Ahmad Shah of Pahang

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Ahmad Shah
أحمد شاه المستعين بالله
Al-Musta'in Billah (He who seeks help from God)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII
Sultan of Pahang
Paduka Ayahanda Sultan of Pahang
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Reign26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984
Installation10 July 1980
PredecessorSultan Yahya Petra
SuccessorSultan Iskandar
Sultan of Pahang
Reign8 May 1974 – 11 January 2019
Installation6 May 1975
PredecessorSultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah
SuccessorAl-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah
Born(1930-10-24)24 October 1930
Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Died22 May 2019(2019-05-22) (aged 88)
National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia[1]
Burial23 May 2019
Spouse
Tengku Ampuan Afzan
(m. 1954; died 1988)

Sultanah Kalsom
(m. 1991; his death 2019)
IssueTengku Meriam
Tengku Muhaini
Tengku Aishah Marcella
Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah
Tengku Abdul Rahman
Tengku Nong Fatimah
Tengku Shahariah
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu’adzam Shah
Full name
Tengku Ahmad ibni Tengku Abu Bakar
Regnal name
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah
HouseBendahara
FatherSultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Mu’azzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah
MotherTengku Ampuan Besar Raja Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah
ReligionSunni Islam

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah[2] (Jawi: المرحوم سلطان حاج احمد شاه المستعين بالله ابن المرحوم سلطان ابو بكر رعاية الدين المعظم شاه; born 24 October 1930 – 22 May 2019) was the fifth modern Sultan of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1979 to 25 April 1984. His abdication as Sultan was decided by the Royal Council at an extraordinary meeting on 11 January 2019. A special amendment was passed on the state constitution that gave the body more power for this decision, citing the Sultan's incapability to rule due to his failing health.[3] The abdication announced the next day which was retroactively effective on the day of the Royal Council meeting, paving the way to his son, Abdullah to succeed him as Sultan the immediately, and subsequently be elected as the next Yang di-Pertuan Agong later the same month.[4]

Biography[edit]

Born on at 12:00 pm. Friday 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang. he was the only son of Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Raja Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah, a princess of Perak royal family.

A student of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he received diplomas in public administration from Worcester College, Oxford and the University of Exeter. He succeeded his father as sultan in 1974.

His election as the 7th Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister. Twenty-two years earlier, his father Abu Bakar had failed five times to be elected as the first Agong.

A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers in Pahang to resign over minor differences.

His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.

Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and was the President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM) from 1984 until 2014,[5] the President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.

His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991. They then both had a child, which is Tengku Arif Temenggong Pahang Tengku Fahd Mua'adzam. [6]

Death[edit]

Flag of Pahang is flown at half-mast at the Chin Swee Caves Temple as a mark of respect to the late Sultan.

After being ill for some time, Sultan Ahmad Shah abdicated with the amendment of the state's constitution. On 22 May 2019, Sultan Ahmad Shah died on at 8:50 am at the National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur at aged 88. [7] He was laid to rest next to grave of his late wife, Tengku Ampuan Afzan at the Pahang Royal Mausoleum near Abu Bakar Royal Mosque in Pekan, Pahang.[8] The state of Pahang observed 40 days of mourning period and Pahang flag across the state are flown at half-mast, while all entertainment events for the next 3 days were cancelled.[9]

Issue[edit]

