Bhim Singh (politician)

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Bhim Singh
Chief Patron of Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party
Assumed office
27 October 2012
Preceded by Office established
Chairman of Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party
In office
23 March 1982 – 27 October 2012
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Harsh Dev Singh
Chairman of India-Pak Joint Defence Committee for Prisoners
Assumed office
13 April 2017
President Zulfiqar Ali Jehangir
Executive Chairman of Indo-Palestine Friendship Society
Assumed office
1978
Member of National Integration Council
Assumed office
1991
President Prime Minister of India
Senior Executive Member of Supreme Court Bar Association
Assumed office
2013
General Secretary of All India Congress Committee
In office
1980-1982
President Indira Gandhi
Vice-president of Indian Youth Congress
In office
1977-78
Member of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Council
In office
2003-2008
Member of Indian Parliament
In office
1988
Constituency Udhampur (declared winner after a High Court ruling)
Member of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly
In office
1977-1987
Constituency Chenani-Ghordi (Udhampur)
Personal details
Born 17 August 1941 (1941-08-17) (age 77)
Bhugterian, Ramnagar, Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir, British India
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress (1966-82)
Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party (1982-present)
Spouse(s) Jay Mala
Relations Dogra dynasty
Children 1
Alma mater Aligarh Muslim University
University of London
Inns of Court School of Law
Website

Bhim Singh (born 17 August 1941)[1] is an Indian politician, activist, lawyer and author. He is the leader of the Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party (JKNPP), a political organisation based in the terror-torn Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.[2] He founded the party in 1982, along with his wife Jay Mala. Bhim Singh was the Panthers Party chairman for 30 years, until 2012 when he nominated his nephew Harsh Dev Singh in place.[3] In the 2002 Jammu and Kashmir Elections the Panthers Party under his leadership won all seats in the Udhampur district and formed part of the coalition government.[4] As a long-standing opponent to US foreign policy,[5] Bhim Singh had supported and was close friend to several dictators[6][7] including Saddam Hussein,[8] Fidel Castro,[9] Yasser Arafat,[10] Slobodan Milosevic[11] and Muammar Gaddafi.[12][13][14] For the centralised organisational structure of his political party, Bhim Singh has been labelled a dictator.[15][16]

Bhim Singh has held several key posts in the Indian Youth Congress, such as Vice-president (1977–78), General Secretary (1974–76) and President of Jammu and Kashmir State Youth Congress (1973–74) appointed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.[17][18] Before breaking away from the Congress Party to found the JKNPP in 1982, he served as a General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee, the central decision-making assembly of the Indian National Congress Party.

He has been an elected member of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly (1977–87) from Chenani-Ghordi (Udhampur). In 1988, future prime minister Vajpayee joined him on hunger strike in front of the Election Commission offices as they had rigged an election against Bhim Singh preventing him from joining the Indian Parliament.[19][20] The Jammu and Kashmir High Court ruled in favour of Bhim Singh, ruling that he had won the Lok Saba by-election from Udhampur, a seat previously held by his kinsman Dr. Karan Singh, the former Crown prince of Jammu and Kashmir and its first President.[6]

Bhim Singh from the village of Bhugterian near Ramnagar is a descendant of the Wazir and General Zorawar Singh[21][22] of the royal Dogra clan, referred to by historians as "Conqueror of Ladakh" and the "Napoleon of India" for his 19th century conquests of the Himalayan Kingdoms of Ladakh, Tibet and Baltistan.[23][24] While the Dogra Rajput dynasty is believed to be descended from the mythical Ikshvaku (Solar) dynasty that in Eastern religious scriptures has produced personalities such as Lord Rama, Gautama Buddha, and twenty-two out of the twenty-four Jain Tirthankaras.

