9M113 Konkurs

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9M113 Konkurs
Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg
9M113 Konkurs missile
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1974–present
Used by See operators
Wars Syrian Civil War[1]
Ukraine Crisis
War in Donbass[2]
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen (2015-present)
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
Production history
Designed 1970
Manufacturer Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP)Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod
Variants 9M113M
Specifications
Weight 14.6 kg (32 lb)
Length 1,150 mm (45 in)
875 mm (34.4 in) without gas generator
Diameter 135 mm (5.3 in)
Warhead 2.7 kg (6.0 lb) 9N131 HEAT
Detonation
mechanism
Contact

Engine Solid-fuel rocket
Wingspan 468 mm (18.4 in)
Operational
range
70 m (230 ft) to 4 km (2.5 mi)
Flight ceiling -
Speed 170 m/s (560 ft/s)[citation needed]
Guidance
system
Wire-guided SACLOS
Steering
system
Two control surfaces
Launch
platform
Individual, vehicle

The 9M113 Konkurs (Russian: 9М113 «Конкурс»; cognate of French: Concours; English: "Contest") is a SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union. "9M113" is the GRAU designation of the missile. Its NATO reporting name is AT-5 Spandrel.

Development[edit]

The 9M113 Konkurs was developed by the Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP). Development began with the aim of producing the next generation of SACLOS anti-tank missiles, for use in both the man-portable role and the tank destroyer role. The 9M113 Konkurs was developed alongside the 9M111; the missiles use similar technology, differing only in size.

The original 9M113 with a single-charge warhead can penetrate 600 mm of rolled homogeneous armor (RHA).[2]

The missile entered service in 1974. Iran bought a license for the Konkurs in 1991 and began producing a copy, the Tosan (not to be confused with the Toophan), sometime around 2000.[3][4]

Description[edit]

9M113 Konkurs launching rails on the top of 9P148 vehicle
9P148 launching vehicle on BRDM-2 base for 9M113 Konkurs

The missile is designed to be fired from vehicles, although it can also be fired from the later models of 9M111 launchers. It is an integral part of the BMP-2, BMD-2 and BRDM-2 vehicles. The missile is stored and carried in a fiberglass container/launch tube.

The system uses a gas generator to push the missile out of the launch tube. The gas also exits from the rear of the launch tube in a similar manner to a recoilless rifle. The missile leaves the launch tube at 80 meters per second, and is quickly accelerated to 200 meters per second by its solid fuel motor. This initial high speed reduces the missile's deadzone, since it can be launched directly at the target, rather than in an upward arc. In flight, the missile spins at between five and seven revolutions per second.

The launcher tracks the position of an incandescent infrared bulb on the back of the missile relative to the target and transmits appropriate commands to the missile via a thin wire that trails behind the missile. The system has an alarm that activates when it detects jamming from a system like Shtora. The operator can then take manual control, reducing the missile to MCLOS. The SACLOS guidance system has many benefits over MCLOS. The system's accuracy is quoted in some sources as 90%, though its performance is probably comparable to the BGM-71 TOW or later SACLOS versions of the 9K11 Malyutka.

Models[edit]

  • 9M113 Konkurs (NATO: AT-5 Spandrel, AT-5A Spandrel A)
  • 9M113M Konkurs-M (NATO: AT-5B Spandrel B) Tandem warhead – with extended explosive probe. The warhead penetration is 750–800 mm vs RHA. Adopted in 1991.[5] Missile 9M113M 1990. Fagot/Kornet. Tandem (800 mm (behind a layer of ERA)). 4000 m (3500 m night (passive)). Low price.[5][6]
  • Towsan-1, Tosan, Towsan, or M113: Iranian licensed[7][2] 9M113M Konkurs-M (AT-5B Spandrel B) copy.[8] Introduced in early 2000.[3][9] Unclear if still in production.[10][11] Used primarily by paratroopers and armored vehicles.[12]
  • 9N131M1 - Upgraded version.[2]
  • 9N131M2-1 - The newest upgraded version.[2]

