List of bridges and tunnels in New York City

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New York City is home to over 2,000 bridges and tunnels. Several agencies manage this network of crossings, including the New York City Department of Transportation, Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, New York State Department of Transportation and Amtrak.

Many of the city's major bridges and tunnels have broken or set records. The Holland Tunnel was the world's first vehicular tunnel when it opened in 1927. The Brooklyn Bridge, Williamsburg Bridge, George Washington Bridge, and Verrazano–Narrows Bridge were the world's longest suspension bridges when opened in 1883,[1] 1903,[2] 1931,[3] and 1964[4] respectively.


New York's crossings date back to 1693, when its first bridge, known as the King's Bridge, was constructed over Spuyten Duyvil Creek between Manhattan and the Bronx, located in the present-day Kingsbridge neighborhood. The bridge, composed of stone abutments and a timber deck, was demolished in 1917. The oldest crossing still standing is High Bridge, built 1848 to carry the Croton Aqueduct from Manhattan to the Bronx over the Harlem River.[5] This bridge was built to carry water to the city as part of the Croton Aqueduct system.

Ten bridges and one tunnel serving the city have been awarded some level of landmark status. The Holland Tunnel was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1993 in recognition of its pioneering role as the first mechanically ventilated vehicular underwater tunnel, operating since 1927. The George Washington, High Bridge, Hell Gate, Queensboro, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Macombs Dam, Carroll Street, University Heights, and Washington bridges have all received landmark status, as well.[5]

New York features bridges of all lengths and types, carrying vehicular, bicycle, pedestrian, and subway traffic. The George Washington Bridge, spanning the Hudson River between New York City and Fort Lee, New Jersey, is the world's busiest bridge in terms of vehicular traffic.[6][7] The George Washington, Verrazano–Narrows, and Brooklyn are noted for their architecture, while others are more well known for their functional importance, such as the Williamsburg Bridge with 8 vehicular lanes, 2 subway tracks, a bike lane, and pedestrian walkways.

Bridges by water body[edit]

East River[edit]

J train on the Williamsburg Bridge

From south to north:

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Brooklyn Bridge 1883 1,825 metres (5,988 ft) 6 lanes of roadway (3 in each direction) Oldest suspension bridge. Also oldest suspension/cable-stayed hybrid bridge.
Manhattan Bridge 1909 2,089 metres (6,854 ft) 7 lanes of roadway and B D N Q trains Double-decker bridge with 5 westbound lanes and 2 eastbound lanes. 3 of the westbound lanes and the subway are below the other 4 lanes.
Williamsburg Bridge 1903 2,227.48 metres (7,308.0 ft) 8 lanes of roadway (4 in each direction) and J M Z trains
Ed Koch Queensboro Bridge 1909 1,135 metres (3,724 ft) 9 lanes of NY 25 (Queens Boulevard) Also known as 59th Street Bridge. Reversible 4 lanes on the upper deck, and 2 westbound/3 eastbound lanes on the lower deck.
Roosevelt Island Bridge 1955 876.91 metres (2,877.0 ft) 2 lanes of roadway (1 in each direction) East channel only
Triborough Bridge (Suspension Bridge) 1936 850 metres (2,790 ft) 8 lanes of I‑278 (4 in each direction) Officially known as the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge
Hell Gate Bridge 1916 5,181.6 metres (17,000 ft) 3 rail tracks (2 of Northeast Corridor, 1 of New York Connecting Railroad)
Rikers Island Bridge 1966 1,280.16 metres (4,200.0 ft) 2 lanes of roadway Only connects Rikers Island to Queens
Bronx–Whitestone Bridge 1939 1,149.10 metres (3,770.0 ft) 6 lanes of I-678 (Whitestone Expressway)
Throgs Neck Bridge 1961 886.97 metres (2,910.0 ft) 6 lanes of I-295 (Throgs Neck Expressway)

Harlem River[edit]

Wards Island Bridge in "open" position

From south to north, east to west:

