Akabira, Hokkaido

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Akabira
赤平市
City
Flag of Akabira
Flag
Location of Akabira in Hokkaido (Sorachi Subprefecture)
Location of Akabira in Hokkaido (Sorachi Subprefecture)
Akabira is located in Japan
Akabira
Akabira
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 43°33′N 142°3′E / 43.550°N 142.050°E / 43.550; 142.050Coordinates: 43°33′N 142°3′E / 43.550°N 142.050°E / 43.550; 142.050
Country Japan
Region Hokkaido
Prefecture Hokkaido (Sorachi Subprefecture)
Government
 • Mayor Yoshitaka Kikushima
Area
 • Total 129.88 km2 (50.15 sq mi)
Population (June 30, 2008)
 • Total 13,597
 • Density 105/km2 (270/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Maple
 • Flower Lily
 • Bird Varied tit
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address 4-1 Izumimachi, Akabira-shi, Hokkaidō
079-1192
Website www.city.akabira.hokkaido.jp

Akabira (赤平市 Akabira-shi?) is a city located in central Sorachi Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. The name is Ainu for "mountain ridge".

As of 2008, the city has an estimated population of 13,597 and the density of 105 persons per km2. The total area is 129.88 km2. The city was once a prosperous coal-mining city, its population reaching 59,430 in 1960. The population has been gradually declining.

History[edit]

  • 1891 - Settlement begins.
  • 1918 - Moshiri Coal Mine opens.
  • 1922 - Second-class municipality Akabira Village split off of first-class municipality Utashinai.
  • 1929 - Akabira becomes a First-Class municipality.
  • 1937 - Shōwa Denkō Toyosato Mine opened.
  • 1938 - Sumitomo Coal Mine, Hokkaido Coal Mine Railroad and Akama Coal Mine opened.
  • 1943 - Akabira Village becomes Akabira Town.
  • July 1, 1954 - Akabira Town becomes Akabira City.
  • 1967 - Shōwa Denkō Toyosato Mine closesd.
  • 1969 - Moshiri Coal Mine closed.
  • 1973 - Akama Coal Mine closed.
  • 1994 - Sumitomo Coal Mine closed.
  • 2003 - Mid-Sorachi Merger Committee established.
  • 2007 - A major elementary school in Akabira closed down. It once had about 5000 students but has dropped rapidly after the closure of the coal mines.

Transportation[edit]

Nemuro Main Line : Akabira - Moshiri - Hiragishi

Friendship cities[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]