Cathedrals in Spain

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The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is one of the most visited temples in Spain.

The cathedrals in Spain are the diocesan churches in Spain and an important part of the nation's historical heritage due to their great historical, religious, and architectural value. For centuries, the Spanish cities were built around them. The National Programme of Cathedrals aims to protect and conserve a total of 91 houses of worship, which includes cathedrals, concathedrals, former cathedrals, and the architecturally notable non-cathedral church of the Sagrada Família in Barcelona.

Due to the long construction time required for construction, as well as the Moorish influence in the Iberian Peninsula, several Spain's cathedrals are often an eclectic mix of Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, Neoclassical and Mudéjar styles.

In the Middle Ages, the first portion of the building built would be the main altar and apse. After that the construction was followed with the crossing at the transept and the nave. It was during this time that Spain's great Gothic cathedrals such as those at Burgos, Toledo, and León, were built. At the dawn of the Renaissance, Spain saw herself commanding an empire in the new world. Spanish cathedrals began to incorporate newer classically-based architectural styles as seen in Granada Cathedral. Later, wealth from the Americas financed ornate Baroque architecture such as a new façade for the Romanesque cathedral of Santiago de Compostela or the Basilica of el Pilar in Zaragoza. In post-Gothic styles, Spanish cathedrals departed from the usual Latin-cross shape and developed more open designs (such as in the neo-classical cathedral of Cádiz). A handful of Spanish cathedrals contain touches of modern architecture. The Almudena Cathedral in Madrid was not finished until 1993, and the completed church is decorated with much more modern designs than other cathedrals in the country. The construction was typically financed with the diocese mains, with royal or episcopal contributions, or with donations from the faithful. Because of this, many of the wealthier dioceses were able to construct more lavish cathedrals.

Today the cathedrals of Spain draw visitors from around the world each year, forming a significant part of the country's tourist trade.

List of cathedrals[edit]

This is the list of cathedrals in Spain sorted by denomination.

Roman Catholic[edit]

Cathedrals of the Roman Catholic Church in Spain:[1]

