Balaclava Junction

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Panorama of Balaclava Junction

Balaclava Junction is the only extant grand union in Australia. Located at the intersection of Balaclava Road and Hawthorn Road, Caulfield North on the Melbourne tram network, trams can go in all directions from all directions.[1]

Adelaide previously had three grand unions, but none exist today.[1] It is the only surviving example of a grand union in the southern hemisphere.

Balaclava Junction dates from November 1913, originally being built by the Prahran & Malvern Tramways Trust, at the time it was the most complex junction on the network. It has been rebuilt a number of times since opening, most recently in 2005 by Yarra Trams.[1][2]

Tram routes 3/3a, 16, and 64 all travel through Balaclava Junction.[3][4][5]


  1. ^ a b c "Grand Union Tramway Junction". Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Tramlines Issue 3". Yarra Trams. May 2005. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Route 3/3a". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Route 16". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Route 64". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Balaclava Junction at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 37°52′22″S 145°01′29″E / 37.87266°S 145.024717°E / -37.87266; 145.024717