9M113 Konkurs missile
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||See operators|
|Wars||Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen (2015-present)
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
|Manufacturer||Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP) – Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod|
|Weight||14.6 kg (32 lb)|
|Length||1,150 mm (45 in)
875 mm (34.4 in) without gas generator
|Diameter||135 mm (5.3 in)|
|Warhead||2.7 kg (6.0 lb) 9N131 HEAT|
|Wingspan||468 mm (18.4 in)|
|70 m (230 ft) to 4 km (2.5 mi)|
|Speed||170 m/s (560 ft/s)|
|Two control surfaces|
The 9M113 Konkurs (Russian: 9М113 «Конкурс»; cognate of French: Concours; English: "Contest") is a SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union. "9M113" is the GRAU designation of the missile. Its NATO reporting name is AT-5 Spandrel.
The 9M113 Konkurs was developed by the Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP). Development began with the aim of producing the next generation of SACLOS anti-tank missiles, for use in both the man-portable role and the tank destroyer role. The 9M113 Konkurs was developed alongside the 9M111; the missiles use similar technology, differing only in size.
The missile is designed to be fired from vehicles, although it can also be fired from the later models of 9M111 launchers. It is an integral part of the BMP-2, BMD-2 and BRDM-2 vehicles. The missile is stored and carried in a fiberglass container/launch tube.
The system uses a gas generator to push the missile out of the launch tube. The gas also exits from the rear of the launch tube in a similar manner to a recoilless rifle. The missile leaves the launch tube at 80 meters per second, and is quickly accelerated to 200 meters per second by its solid fuel motor. This initial high speed reduces the missile's deadzone, since it can be launched directly at the target, rather than in an upward arc. In flight, the missile spins at between five and seven revolutions per second.
The launcher tracks the position of an incandescent infrared bulb on the back of the missile relative to the target and transmits appropriate commands to the missile via a thin wire that trails behind the missile. The system has an alarm that activates when it detects jamming from a system like Shtora. The operator can then take manual control, reducing the missile to MCLOS. The SACLOS guidance system has many benefits over MCLOS. The system's accuracy is quoted in some sources as 90%, though its performance is probably comparable to the BGM-71 TOW or later SACLOS versions of the 9K11 Malyutka.
- 9M113 Konkurs (NATO: AT-5 Spandrel, AT-5A Spandrel A)
- 9M113M Konkurs-M (NATO: AT-5B Spandrel B) Tandem warhead – with extended explosive probe. The warhead penetration is 750–800 mm vs RHA. Adopted in 1991. Missile 9M113M 1990. Fagot/Kornet. Tandem (800 mm (behind a layer of ERA)). 4000 m (3500 m night (passive)). Low price.
- Towsan-1, Tosan, Towsan, or M113: Iranian licensed 9M113M Konkurs-M (AT-5B Spandrel B) copy. Introduced in early 2000. Unclear if still in production. Used primarily by paratroopers and armored vehicles.
- 9N131M1 - Upgraded version.
- 9N131M2-1 - The newest upgraded version.
- Algeria – used by mechanized infantry units
- Egypt – mounted on Fahd armoured personnel carriers purchased in 1990s
- Cuba – not confirmed
- Czech Republic
- Finland – known as PstOhj 82M, fired from 9P135M-1 launchers (withdrawn from service)
- Indonesia – mounted on BVP-2 infantry fighting vehicles operated by the marine corps
- India – 15,000 Konkurs-M, ordered in 2008 for Rs 1,380-crore. Another 10,000 Konkurs-M ordered for US$250 million.
- Iran Produced domestically as Tosan-1
- Moldova – used on BRDM-2
- North Korea – produced domestically
- Russia – about 300 Konkurs-M complexes delivered annually in the last years (2014)
- Yemen (Houthis) - Tosan version.
- East Germany – produced in licence, passed on to Germany, and later phased out of service.
- Czechoslovakia – produced in licence, passed on to successor states.
- Poland - only used on 9P148, withdrawn from service and sold/scrapped
- Soviet Union – Passed on to successor states.
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- Bojevo gađanje polaznika SVO u Pješačkoj pukovniji, Croatian Ministry of Defence, February 29, 2012
- Georgian Land Forces October 12, 2008.
- Pandit, Rajat (August 17, 2010), "India to order large number of Javelin anti-tank missiles from US", Times of India
- Pandit, Rajat (Jan 27, 2009), "India goes for 'urgent' purchase of anti-tank missiles", Times of India
- "CCS Clears USD 250 Million Konkur Missiles for Army". DefenceNow. 2012-10-26. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05.
- Josep Baqués Quesada (25 February 2018). "La modernización del Ejército de Tierra de Marruecos: datos e inferencias para una mirada estratégica". Análisis Grupo de Estudios en Seguridad Internacional (in Spanish).
- "Заказ на противотанковые ракетные комплексы «Конкурс-М» вырос в разы - Еженедельник «Военно-промышленный курьер»". vpk-news.ru.
- News Of Yemen (30 January 2016). "Yemen war 2016 Houthi fighters use Russian KONKURS ATGM to destroy Saudi army Abrams Tank" – via YouTube.
- "War Is Boring - From drones to AKs, high technology to low politics". War Is Boring.
- Behnam Ben Taleblu. "Discerning Iran's Role in Expanding Houthi Rocket Capabilities - Foundation for Defense of Democracies". www.defenddemocracy.org.
- Hull, A.W., Markov, D.R., Zaloga, S.J. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN 1-892848-01-5.
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