Despite his Hindu royal and religious histories, Prof. Bhim Singh has politically and through the judiciary fought for democracy and secularism for over 55 years in Muslim majority Jammu and Kashmir,[25][26] once described by President Bill Clinton as "the most dangerous place in the World."[27][28] In doing so Singh has spent 8 years in jail and endured militancy, Islamic extremism, terrorism and false arrests as consequence of the Jammu and Kashmir insurgencies and the ongoing Jammu and Kashmir armed conflict between India, Pakistan & China.[29][14]

He was allegedly poisoned in the Srinagar Central Jail in 1978 after speaking out against Sheikh Abdullah, the then Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.[30]

In 1985, in a landmark hearing he was awarded fifty thousand rupees by the Supreme Court of India for his false imprisonment after being suspended as a Member of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly.[31] The order of compensation from his case would change the tort law in India.[30][32]

While his 1996 efforts in moving the supreme court and the election commission are seen as instrumental in returning democratic elections after nine years of absence to militancy torn Jammu and Kashmir.[33][34][35] In 2017, Bhim Singh in a historic judgment, defeated the government of India in the Supreme Court, enabling bar council elections to be held in Jammu and Kashmir for the very first time,[36] in accordance to the Advocates Act 1961.[37]

He is locally known as Sher-e-Jammu (Lion of Jammu).[25][38][39]

Early life[edit]

Family estate confiscated post-Indian Independence[edit]

Bhim Singh was born Kunwar (Prince) Bhim Singh on 17 August 1941 in Bhugterian, Ramnagar in the Princely State of Jammu and Kashmir during the British Raj of India.[40] Bhim Singh's father was Thakur (Prince) Birbal Singh,[41] a serviceman who served for the Allies of World War II and later the Indian Army post-independence.[42] In 1951, Bhim Singh's father had thousands of acres of land in Ramnagar forcibly taken with no compensation by the government of Prime Minister Sheikh Abdullah.[43][44]

He was first sent to prison in 1953 while still a student after he had thrown confectionery at PM Abdullah during a school visit by the prime minister.[6] At the time Bhim Singh's father Thakur Birbal was rallying against the government's land reforms in Jammu with Prem Nath Dogra and his anti-Abdullah Jammu Praja Parishad party.

As a college student Bhim Singh was a political activist going on hunger strike as early as 1959.[45] He was imprisoned for over 6 months from 1961-62 in Jammu Central Jail, where he shared a jail cell with Sheikh Nazir the future general secretary of the National Conference party.[46][47]

Assassination attempt in Jammu protests, 1966[edit]

Bhim Singh was again arrested in 1966 for leading thousands of students in protest while President of the J&K Students Congress Organization.[40][48][49] During the protests of October 1966, that called for an establishment of a university in Jammu four students were killed and fifty-three injured. On 17 October 1966, Brij Mohan, Subhash Chandra and Gulshan Handa died in protests on the G.G.M. science college site in Jammu. While the senior superintendent of police shot student leader Gurcharan Singh on 18 October at a students march in Kanak Mandi, Jammu. The superintendent had aimed for Bhim Singh but M.P. Khosla, the future chief secretary of Jammu and Kashmir had intervened to save Bhim Singh's life.[50] Later Bhim Singh escaped curfew to visit and appeal to Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in New Delhi. Gandhi set up an inquiry into the affair under Pranab Mukherjee, the future President of India, that found several government and police officials responsible for the deaths.[51] University of Jammu was subsequently opened in 1969.

World tour on motorbike[edit]

Soon after he left India to travel the world from 1967 to 1973. Mostly by the way of motorbike he managed to visit more than a 120 countries. During his travels he was recorded by the Nigerian Times in 1970 as the first person to cross the Sahara Desert on motorcycle from Tan-Tan, Morocco to Senegal through Spanish Sahara and Mauritania.[52] In Chile he was personally received by its then President Salvador Allende, and in the Middle East he met with Yasir Arafat who later accepted Bhim Singh's invitation to India.[53][54][55]

His book documenting his early travels "Peace Mission: Around the World on Motorcycle" was published by Har Anand Publications in 2009.[56] A Hindi version for the book was released a year later by Sheila Dikshit, then Chief Minister of Delhi. At the book release K. Padmanabhaiah former Home Sectary of India, recalled Bhim Singh's contributions to reinstating the democratic process in Jammu and Kashmir in the 1996 assembly elections which were held after a gap of nine years.[35] His next travelogue "Unbelievable—Delhi to Islamabad," addressed the need for fairer treatment of Pakistani prisoners in India. It was released by the Vice-President of India, Mohammad Hamid Ansari.[57] Guest of honour at the book release Amitabh Mattoo, compared Bhim Singh to Che Guevara for his decades long lobbying for amendment to Article 370,[58][59] to fully integrate Jammu and Kashmir into India.[60]

Academics and student leader in Great Britain[edit]

