|Town and municipality|
Map of the town
|Country||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity||Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|• Municipal mayor||Radovan Marković (SNSD)|
|• Local Government||Municipal Council|
|• Total||1,033.6 km2 (399.1 sq mi)|
|• Total||3,860 (municipality)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Area code(s)||+387 34|
Glamoč is a town and municipality located in Canton 10 of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is situated in southwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina, at the foot of the hills of Staretina and Velika Golija on the edge of the central part of the Glamoč Field. The municipality encompasses town of Glamoč as a seat of the municipality and more than 50 villages situated along the Field. It mainly covers an area of the historical and geographical region of Tropolje.
The settlement was first named Delmoč, then Dlamoč and eventually Glamoč. The old names possibly derives from the Illyrian word delma meaning sheep. Accordingly, the name of town indicates the area of shepherds, or a place suitable for sheep farming. Another theory holds that Glamoč comes from the word glama, meaning "rocky hill".
The climate of Glamoč is classified as an oceanic climate (Cfb in Köppen climate classification system), near the boundary of the humid continental climate. Glamoč has four separate seasons. Summers are warm, and winters are cold, without a discernible dry season.
- Babića Brdo
- Crni Vrh
- Malo Selo
- Maslina Strana
- Perduhovo Selo
- Petrovo Vrelo
- Reljino Selo
- Staro Selo
Area of Glamoč has been inhabited at least since Neolithic times. In the late Bronze Age, the Neolithic population was replaced by more warlike Indo-European tribes known as the Illyrians. The region was inhabited by Illyrian tribe of Dalmatae. Their capital was Delminium which was located in today's Tomislavgrad. The Dalmatae left many remains that testify about their presence in this area. The most important remains are the gradine, remains of Illyrian settlements which were distributed along the Glamoč field. 34 gradinas were found on the territory of Glamoč. The settlements were strategically well placed, that is why the Romans took over 200 years to occupy this region.
After the Roman conquest, municipium has been established in this area that was located in the Roman province of Dalmatia. The most important of them is Salvium that existed in Illyrian times. Salvium is located 6 km away from town of Glamoč. The early Christian basilica was discovered on the territory of Salvium. The basilica was built in the 6th century, probably on the remains of a Roman temple. North from Glamoč second basilica was built, probably at the same time when the basilica in Salvium was built. In the beginning this basilicas belonged to the diocese of Salona. In 533 they became part of newly established diocese in Ludrum (Knin, Croatia). Basilicas were probably destroyed during the invasion of Avars in 597.
With the collapse of Roman rule in the 5th century, first barbarian tribes and then the Byzantine Empire occupied this region. In the seventh century Croats arrived and settled here. They brought Slavic culture and customs that have gradually merged with the Illyrian culture. Community was granted status of parish (župa) in the County of Hlivno after Tomislav established Kingdom of Croatia in 925. Therefore, the town, by the end of the 10th century, had developed all the infrastructure necessary for acquiring the status of the parish. In 1078 it was mentioned as boundary parish of Archdiocese of Split.
Church of Virgin Mary was built. Nearby the town, the church of St. Catherine and the Franciscan Monastery of St. Elias were built. Within the monastery Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary was located. The church was mentioned in 1446 when Pope Eugene IV gave it particular forgiveness. The remains of the churches were found in several surrounding villages which indicates the dense population of the area. Bosnian ban Stjepan II Kotromanić conquered Glamoč and neighboring towns, Hlivno and Dlmno (Tomislavgrad) in 1326. Since then this area has been called Tropolje, meaning three fields, or Završje. Until 1357 Glamoč was possession of Hrvatinić noble family.
During the Bosnian-Hungarian war in 1357, Bosnian ban Tvrtko I ceded Tropolje to the Hungarian king Louis I the Great. That same year, Grgur Stjepanić was mentioned as Lord of Glamoč. He, along with other nobles of Tropolje rebelled against the Bosnian ban so Glamoč remained under Hungarian rule until 1387. In the meantime, the ban Tvrtko was crowned as the King of Bosnia and with the help of Hrvoje Vukčić Hrvatinić he regain this area. At the end of the 14th century, Pavao Maštrović Klešić became Lord of Glamoč. Bosnian King Stjepan Ostoja took his lordship, but when he needed Pavao as ally he returned it to him in 1404.
