26th Air Refueling Squadron
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (December 2012)|
|26th Air Refueling Squadron|
Boeing KC-97G Stratofreighter 53-816.jpg
|Active||28 May 1952 – 1 April 1955
1 April 1955 – 7 August 1957
7 August 1957 – 15 September 1964
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Strategic Air Command
26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing
4050th Air Refueling Wing
380th Bombardment Wing
|Emblem of the 26th Air Refueling Squadron|
The 26th Air Refueling Squadron (26 AREFS) was a squadron of the United States Air Force that flew the KC-97E/F/G Stratofreighter, An early Cold War air refueling squadron, it primarily supported B-47 Stratojets of the Strategic Air Command Eighth Air Force during the 1950s and early 1960s. The squadron was inactivated in September 1964 as part of the phaseout of the KC-97 from SAC.
The 26th Air Refueling Squadron was formed at Lockbourne AFB Ohio in May 1952. Equipped with the new Boeing KC-97 Stratotanker, it was assigned as the air refueling component of the 26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing, primarily supporting the wings RB-47 Stratojets. It provided aerial refusing support for a variety of SAC directed exercises and operations that included numerous simulated combat missions and deployments, ranging from a few days to a few months. The exercises took the squadron's aircraft to such bases as Eielson AFB, Alaska; Thule AFB, Greenland; Royal Air Force stations at Upper Heyford and Fairford, United Kingdom; Sidi Slimane in Morocco; Goose Bay, Laborador; and Lajes Field in the Azores.
In August 1953, the squadron refueled F-84G fighters from the 506th Strategic Fighter Wing participating in the Operation Longstride. They refueled seventeen F-84Gs from Turner AFB, Georgia to RAF Lakenheath, Great Britain during a non-stop 4,485-mile trip. During the second phase of Operation Longstride in October 1953, the 26th helped refuel eight F-84s of the 31st Strategic Fighter Wing from Turner AFB, Georgia to Nouasseur Air Base, French Morocco. The aircraft covered 3,800 miles in 10 hours and 20 minutes, thanks to in-flight refueling in the vicinity of Bermuda and the Azores. Crews and aircraft from the 26th deployed to Lajes AB Portugal in September 1954 for 45 days to refuel the 26th SRW's reconnaissance aircraft.
In April 1955, the squadron was reassigned to the new 4050th Air Refueling Wing under the SAC 57th Air Division at Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts. From Westover, the squadron carried out air refueling primary for Eighth Air Force B-47s transiting the Atlantic from either the United States or returning from SAC's REFLEX bases in Europe and North Africa. On 22 May 1957, the 26th was moved from Westover to Plattsburgh AFB, New York, being reassigned to the 380th Bombardment Wing under the 820th Air Division.
From its base at Plattsburgh, the squadron continued to support training in air refueling for B-47 and B-52 crews as well as deploying to bases in Newfoundland and Greenland. Aircraft and crews were at Sondrestrom, Greenland, when JFK was assassinated, to guard against any potential "sucker punch" that the USSR might try while our country grieved. The squadron was inactivated in September 1964 as part of the retirement of the KC-97 from SAC service.
- Established as the 26th Air Refueling Squadron on 28 May 1952
- Inactivated on 15 September 1964
- 26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing (28 May 1952)
- 4050th Air Refueling Wing (1 April 1955)
- 820th Air Division, attached to 380th Bombardment Wing (7 August 1957)
- 380th Bombardment Wing Assigned (1 August 1959)
- 4108th Air Refueling Wing (1 January 1961)
- 497th Air Refueling Wing (1 January 1963 – 15 September 1964)
- Lockbourne Air Force Base, Ohio (28 May 1952 – 1 Apr 1955)
- Westover Air Force Base, Massachusetts (1 Apr 1955 – 7 Aug 1957)
- Plattsburgh Air Force Base, New York (7 Aug 1957 – 15 September 1964)
- KC-97E Stratofreighter (1952–1957)
- KC-97F Stratofreighter (1953–1961)
- KC-97G Stratofreighter (1954–1964)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Squadron emblems of United States Air Force air refueling squadrons.|
- History of the 26th Strategic Reconnaissance Wing
- Chronology of the 4050th Air Refueling Wing (Medium) (AREFWG)
- "Factsheet 820 Strategic Aerospace Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 11 October 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.