first Olympic champion for independent Kazakhstan cross-country skiing
Roza Rymbaeva – singer[7]
80
April 3 Turkey Turkey  (Istanbul)
(start)
Sultanahmet Square
(finish)
Taksim Square
20 km Tuğba Karademir – figure skater
Taner Sağır – champion weightlifter[8]
80
April 5 Russia Russia  (St.Petersburg)
(start)
Victory Square
(finish)
Palace Square
20 km Lyubov Yegorova – cross-country skiing
Viktor Zhdanovichfencing
Vladimir Salnikov, Alexander Popov, Sergey Kopliakov, Andrey Krylov – gold medalist swimmer
Alexander Dityatin – gold medalist artistic gymnastics
Tatyana Kazankina – gold medalist runner
Anatoly Alyabyev – gold medalist biathlon
Evgeni Plushenko, Tatiana Totmianina, Maxim Marinin, Anton Sikharulidze, Alexei Urmanov, Oksana Kazakova, Artur Dmitriev, Oleg Vasiliev – gold medalist figure skater
Svetlana Zhurovaspeed skating
Tamara Moskvina – figure skating coach
Fedor Emelianenkomixed martial artist
Robert Swanpolar explorers
Artur Chilingarovcosmonaut
Valentina Tereshkovaastronaut
Alisa Freindlich – actress
Andrei Arshavin – football player[9]
80
April 6 United KingdomGreat Britain   (London)
(start)
Wembley Stadium
(finish)
The O2 arena
48 km Kelly Holmes – gold medalist runner
Danny Crates – gold medalist Paralympic runner
Sir Trevor McDonald – journalist
Konnie Huq – TV Presenter
Vanessa Mae – classical musician
Kevin Pietersencricketer
Tim Henman – retired tennis player
Amara Karan – actress[10]
80
April 7 France France  (Paris)
(start)
Eiffel Tower
(finish)
Stade Charléty
originally 28 km Stéphane Diagana – gold medalist runner
David Douillet – gold medalist in judo
Marie-José Pérec – gold medalist runner
Jin JingParalympic fencer
Thierry HenrySoccer star
Teddy Riner – gold medalist judoka
Arnaud Di Pasquale – tennis player
Pi Hongyan – badminton player
Mary Pierce – tennis player[11]
April 9 United States United States of America  (San Francisco)
(start)
AT&T Park
(finish)
San Francisco International Airport
unannounced Lin Li – swimmer
April 11 Argentina Argentina  (Buenos Aires)
(start)
Lola Mora amphitheater
(finish)
Buenos Aires Riding Club
13.8 km Carlos Espínola – windsurfer[12]
Georgina Bardach, Paola Suárez, Pablo Chacón – athletes
78
April 13 Tanzania Tanzania  (Dar es Salaam)
(start)
A railway station of Dar es Salaam
(finish)
Tanzanian National Stadium
5 km John Stephen Akhwari – marathoner
Dorcus Inzikurusteeplechaser
Anna Tibaijuka – Undersecretary general of the United Nations[13]
80
April 14 OmanOman  (Muscat)
(start)
place roundabout Al Bustan
(where lies the "Sohar" boat
which visited China in 1981)
(finish)
Qurm Natural Park
20 km 80
April 16 Pakistan Pakistan  (Islamabad) Samiullah Khan – field hockey
Jahangir Khansquash player[14]
65
April 17 India India  (New Delhi)
(start)
Raisina Hill
(finish)
India Gate
2.3 km Manavjit Singh Sandhu, Abhinav Bindrasport shooter[15]
Aamir Khan – actor, director
around 70
April 19 ThailandThailand  (Bangkok)
(start)
Yaowarat Road in Bangkok's Chinese Town
(finish)
Royal Plaza
10 km Anant Siripasraporn – Deputy Permanent Secretary for Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
Manus Boonjumnong, Somluck Kamsing – gold medalist boxers
Udomporn Polsak, Pawina Thongsuk – gold medalist weightlifters
[16]
80
April 21 MalaysiaMalaysia  (Kuala Lumpur)
(start)
Independence Square
(finish)
Petronas Twin Towers
16.5 km Cheah Soon Kit, Yap Kim Hock – retired badminton player
Nicol David – squash player[17]
