Ambedkar Jayanti

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Ambedkar Jayanti
Ambedkar Jayanti Procession.png
Ambedkar Jayanti Procession at Chaitya Bhoomi
Official nameDr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Jayanti[1]
Also calledBhim Jayanti
Observed byIndia
TypeSecular; birth anniversary of B. R. Ambedkar
ObservancesCommunity, historical celebrations.
Date14 April
Related toAshok Vijaya Dashmi
Constitution Day (India)

Ambedkar Jayanti or Bhim Jayanti is an annual festival observed on 14 April to commemorate the memory of B. R. Ambedkar.[2] It marks Babasaheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar's birthday who was born on 14 April 1891. Since 2015 it has been observed as an official public holiday throughout India.[3] Ambedkar Jayanti is celebrated not just in India but all around the world.[4]

Ambedkar Jayanti processions are carried out by his followers at Chaitya Bhoomi in Mumbai and Deeksha Bhoomi in Nagpur.[5] It is a customary for senior national figures, such as the President, Prime Minister and leaders of major political parties, to pay homage at the statue of Ambedkar at the Parliament of India in New Delhi. It is celebrated throughout the world especially by dalits, adivasi, labour workers, women and also those who embraced Buddhism after his example. In India, large numbers of people visit local statues commemorating Ambedkar in procession with lot of fanfare.[6]


Babasaheb Ambedkar's first birthday was publicly celebrated on 14 April 1928 in Pune, by social activist and Ambedkarite Janardan Sadashiv Ranapisay. He started the tradition of Babasaheb's birth anniversary or Ambedkar Jayanti.[7]

On 14 April 1990, Ambedkar was bestowed with Bharat Ratna award. The same year his life size portrait was also unveiled in the Central Hall of Parliament. The period from 14 April 1990 — 14 April 1991 was observed as "Year of Social Justice" in the memory of Babasaheb.[8]

The United Nations celebrated Ambedkar Jayanti in 2016, 2017 and 2018.[9][10][11][12]


Indian Post issued stamps dedicated to Ambedkar's birthday in 1966, 1973, 1991, 2001, and 2013, and featured him on other stamps in 2009, 2015, 2016 and 2017.[13][14]

Government of India Issued 10 Rupees and 125 Rupees coins in 2015 to mark the 125 Birth Anniversary in the honor of Ambedkar.[15]

As Per Government of Maharashtra 14 April is observed as Knowledge Day in memory of Babasaheb Ambedkar.[16][17]

A Google Doodle was published for Ambedkar's 124th birthday.[18]

In 2017, on the occasion of Dr. Ambedkar Jayanti, Twitter launched Dr Ambedkar emoji as a tribute to the legend.[19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "सार्वजनिक सुट्ट्या-महाराष्ट्र शासनाचे अधिकृत संकेतस्थळ, भारत". Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  2. ^ Ambedkar Jayanti from on 19 March 2015
  3. ^ Webpage of Ministry of Personnel and Public Grievance & Pension
  4. ^ 125th Dr. Ambedkar Birthday Celebrations Around the World.It is celebrate in 192countrys in the world
  5. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti - Bhim Jayanti - 14 April". Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  6. ^ Shastree, Uttara (1996). Religious Converts in India: Socio-political Study of Neo-Buddhists. Mittal Publications. ISBN 978-81-7099-629-3. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
  7. ^ "बाबासाहेबांची जयंती कधी आणि कोणी सुरू केली?". Loksatta (in Marathi). 14 April 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Bharat Ratna Baba Saheb". 5 May 2006. Archived from the original on 5 May 2006. Retrieved 9 November 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  9. ^ "Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated for the first time outside India as UN organises special event - Firstpost". Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Dr Ambedkar Jayanti celebrated at United Nations". 29 April 2017. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  11. ^ "UN celebrates Ambedkar's legacy 'fighting inequality, inspiring inclusion'". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  12. ^ "संयुक्त राष्ट्र में मनाई गई डॉ. बाबासाहेब भीमराव आंबेडकर जयंती - News State". Retrieved 9 November 2018.
  13. ^ Ambedkar on stamps[permanent dead link].
  14. ^ B. R. Ambedkar on stamps.
  15. ^ "PM Narendra Modi releases Rs 10, Rs 125 commemorative coins honouring Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar". 6 December 2015. Retrieved 3 March 2019.
  16. ^ Reporter, Staff (14 April 2017). "Ambedkar Jayanti to be celebrated as Knowledge Day in State". Retrieved 3 March 2019 – via
  17. ^ government resolution of maharashtra dated 13-04-2017
  18. ^ "B.R. Ambedkar, a hero of India's independence movement, honoured by Google Doodle". The Telegraph. Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  19. ^ Twitter Launched Dr Ambedkar Emoji on Dr Ambedkar Jayanti

External links[edit]