Cathedral Dedication Diocese Image
Archdiocese of Barcelona
Cathedral of Santa Eulalia Saint Eulalia Archdiocese of Barcelona Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia.jpg
Sant Feliu de Llobregat Cathedral Saint Lawrence Diocese of Sant Feliu de Llobregat Església de Sant Llorenç P1100120.JPG
Terrassa Cathedral Holy Spirit Diocese of Terrassa C046 Catedral del Sant Esperit.jpg
Sagrada Família of Barcelona Holy Family View of Nativity Façade of Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family (Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família) ( UNESCO World Heritage Site). Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.jpg
Archdiocese of Burgos
Cathedral of Burgos Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Burgos Burgos Cathedral.jpg
Cathedral of Bilbao Saint James Diocese of Bilbao Bilbao - Catedral de Santiago 51.JPG
Cathedral of Palencia Saint Antolin Diocese of Palencia CatedralDePalencia20100118211424SAM 2511.jpg
Cathedral of El Burgo de Osma Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Osma-Soria Osma3.jpg
Co-Cathedral of San Pedro, Soria Saint Peter Diocese of Osma-Soria Soria - Concatedral de San Pedro 01.JPG
Cathedral of Santa María de Vitoria Virgin Mary Diocese of Vitoria Vitoria - Catedral Vieja 09.JPG
Archdiocese of Granada
Cathedral of Granada Virgin of the Incarnation Archdiocese of Granada Facade of the Cathedral of Granada (2).JPG
Cathedral of Almeria Virgin of the Incarnation Diocese of Almeria Entrée de la Cathédrale, Almeria, Espagne.jpg
Cathedral of Guadix Virgin of the Incarnation Diocese of Guadix CATEDRAL DE GUADIX Atardeciendo (cropped).jpg
Cathedral of Jaén Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Jaén Catedral de Jaén K11.jpg
Cathedral of Málaga Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Málaga Catedral de Málaga, 2000 (2).JPG
Concathedral of Murcia Saint Mary Diocese of Cartagena Catedral de murcia.jpg
Cathedral of Cartagena Saint Mary Diocese de Cartagena Catedral de Santa María la Vieja, Cartagena (6052539554).jpg
Archdiocese of Madrid
Cathedral of Madrid Virgin of Almudena Archdiocese of Madrid 007229 - Madrid (8665369016).jpg
Alcalá de Henares Cathedral Saints Justus and Pastor Diocese of Alcalá de Henares Lateral de la Catedral Magistral de Alcalá de Henares.jpg
Cathedral of Getafe Virgin of the Magdalena Diocese of Getafe Magdalena.jpg
Cathedral of Justo Not consecrated
Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz
Cathedral of Badajoz Saint John the Baptist Archdiocese of MéridaBadajoz Catedral de Badajoz.jpg
Concathedral of Caceres Virgin Mary Diocese of CoriaCaceres Caceres - Catedral, exteriores 02.jpg
Cathedral of Coria Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Coria-Caceres Puerta Norte o del Evangelio y la torre-campanario.jpg
Co-cathedral of Saint Mary Major Virgin Mary Diocese of Mérida-Badajoz CatedraldeMérida.JPG
New Cathedral of Plasencia Diocese of Plasencia Catedral de Plasencia-4.JPG
Old Cathedral of Plasencia Virgin Mary Diocese of Plasencia Catedral del Plasencia-18.JPG
Archdiocese of Oviedo
Cathedral of Oviedo Holy Savior Archdiocese of Oviedo Catedral-2-7.JPG
Cathedral of Astorga Virgin Mary Diocese of Astorga Astorga - Catedral, fachada.jpg
Cathedral of León Virgin Mary Diocese of León Kathedrale Leon.jpg
Cathedral of Santander Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Santander Catedral de la asunción de la virgen.jpg
Archdiocese of Pamplona
Cathedral of Pamplona Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Pamplona Pampelune catedral façade.jpg
Calahorra Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of Calahorra and La CalzadaLogroño Catedral de Calahorra01.jpg
Santo Domingo de la Calzada Cathedral Saint Domingo Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada-Logroño Catedral de Santo Domingo de la Calzada, La Rioja.JPG
Cathedral of Jaca Saint Peter Diocese of Jaca WLM14ES - 28082012 125502 PIR SEL 1762 - .jpg
Co-cathedral of Santa María de la Redonda Virgin Mary Diocese of Calahorra and La Calzada-Logroño Façade of Santa María de la Redonda in Logroño.jpg
Cathedral of San Sebastián Good Shepherd Diocese of San Sebastián Catedral del Buen Pastor (9225828442).jpg
Cathedral of Tudela Virgin Mary Diocese of Tudela Tudela - Catedral, exteriores 10.jpg
Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela
Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela Saint James Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela Basílica de Santiago 02.JPG
Concathedral of Ferrol Saint Julian Diocese of MondoñedoFerrol Concatedral de san xián.JPG
Cathedral of Lugo Virgin Mary Diocese of Lugo Catedral de Lugo 3.jpg
Cathedral of Mondoñedo Virgin Mary Diocese of Mondoñedo-Ferrol Catedral de Mondoñedo 21IX2013.JPG
Cathedral de Ourense Saint Martín Diocese of Ourense Ourense 4.jpg
Cathedral de Tui Virgin Mary Diocese of TuiVigo Catedral de tui.jpg
Concathedral of Vigo Virgin Mary Diócesis of Tui-Vigo Colexiata de Santa María de Vigo.jpg
Archdiocese of Seville