80
April 22 IndonesiaIndonesia  (Jakarta) 7 km; originally 20 km Taufik Hidayat, Susi Susanti, Alan Budikusuma – badminton player[18]
Fauzi Bowo – governor of Jakarta[19]
80
April 24 Australia Australia  (Canberra)
(start)
Reconciliation Place
(finish)
Commonwealth Park
16 km Ian Thorpe, Jodie Henry, Libby Trickett, Matt Welsh, Adam Pine, Alice Mills, Petria Thomas – gold medalist swimmers
Ron Clarke – runner
Mark Beretta – TV sports reporter
Tania MajorAboriginal activist
Megan Marckscoxless pair rower
Jonathon Welchconductor
Robert de Castella – gold medalist marathoner
Lee Kernaghan – singer
Fiona Stanleyepidemiologist
Mark Beretta – sports broadcaster
Peter SharpRugby league coach
Louise Sauvage – Paralympic wheelchair racer
Jai Taurima – long jumper
Fiona Wood – director of Royal Perth Hospital, surgeon
Heather McKay – squash player[20]
80
April 26 Japan Japan  (Nagano)
(start)
Small park in Nagano
(finish)
Wakasato Park
18.7 km Senichi Hoshino – baseball manager
Kosuke Kitajima – gold medalist swimmer
Mizuki Noguchi – gold medalist runner
Ai Fukuhara – table tennis player[21]
80
April 27 South Korea South Korea  (Seoul)
(start)
Olympic Park
(finish)
City Hall Plaza
22 km Moon Dae-Sung – gold medalist taekwondo
Kim Mi-Jung – gold medalist shot putter
Ahn Hyun-Soo – speed skater
Nam Eun-Young – gold medalist in handball
Kim Soo-Nyung – gold medalist archer[22]
Bada (singer) – singer and musical actress
Jang Nara – singer and actress
70+
April 28 North KoreaNorth Korea  (Pyongyang)
(start)
Tower of Juche Idea
(finish)
Kim Il Sung Stadium
20 km Pak Du Ik – football player 80
April 29 VietnamVietnam  (Ho Chi Minh City)
(start)
Opera House
(finish)
Military Zone 7 Competition Hall
10 km 60

Special Administrative Region of China torch relay route[edit]

The opening relay route ceremony was held at the Hong Kong Cultural Centre.[23] The song "We are ready" was performed by Eason Chan, Hotcha, EO2 accompanied by Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra, Hong Kong Dance company, Gauido international golden eagle gymnastics team, and senior mixed choir of the Diocesan Girls' School and the Diocesan Boys' School.[24][25]

Date City Length[4] Notable torchbearers # of
torchbearers
May 2 Flag of Hong Kong.svg Hong Kong
(start)
Hong Kong Cultural Centre
(finish)
Golden Bauhinia Square
26 km

Lee Lai-shan – gold medalist in windsurfing
Li Ching, Ko Lai-chaktable-tennis players
Andy Lau, Jacky Cheung, Alex Fong, Kelly Chen, Leo Ku – singers
Rebecca Chiu Wing-yinsquash player
Leung Chun-ying – member of Executive Council
Stephen Chan – general manager of TVB
Victor Li Tzar-kuoi – managing director of Cheung Kong group
Thomas Kwok Ping-kwong – managing director of Sun Hung Kai group
Ng Ching-fai – principal of Hong Kong Baptist University
Michael Cheng Lai-hin – footballer
Koon Wai-chee, Wang Chen – badminton players
Lee Ka-kit – vice chairman of Henderson Group
Chu Ching-wu – president of The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Liza Wang – actress, singer & chairperson of Cantonese Opera Performers Association
Yip Wing-sie – music director of Hong Kong Sinfonietta
Rita Fan – president of Legislative Council
Timothy Fok – president of SFOC
Wong Kam-po – gold medalist at Asian games in cycling

119
May 3 Flag of Macau.svg Macau
(start and finish)
Macau Fisherman's Wharf
19 km
originally 27 km[26]
Miriam Yeung – Hong Kong singer
Stanley Ho – casino tycoon.