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Wards Island Bridge 1951 285.6 metres (937 ft) Pedestrians and bicycles only
Triborough Bridge (Vertical-Lift Bridge) 1936 230 metres (750 ft) 2 lanes of exit ramp from F.D.R. Drive Officially known as the Robert F. Kennedy Bridge
Willis Avenue Bridge 1901 979 metres (3,212 ft) 4 lanes of roadway Northbound traffic only
Third Avenue Bridge 1898 853.44 metres (2,800.0 ft) 5 lanes of roadway Southbound traffic only
Park Avenue Bridge 1954 100 metres (330 ft) 4 tracks of Metro-North
Madison Avenue Bridge 1910 577 metres (1,893 ft) 4 lanes of roadway
145th Street Bridge 1905 489 metres (1,604 ft) 4 lanes of roadway
Macombs Dam Bridge 1895 774 metres (2,539 ft) 4 lanes of roadway
High Bridge 1848 600 metres (2,000 ft) Pedestrian walkway and bicycle lanes Oldest surviving bridge in New York City
Alexander Hamilton Bridge 1963 724 metres (2,375 ft) 8 lanes of I‑95 and US 1
Washington Bridge 1888 723.9 metres (2,375 ft) 5 lanes of roadway
University Heights Bridge 1908 82 metres (269 ft) 2 lanes of roadway
Broadway Bridge 1962 170.08 metres (558.0 ft) 4 lanes of Broadway/ US 9 and the 1 train Also known as Harlem Ship Canal Bridge
Henry Hudson Bridge 1936 673 metres (2,208 ft) 6 lanes of NY 9A / Henry Hudson Parkway Double-decked bridge
Spuyten Duyvil Bridge 1899 186 metres (610 ft) 1 track of Empire Corridor Swing bridge

Hudson River[edit]

George Washington Bridge, spanning the Hudson River between New York City and New Jersey. Historic American Engineering Record photo
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
George Washington Bridge 1931 1,450.85 metres (4,760.0 ft) 14 lanes of I‑95 / US 1 / US 9 / US 46 Double-deck, 8 lanes on upper level, 6 lanes on lower level. 7 lanes in each direction.

New York Bay[edit]

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge 1964 2,039.1 metres (6,690 ft) 12 lanes of I‑278 Double-deck, 6 lanes on each level. 6 lanes in each direction.

Newtown Creek[edit]

Borden Avenue, Long Island City
Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Kosciuszko Bridge 1939 1,835 metres (6,020 ft) 6 lanes of I‑278 Replacement in construction
Pulaski Bridge 1954 860 metres (2,820 ft) 6 lanes of McGuinness Boulevard Drawbridge
J. J. Byrne Memorial Bridge 1987[8] 55 metres (180 ft) 4 lanes of Greenpoint Avenue a.k.a. Greenpoint Avenue Bridge
Grand Street Bridge 1903[8] 69.2 metres (227 ft) 1 lane of Grand Avenue Swing bridge; one-lane bridge
Metropolitan Avenue Bridge 1933[8] 33.8 metres (111 ft) 4 lanes of Grand Street and Metropolitan Avenue Drawbridge; Crosses English Kills, a tributary of Newtown Creek[8]


The Bronx[edit]

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Bronx Kill
Robert F. Kennedy Bridge (Truss bridge) 1936 490 metres (1,610 ft) 8 lanes of I‑278 Formerly known as the Triborough Bridge
Hutchinson River (heading downriver)
Eastchester Bridge 1926 0.4 miles 4 lanes of Boston Road ( US 1)
I-95 bridge 1917 5,280 feet 6 lanes of I‑95
Hutchinson River Parkway Bridge 1941 205 metres (673 ft) 6 lanes of Hutchinson River Parkway Drawbridge
Hutchinson River Bridge
Category:Hutchinson River Bridge on Wikimedia Commons
1908 81 feet (25 m) Northeast Corridor (Amtrak) Also called Amtrak Pelham Bay Bridge
Pelham Bridge 1908 272 metres (892 ft) 4 lanes of Shore Road Drawbridge
Westchester Creek
Unionport Bridge 1953 160.3 metres (526 ft) 7 lanes of I‑278 (Bruckner Boulevard) / I‑95
Bronx River
Eastern Boulevard Bridge 1953 193.2 metres (634 ft) I‑278 Drawbridge
Eastchester Bay
City Island Bridge 1901 290 metres (950 ft) 3 lanes of City Island Avenue


