Public Transport Corporation

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Public Transport Corporation
Metlogo.svg
Green & Gold The Met logo from the 1990s
Statutory Authority overview
Formed 1 July 1989
Preceding Statutory Authority
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction Victoria
Headquarters Melbourne
Parent Statutory Authority Department of Transport
Key document
  • Transport (Amendment) Act 1989

The Public Transport Corporation (PTC) was a Government of Victoria owned statutory authority formed under the Transport Act 1983[1] which operated passenger and freight trains, trams and bus services.

The PTC was also responsible for directly operating some bus services and procuring bus services from private operators. It was established on 1 July 1989 as a result of the passage and commencement of the Transport (Amendment) Act 1989 to manage the responsibilities of the State Transport Authority and the Metropolitan Transit Authority. In suburban Melbourne it traded as The Met while in regional Victoria it operated as V/Line.

The operational rail and tram activities of the PTC were franchised in 1999 by the Kennett Government through the intermediary of a new agency, the Director of Public Transport, a statutory office within the Department of Transport. The director was required to enter into franchise agreements with private rail and tram companies for the on-the-ground delivery of public transport services. The land and infrastructure assets of the Public Transport Corporation were transferred to another new agency, VicTrack, who then leased those assets to the Director of Public Transport, which in turn sub-leased the assets to the private operators.

Formation[edit]

Tangerine V/Line logo from the 1980s
V/Line branded train in 1993
V/Line Freight livered X43

The Public Transport Corporation was initially established under changes made to the Transport Act 1983 by the Transport (Amendment) Act 1989. The statutory changes abolished the former State Transport Authority and Metropolitan Transit Authority thereby creating the Public Transport Corporation in its place. The functions of the PTC were an amalgamation of those of its two predecessors. The green and gold livery on vehicles was retained, though with a new double arrow logo.

The PTC was subject to the control and general direction of the former Director-General of Transport initially and then later to the Secretary to the Department of Transport and, ultimately, the Minister for Transport. A 14-member Public Transport Corporation Board was appointed by the Minister to provide advice to the Chief Executive of the PTC.

Demise[edit]

Franchising of the PTC commenced under the Kennett Government of the 1990s. Privatisation began with some of the bus operations in December 1993. V/Line was split into Passenger and Freight divisions, with the latter sold outright. The Met was divided into Bayside Trains, Hillside Trains, Swanston Trams and Yarra Trams from October 1997 and these along with V/Line's passenger operations passed to the private sector in August 1999.[2][3][4]

These separate bodies were all franchised separately as follows:

The remaining functions of the corporation were transferred to Metlink, later Public Transport Victoria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The name of this Act was changed from 1 July 2010 to the Transport (Compliance and Miscellaneous) Act 1983 as a result of the passage and commencement of the Transport Integration Act 2010. Victorian transport authorities are now primarily created by that Act and the Transport (Compliance and Miscellaneous) Act is essentially now a support statute to the Transport Integration Act.
  2. ^ "Melbourne's Rail Network to be Split" Railway Digest November 1997 page 12
  3. ^ "City in Brief" Railway Gazette International December 1997 page 835
  4. ^ "Victorian Rail Transport Business Formerly Established" Railway Digest September 1998 page 15
Preceded by
State Transport Authority
Passenger rail in Victoria
1989–1999
Succeeded by
V/Line Passenger
Freight rail in Victoria
1989–1999
Succeeded by
Freight Victoria
Preceded by
Metropolitan Transit Authority
Buses in Melbourne
1989–1998
Succeeded by
National Bus Company
Melbourne Bus Link
Railways in Melbourne
1989–1999
Succeeded by
Connex Melbourne
M>Train
Trams in Melbourne
1989–1999
Succeeded by
M>Tram
Yarra Trams