On his travels he attended the University of London earning an LL.M and was the first Indian to be elected Secretary of the University of London Union in 1971.[61][52] Later in 1972, Bhim Singh was called to the bar at law, as a specialist on Palestine and Middle East affairs. Before returning to Jammu and Kashmir to engage in politics, Bhim Singh worked as a professor of international law at Cambridge University.[62]

Friendship with Yasser Arafat[edit]

Bhim Singh has been a vocal supporter of Arafat for over three decades and is the Chairman of the Indo-Palestine Friendship Society. He first meet a young Yasser Arafat in 1968 at a Red Cross office on the east bank of the Jordan river. In 1973 Bhim Singh would travel to Syria in support of Arafat and join the PLO over the dispute of Golan Heights between Israel and Syria during the Yom Kippur War.[63] When in 1992 Arafat was exiled from Lebanon, Bhim Singh would once again visit him in support in Tunis and a few years later Singh would travel to Ramallah to see Arafat, where he had set up a temporary capital for Palestine.[64][65] In 2016 Palestinian ambassador Adnan Abu Alhaija, released Bhim Singh's documentary film on Yasser Arafat at a screening in New Delhi.[66]

Hiroshima visits[edit]

Bhim Singh first visited Hiroshima in 1972. Meeting survivors of the nuclear attacks on Japan, influenced his future campaigning for complete disarmament, and against American military interventions.[67] He would return to Hiroshima several times throughout his political career on 6 August,[68] the anniversary of the atomic bombing, to observe the fast for disarmament at Peace Memorial Park, and lecture on world unity.[69]

Family and personal life[edit]

He married Panthers party co-founder Jay Mala. They have one son, Ankit Love who is leader of the One Love Party in Great Britain.[70]

Career[edit]

Congress Party[edit]

Bhim Singh in 1973 was appointed as President of the Youth Congress in Jammu and Kashmir by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi,[71][72] he then went on to become a General Secretary of the All India Congress Committee.[18][73]

Founding leader of Panthers Party, 1982[edit]

He would later leave the Congress Party due to political and economic differences to found his own political party, the Jammu and Kashmir National Panther's Party (JKNPP) on 23 March 1982 along with a few other prominent political personalities including Jay Mala the former President of the Indian Students Congress.[33][73] He was twice elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Bhim Singh has also been a member of National Integration Council, first in 1991 nominated by Prime Minister of India Narasimha Rao, and then again in 2008 nominated by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh.[74][75] He has contested seven times in the Indian parliamentary elections including against the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in Amethi, and former Bharatiya Janata Party leader LK Advani in New Delhi.[14]

As an advocate he has won many landmark cases in the Supreme Court of India and has been jailed several times while leading movements for students and youth demands including opening a university in Jammu. He has been jailed 54 times, spending an aggregate 8 years in detention, out of which 18 times he was released by order of the Supreme Court.[14]

Udhampur MP election, 1984[edit]

Bhim Singh stood in the 1984 general elections for Indian parliament, from the Udhampur constituency. He came second, to the Indian National Congress from which he had recently split to form the Panthers Party. He received 95,149 votes (26.24%).[76]

Chairman of Indo-Palestine Friendship Society[edit]

Bhim Singh after forging a friendship with Yasser Arafat on his world travels, on his return to India became chairman of the Indo-Palestine Friendship Society.[77] The society under his leadership, has campaigned strongly for the sovereign recognition of the Palestine state.[10] Bhim Singh has also been highly critical of the formation of the state of Israel, stating that "Israel was created in violation of UN Charter... to exploit and subjugate the Arabs,"[78] and referred to its presence in the Middle East as "illegal occupation."[79] In 1970, Bhim Singh's book An examination of documents on which the State of Israel is based, was published by the PLO research center.[80]

In 2000, the Indo-Palestine society staged a hunger strike protest in front of the Israeli embassy in New Delhi, demanding that Israel withdraw from Palestine, and adhere to UN resolutions.[81] Palestinian ambassador, Adli Sadeq in 2010 at a conference organized by Indo-Palestine Friendship Society, had criticized the government of India,[82] for issuing a weak statement in regards to the killing of nine activists by Israel in the Gaza flotilla raid.[83] In 2015, Bhim Singh criticized the Indian media and prime minister Nenadra Modi, for their silence in regards to the unfriendly treatment and embarrassment suffered by the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee at an Israeli airport. Israeli authorities had barred the Indian president, from taking four satellite systems intended as gifts for the Palestinian Al-Aqsa University in Ramallah, which Bhim Singh believed to be an insult to India as well as Palestine.[79]