Glamoč fell under Ottoman rule about the year 1515. In 1516 it was mentioned as a nahiye Dlamoč or Belgrad in the kadiluk of Neretva. It remained part of the Bosnia Sanjak until 1537. In 1550 and 1574 it was recorded as nahiye in the Skradin kadiluk in the Sanjak of Klis. After Klis and parts of Sanjak of Klis was liberated in 1648, Glamoč became part of the Livno kadiluk.
During the Ottoman period the town was called Biograd or Belgradčik. Under this name it is recorded until 1833. A Venetian-Dalmatian source from the first half of the 17th century recorded that Biogradaz is a fortress with several towers. In the second half of the 18th century, it was noted that town lies along the Dalmatian border, and that the it is well fortified, but that has little artillery. Fortress was abandoned in 1851 and partially demolished in 1882.
In 1878 with the Congress of Berlin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, including Glamoč came under the Austro-Hungarian rule. Complete annexation followed in 1908. Administratively town was located in the Travnik District. At that time, a significant number of Catholics, mostly from Dalmatia, immigrated. So Catholic church of Saint Elias was built in 1903.
After the end of World War I and the dissolution of Austria-Hungary, province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, along with Glamoč, became a part of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs and soon thereafter Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. After the Vidovdan Constitution of 1921 established new administrative division town became part Travnik County. The country changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929, and the Glamoč became the part of new administrative unit, Vrbas Banovina.
On 9 January 1992, the Bosnian Serb Assembly adopted a declaration on the Proclamation of the Republic of the Serb people of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 28 February 1992, the Constitution of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was adopted and declared that the state's territory included Serb autonomous regions, municipalities, and other Serbian ethnic entities in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including Glamoč where Bosnian Serbs made 79% of population.
In January and February 1992 many Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats left Glamoč. Those who remained suffered at the hands of the Serb forces. An early victim was a Croatian physician, Dr Alojzije Kelava, who was murdered in the city center on 24 February 1992 by Petar Vrakela, member of the Army of Republika Srpska.
Shortly thereafter, Serbian forces started ethnic cleansing of the non-Serb population and the destruction of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian cultural and historical heritage. In 1992, the Catholic church, the rectory and town's mosque were destroyed. The parish priest of Glamoč, Rev Zvonimir Matijević, was arrested and taken to Knin prison where he was tortured.
From the area of Glamočko field, Serbs besieged and bombarded nearby Livno. By early 1995, most of the non-Serb population had left the area of the municipality. On 25 July 1995, Croatian Army (HV) and Croatian Defence Council (HVO) began Operation Summer '95. In the next few days a large part of the Serbian population left the Glamoč led by the Serbian army. On 29 July, HVO troops attacking from the south captured the town.
Soon, the area was inhabited by refugees from Republika Srpska and central Bosnia. Some remained in Glamoč. Meanwhile, some of Croats and Muslims who left Glamoč at the beginning of the war and Serbs who left Glamoč after Croatian Army captured it, have returned. After the signing of the Dayton Agreement, Glamoč became municipality of Canton 10, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This war has caused economic and demographic decline of the municipality. Large funds are invested in the reconstruction of destroyed infrastructure, but the area is still underdeveloped.
|Municipal Council of Glamoč |
Općinsko vijeće Glamoč
Marko Damjanović (HDZ)
|Seats||15 council members|
4 / 15
2 / 15
2 / 15
2 / 15
1 / 15
1 / 15
1 / 15
1 / 15
|2 October 2016|
Glamoč, Canton 10
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The main local government of the municipality is Municipal Council of Glamoč (Bosnian: Općinska skupština; Croatian: Općinsko vijeće; Serbian Latin: Opštinska skupština). Council has 15 members elected for a four-year term by proportional representation. Glamoč also has its municipal mayor who is the highest-ranking officer in the municipal government.
