Portuguese Cape Verde

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Overseas Province of Cape Verde
Província Ultramarina de Cabo Verde (1951-1975)
Colony; Overseas province
of the Portuguese Empire

Flag Coat of arms
Overseas Province of Cape Verde
Capital Praia
Languages Portuguese
Political structure Colony; Overseas province
of the Portuguese Empire
Head of state
 •  1462-1481 Afonso V, King
 •  1974-1975 Francisco da Costa Gomes, President
 •  1588-1591 (first) Duarte Lôbo da Gama
 •  1974-1975 (last) Vicente Almeida d'Eça
Historical era Imperialism
 •  Established 1462
 •  Negotiated decolonisation 5 July 1975
Currency Cape Verdean real (until 1914)
Cape Verdean escudo (from 1914)

Cape Verde was a colony of the Portuguese Empire from the initial settlement of the Cape Verde Islands in 1462 until the independence of Cape Verde in 1975.

Prior to its settlement by the Portuguese, Cape Verde was uninhabited.

In the lead-up to and during the Portuguese Colonial War, those planning and fighting in the armed conflict in Portuguese Guinea often linked the goal of liberation of Guinea-Bissau to the goal of liberation in Cape Verde. (For instance, in 1956, Amílcar and Luís Cabral founded the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde.) However, there was no armed conflict in Cape Verde and ultimately independence for Cape Verde resulted from negotiation with Portugal.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ António Costa Pinto, "The transition to democracy and Portugal's decolonization", in Stewart Lloyd-Jones and António Costa Pinto (eds., 2003). The Last Empire: Thirty Years of Portuguese Decolonization (Intellect Books, ISBN 978-1-84150-109-3) pp. 22–24.

Coordinates: 14°55′04″N 23°30′33″W / 14.9177°N 23.5092°W / 14.9177; -23.5092