Brazil–Philippines relations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Brazil - Philippines relations
Map indicating locations of Brazil and Philippines

Brazil

Philippines

Brazil and the Philippines (Portuguese: Relações entre Brasil e Filipinas; Filipino: Ugnayang Brasil at Pilipinas) start its bilateral relations through diplomacy, mutual trade and investment. The two countries have worked for peace, the peaceful resolution of conflicts, economic and social development, the right to self-determination of peoples, decolonization, equality and the condemnation of racial discrimination and terrorism. Brazil has an embassy in Manila and the Philippines maintain an embassy in Brasilia. Both nations was conquered by the Iberian powers, mainly by Spain and Potugal, in the 16th century.

Bilateral relation[edit]

In 2011, Philippine Foreign Secretary Albert del Rosario signed three agreements with Brazilian Foreign Minister Antonio Patriota to undertake the cooperation on both countries on socio-economic development, effective implementation of agrarian reform, and combating drug trafficking.[1] Brazil and the Philippines signed a memorandum of understanding that will improve sports cooperation between the two countries. The memorandum will provide the Philippines and Brazil for sports cooperation through the exchange of expertise in areas such as institutional cooperation and training of sports specialists and practitioners.[2] Brazilian Ambassador Jorge Fernandes is looking to expand the political, economic, cultural and educational ties between Brazil and the Philippines. Filipinos don’t visit Brazil as much as Brazilians visit the Philippines. He also wants to pursue another agreement with Philippine Airlines to establish a direct flight from Manila to Brazil.[3]

Economic relation[edit]

In June 2009, the Philippines and Brazil made their pledges as they signed mutual cooperation agreements in the fields of bio-energy and agriculture.[4] The two countries committed themselves to take the necessary steps to implement the signed Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Agriculture and the Memorandum of Understanding on Bioenergy Cooperation.[5] The Philippines and Brazil signed six memoranda of understanding and agreements on the development and production of renewable energy, and agriculture cooperation.[6] It intends to “facilitate technical cooperation... on the production and use of biofuels, particularly ethanol, and promote the expansion of bilateral trade and investment in biofuel.”[7] Brazilian export to the Philippines reach more than $300 million in 2007.

Brazilians in the Philippines[edit]

Since 2004, there has been a wave of Brazilian models coming to the Philippines for work.[8][9] Many of these models are of Japanese heritage.[10] They look somewhat like Filipinos but with more "chiseled features", which has been an advantage to them in finding jobs in the Philippines. Brazilians are attracted to the modelling industry in the Philippines because, unlike other countries in the region such as China and Thailand, English is widely spoken.[11] Photographers feel that Brazilian models are less inhibited than their Filipino counterparts and reject accusations that race or ethnicity has anything to do with their hiring decisions.[8] However, in many cases the models speak only Portuguese and have limited educational background.[12]

Brazilian models have been criticized by their domestic competitors for working at low fees, as little as P1,500 for a gig in comparison to typical local rates of P5,000 to P10,000 per show. The Professional Models Association of the Philippines has particularly been critical of the influx of Brazilian models.[8] However, Brazilian actors themselves respond that there are many overseas Filipino workers in different countries around the globe including Brazil, and they have no desire to displace local talent.[13] Models have to get permits from the Bureau of Immigration, and renew them every two months. In a few cases, BI officers have raided fashion shows and arrested models who were working illegally.[11] However the PMAP claims that when they reported illegal models to the BI, the BI responded that they had bigger issues to deal with, and declined to follow up on the reports.[8] Actor Lemuel Palayo made public complaints about Brazilian models, but then later retracted them and apologized.[14][15] In November 2010, Phoemela Baranda also made public statements that the Philippines needed better laws to protect models against competition from Brazilians, and suggested imposing taxes on the employment of foreign models.[16] However, other Filipino actors such as Wendell Ramos, Paolo Contis, JC Tiuseco, Aljur Abrenica, and Mark Herras have stated that they are not concerned by the increased competition.[17]

Culture and organizations[edit]

There are some Brazilian missionaries in the Philippines.[18][19] The Brazilian Christian social action organization Pastoral da Criança has an outreach and food distribution program in Daet, Camarines Norte. The Conselho de Representantes de Brasileiros no Exterior, a Brazilian diaspora organization, has had a representative-candidate from the Philippines since 2010: Fabiana Mesquita, a native of Santos, São Paulo, whose husband's work with the World Health Organization brought him to the Philippines. She has participated in Brazilian social initiatives in the Philippines, and has also promoted the teaching of Portuguese to Brazilian children abroad.[20]