Ninth Street Bridge, spanning Gowanus Canal in Brooklyn.
Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Gowanus Canal
Union Street Bridge 1905[9] 600 feet 2 lanes of Union Street Drawbridge
Carroll Street Bridge 1889[9] 300 feet 2 lanes of Carroll Street New York City Designated Landmark and one of four retractable bridges in the country[10]
Third Street Bridge 1905[9] 350 feet Third Street
Ninth Street Bridge 1999[9] 700 feet Ninth Street
Culver Viaduct 1938[11] 0.6 miles IND Culver Line (F G trains)
Hamilton Avenue Bridge 1942[9] 0.7 miles Hamilton Avenue
Gowanus Expressway 1941[12] 9 lanes of I-278 (Gowanus Expressway)
Mill Basin
Mill Basin Bridge 1963 0.8 miles 6 lanes of Belt Parkway
Rockaway Inlet (Brooklyn and Queens)
Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge 1937 1226 m 4 lanes of Flatbush Avenue


Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Dutch Kills
Borden Avenue Bridge 1908[8] 100 feet 2 lanes of Borden Avenue One of four retractable bridges in the country[10]
Hunters Point Avenue Bridge 1910[8] 500 feet Hunters Point Avenue
Jamaica Bay
Cross Bay Veterans Memorial Bridge 1970 0.7 miles 6 lanes Cross Bay Boulevard
The Joseph P. Addabbo Memorial Bridge 1971 0.7 miles 6 lanes of Cross Bay Boulevard
North Channel Swing Bridge (A train) Not actually a movable bridge.
Howard Beach to Broad Channel.
Beach Channel Drawbridge (A S trains) Broad Channel to The Rockaways
102nd Street Bridge Connecting Hamilton Beach at Russell Street with Howard Beach, also known as "Lenihan's Bridge".
Hawtree Creek Bridge 163rd Avenue and 99th Street in Howard Beach across to Hamilton Beach at Rau Court and Davenport Court
Rockaway Inlet (Brooklyn and Queens)
Marine Parkway-Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge 1937 1226 m 4 lanes of Flatbush Avenue

Staten Island[edit]

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Arthur Kill
Goethals Bridge 1928 2164.08 m 4 lanes (2 very tight lanes in each direction) of I‑278 Being replaced.
Arthur Kill Vertical Lift Bridge 1959 170.08 m CSX and M&E rail lines
Outerbridge Crossing 1928 3093 m 3 lanes of Route 440; NY 440
Kill Van Kull
Bayonne Bridge 1931 1761.74 m 2 lanes of NY 440; Route 440 Being raised


Each of the tunnels that run underneath the East and Hudson Rivers were marvels of engineering when first constructed. The Holland Tunnel is the oldest of the vehicular tunnels, opening to great fanfare in 1927 as the first mechanically ventilated underwater tunnel. The Queens Midtown Tunnel was opened in 1940 to relieve the congestion on the city's bridges. Each of its tubes were designed 1.5 feet (0.46 m) wider than the Holland Tunnel in order to accommodate the wider cars of the period. When the Brooklyn–Battery Tunnel opened in 1950, it was the longest continuous underwater vehicular tunnel in North America, a title it still holds.[13] The Lincoln Tunnel has three tubes linking midtown Manhattan to New Jersey, a configuration that provides the flexibility to provide four lanes in one direction during rush hours, or three lanes in both direction.

All four underwater road tunnels were built by Ole Singstad: the Holland Tunnel's original chief engineer Clifford Milburn Holland died, as did his successor, Milton H. Freeman, after which Singstad became chief engineer, finishing the Holland Tunnel and then building the remaining tunnels.

East River[edit]

PATH train emerging from the Hudson tubes, into the Exchange Place station
Traveling through the Holland Tunnel, from Manhattan to Jersey City, New Jersey.

