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Jannat al-Baqi'
The cemetery in 2008
Established C.E. 622
Location Medina
Country Present-day Saudi Arabia
Type Muslim
Owned by State

Jannat al-Baqi‘ (Arabic: جنة البقيع‎, translit. Jannat al-Baqī‘, lit. 'Garden of Baqi'‎) is a cemetery in Medina, present-day Saudi Arabia, located to the southeast of the Masjid al-Nabawi (The Prophet's Mosque). The mosque is built where the Islamic prophet Muhammad used to live, and is currently buried. It is also known as Baqi al-Gharqad, which means "Baqi of the Boxthorn".[1]

The cemetery holds much significance. It contains many of Muhammad's relatives and companions. Many traditions relate Muhammad issuing a prayer every time he passed it. A Jewish graveyard was once located behind Jannat al-Baqi. The Umayyad rulers took down the wall of the Jewish cemetery and widened the Muslim graveyard to enclose the tomb of Caliph Uthman ibn Affan within it.[2]


Al-Baqi before the demolition

When Muhammad arrived at Medina from Mecca in September 622, al-Baqi was a land covered with Lycium shawii boxthorn trees.

During the construction of the al-Masjid al-Nabawi, on the site he purchased from two orphan children when he arrived after his migration from Mecca to Medina, Asa'ad Bin Zararah, one of Muhammad's companions died. Muhammad chose the spot to be a cemetery and Asa'ad was the first individual to be buried in al-Baqi among the Ansar.

While Muhammad was outside Medina for the Battle of Badr, his daughter Ruqayyah fell sick and died in 624.

Shortly after Muhammad arrived from Badr, Uthman bin Maz'oon died and was buried in al-Baqi. He was considered the first companion of Muhammad from the Muhajirun to be buried in the cemetery.

Earlier Caliph Uthman ibn Affan was buried in the huge neighbouring Jewish grave yard. The first enlargement of al-Baqi in history was made by Muawiyah I, the first Umayyad Caliph. In order to honour Uthman ibn Affan, Muawiyah included the huge Jewish graveyard into al-Baqi cemetery. The Umayyad Caliphate built the first dome in al-Baqi over his grave. During different times of history, many domes and structures were built or rebuilt over many famous graves in al-Baqi.

The Cemetery after the 1926 demolition. The Mosque of the Prophet is in the background.

In April 1926, Wahhabi forces destroyed the cemeteries of al-Baqi in Medina (see Demolition of al-Baqi) and al-Mu'alla in Mecca,[3] due to the belief that revering these shrines may lead to idolatry.[4] The destruction of the tombs of Muhammad's relatives and companions there, led to strong criticism from the Islamic community. Shiites still mourn the 21 April 1926 demolitions as the Day of Sorrow,[3] and have called for the cemetery's reconstruction.[4]

Notable interments[edit]

Kin of Muhammad[edit]

Notable figures[edit]

Other notable figures (unknown location)[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Werner, Ende (2010). "Baqīʿ al-Gharqad". In Fleet, Kate. Encyclopaedia of Islam (Third ed.). Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Textual Sources for the Study of Islam By Knappert, Jan, Andrew Rippin
  3. ^ a b Afshin, Shahi (2013). "Towards formation of the modern Saudi state". The Politics of Truth Management in Saudi Arabia. Routledge. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-415-71140-1. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Hassan, Sara (27 July 2015). "Protests at Saudi Embassy in Washington". Al Jazeera America. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  5. ^ Lady Fatima, Islamic Insight, Accessed September 1, 2012.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°28′02″N 39°36′58″E / 24.4672°N 39.616°E / 24.4672; 39.616