120

Hong Kong and Macau gallery[edit]

Mainland China torch relay route[edit]

The total torchbearer counts for each city are available at the official website of the torch relay. The relay was suspended from May 19 – May 21 to honor victims of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake.

Mainland China torch relay route
Planned torch relay route in mainland China before the earthquake.
Date China China Province / City Length Notable torchbearers # of torchbearers
May 4 Hainan Sanya 30.09[27] Yang Yang – gold medalist speed skater
Yi Jianlian – basketball player for the Milwaukee Bucks
Yang Lan – businesswomen
Zhang ZilinMiss World 2007
Huang Xiaoming – actor
Jackie Chan – actor[28]
208[27]
May 5 Wuzhishan 1.2 km 6
May 5 Wanning
(including Qionghai)
16.63 km
(+13.51)
113 (+89)
May 6 Haikou 30.2 km 208
May 7 Guangdong Guangzhou 40.82 km Yang Jinghui – gold medalist diver
Ulrika Knape – gold medalist Swedish diver
Dong Zhaozhi – silver medalist fencer
Shen Xiangfu – former Chinese national football coach
208[29]
May 8 Shenzhen 40 km Xiao Jinfeng – gold medalist gymnast
Wang Shi (王石) – head of China Vanke[30]
May 8 Mt Everest Summit
May 9 Guangdong Huizhou Liang Wenbo – snooker player[31]
May 10 Shantou Sun Shuwei – gold medalist diver
Xu Yinchuan – international master of Chinese chess[32]
208
May 11 Fujian Fuzhou Zheng Meizhu – gold medalist volleyball player[33]
Hou Yuzhu – gold medalist volleyball player[34]
Lin Qiang (林强), a sixth-generation descendant of Lin Zexu – person who opposed opium trade with the British in the Qing dynasty and led to the First Opium War[34]
208
May 12 Quanzhou 20.35 km 108[35]
May 12 Xiamen 17.4 km Guo Yuehua – winner of 8 consecutive titles for table tennis
Ji Xinpeng – gold medalist badminton player[36]
100
May 13 Longyan 30.5 km Zhang Xiangxiang – bronze medalist weightlifter
Shi Zhiyong – gold medalist weightlifter
Chen Hong – badminton player[37]
208
May 14 Jiangxi Ruijin 15 km 208[38]
May 15 Jinggangshan 14.5 km [39]
May 16 Nanchang Peng Bo – gold medalist diver
May 17 Zhejiang Wenzhou 108[40]
May 17 Shaoxing 100[41]
May 18 Hangzhou Li Lingwei – badminton champion[42] 208[43]
May 19 – May 21 Relay suspended to honor victims of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake -
May 22 Ningbo -
May 22 Jiaxing 8.2 km Lü Lin – gold medalist table tennis player 90
May 23 – May 24 Shanghai 62.84 km
(day 1)
+
136.55 km
(day 2)
Zhuang Yong – gold medalist swimmer
Zhou Xun – actress and singer
Liu Xuegen (刘学根), father of Liu Xiang
Li Bingbing – actress
Tony Leung Ka-Fai – actor[44]
Sun Wen – football (soccer) player
Chen Lu – world champion figure skater
Zhu Jianhua – medalist high jumper[45]
Lee Kaifu – founder of Google China[46]
Cao Yanhua – table tennis champion
416 (including 44 foreign nationals)
May 25 Jiangsu Suzhou 17 km 104[47]
May 25 Nantong 20 km 104[48]
May 26 Taizhou 12.8 km 104[49]
May 26 Yangzhou 11 km 104[50]
May 27 Nanjing 12.9 km Yang Yang – badminton player
Chen Peisi – actor
Gao Yuanyuan – actress
208[51]
May 28 Anhui Hefei Fan Xuepingwushu champion
Jiang Xiaoyu (蒋效愚) – executive VP of Beijing Organizing Committee
[52]
May 29 Huainan Zhou Tao – TV presenter
Zhang Yan (张燕) – singer
