Guru Nanak Gurpurab

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Guru Nanak Gurpurab
Akal Takht illuminated, in Harmandir Sahib complex, Amritsar.jpg
Akal Takht illuminated on 'Guru Nanak Gurpurab' (Guru Nanak's Birthday), in Harmandir Sahib complex, Amritsar.
Official name Guru Nanak Gurpurab
Observed by Sikhs, Nanakpanthis
Type Religious Holiday
Significance Guru Nanak's birth anniversary
Observances Festival
Date April 5, 1469

Guru Nanak Gurpurab, also known as Guru Nanak's Prakash Utsav and Guru Nanak Jayanti, celebrates the birth of the first Sikh Guru, Guru Nanak.[1] This is one of the most sacred festivals in Sikhi.[2]

The festivities in the Sikh religion revolve around the anniversaries of the 10 Sikh Gurus. These Gurus were responsible for shaping the beliefs of the Sikhs. Their birthdays, known as Gurpurab (or Gurpurb), are occasions for celebration and prayer among the Sikhs.

Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was born on Vaisakhi Day, April 5, 1469 [O.S. March 27, 1469][1][3] in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi in the present Shekhupura District of Pakistan, now Nankana Sahib.[4] It is a Gazetted holiday in India.

The festival[edit]

Gurdwara Nankana Sahib, Pakistan, The birthplace of Guru Nanak.

The celebration is generally similar for all Gurpurabs; only the hymns are different. The celebrations usually commence with Prabhat Pheris. Prabhat Pheris are early morning processions that begin at the Gurudwaras and proceed around the localities singing hymns. Generally two days before the birthday, Akhand Path (a forty-eight-hour non-stop reading of the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs) is held in the Gurdwaras.

The day prior to the birthday, a procession, referred to as Nagarkirtan,[5] is organised. This procession is led by the Panj Pyaras (Five Beloved Ones).[6][7] They head the procession carrying the Sikh flag, known as the Nishan Sahib and the Palki (Palanquin) of Guru Granth Sahib. They are followed by teams of singers singing hymns[7] and devotees sing the chorus. There are brass bands playing different tunes and 'Gatka' teams display their swordsmanship through various martial arts and as mock battles using traditional weapons.[6][5] The procession pours into the streets of the town. The passage is covered with banners and gates decorated flags and flowers, for this special occasion.[6][5] The leaders spreading the message of Guru Nanak.[6]

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2010 at Pune, Maharashtra, India

On the day of the Gurpurab, the celebrations commence early in the morning at about 4 to 5 am.[6][5] This time of the day is referred to as Amrit Vela. The day begins with the singing of Asa-di-Var (morning hymns).[6][5] This is followed by any combination of Katha[5] (exposition of the scripture) and Kirtan (hymns from the Sikh scriptures), in the praise of the Guru.[6] Following that is the Langar, a special community lunch, which is arranged at the Gurudwaras by volunteers. The idea behind the free communal lunch is that everyone, irrespective of caste, class or creed,[8] should be offered food in the spirit of seva (service) and bhakti (devotion).

Night Prayer sessions are also held in some Gurudwaras, which begin around sunset when Rehras(evening prayer) is recited, followed by Kirtan till late at night.[6] The congregation starts singing Gurbani at about 1:20 am at night, which is the actual time of birth of Guru Nanak. The celebrations culminate at around 2 am.[6]

Guru Nanak Gurpurab is celebrated by the Sikh community all over the world and is one of the most important festivals in the Sikh calendar. The celebrations are especially colourful in Punjab, Haryana, and Chandigarh and many more locations. Even some Sindhis celebrate this festival.


  1. ^ a b Singh Purewal, Pal. "Birth Date of Guru Nanak Sahib" (PDF). Purewal's Page. Pal Singh Purewal. Retrieved June 16, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Guru Nanak Sahib". SGPC. Retrieved August 4, 2012. 
  3. ^ Singh Purewal, Pal. "Vaisakhi Dates Range According To Indian Ephemeris By Swamikannu Pillai - i.e. English Date on 1 Vaisakh Bikrami" (PDF). Pal Singh Purewal. Retrieved 25 June 2017. 
  4. ^ "Guru Nanak Dev ji (1469–1539)". 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "GURPURBS". 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Gurpurab". 
  7. ^ a b "Guru Nanak". 
  8. ^ "Guru Purab". 

External links[edit]