Cathedral of Seville Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Seville Seville-cathedral2012.JPG
Cathedral of Cádiz Holy Cross Diocese of Cádiz and Ceuta Cadizcathedral.jpg
Cathedral of Ceuta Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Cádiz and Ceuta Catedral la Asunción de Ceuta..jpg
Cathedral of Huelva Virgin of Mercy Diocese of Huelva Huelva-01-3 8v c-catedral.jpg
Cathedral of Córdoba Virgin Mary Diocese of Córdoba Mezquita de Cordoba - Bell Tower.jpg
Cathedral of Jerez de la Frontera Holy Savior Diocese of Jerez de la Frontera Catedral de San Salvador de Jerez de la Frontera (6130811306).jpg
Cathedral of La Laguna Virgin of Los Remedios Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna Catedral de La Laguna, Tenerife.jpg
Las Palmas Cathedral Saint Anne Diocese of Canarias Catedral de santa ana 04.JPG
Archdiocese of Tarragona
Cathedral of Tarragona Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Tarragona Catedral basílica de Tarragona Portal 36.jpg
Cathedral of Girona Virgin Mary Diocese of Girona Catedral de Girona (Temps de Flors).JPG
Seu Vella of Lleida Virgin Mary Diocese of Lleida 064 Lleida, muralles i Seu Vella.jpg
Cathedral of Roda de Isábena Saint Vincent Diocese of Lleida Roda d'Isàvena, catedral-PM 40608.jpg
Cathedral of Solsona Virgin Mary Diocese of Solsona CATEDRAL DE SOLSONA - IB-155.JPG
Tortosa Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of Tortosa Tortosa pçaCinta IPA-13468 3423.jpg
Cathedral of Urgel Virgin Mary Diocese of Urgel La Seu d'Urgell, Seu-PM 67394 adj.JPG
Cathedral of Vic Saint Peter Diocese of Vic Vic, catedral-PM 58853.jpg
Archdiocese of Toledo
Cathedral of Toledo Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Toledo Toledo (Catedral).JPG
Cathedral of Albacete Saint John the Baptist Diocese of Albacete Catedral de Albacete.jpg
Cathedral of Ciudad Real Virgin of the Prado Diocese of Ciudad Real Ciudad Real, Catedral de Santa María del Prado, puerta de los Reyes (RPS 20-07-2012).png
Cathedral of Cuenca Virgin Mary and Saint Julian Diocese of Cuenca 007268 - Cuenca (8685130773).jpg
Co-cathedral of Santa María de la Fuente la Mayor Virgin Mary Diocese of SigüenzaGuadalajara Concatedral Santa María.jpg
Cathedral of Sigüenza Virgin Mary Diocese of Sigüenza-Guadalajara Catedral de Sigüenza, Guadalajara 08.JPG
Archdiocese of Valencia
Cathedral of Valencia Virgin Mary Archdiocese of Valencia Micalet1.jpg
Concathedral of Alicante Saint Nicholas Diocese of OrihuelaAlicante Alacant 039.jpg
Castelló Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of SegorbeCastellón Castellón concatedral 05.JPG
Cathedral of Ibiza Virgin Mary Diocese of Ibiza Catedral de Ibiza.jpg
Cathedral of Majorca Virgin Mary Diocese of Majorca Kathedrale Von Mallorca.JPG
Cathedral of Minorca Virgin Mary Diocese of Minorca Ciutadella cathedral2.jpg
Cathedral of Orihuela Holy Savior Diocese of Orihuela-Alicante Campanar i porta de les cadenes, catedral d'Oriola.JPG
Cathedral of Segorbe Virgin Mary Diocese of Segorbe-Castellón Catedral segorbe.jpg
Archdiocese of Valladolid
Cathedral of Valladolid Virgin of the Assumption Archdiocese of Valladolid
Cathedral of Ávila Holy Savior Diocese of Ávila Ávila Chatedral main view.jpg
Ciudad Rodrigo Cathedral Virgin Mary Diocese of Ciudad Rodrigo Vista de la Catedral de Ciudad Rodrigo desde el baluarte (a través de la Plaza de Herrasti).jpg
New Cathedral of Salamanca Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of Salamanca Salamanca Catedral Nueva 508.jpg
Old Cathedral of Salamanca Virgin Mary Diocese of Salamanca Salamanca - Catedral Vieja, exteriores 14 (Torre del Gallo).jpg
Cathedral of Segovia Virgin Mary Diocese of Segovia WLM14ES - 08072007 105615 19220 - .jpg
Cathedral of Zamora Holy Savior Diocese de Zamora Torre del Salvador en la Catedral de Zamora.jpg
Archdiocese of Zaragoza
Cathedral of Zaragoza Holy Savior Archdiocese of Zaragoza Zaragoza - La Seo 01.jpg
Cathedral of Albarracín Holy Savior Diocese of Teruel and Albarracín Albarracín, Teruel, España, 2014-01-10, DD 091.JPG
Cathedral of Barbastro Virgin of the Assumption Diocese of BarbastroMonzón Barbastro - Catedral 03.JPG
Cathedral of Huesca Virgin Mary Diocese of Huesca Catedral de Huesca.jpg
Cathedral of Monzón Virgin Mary Diocese of Barbastro-Monzón Monzon - Catedral - Absides & torre02.jpg
Cathedral of Tarazona Virgin of la Huerta Diocese of Tarazona Tarazona - Catedral de Nra Sra. de la Huerta 04.jpg
Cathedral of Teruel Virgin Mary Diocese of Teruel and Albarracín TorreSanPedro.jpg
Basilica of the Pillar Virgin of the Pillar Basílica del Pilar de Zaragoza y Lonja de Zaragoza 03.JPG

Anglican[edit]

Exterior of the Cathedral of the Redeemer.

The Cathedral of the Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church:

Eastern Orthodox[edit]

Cathedrals of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople:

  • Cathedral of Apostle Andrew and Saint Dimitrios in Madrid

Cathedrals of the Romanian Orthodox Church:

  • Romanian Orthodox Cathedral in Madrid (under construction)

See also[edit]

References[edit]