Gandhi Jayanti

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Gandhi Jayanti
Observed byIndia
SignificanceHonours Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's role in Indian Independence.
ObservancesCommunity, historical celebrations.
Date2 October
Related toInternational Day of Non-Violence
Republic Day
Independence Day

Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival celebrated in India to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born 2 October 1869. It is celebrated annually on 2 October, and it is one of the three national holidays of India. The UN General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.[1]

Commemoration[edit]

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated yearly on 2nd October. It is one of the official declared national holidays of India, observed in all of its states and union territories.

Gandhi Jayanti is marked by prayer services and tributes all over India, including at Gandhi's memorial in New Delhi where he was cremated. Popular activities include prayer meetings, commemorative ceremonies in different cities by colleges, local government institutions and socio-political institutions. Painting and essay competitions are conducted and best awards are granted for projects in schools and the community encouraging a non-violent way of life as well as celebrating Gandhi's effort in the Indian independence movement.[2] Gandhi's favourite bhajan (Hindu devotional song), Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram, is usually sung in his memory.[3] Statues of Mahatma Gandhi throughout the country are decorated with flowers and garlands, and some people avoid drinking alcohol or eating meat on the day.[4] Public buildings, banks and post offices are closed.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "UN declares 2 October, Gandhi's birthday, as International Day of Non-Violence". United Nations. 15 June 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Gandhi Jayanti". Simon Fraser University. Retrieved 15 April 2006.
  3. ^ "Several programmes mark Gandhi Jayanti celebrations in Mysore". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 November 2006.
  4. ^ a b "Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti in India". Time and Date. Retrieved 1 October 2017.