100
May 29 Wuhu Vicki Zhao – actress and singer 100[53]
May 30 Jixi Ding Junhuisnooker player 80[54]
May 30 Huangshan Ye Qiaobo – speed skating champ 120[55]
May 31 Hubei Wuhan 20.7 km Li Xiaoshuang – gold medalist gymnast[56]
June 1 Yichang 10 km Li Ting – gold medalist tennis player
Karen Mok – singer[57]
208[58]
June 2 Jingzhou 18.6 km Zeng Li (曾黎) – actress 208[59]
June 3 Hunan Yueyang 16.9 km [60]
June 4 Changsha Zhong Zhihua – head of Hunan University
Xiong Ni – 3-time gold medalist diver[61]
208
June 5 Shaoshan 79.1 km 208[62]
June 6 Guangxi Guilin Xiao Jiangang – weightlifting champion
Tang Lingsheng – gold medalist weighlifter[63]
June 7 Nanning 16.5 km Chen Wenzhong – olympic sprinter
Mo Huilan – gymnast
[64]
June 8 Baise [65]
June 9 Yunnan Kunming 8.3 km Angela Chang – Taiwanese singer and actress 208[66]
June 10 Lijiang 26 km -[67]
June 11 Xamgyi'nyilha 40.36 km Zhang Guowei – track & field[68]
June 12 Guizhou Guiyang 16.9 km 208[69]
June 13 Kaili 19.3 km 208[70]
June 14 Zunyi 6.3 km 208[71]
June 15 – June 16 Chongqing 17 km Gu LiGo champion 208[72]
June 17 Xinjiang Ürümqi 12.5 km Wang Yanhong – gold medalist archer
Abuduxikeer Mijiti – boxing champion
208[73]
June 18 Kashi 7.43 km 208[74]
June 19 Shihezi -[75]
June 19 Changji 4.4 km 104[76]
June 21 Tibet Lhasa 11 km[77] Cedai Drolma – singer[78] 156[79]
June 22 Qinghai Golmud 7.5 km -[80]
June 23 Qinghai Lake 6 km 162[81]
June 24 Xining Li Chunxiu – medalist racewalker -[82]
June 25 Shanxi Yuncheng 9.8 km Lu Shuming – actor

Zhang Weihong – medalist handball player

104[83]
June 25 Pingyao [84]
June 26 Taiyuan 39 km Yan Weiwen – singer
Tan Jing – singer
Robin Li – CEO of Baidu
208[85]
June 27 Datong 4 km 208[86]
June 28 Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center 22 Fei Junlong, Nie Haisheng – crew of Shenzhou spacecraft 6[87]
June 29 Ningxia Zhongwei 3.3 km -[88]
June 30 Wuzhong 5.6 km 193[89]
July 1 Yinchuan -[90]
July 2 Shaanxi Yan'an 6.31 km 208[91]
July 3 Yangling 6.53 km 95[92]
July 3 Xianyang 6.9 km 113[93]
July 4 Xi'an Tian Liang – gold medalist diver 200[94]
July 5 Gansu Dunhuang 7.6 km Fan Jinshi – director of Dunhuang Research Institute 120[95]
July 6 Jiayuguan 13.8 km 208[96]
July 7 Lanzhou -[97]
July 8 Inner Mongolia Hohhot 6.2 km Mengke Bateer – pro basketball player
Pan Gang – president of Yili group[98]
208[99]
July 9 Ordos 6.3 km 104[100]
July 9 Baotou 104[101]
July 10 Chifeng 6.2 km Siqingaowa – actress 208[102]
July 11 Heilongjiang Harbin 14.86 km Zhang Dan & Zhang Haopairs figure skating
Shen Xue & Zhao Hongbopairs figure skating
Sun Xue – singer
208[103]
July 12 Daqing 7.6 km 208[104]
July 13 Qiqihar 7.5 km 208[105]
July 14 Jilin Changchun 9 km Wang Chunlu – silver medalist short track skater 218[106]
July 15 Songyuan 110[107]
July 15 Jilin City 7.7 km Wang Chunli – medalist skater 108[108]
July 16 Yanji Xie Jun – chess champion -[109]
July 17 Liaoning Shenyang 10.08 km Zhuang Xiaoyan – gold medalist in judo
Han Xiaopeng – gold medalist freestyle skier
Li Yuwei – gold medalist shooter
Gao Hongmiaoracewalking champion
241[110]
July 18 Anshan 7.3 km Wang Yifu – gold medalist shooter 175[111]
July 19 Dalian [112]