Name Birth Date Birth Place Death Date Death Place Marriage
Date
Spouse Their children Their grandchildren
Tengku Meriam (1955-04-01) 1 April 1955 (age 64) Istana Abu Bakar, Pekan, Pahang 24 April 1976 - Divorced Tengku Dato’ Sri Kamil Ismail bin Tengku Idris Shah Y.M. Tengku Aidy Ahmad Shah
Y.M. Tengku Nurul Kamalia
Y.M. Tengku Nurul Karmila
Tengku Abdullah Amir Ahmad Shah
Tengku Muhaini (1956-10-31) 31 October 1956 (age 62) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 22 January 1981 - Divorced Tengku Dato’ Ibrahim Petra bin Tengku Indra Petra
Tengku Aishah Marcella (1957-11-13) 13 November 1957 (age 61) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 23 October 1980 - Divorced Tunku Kamil Ikram bin Tunku Abdullah Y.M. Tunku Shazwan Kaiyisha
Y.M Tun Putra Ahmad Aizuddin Shah bin Dato’ Muhammad Johan
Y.M Putri Afzan Shakira Nabila binti Dato’ Muhammad Johan
Tengku Abdullah (1959-07-30) 30 July 1959 (age 60) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 6 March 1986 Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Almarhum Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj Y.A.M Tengku Amir Nasser Ibrahim (Adopted)
Almarhum Y.A.M Tengku Ahmad Iskandar Shah (Died 24 July 1990)
K.D.Y.M.M Tengku Hassanal Ibrahim Alam Shah
Y.A.M Tengku Muhammad Iskandar Ri'ayatuddin Shah
Y.A.M Tengku Ahmad Ismail Shah
Y.A.M Tengku Puteri Afzan Aminah Hafizatullah
Y.A.M Tengku Puteri Jihan Azizah Athiyatullah
Y.A.M Tengku Puteri Iman Afzan
Y.A.M Tengku Puteri Ilisha Ameera
Y.A.M Tengku Ilyana
Tengku Adam Ibrahim Shah
Tengku Sulaiman Abdullah Shah
Tengku Zayn Edin Shah
Tengku Abdul Rahman (1960-08-23) 23 August 1960 (age 59) Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 27 July 2002 Cik Julita Aisha binti Abdul Latif Y.M Tengku Eddie Akasya
Y.M Tengku Ahmad Firhan Shah
Y.M Tengku Ameera Asya
Y.M Tengku Armaan Alam Shah
Tengku Nong Fatimah (1962-09-04) 4 September 1962 (age 57) Dato’ Haji Muhammad Moiz
Tengku Shahariah (1964-09-12) 12 September 1964 (age 55) Baharim
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu’adzam Shah (1994-02-10) 10 February 1994 (age 25)

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 24 October 1930 – 23 June 1932: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Ahmad Shah ibni Tengku Abu Bakar
  • 23 June 1932 – 25 May 1944: His Highness (Yang Amat Mulia) Tengku Ahmad Shah ibni Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah
  • 25 May 1944 – 8 May 1974: His Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Teramat Mulia) Tengku Mahkota Ahmad Shah ibni Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Tengku Mahkota of Pahang
  • 8 May 1974 – 26 April 1979: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Sultan of Pahang
  • 26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984: His Majesty (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda) Tuanku Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII
  • 25 April 1984 – 15 January 2019: His Royal Highness (Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Sultan of Pahang
  • 15 January 2019 – 22 May 2019: His Royal Highness (Duli Yang Maha Mulia) Paduka Ayahanda Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah, The Paduka Ayahanda Sultan of Pahang (Former Sultan)

Awards and recognitions[edit]

Honours[edit]

Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang

As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army.[10]

Until he stepped down in 2019 he was the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appeared at official RMAF ceremonies.

He has been awarded :[11]

Honours of Pahang[edit]

National[edit]

Foreign[edit]

Places named after him[edit]

Several places were named after him, including:

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Agong's father, former Pahang Sultan, dies at age 88". The Star Online. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  2. ^ Information Malaysia (1989), pg 123
  3. ^ https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/01/12/tengku-muda-pahang-constitution-amended/
  4. ^ "Tengku Abdullah to be proclaimed Pahang sultan on Jan 15". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  5. ^ Samuel, Eric. "Football: High noon at FAM Congress as TM Pahang takes over - The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  6. ^ https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/05/22/agongs-father-former-pahang-sultan-dies-at-age-88. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ "Agong's father, former Pahang Sultan, dies at age 88". The Star Online. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
  8. ^ "Sultan Ahmad Shah laid to rest at Pekan Royal Mausoleum". The Star Online. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  9. ^ Alagesh, T. N. "Pahang declares Thursday (May 23) a holiday to mark Sultan Ahmad Shah's death". New Straits Times. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  10. ^ Alagappa, pg 267
  11. ^ The Royal Ark, Pahang genealogical details, p.10
  12. ^ "SAIJ". www.saij.gob.ar. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  13. ^ "Pahang". Archived from the original on 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
  14. ^ "malay2". www.royalark.net. Retrieved 14 January 2019.

References[edit]

  • Coercion and Governance: The Declining Political Role of the Military in Asia, Muthiah Alagappa, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-4227-8
  • Information Malaysia, Published by Berita Publ. Sdn. Bhd., 1989
  • The Europa Year Book, Europa Publications Limited, 1984, ISBN 0-905118-96-0

External links[edit]

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Yahya Petra
(Sultan of Kelantan)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

1979–1984
Succeeded by
Sultan Iskandar
(Sultan of Johor)
Preceded by
Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah
Sultan of Pahang
1974–2019
Succeeded by
Al-Sultan Abdullah Ria'yatuddin Al Mustafa Billah Shah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah al-Musta'in Billah
Civic offices
Preceded by
Hamzah Abu Samah
President of Asian Football Confederation
1994–2002
Succeeded by
Mohamed bin Hammam