FIS Alpine Ski World Cup
|Alpine Ski World Cup|
South Korea (rarely)
New Zealand (rarely)
|Inaugurated||5 January 1967
7 January 1967 (ladies)
|Founder|| Serge Lang
|Organised by||International Ski Federation|
|People|| Markus Waldner (men)
Atle Skårdal (ladies)
The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie). It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon. The first World Cup ski race was held in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, on January 5, 1967. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.
- 1 Rules
- 2 Overall winners
- 3 Discipline titles
- 4 Most races wins in each discipline
- 5 Most successful race winners
- 6 Most podiums and Top 10 results
- 7 Greatest alpine skiers of all time
- 8 Parallel slalom and parallel giant slalom
- 9 Various records
- 10 World Cup timeline
- 11 20 wins and more in speed/technical events
- 12 All-event winners
- 13 Most race wins in a single season
- 14 World Cup scoring system
- 15 World Cup Finals
- 16 Results by nation
- 17 Crystal globe
- 18 See also
- 19 References
- 20 External links
Competitors attempt to achieve the best time in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, super G, and downhill. The fifth event, the combined, employs the downhill and slalom. The World Cup originally included only slalom, giant slalom, and downhill races. Combined events (calculated using results from selected downhill and slalom races) were included starting with the 1974–75 season, while the Super G was added for the 1982–83 season. The current scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. For every race points are awarded to the top 30 finishers: 100 points to the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, winding down to 1 point for 30th place. The racer with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the Cup, with the trophy consisting of a 9 kilogram crystal globe. Sub-prizes are also awarded in each individual race discipline, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe. (See the section on scoring system below for more information.)
The World Cup is held annually, and is considered the premier competition for alpine ski racing after the quadrennial Winter Olympics. Many consider the World Cup to be a more valuable title than the Olympics or the biennial World Championships, since it requires a competitor to ski at an extremely high level in several disciplines throughout the season, and not just in one race.
Races are hosted primarily at ski resorts in the Alps in Europe, with regular stops in Scandinavia, North America, and east Asia, but a few races have also been held in the Southern Hemisphere. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 25 different countries around the world: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States. (Note that all World Cup races hosted in Bosnia were held when it was still part of Yugoslavia.)
Multiple individual overall World Cup winners are marked with (#).
Individual titles by country
Men overall titles
The following skiers have at least three overall alpine World Cup titles.
Ladies overall titles
The following skiers have at least three overall alpine World Cup titles.
Top 10 Small Crystal Globe podiums
|6||Aksel Lund Svindal||2006–2018||9||3||3|
|9||Kjetil André Aamodt||1993–2003||8||4||2|
Winners per discipline
Combined crystal globe was officially awarded from 2007–2012. However, there are counted all season titles, both official and unofficial. The records for most World Cup titles in each discipline are as follows:
In the following table men's Super-G World Cup podiums since first edition in 1986.
Most races wins in each discipline
As of 17 March 2018
Most successful race winners
A common measurement of how good individual skiers are is the total number of World Cup races won during their skiing career. The following skiers have won at least 20 World Cup races:
Men's race winners
As of 18 March 2018
|8||Aksel Lund Svindal||2001–active||35||14||16||4||–||1||–||–|
|17||Michael von Grünigen||1989–2003||23||–||23||–||–||–||N/A|
|18||Kjetil André Aamodt||1989–2006||21||1||5||6||1||8||–||N/A|
|Pinturault, AlexisAlexis Pinturault||2009–active||21||–||1||10||2||7||1||–|
|Jansrud, KjetilKjetil Jansrud||2003–active||21||8||11||–||–||1||–||1|
Women's race winners
As of 18 March 2018
Most podiums and Top 10 results
Career Top 10 results
- Note: Only parallel events from (1975, 1997, 2011–2013, 2016) which count for overall ranking, included on this list, are considered as official individual World Cup victories.
Greatest alpine skiers of all time
Based on ski-database super ranking system (since 1966), this scoring system is calculated using points from three categories: Olympic Games, World Championships, and World Cup (overall titles, discipline titles and individual top 10 results).
Men's super ranking
Ladies' super ranking
- As of 18 March 2018
Parallel slalom and parallel giant slalom
Parallel slalom events from 1976 to 1991 counted for Nations Cup only. Events near the cities are officially called city events, but those two are actually the same discipline, with just different names.
Parallel giant slalom
Introduced by the International Ski Federation to the World Cup as a spectator-friendly event in late 2015, the parallel giant slalom competition, joining the parallel slalom, is intended to lure more speed specialists into the faster of the two technical disciplines, along with attracting their fans to watch the races at the venue, on-line, and on television. The Federation has not indicated, as of early 2016, that they are fully committed to duplicating the effort, however, their long-term calendar shows that the plan is to return to Alta Badia twelve months after the inaugural event in December 2016, and then again, tentatively, through December 2018. Few venues offer the slope and conditions required to host an extremely short Giant Slalom course that can be readily viewed in its entirety by a compact gallery of fans. Modified or not, the Federation has not suggested that they will push the format to lower-level tours like the NorAm and Europa Cup.