Bhim Singh v. State of Jammu and Kashmir, 1985[edit]

On 17 August 1985 Bhim Singh was suspended from the opening of the budget session of the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly that was scheduled for 11 September. He subsequently challenged the suspension in the Jammu and Kashmir High Court. After his suspension was stayed by High Court on 9 September, Bhim Singh left Jammu for Srinagar to attend the Legislative Assembly session. En route at 3:00 am on 10 September, he was intercepted by the police at Qazi Kund, 70 km from Srinagar. He was taken away by the police and kept prisoner at an undisclosed location. After attempts to locate him proved futile his wife and advocate Jayamala then moved the court to locate Bhim Singh. On 13 September, the court ordered the inspector general of the police to inform Jayamala where her husband was being held in custody. Only after this was Bhim Singh brought before a magistrate for the first time on 14 September. In the case the court found statements by M.A. Mir, superintendent of police to be false, neither could the superintendent explain why he expected Bhim Singh to travel through Qazi Kund on the night of his arrest. The court also found the lengthy affidavit filed by inspector general Khajuria contained statements of facts that he could not possibly have been aware off. The court found that Bhim Singh was not produced before the magistrate nor sub judge who issued the police orders of remand and that the police obtained the orders in surreptitious circumstances at the residence of the magistrate and after hours from the sub judge. The Supreme Court judge, O. Chinnappa Reddy criticized the conduct of the magistrate and sub judge stating that they had no concern for the subject out of either casual behavior or worse that they had potentially colluded with the police who had deliberately acted mala fide. The court ruled that there "certainly was a gross violation of Shri Bhim Singh's constitutional rights" and condemned the "authoritarian acts of the police." The judges though stated that the police were but minions and that they were in no doubt that the top levels of the Government of Jammu and Kashmir where ultimately responsible.[84]

The Supreme Court in a landmark judgement that impacted tort law in India, awarded Bhim Singh a compensation of fifty thousands rupees for his illegal detention and false imprisonment by the police.[85][86] Bhim Singh had left jail with a fractured leg and claimed during his false imprisonment the police and state agencies had made an attempt on his life.[6]

Udhampur MP By-Election, 1988[edit]

At the conclusion of the count on 19 June 1988, local radio and news in Jammu and Kashmir along with AIR correspondent, Ajit Singh announced Bhim Singh as the winner of the Udhampur by-election by 32,000 votes. The former President of India, Giani Zail Singh sent a message of congratulations to Bhim Singh on his victory. However, the Union Home Minister of India, Buta Singh had dispatched Dr. Bhalla, Secretary of the Election Commission by a Home Ministry aircraft to Jammu. Dr. Bhalla ordered the Returning Officer, S.P. Kazal to refer the count result to the Election Commission of India in New Delhi. On 25 June 1988 Peri Shastri the Chief Election Commissioner in New Delhi declared the Congress Party candidate Mohd. Ayub Khan instead as the winner by 2,376 votes.[87] The Returning Officer was later found to have committed suicide with no known motive.[88]

Bhim Singh filed a review petition against the order of the Election Commission of India, stating the declared result was rigged at the instance of Rajiv Gandhi and Farooq Abdullah, leaders of the ruling coalition parties. Atal Behari Vajpayee joined Bhim Singh on hunger strike in front of the Election Commission offices in protest to the vote rigging.[6] The Jammu and Kashmir High Court ruled in favour of Bhim Singh, however when Justice K.K. Gupta delivered the judgement four years later on 15 October 1992, the relevant session of parliament stood dissolved already.[89]

On the night of rigging in June 1988, despite the dishonourable intentions of his opposition Congress party, Bhim Singh had helped to pacify an aggressive set of youth that had come in support of the Panthers Party to stop Dr. Bhalla from escaping to Delhi on a helicopter. Thousands of youth had gathered at the count venue which was at the Kathua Government Degree College. They demanded that the Returning Officer confirm the result there and then as opposed referring it to New Delhi. Bhim Singh later wrote in his book the Murder of Democracy in Jammu and Kashmir, that he had intervened to pacify the crowd at the time despite it costing him the result, as an outbreak of violence at the venue could have resulted in the deaths of hundreds of civilians by the heavily armed police that were present due to an escalation of the insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir.[88]