July 21 Shandong Qingdao 14.5 km Zhang Xiaodong – medalist windsurfer 259[113]
July 21 Linyi 5.6 km 109[114]
July 22 Qufu 5.1 km 100[115]
July 22 Tai'an Bi Wenjinguneven bars athlete
Xing Aowei – gymnast
120[116]
July 23 Jinan 13.5 km Xing Huina – gold medalist track & field
Lin Weining – weighlifter
Wu Minxia – gold medalist diver
Qiao Yunping – table tennis champion
Guo Jingjing – gold medalist diver
243[117]
July 25 Henan Zhengzhou 7.6 km 208[118]
July 26 Kaifeng 6.6 km Chang Wu (張武) – a designer of Dancing Beijing symbol
Wang Liqun – historian and professor of Henan University
Mark Roswellxiangsheng actor
Zheng Haixia – medalist basketball player
208[119]
July 27 Luoyang 6.9 km 208[120]
July 28 Anyang 5.9 km 208[121]
July 29 Hebei Shijiazhuang 9.3 km Cai Yalin – medalist shooting champion
Li Meisu – medalist in shot put
188[122]
July 30 Qinhuangdao 7 km Xi Enting – table tennis champion 256[123]
July 31 Tangshan 10.1 km Qian Hong – gold medalist swimmer
208[124]
August 1 – August 2 Tianjin 12 km 225[125]
August 3 Sichuan Guang'an 7.3 km Jiang Min – policewoman 189[126]
August 4 Leshan 8.2 km Gao Min – gold medalist diver 185[127]
August 5 Chengdu 13.2 km Zhang Shan – gold medalist shooter 315[128]
August 6 Beijing
(outside)
16.4 km Zhang Yimou – film director
Bai YansongCCTV anchor
Yang Liwei – astronaut
Liu Qi – president of BOCOG
Li Furong – VP of BOCOG
Yao Ming – basketball player
Song Dandan – actress
Liu Chuanzhi – founder of Lenovo
Wu Shaozu – former chairperson of Chinese Olympic Committee
Lang Lang – pianist
Wang Hui – intellectual
Yang Yuanqing – Lenovo chairman
Jiang Xiaoyu – executive VP of BOCOG
JJ Lin – singer
Yu Dan – professor
Wu Jinglian – economist
Li Yongbo – medalist badminton player
Dong Jiong – medalist badminton player
Winfried Vahland – president of Volkswagen China
Song TaishanCoca Cola Beijing general manager
Luo Jing – Newsreporter
433[129][130][131][132]
August 7 14.58 km Liu Xuan – medalist gymnast
Song Zuying – singer
Yang Wenjun – gold medalist flatwater canoer
Hu Kai – gold medalist sprinter
Han Geng - Member of South Korean Boy Band Super Junior
268[132][133]
August 8 Feng Gongxiangsheng performer
Xu Zhihong – president of Peking University
-[134]
August 8 Beijing
(part of opening ceremony in Beijing National Stadium)
Xu Haifeng – gold medalist shooter
Gao Min – gold medalist diver
Li Xiaoshuang – gold medalist gymnast
Zhan Xugang – gold medalist weighlifter
Zhang Jun – gold medalist badminton
Chen Zhong – gold medalist taekwondo
Sun Jinfang – member of team that won China's first major championship in a team sport
Li Ning – gold medalist gymnast
-[135]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wade, Stephen (April 26, 2007). "Taiwan rejects China's torch relay plans". USA Today. Retrieved April 26, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Editorial: New Olympic event: Torch tug-of-war". The Taipei Times. 
  3. ^ "Taiwan, China Fail to Reach Agreement on Olympic Torch Route". 
  4. ^ a b c d The Official Website of the Beijing 2008 Torch Relay
  5. ^ Olympic Flame begins relay in Greece at the Official Website of the Torch Relay
  6. ^ Sina.com. "Sina.com." Beijing Olympic Games torch relay starts. Retrieved on June 21, 2008.