The Chief Race Director of the inaugural event at Alta Badia, Markus Waldner, on 20 December 2015 stated that "great performances" and "head-to-head fights" between the best Giant Slalom racers is the goal of the competition. The course for the first race was very compact at about 20–22 seconds duration, or about one-third of a normal GS run, however, the pace and cadence will be the same as Giant Slalom, not standard Slalom. Gates were set at roughly the same distances as GS and on a slope of about the same pitch. The field of thirty-two were drawn following an "invitational" format. The top four men in the overall World Cup rankings were automatic invitees, if they chose to compete. Another sixteen racers were selected from the top of the current GS start list rankings, and the final twelve competitors were selected from the 1st run efforts at the standard GS event the day prior at the same venue. Overlapping qualifications allowed the sponsors to invite lower ranked participants to fill in gaps, as needed, and to replace individuals who declined to participate. Points were awarded and accumulated according to current standards for the race season in all relevant categories: the GS discipline, Overall and Nations Cup. The field was filled with thirty-two first round participants, each getting a run on either course. The best combined times moved the fastest racer to the second round through bracket preference protocols. From the second round, skiers the head-to-head competitions were held over one run only, with the faster skier from the previous round granted course selection between the 'red-right' or 'blue-left' course. At about one-third the time of a standard GS event, top performers/finalists were able to make multiple runs without the fatigue of a longer event. The course was methodically set with lasers, and a GPS-equipped Snowcat, to guarantee that both courses on the hill were as identical as possible to ensure equity and a fair competition. The Race Director suggested the difference between the two lanes were within "1–to–2 centimeters" tolerance of one another.
|Alta Badia||21 December 2015||Kjetil Jansrud||Aksel Lund Svindal||Andre Myhrer||Dominik Schwaiger|||
|Alta Badia||19 December 2016||Cyprien Sarrazin||Carlo Janka||Kjetil Jansrud||Leif Kristian Haugen|||
|Alta Badia||18 December 2017||Matts Olsson||Henrik Kristoffersen||Marcel Hirscher||Aleksander Aamodt Kilde|||
|Alta Badia||17 December 2018||tentative|
NOTE: Only crystal globe awarded discipline officially counts as titles. And medal's awarded DH, GS, SL disciplines in seasons 1967–1977 as well. Combined crystal globe was officially awarded only in seasons 2007–2012.
World Cup timeline
Last updated: 17 March 2018
Men's double winners
|1||1977–78||Kitzbühel||downhill||Sepp Ferstl||Josef Walcher|
|2||1984–85||Furano||super-G||Steven Lee||Daniel Mahrer|
|3||1999–00||St. Anton||super-G||Werner Franz||Fritz Strobl|
|4||2002–03||Shiga-Kōgen||slalom||Kalle Palander||Rainer Schönfelder|
|5||2004–05||Lenzerheide||super-G||Bode Miller||Daron Rahlves|
|6||2005–06||Shiga-Kōgen||slalom||Kalle Palander||Reinfried Herbst|
|7||2010–11||Adelboden||giant slalom||Cyprien Richard||Aksel Lund Svindal|
|8||2011–12||Kvitfjell||super-G||Beat Feuz||Klaus Kröll|
|9||2012–13||Bormio||downhill||Hannes Reichelt||Dominik Paris|
|10||2013–14||Kvitfjell||downhill||Kjetil Jansrud||Georg Streitberger|
|11||2017–18||Åre||downhill||Vincent Kriechmayr||Matthias Mayer|
Ladies' triple winners
|1||2002–03||Sölden||giant slalom||Andrine Flemmen||Nicole Hosp||Tina Maze|
|2||2005–06||Hafjell||super-G||Michaela Dorfmeister||Lindsey Kildow||Nadia Styger|
Ladies' double winners
|1||1967||Sestriere||downhill||Giustina Demetz||Marielle Goitschel|
|2||1986–87||Sarajevo||giant slalom||Vreni Schneider||Maria Walliser|
|3||1993–94||Cortina d'Ampezzo||super-G||Alenka Dovžan||Pernilla Wiberg|
|4||1996–97||Cortina d'Ampezzo||downhill||Isolde Kostner||Heidi Zurbriggen|
|5||1996–97||Vail, Colorado||slalom||Lara Magoni||Pernilla Wiberg|
|6||1999–00||Copper Mountain||slalom||Christel Pascal||Špela Pretnar|
|7||2001–02||Berchtesgaden||slalom||Kristina Koznick||Marlies Oester|
|8||2003–04||Haus im Ennstal||super-G||Carole Montillet||Maria Riesch|
|9||2005–06||Ofterschwang||giant slalom||Anja Pärson||María José Rienda|
|10||2007–08||Sestriere||super-G||Andrea Fischbacher||Fabienne Suter|
|11||2008–09||Altenmarkt-Zauchensee||downhill||Dominique Gisin||Anja Pärson|
|12||2010–11||Flachau||slalom||Maria Höfl-Riesch||Tanja Poutiainen|
|13||2014–15||Sölden||giant slalom||Anna Fenninger||Mikaela Shiffrin|
20 wins and more in speed/technical events
As of 15 March 2018
As of 17 March 2018
- NOTE: Super G not contested at that time.
- NOTE: Parallel events are not included in the list as slalom wins.
Only a few of the most versatile racers have ever managed to win races in all five World Cup alpine skiing disciplines during their career, as listed in the table below. Marc Girardelli (1988–89), Petra Kronberger (1990–91), Janica Kostelić (2005–06) and Tina Maze (2012–13) are the only skiers to have won all five events in a single season. Bode Miller is the only skier with at least five World Cup victories in all five disciplines.
Most race wins in a single season
The following skiers have won at least 10 World Cup races in a single season (events not available in a given season are marked by NA):