Structure of the Council
|Alliance of Independent Social Democrats (SNSD)||2||2||3||4||4|
|Party of Democratic Action (SDA)||4||2||3||2||2|
|Democratic Front (DF)||-||-||-||-||2|
|Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ)||4||3||2||2||2|
|Social Democratic Party (SDP)||-||-||-||1||1|
|Party of Democratic Progress (PDP)||-||1||1||1||1|
|Croatian Christian Democratic Union (HKDU)||-||3||1||1||1|
|Croatian Democratic Union 1990 (HDZ 1990)||-||-||1||1||1|
|Social Democratic Union (SDU)||-||2||2||1||-|
|Serb Democratic Party (SDS)||-||3||2||1||-|
|census 1931||census 1961||census 1971||census 1981||census 1991||1999a||2005a||2011a||census 2013|
|Croatsc||1,342||5.39||451||2.85||378||2.22||238||1.68||184||1.46||2,120||c. 42.4||986||c. 20.12||921||c. 20.01||906||23.47|
|Total||24,877||15,835||16,979||14,120||12,593||c. 5,000||c. 4,900||c. 4,602||3,860|
bIn 1961 Muslims (Bosniaks) were still not recognized as a nationality. In 1971 with constitutional amendments Muslims became a nationality.
cThe number of Croats in 1999, 2005 and 2011 refers to the number of Roman Catholics according to the parish censuses (Source:)
- Miroslav Čangalović, opera singer
- Todor Petrović, footballer
- Obrad Piljak, politician
- Pavao Posilović, Roman Catholic bishop and writer
- Stojan Srdić, writer
- Zdravko Tolimir, commander in the Army of Republika Srpska
- Zaim Topčić, writer
- Vule Trivunović, footballer
- Slavko Zagorac, retired footballer and manager
- Ivo Lola Ribar, Yugoslav communist was killed near Glamoč by airstrike
- Nemanja Radoja, Serbian footballer has family origin from Glamoč
- "Rezultati popisa 2013 (Census 2013 Results)" (PDF). bhas.ba (in Croatian). Agency for Statistics of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Postcode info for Bosnia-Herzegovina
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- "Climate data for cities worldwide". Retrieved February 7, 2013.
- (in Croatian) Bosnia and Herzegovina, Commission to Preserve National Monuments, Old City (Glamoč) Archived 2014-03-01 at the Wayback Machine.
- (in Croatian) Bosnia and Herzegovina, Commission to Preserve National Monuments, Remains of early Christian basilica Archived 2014-07-14 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Glamoč details". hbzup.com (in Croatian). Tourism Board of Canton 10. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
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- "Župa Glamoč (Glamoč Parish)". biskupija-banjaluka.org (in Croatian). Roman Catholic Diocese of Banja Luka. Archived from the original on 22 May 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Kratka povijest provincije (Short History of the Province)". franjevci.info (in Croatian). Franciscan Province of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- "Glamoč details". hebeta.lzmk.hr (in Croatian). Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža (Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography). Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
- "New War Crimes Verdicts in Bosnia". balkaninsight.com. Balkan Transitional Justice. 22 June 2012. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- Franjo Komarica. "IN DEFENCE OF THE RIGHTLESS". hic.hr. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- Andras Riedlmayer (30 September 2003). "Glamoc Abandoned". bosnia.org.uk. Bosnian Institute. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Russian and European Analysis (2002). Balkan Battlegrounds: A Military History of the Yugoslav Conflict, 1990–1995. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency. OCLC 50396958.
- A Military History of the Yugoslav Conflict, 1990–1995 details, nato.int, 2003.
- "Potvrđeni izborni rezultati - lokalni izbori 2012: Glamoč". izbori.ba (in Bosnian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- "Potvrđeni izborni rezultati - lokalni izbori 2008: Glamoč". izbori.ba (in Croatian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- "Potvrđeni izborni rezultati - lokalni izbori 2004: Glamoč" (PDF). izbori.ba (in Bosnian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- "Potvrđeni izborni rezultati - lokalni izbori 2000: Glamoč" (PDF). izbori.ba (in Bosnian). Central Election Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
- (in Croatian)Diocese of Banja Luka
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