  7. ^ (Russian) Kazakhstan: Citius! Altius! Fortius! See also: (Russian) Olympic Torch Relay Starts in Kazakhstan
  8. ^ (Turkish) Meşaleyi Karademir taşıdı See also: "Beijing Olympic Flame Lands in Istanbul Today". Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. Retrieved 25 May 2008.  See also: "Six detained in Olympic torch relay". Retrieved 25 May 2008.  See also: "Flame leaves Istanbul for St. Petersburg". Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  9. ^ (Russian) Olympic Torch route in Saint Petersburg with all torchbearers and lap definitions (.doc file) See also: (Russian) Olympic Torch Will Be Carried By Drouz, Freindlich and Evgeni Plushenko See also: (Russian) Олимпийский огонь несли
  10. ^ "The Torch Relay in London". Retrieved 25 May 2008. 
  11. ^ (French)"La flamme olympique : le parcours heure par heure (du 06/04 au 07/04)", Nouvel Observateur, April 8, 2008 See also: "Paris cancels Olympic flame ceremony casting doubt over London's 2012 torch tour", The Times, April 8, 2008 See also: "Torch relay lights up home of father of modern Olympics", official torch relay website, April 8, 2008
  12. ^ "Olympic torch relay concludes in Buenos Aires". The Official Website of the Beijing 2008 Torch Relay. April 12, 2008. Archived from the original on April 12, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2008. 
  13. ^ "Olympic torch completes relay in Tanzania", Xinhua, April 13, 2008
  14. ^ "Islamabad stages Olympic flame relay in Sports Complex", official torch relay website, April 16, 2008
  15. ^ "Indian torchbearers vow to run for spirit of Olympics", official torch relay website, April 16, 2008
  16. ^ "Olympic flame sheds glee in 'City of Smile'", official torch relay website, April 19, 2008
  17. ^ "Sacred flame sends off sparks in Malaysia", official torch relay website, April 21, 2008
  18. ^ "Indonesian Torch Bearers from legendary athletes", official torch relay website, April 20, 2008
  19. ^ "Indonesian police break up pro-Tibet rally", France 24, April 22, 2008
  20. ^ "Smooth run for Australia's relay". BBC News. April 24, 2008. Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2008. 
  21. ^ China.org. "China.org." Big names carry Olympic torch through Nagano. Retrieved on July 6, 2008.
  22. ^ China.org. "China.org." Olympic torch relay in Seoul. Retrieved on July 6, 2008.
  23. ^ Info.gov.hk. "Info.gov.hk." Hong Kong to greet re-visit of Olympic flame with enthusiasm. Retrieved on April 3, 2008.
  24. ^ Youtube.com relay torch ceremony
  25. ^ I-Cable May 2, 2008 broadcast
  26. ^ (Chinese) 當局解釋改傳遞路線原因, Macao Daily News
  27. ^ a b Beijing Olympic torch relay kicks off in Chinese mainland, People's Daily.
  28. ^ torchrelay sanya
  29. ^ torchrelay guangzhou
  30. ^ torchrelay shenzhen
  31. ^ torchrelay huizhou
  32. ^ torchrelay shantou
  33. ^ torchrelay fuzhou
  34. ^ a b SCMP. "SCMP." Fuzhou torch relay highlights sports heroines, imperial hero. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
  35. ^ torchrelay quanzhou
  36. ^ torchrelay xiamen
  37. ^ torchrelay longyan
  38. ^ torchrelay ruijin
  39. ^ torchrelay jinggangshan
  40. ^ torchrelay zhejiang
  41. ^ torchrelay shaoxing
  42. ^ torchrelay hangzhou 1
  43. ^ torchrelay hangzhou 2
  44. ^ SCMP. "SCMP." Grey skies fail to dampen spirits. Retrieved on May 25, 2008.