Jammu and Kashmir state assembly 2002-2008[edit]

In the Jammu and Kashmir state assembly elections in 2002, the party which he heads, the Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party, won four seats in the state government, enabling them to be part of the ruling coalition,[90] with Bhim Singh's nephew Harsh Dev Singh serving as Education Minister.[3] In its strong hold the Udhampur district, Bhim Singh's party had won all 3 seats.[91] In 2007 he withdrew support to the Congress Party lead coalition, citing differences with the Peoples Democratic Party another member of the coalition.[92] The state government fell soon after when the PDP itself withdrew their support from the Congress Party during the Amarnath land transfer controversy, placing the state under direct rule of the central government for a few month prior to the Jammu and Kashmir state assembly elections, 2008.[93]

Human rights lawyer[edit]

As a human rights activist and lawyer in the Supreme Court of India he has aided thousands of helpless prisoners, farmers, employees, and youth all over the country. Through writs he had filed through his political party and the State Legal Aid Committee which he heads, he has secured the release of 300 Pakistani, Pakistan administered Kashmir and Afghan prisoners from Indian jails, some of whom had been held for decades.[94] Bhim Singh has also served as the Chairman of the executive Committee of Legal aid with Chief Justice Bhagwati who described him as, "as crusader for truth and justice."[95] Bhim Singh in December 2016 was re-elected unopposed as a senior executive member of the Supreme Court Bar Association.[96]

Dogra Ratan Awards[edit]

He is the Convenor of the Council for Promotion of Dogri Language, Culture and History a body which awards the Dogra Ratan awards. In 2011 the President of India Pratibha Patil, presented the awards at the General Zorawar Singh Auditorium.[97][98]

Call for Governor's Rule, 2016[edit]

After the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander, Burhan Wani the state of Jammu and Kashmir was engulfed in violent riots leaving over 2,000 injured and the deaths of several civilians and CRPF personnel.[99] In July 2016, Bhim Singh attempted through the judiciary to have the State government dissolved and replaced by Governor's rule.[100] He had attempted to do this by a petition filed on behalf of the Panthers Party calling for gubernatorial rule under section 92 of the Jammu and Kashmir constitution.[101] While the Supreme Court denied Singh's petition after two weeks of curfew in the State, it called for a report by Prime Minister Modi's government on the matter.[102][103] TS Thakur, the Chief Justice of India had requested solicitor general Ranjit Kumar to present a response to Singh's petition on the "ground realities" in the State.[104][105] On 22 August, the Supreme Court stated that the situation of curfew and unrest in the state of Jammu and Kashmir could not be dealt by the courts. It however asked Bhim Singh to join a delegation composed of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the leader of the opposition former Chief Minister Omar Abdullah to find a political solution to the issue. The court further requested that solicitor general Ranjit Kumar arrange a meeting between Prime Minister Modi and Bhim Singh.[106][107]

Supreme Court case against Union of India for J&K bar council, 2017[edit]

Despite the passing of the Advocates Act, 1961 Jammu and Kashmir remained the only state of India not allowed to elect a bar council.[36] In February 2017, in a historic judgement, the Supreme Court of India ruled in favor of Bhim Singh, allowing the state for the first time to elect it's bar council. In the case lawyers for the Union of India, had argued that it was not conducive to hold bar elections in Jammu and Kashmir. However, Bhim Singh challenged the government's logic, arguing that if bar council elections could not be held in the state due to militancy, that it did would not have made sense to hold assembly and parliamentary elections either.[108]

Controversies[edit]

Defence of Saddam Hussein[edit]

Bhim Singh along with George Galloway, Natwar Singh and General Baig was a member of the Co-ordination Committee Against Economic Sanctions headed by Iraq's deputy prime minister Tariq Aziz.[109][110] In 2005 he was called ‘Vishwa Ratna,’ as possibly the only person in the world who could refuse 7.3 million barrels of oil vouchers as illustrated in Table 3 of Vol.II in the report of the UN Committee dealing with Oil-for-food program headed by Paul Volcker during sanctions placed on Iraq.[111][112][113] In essence saying no to $146 million worth of oil vouchers at the time. Neither was he served notice to appear in front of the United Nations investigation on the matter.[114] Bhim Singh says that he had also turned down a thick envlope stuffed with cash at the residence of the Iraqi ambassador in New Delhi, and that he only ever accepted a few token gifts from Saddam, like a bottle of fine alcohol and a Swiss Longines watch with the Ba'ath Party insignia on its dial .[110]