Operators[edit]

Map with 9M113 operators in blue with former operators in red
Romanian 9P148 Konkurs launching a missile during a military exercise

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

  •  East Germany – produced in licence, passed on to Germany, and later phased out of service.
  •  Czechoslovakia – produced in licence, passed on to successor states.
  •  Poland - only used on 9P148, withdrawn from service and sold/scrapped
  •  Soviet Union – Passed on to successor states.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "YouTube". www.youtube.com. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Introduction to the 9M113 Konkurs ATGM - Armamentresearch.com, 28 July 2016
  3. ^ a b http://modlex.ir/cgi-bin/store.pl/page=product.html/pid=MXF05-000060[dead link]
  4. ^ Chistopher F. Foss, Jane's Defense Week, Another ATGW for IranAnother ATGW for Iran at the Wayback Machine (archived December 5, 2004)
  5. ^ a b "Противотанковый ракетный комплекс Конкурс-М - Ракетная техника". rbase.new-factoria.ru. 
  6. ^ ulyakinmariupol. "9М113М – противотанковая управляемая ракета". 
  7. ^ imp_navigator (1 March 2016). "Фото иранских TOW и "Конкурсов" вблизи". 
  8. ^ Jane's Missiles and Rockets, 2002
  9. ^ "Another ATGW for Iran - Jane's Military Aerospace". May 26, 2000. 
  10. ^ a b "Saudi-led Coalition seizes Iranian arms en route to Yemen – Armament Research Services". armamentresearch.com. 
  11. ^ TASS. "Iran to continue local production of Russian anti-tank missiles 9M11 and 9M113 TASS 10603161 - March 2016 Global Defense Security news industry - Defense Security global news industry army 2016 - Archive News year". www.armyrecognition.com. 
  12. ^ Galen Wright, Iranian Military Capability 2011 - Ground Forces - March 15th 2011
  13. ^ "Algeria Has Developed Anti-Tank Weapons System Based on the BTR-60 - Defence Blog". 18 April 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.army-technology.com/projects/kornet/[unreliable source?]
  15. ^ Old missiles not so old after all[permanent dead link]Russia Today, October 12, 2011.[dead link]
  16. ^ Bojevo gađanje polaznika SVO u Pješačkoj pukovniji, Croatian Ministry of Defence, February 29, 2012 
  17. ^ Georgian Land Forces October 12, 2008.
  18. ^ Pandit, Rajat (August 17, 2010), "India to order large number of Javelin anti-tank missiles from US", Times of India 
  19. ^ Pandit, Rajat (Jan 27, 2009), "India goes for 'urgent' purchase of anti-tank missiles", Times of India 
  20. ^ "CCS Clears USD 250 Million Konkur Missiles for Army". DefenceNow. 2012-10-26. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. 
  21. ^ Josep Baqués Quesada (25 February 2018). "La modernización del Ejército de Tierra de Marruecos: datos e inferencias para una mirada estratégica". Análisis Grupo de Estudios en Seguridad Internacional (in Spanish). 
  22. ^ "Заказ на противотанковые ракетные комплексы «Конкурс-М» вырос в разы - Еженедельник «Военно-промышленный курьер»". vpk-news.ru. 
  23. ^ News Of Yemen (30 January 2016). "Yemen war 2016 Houthi fighters use Russian KONKURS ATGM to destroy Saudi army Abrams Tank" – via YouTube. 
  24. ^ "War Is Boring - From drones to AKs, high technology to low politics". War Is Boring. 
  25. ^ Behnam Ben Taleblu. "Discerning Iran's Role in Expanding Houthi Rocket Capabilities - Foundation for Defense of Democracies". www.defenddemocracy.org. 

Sources[edit]

  • Hull, A.W., Markov, D.R., Zaloga, S.J. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN 1-892848-01-5.

External links[edit]