From south to north:

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel 1950 2,779 m (9,117 ft) 4 lanes of I-478
Joralemon Street Tunnel 1908 2,709 m (8,888 ft) IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 trains)
Montague Street Tunnel 1920 2,136 m (7,009 ft) BMT Broadway Line (N R trains)
Clark Street Tunnel 1919 1,800 m (5,900 ft) IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line (2 3 trains)
Cranberry Street Tunnel 1933 IND Eighth Avenue Line (A C trains)
Rutgers Street Tunnel 1936 IND Sixth Avenue Line (F train)
14th Street Tunnel 1924 BMT Canarsie Line (L train)
East River Tunnels 1910 1,204 m (3,949 ft) part of the New York Tunnel Extension
Amtrak and Long Island Rail Road (Northeast Corridor)
Queens–Midtown Tunnel 1940 1,955 m (6,414 ft) 4 lanes of I-495 (Long Island Expressway)
Steinway Tunnel 1915 IRT Flushing Line (7 <7> trains)
53rd Street Tunnel 1933 IND Queens Boulevard Line (E M trains)
60th Street Tunnel 1920 BMT Broadway Line (N Q R trains)
63rd Street Tunnel 1989 960 m (3,140 ft) upper level: IND 63rd Street Line (F train) Lower level: future LIRR to Grand Central Terminal
Ravenswood Tunnel 1892 carrying electricity, natural gas, steam, and number 6 fuel oil under the East River and Roosevelt Island between the Big Allis power plant in Astoria and the Upper East Side

Harlem River[edit]

From south to north:

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Lexington Avenue Tunnel 1918 391 m (1,283 ft) IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 6 <6> trains)
149th Street Tunnel 1905 195 m (641 ft) IRT White Plains Road Line (2 train)
Concourse Tunnel 1933 IND Concourse Line (B D trains)

Hudson River[edit]

From south to north:

Name Opening year Length Carries Comments
Downtown Hudson Tubes 1909 1,720 m (5,650 ft) Montgomery-Cortlandt Tunnels
Port Authority Trans-Hudson
Holland Tunnel 1927 south tube: 2,551 m (8,371 ft)
north tube: 2,608 m (8,558 ft)
2 lanes of I-78 (Canal Street); Route 139 (NJ side)
Uptown Hudson Tubes 1908 1,700 m (5,500 ft) Hoboken-Morton Tunnels
Port Authority Trans-Hudson
North River Tunnels 1910 1,900 m (6,100 ft) part of New York Tunnel Extension
Amtrak and New Jersey Transit (Northeast Corridor)
Lincoln Tunnel south tube: 1957
center tube: 1937
north tube: 1945
south tube: 2,440 m (8,006 ft)
center tube: 2,504 m (8,216 ft)
north tube: 2,281 m (7,482 ft)
4 lanes of I-495 (Long Island Expressway (Under land, on NY side)) / NY 495 (NY side); Route 495 (NJ side)

Newtown Creek[edit]

Name Opening year Carries Comments
Greenpoint Tube 1933 IND Crosstown Line (G train)

Bridges and tunnels spanning land only[edit]

Bridges and tunnels by use[edit]

The relative average number of inbound vehicles between 5 a.m. and 11 a.m. to Midtown and Lower Manhattan is:

  1. Queensboro Bridge: 31,000
  2. Lincoln Tunnel: 25,944
  3. Brooklyn Bridge: 22,241
  4. Williamsburg Bridge: 18,339
  5. Queens-Midtown Tunnel: 17,968
  6. Holland Tunnel: 16,257
  7. Brooklyn Battery Tunnel: 14,496
  8. Manhattan Bridge: 13,818

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "NYC DOT - Brooklyn Bridge". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  2. ^ "NYC DOT - Williamsburg Bridge". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  3. ^ "History - George Washington Bridge - The Port Authority of NY & NJ". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  4. ^ "Verrazano-Narrows Bridge". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  5. ^ a b "NYC DOT - Frequently Asked Questions about Bridges". Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  6. ^ "Port Authority of New York and New Jersey - George Washington Bridge". The Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  7. ^ Bod Woodruff; Lana Zak & Stephanie Wash (November 20, 2012). "GW Bridge Painters: Dangerous Job on Top of the World's Busiest Bridge". ABC News. Retrieved September 13, 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Movable Bridges over Newtown Creek and its Tributaries". New York City. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e New York City Dept. of Transportation. "Bridges over the Gowanus Canal". New York City. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  10. ^ a b Berger, Joseph (May 13, 2013). "Antique Bridge Closed to Traffic While It's Open for Repairs". New York Times. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  11. ^ McGill, John. "Underline: The Culver Viaduct". Urban Omnibus. Retrieved 20 September 2013. 
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "Hugh L. Carey Tunnel (formerly Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel)". MTA Bridges & Tunnels. Retrieved 2015-12-02. 

External links[edit]