Chakwal District

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Chakwal
ضلع چکوال
Pool at Katas.jpg
Neela Wahn Waterfall.jpg
Top: Katas Raj Temples
Bottom: Neela Wahn Waterfall
Chakwal is located in the north of Punjab.
Chakwal is located in the north of Punjab.
Coordinates: 33°40′38″N 72°51′21″E / 33.67722°N 72.85583°E / 33.67722; 72.85583Coordinates: 33°40′38″N 72°51′21″E / 33.67722°N 72.85583°E / 33.67722; 72.85583
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
DivisionRawalpindi
HeadquartersChakwal
Tehsils (5)
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerBilal Hasham
 • District Police OfficerN/A
 • District Health OfficerN/A
Area
 • Total6,524 km2 (2,519 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • Total1,495,463
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Main language(s)Punjabi

Chakwal District (Punjabi and Urdu: ضلع چکوال) is in Pothohar Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Chakwal district is bordered by Khushab to its south, Rawalpindi to its north east, Jhelum to its east, Mianwali to its west and Attock to its north west. The district was created out of parts of Jhelum and Attock in 1985.[2]

History[edit]

During British rule, Chakwal was a tehsil of Jhelum district, the population according to the 1891 census of India was 164,912 which had fallen to 160,316 in 1901. It contained the towns of Chakwal and Bhaun and 248 villages. The land revenue and cesses amounted in 1903-4 to 3–300,000.[3] The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the area of Chakwal later it was upgraded as a District on 1st of July 1985.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district of Chakwal, which covers an area of 6,524 km2,[4] is subdivided into five tehsils.[5] These tehsils were formerly part of neighbouring districts:[6]: 1 

The district is administratively subdivided into five tehsils and 68 union councils.[7]

Name of tehsil No. of union councils No. of villages No. of public schools No. of police stations No. of post offices Parent tehsil
Chakwal 30 207 523 5 48 Chakwal
Choa Saidan Shah 7 47 96 1 14 Chakwal
Talagang 17 76 318 3 30 Talagang
Lawa Tehsil 6 18 119 1 11 Talagang
Kallar Kahar 8 72 148 1 15 Chakwal
Total 68 420 1204 11 118

Constituencies[edit]

There is one district council, two municipal committees — Chakwal and Talagang — and two town committees — Choa Saidan Shah and Kallar Kahar.

The district is represented in the National Assembly by two constituencies: NA-60 and NA-61. The district is represented in the provincial assembly by four elected MPAs and in National Assembly by two MNAs who represent the following constituencies:[8]

Constituency MPA Party
(PP-21) Raja Yasir Hamayun Sarfaraz Pakistan Tehreek Insaf[9]
(PP-22) Tanveer Aslam Malik Pakistan Muslim League (N)
(PP-23) Sardar Aftab Khan Pakistan Tehreek Insaf
(PP-24) Ammar Yasir Pakistan Muslim League (Q)
(NA-64) Sardar Zulfiqar Ali Khan Pakistan Tehreek Insaf
(NA-65) Choudari Perwaiz Ilahi Pakistan Muslim League (Q)[10]

Geography[edit]

Chakwal district borders the districts of Rawalpindi and Attock in the north, Jhelum in the east, Khushab in the south and Mianwali in the west. The total area of Chakwal district is 6,609 square kilometres, which is equivalent to 1,652,443 acres (6,687.20 km2).

The southern portion runs up into the Salt Range and includes the Chail peak, 3,701 feet (1,128 m) above the sea, the highest point in the district. Between this and the Sohan river, which follows more or less the northern boundary, the country consists of what was once a fairly level plain, sloping down from 2,000 feet (610 m) at the foot of the hills to 1,400 feet (430 m) in the neighbourhood of the Sohan; the surface is now much cut up by ravines and is very difficult to travel over.[3]

Demography[edit]

At the time of the 2017 census the district had a population of 1,495,463, of which 723,178 were males and 772,166 females. Rural population is 1,211,855 while the urban population is 283,608. The literacy rate was 74.64%. Muslims made up almost the entire population with 99.67%.[1]

At the time of the 2011 census, 93.35% of the population spoke Punjabi, 4.40% Pashto and 1.63% Urdu as their first language.[1]

The local Punjabi dialects are Dhani[11] and Awankari.[12]

Education[edit]

Chakwal has a total of 1,199 government schools out of which 52 percent (627 schools) are for female students. The district has an enrollment of 181,574 in public sector schools.[13]

Educational institutions[edit]

Educational institutions in the Chakwal District include:

  • Kallar Kahar Science Colleges for Boys, Kallar Kahar, Malhal Mughlan, Choa Saidan Shah, Buchhal Kalan
  • Kallar Kahar Science Colleges for Girls, Kallar Kahar, Chakwal, Choa Saidan Shah, Danda Shah Bilawal, Buchal Kalan
  • Government Post Graduate College (Chakwal)
  • Cadet College Kallar Kahar
  • Mayers Colles Kot Sarfaraz Chakwal City
  • UET Taxila Sub Campus Chakwal
  • Cadet College Choa Saidan Shah
  • Cadet College Chakwal
  • PAF College Kallar Kahar
  • Horizon College Chakwal
  • Hira Girls College Chakwal
  • Chakwal Homeopethic College
  • Cambridge International Science College Talagang
  • University of Chakwal

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "District Wise Results / Tables (Census - 2017)". www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
  2. ^ "Chakwal – Punjab Portal". Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 10, p. 126. Dsal.uchicago.edu. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  4. ^ Official Website of Chakwal District Archived 3 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ List to tehsils and districts Archived 1 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ 1998 District Census report of Chakwal. Census publication. Vol. 77. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000.
  7. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Chakwal Archived 24 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 21 April 2012.
  8. ^ CHAKWAL (PP-20 to PP-23) – Website of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab
  9. ^ "PML-N wins Chakwal by-polls with thumping majority". Retrieved 8 March 2018.
  10. ^ Chakwal district falls into PML-N's fold, retrieved 17 September 2015
  11. ^ Masica, Colon P. (9 September 1993). The Indo-Aryan Languages. Cambridge University Press. p. 19. ISBN 0521299446.
  12. ^ Rensch, Calvin R. (1992). "The Language Environment of Hindko-Speaking People". In O'Leary, Clare F.; Rensch, Calvin R.; Hallberg, Calinda E. (eds.). Hindko and Gujari. Sociolinguistic Survey of Northern Pakistan. Islamabad: National Institute of Pakistan Studies, Quaid-i-Azam University and Summer Institute of Linguistics. p. 7. ISBN 969-8023-13-5.
  13. ^ "Punjab Annual Schools Census Data 2014-15". Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 22 August 2016.

Bibliography[edit]

  • University of Engineering and Technology. Centre of Excellence in Water Resources Engineering; Pakistan Science Foundation (1979), National Seminar on Land and Water Resources Development of Barani Areas, [July 21-24, 1979], The University of Wisconsin, ISBN 978-01-9023-806-3

External links[edit]