Later, Bhim Singh was named by Saddam as an advocate to plead his case in the Trial of Saddam Hussein,[14] and set up the International Defence Committee for Saddam, leading a team of 11 lawyers.[8] However, the United States blocked him from traveling to Baghdad.[14] In 2006 at an UNI press conference he had stated that, "a dead Saddam can be more dangerous than a living Saddam for the US and UK... the execution may take a moment. But its consequences will be dangerous and long-term."[115]

Eviction notice from VP House[edit]

Bhim Singh was given guest accommodations at VP House in New Delhi and Jammu and Kashmir in 1991 for security reasons by Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar due to the threat posed to his life by terrorist groups in the Jammu and Kashmir Insurgency.[116] In 2015, he was first asked to vacate his accommodation at VP House by the Urban Development Ministry and then given an 8-week eviction notice by the Supreme Court, questioning how he could have stayed as a guest for "30 years" at VP House which is usually meant for visitors of members of parliament.[117] The television channel NewsX reported the story as an abuse of political power for luxury accommodation.[118] Bhim Singh and his Panthers Party however protested the eviction at Jantar Mantar, stating that the accommodations were just a one room-suite used as offices to receive and assist Kashmiris with grievances. Bhim Singh believed that the eviction actions were politically motivated due his Party's opposition to Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the BJP-PDP coalition government in Jammu and Kashmir levying tax on Hindu pilgrims traveling to Vaishno Devi and civil-rights cases that he had pending in the Supreme Court on behalf of Pakistani refugees against the government.[29][116][119] Earlier Bhim Singh and his Panther's Party had also protested the cut down of his 22 personnel Z security cover by the BJP-PDP government as an act of political discrimination.[120][121]

Stance against CIA, ISI & Mossad[edit]

Bhim Singh has long alleged that the CIA, Mossad and ISI had become active in the 1970s to remove India's Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from power and dissect Jammu and Kashmir away from under Indian administration.[122][123] Singh who was named as a defence advocate by Slobodan Milosevic for his trial at the Hague claimed that "CIA has not learnt a lesson from the past and it wants to dissect India the way it did with USSR, Yugoslavia and elsewhere."[124] He continued to state that the 2015 coalition between the widely opposed views of the BJP and PDP had continued links to an ISI agenda to separate Jammu and Kashmir from India.[125] Further alleging that the Hurriyat political party was in fact backed by Pakistan's ISI and acted as it's agent in the state.[126]

Later, declassified documents from the CIA's Operation Cyclone (1979–1989), revealed that the CIA funded the Jihadi warriors, mujahideen through Pakistan and it's ISI. It was the most expensive known covert operation conducted by the CIA, with over $20 billion spent on training and arming the militants.[127]

Support for Gaddafi[edit]

In 2011, Bhim Singh who is also Chairman of the Afro-Asian Solidarity Council appealed to the UN Security Council to intervene in the air-raids on Libya on the basis that they were against UN charter. Bhim Singh then visited Libya and encouraged Muammar Gaddafi to invoke democratic reforms at grass root levels.[12] Afterwards he wrote an essay in support of Muammar Gaddafi and condemned his capture and subsequent death as "barbaric," by rebels that he claimed were under a "US lead-NATO command." Bhim Singh believed that a bloody civil war may result as consequence of tribal disputes post-Gaddafi, and that the bifurcation or trifurcation of Libya itself maybe on the US agenda for what he claimed would give a better hold over oil resources. He claimed Gaddafi had been on a US hit list as he had refused to join NATO and for his 1975 "Green Book" that had also put him in opposition to some other Arab leaders and Kings that the US was supporting.[128] At the time Bhim Singh had also stated a need for a universal plan for democracy of all countries under the ruthless rule of Sheikhs, Kings, Sultans and Dictators.[12]

Stance against Abdullah[edit]