  45. ^ torchrelay shanghai 1
  46. ^ torchrelay shanghai 2
  47. ^ torchrelay suzhou
  48. ^ torchrelay nantong
  49. ^ torchrelay taizhou
  50. ^ torchrelay yangzhou
  51. ^ torchrelay nanjing
  52. ^ torchrelay hefei
  53. ^ torchrelay wuhu
  54. ^ torchrelay jixi
  55. ^ torchrelay huangshan
  56. ^ torchrelay wuhan
  57. ^ SCMP. "SCMP." Karen Mok adds star power. Retrieved on June 1, 2008.
  58. ^ torchrelay yichang
  59. ^ torchrelay jingzhou
  60. ^ torchrelay yueyang
  61. ^ torchrelay changsha
  62. ^ torchrelay shaoshan
  63. ^ torchrelay guilin
  64. ^ torchrelay nanning
  65. ^ torchrelay baise
  66. ^ torchrelay kunming
  67. ^ torchrelay lijiang
  68. ^ torchrelay shangri-la
  69. ^ torchrelay guiyang
  70. ^ torchrelay kaili
  71. ^ torchrelay zunyi
  72. ^ torchrelay chongqing
  73. ^ torchrelay urumqi
  74. ^ torchrelay kashi
  75. ^ tochrelay shihezi
  76. ^ torchrelay changji
  77. ^ "China stages torch relay in Tibet". BBC News. June 21, 2008. Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2008. 
  78. ^ torchrelay tibet
  79. ^ Fan, Maureen (June 22, 2008). "Heavily Guarded Olympic Torch Is Conveyed Through Tibetan Capital". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 21, 2008. 
  80. ^ torchrelay golmud
  81. ^ torchrelay qinhai
  82. ^ torchrelay xining
  83. ^ torchrelay dunhuang
  84. ^ torchrelay pingyao
  85. ^ torchrelay taiyuan
  86. ^ torchrelay datong
  87. ^ Xinhuanet. "Xinhuanet." Chinese astronauts take part in Olympic torch relay. Retrieved on July 1, 2008.
  88. ^ torchrelay zhongwei
  89. ^ torchrelay wuzhong
  90. ^ torchrelay yinchuan
  91. ^ torchrelay yan'an
  92. ^ torchrelay yangling
  93. ^ torchrelay xianyang
  94. ^ torchrelay xi'an
  95. ^ torchrelay dunhuang
  96. ^ torchrelay jiayuguan
  97. ^ torchrelay lanzhou
  98. ^ People's daily online. "People's daily online." Torch passes Genghis Khan's hometown. Retrieved on July 9, 2008.
  99. ^ torchrelay hohhot
  100. ^ torchrelay ordos
  101. ^ torchrelay baotou
  102. ^ torchrelay chifeng
  103. ^ torchrelay harbin
  104. ^ torchrelay daqing
  105. ^ torchrelay qiqihar
  106. ^ torchrelay changchun
  107. ^ torchrelay songyuan
  108. ^ torchrelay jilin
  109. ^ torchrelay yanji
  110. ^ torchrelay shenyang
  111. ^ torchrelay anshan
  112. ^ torchrelay dalian
  113. ^ torchrelay qingdao
  114. ^ torchrelay linyi
  115. ^ torchrelay qufu
  116. ^ torchrelay tai'an
  117. ^ torchrelay jinan
  118. ^ torchrelay zhengzhou
  119. ^ torchrelay kaifeng
  120. ^ torchrelay luoyang
  121. ^ torchrelay anyang
  122. ^ torchrelay shijiazhuang
  123. ^ torchrelay qinhuangdao
  124. ^ torchrelay tangshan
  125. ^ torchrelay tianjin
  126. ^ torchrelay guang'an
  127. ^ torchrelay leshan
  128. ^ torchrelay chengdu
  129. ^ torchrelay beijing photo Aug 6
  130. ^ CCTV.com international 2008
  131. ^ SCMP. "South China Morning Post." Article. Retrieved on August 11, 2008.
  132. ^ a b English.gov.cn. "The English.gov.cn." Olympic flame parades on Great Wall in 2nd day relay in Beijing. Retrieved on August 11, 2008.
  133. ^ torchrelay beijing Aug 7
  134. ^ torchrelay beijing Aug 8
  135. ^ Xinhuanet. "Xinhuanet." Ex-gymnast Li Ning to light cauldron for Beijing Olympics. Retrieved on August 11, 2008.