Another example of Brazilian cultural influence in the Philippines is the Brasilipinas annual celebration. It began in 2007 as a sort of mini-Brazilian Carnival in Metro Manila, organised by a local capoeira school, but has also been held around Christmas time as well.[21][22] The most recent celebration was in 2016. It is typically held at Rockwell Center in Makati City.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sec. del Rosario signs 3 agreements with Brazil on socio-economic development, agrarian reform, and anti-drug trafficking". Official Gazette. August 26, 2011.
  2. ^ "Philippines, Brazil sign pact on sports cooperation". SunStar. March 28, 2013.
  3. ^ "Brazil envoy wants stronger ties with PH". Manila Times. March 21, 2013. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013.
  4. ^ "Philippines, Brazil unite on energy, agriculture"
  5. ^ "PGMA, Brazilian President Lula agree to further strengthen RP–Brazil relations"[permanent dead link], ISRIA
  6. ^ "Bioenergy deals top 6 RP, Brazil agreements" Archived June 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "RP, Brazil ink 5 accords " Archived July 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b c d Carpo, Leica, "Tall and Tan and Young and … Much, Much Cheaper", Philippine Daily Inquirer, archived from the original on 2010-02-24, retrieved 2011-06-20
  9. ^ Paredes, Andrew (2009-12-02), "The Brazilian Invasion", Spot.ph, retrieved 2011-06-20
  10. ^ Diaz, Tals (2008-09-05), "Turning 'Brapanese'", Philippine Daily Inquirer, Archived from the original on 2012-07-12, retrieved 2011-06-20CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  11. ^ a b Quiogue, Monette (2010-02-10), "The Boys (& Girls) From Brazil", Philippine Daily Inquirer, archived from the original on 2011-02-24, retrieved 2011-06-20
  12. ^ Ramirez, Jake (2009-07-23), "Brazilian models—not as glam as we think", Philippine Daily Inquirer, archived from the original on 2012-02-02, retrieved 2011-06-20
  13. ^ Brosas, Alex Valentin (2010-04-29), "Daniel Matsunaga: Brazilians not out to displace local models", Manila Bulletin, archived from the original on 2010-05-04, retrieved 2011-06-20
  14. ^ Ramos, Neil (2010-04-21), "Local models slam influx of Brazilian counterparts", Manila Bulletin, archived from the original on 2010-04-26, retrieved 2011-06-20
  15. ^ Panaligan, Jojo P. (2010-04-24), "Model recants statement against Brazilian co-actors", Manila Bulletin, archived from the original on 2010-04-29, retrieved 2011-06-20
  16. ^ Ramos, Neil (2010-11-27), "Phoemela Baranda for better laws to protect Pinoy models", Manila Bulletin, archived from the original on 2011-01-02, retrieved 2011-06-20
  17. ^ Villagomez, Kaye (2010-05-21), "Local actors welcome challenge of 'foreign' invasion on TV", Manila Bulletin, archived from the original on 2010-05-28, retrieved 2011-06-20
  18. ^ "Cops accost 'suspicious' Brazilians in San Juan cemetery", Philippine Daily Inquirer, 2007-11-01, retrieved 2011-06-20[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ Aleixo, José Carlos Brandi (2009), Relations between Brazil and the Philippines: An overview (PDF), Philippine Academic Consortium for Latin American Studies, retrieved 2011-06-20
  20. ^ "Fabiana Mesquita: Conheça a brasileira das Filipinas que se pré-candidatou ao CRBE", PortalWebnews.com, 2010-09-21, archived from the original on 2011-10-11, retrieved 2011-06-20
  21. ^ "Celebrate Xmas the Brazilian way at Rockwell", ABS-CBN News, 2008-12-13, archived from the original on 2012-03-21, retrieved 2011-06-20
  22. ^ Diaz, Tals (2007-09-10), "Out the Window: The greatest Brazilian export", Philippine Daily Inquirer, retrieved 2011-06-20
  23. ^ "Brasilipinas 2016 At Rockwell", Philippine Star, 2011-03-06, retrieved 2011-06-20