Bhim Singh had alleged that his opposition Abdullah family were secret billionaires in an interview with NewsX TV channel, calling for a CBI investigation into the sudden death of Haji Yusuf in police custody.[129] Yusuf linked to money corruption within the Abdullah's National Conference party had died in custody vomiting blood, after being detained for hours at the private residence of Omar Abdullah, the then Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.[130]

Comparison to Fidel Castro[edit]

After a 1971 meeting with Fidel Castro in Cuba, Bhim Singh has long admired and praised his leadership.[131][132] Bhim Singh himself has been criticized as a dictator in similar fashion to Castro for nominating individuals to office within his party without holding democratic elections.[15]

Work[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Documentary film[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Prof. Bhim Singh: Affidavit Information of Candidate for 2014 Indian General Elections" (PDF). MyNeta.info. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 2017-02-12. Prof. Bhim Singh, son of late Thakur Birbal, aged 73 
  2. ^ "Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers Party". JKNPP. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b "J&K's Panthers Party gets new chief after 30 years | TwoCircles.net". twocircles.net. Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  4. ^ Manhotra, Dinesh (2 December 2014). "Panthers Party feeling heat as BJP goes all out in Udhampur". Tribune India. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Trump's starts with dangerous note, Let peace-mongers wake up". The News Now. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  6. ^ a b c d e Handoo, Bilal (3 February 2016). "Devil's Advocate". Kashmir Life. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "Propose Dr. Karan Singh as next President: Prof. Bhim". JK Monitor. 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2017-06-21. Friend of noted international personalities like... Yasir Arafat, Iraqi President, Saddam Hussain, Libyan Leader, Col. Qaddafi. 
  8. ^ a b Ul-Hassan, Ishfaq (2006-12-31). "A friend mourns the dictator". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  9. ^ "People of India congratulate Cuban victory after 54 years of their resistance". National Turk. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  10. ^ a b "Indo-Palestine Friendship Society/ Statement". Syria Times. Retrieved 2017-02-12. 
  11. ^ Khosa, Aasha (18 March 2006). "Look who's crying for Milosevic here". Indian Express. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c "Bhim urges UN to stop NATO genocide in Libya, Pakistan - Scoop News Jammu Kashmir". Scoop News. Retrieved 2016-01-19. 
  13. ^ "From Gaddafi's unknown grave". PakTribune. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f "When will Bhim Singh be the king?". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  15. ^ a b "Common between Bhim, Fidel Castro". Early Times Newspaper Jammu Kashmir. 6 June 2009. Retrieved 2016-12-12. 
  16. ^ "Ankit Love is the New Leader of the Panthers Party of India". The News Now. Retrieved 2017-06-19. 
  17. ^ "Peace-loving Revolutionary". Prof. Bhim Singh. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "The purpose of Gauhati AICC session was to formulate a national policy: Congress President D.K. BorooahCover Story - India Today". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  19. ^ "Bhim Singh files nomination from Udhampur Parliamentary Constituency - Scoop News Jammu Kashmir". www.scoopnews.in. Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  20. ^ "Panthers founder Bhim Singh files nomination from Udhampur". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  21. ^ Dewanji, Amberish (22 June 2000). "Bhim Singh flays autonomy bill". Rediff. J. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  22. ^ "Prof. Bhim Singh:: The Panthers Party:: Personality of Jammu province". Jammu Times. J. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  23. ^ Sharma, Shiv (2008). India - A Travel Guide. India: Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. p. 190. ISBN 8128400673. 
  24. ^ Singh, Harbakhs (2010). War Despatches: Indo-Pak Conflict 1965. India: Lancer International, Lancer Press. p. 304. ISBN 1935501291. 
  25. ^ a b "Bhim Singhs Urdu book, Mission Aalmi Aman". Day After India. Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  26. ^ "Bhim Singh ousted from VP House". Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  27. ^ Mishra, Panka (4 March 2010). ""Kashmir: "The World's Most Dangerous Place"". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  28. ^ "Analysis: The world's most dangerous place?". BBC. 2000-03-23. Retrieved 2016-04-01. 
  29. ^ a b "JKNPP protest against Bhim Singh's eviction - State Times". Retrieved 2015-09-26. 
  30. ^ a b "NPP alleges Bhim Singh was poisoned in Srinagar jail in 1978". kashmirpioneer.com. Retrieved 2015-09-27. 
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