Amazonian brown brocket

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Amazonian brown brocket
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Capreolinae
Genus: Mazama
Species: M. nemorivaga
Binomial name
Mazama nemorivaga
(F. Cuvier, 1817)
Mazama nemorivaga distribution.png

The Amazonian brown brocket (Mazama nemorivaga), also known as the small brown brocket, is a small species of deer that is almost entirely restricted to South America.[1][2] It is known from Panama (in Isla San José of the Pearl Islands only; endemic subspecies M. n. permira), Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, Brazil and possibly northern Bolivia.[1] Habitats it is found in include primarily nonflooded Amazonian tropical rainforest, and locally also tropical deciduous forest and xeric shrublands, at altitudes up to 1,500 metres (4,900 ft).[1] However, reports from the latter habitats may actually represent M. gouazoubira.[1]

Breeding occurs year-round in some areas, with births tending to be concentrated in the rainy season. It is threatened by deforestation and by diseases spread by cattle, but not particularly by hunting.[1]

It is sympatric with the larger M. americana over much of its range (the latter tends to have significantly higher population densities), and reportedly also with M. gouazoubira in a few areas. It was considered a subspecies of M. gouazoubira, with which it is parapatric, until 2000.[1][3][4] Under normal viewing conditions it is not easily distinguished from M. gouazoubira, but unlike M. americana it is gray-brown overall with paler underparts.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Rossi, R.V.; Duarte, J.M.B. (2016). "Mazama nemorivaga". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T136708A22158407. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T136708A22158407.en. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Mazama nemorivaga". ZipcodeZoo. BayScience Foundation, Inc. Retrieved 10 October 2010. 
  3. ^ a b Rossi, R. V. (2000). Taxonomia de Mazama Rafinesque, 1817 do Brasil (Artiodactyla, Cervidae). M.Sc. Thesis, Universidade de São Paulo.
  4. ^ Grubb, P. (2005). "Order Artiodactyla". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 656. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.